Thursday, 23 February 2017

M25 Coombelands Addlestone




Caxton Avenue
The houses at the north end this road date at least from the early 1930s and were adjacent to Coombelands Printers – some houses are described as ‘printers cottages’ and thus this was probably company housing.

Coombelands Lane
Company houses – some houses in the lane were built for employees at The Press at Coombelands in 1926,
Coombelands Farm. The farm was, or is, owned by DEFRA and used in conjunction with the Animal and Plant Health Agency.

M25

Milton Rise
Ongar Place Infant School

Ongar Hill
Holy Family Primary School. This is part of some Brighton and Arundel Catholic ‘multi academy trust’.

Redwoods
Printing works. This was Benn Brothers The Press at Coombelands which covered the area now Redwoods and was set up around 1926. It is described as “a two acre mock Tudor facaded printing factory with 41,000 sq ft of space” surrounded by company housing. The company had been set up in the 1880s by philanthropist and politician John Benn. Initially it was a London-based magazine publishing house which produced technical journals. During the 1920s Ernest Benn employed Victor Gollanz who published art books and who attracted a series of high-profile novelists.  It also began paperback publishing in the 1920s.  The company was taken over by the Extel Group in June 1983. In 1987 it was taken over by United Newspapers.  Coombelands was eventually bought by Ian Allen the railway enthusiast publisher.  The site was sold for housing in 1998.

The Bourne
Also called Windle Brook and Hale Bourne.

Sources
Hansard
Holy Family Primary School. Web site
Sparticus. Web site. 
Variuous transport enthusiast forums on line.
Wikipedia. Web site

Wednesday, 22 February 2017

M25 New Haw


Post to the south Byfleet Wey Navigation


Abbott Close
Trading and light industrial area

Basingstoke Canal
Woodham Junction. This is where the Basingstoke Canal leaves the River Wey Navigation.
Footbridge – this footbridge dates from 1996, the original having become derelict and collapsed.

Byfleet Road
Byfleet and New Haw Station. This opened in  1927 and lies between West Byfleet and Addlestone and also Weybridge on South Western Trains. It is on the original South Western Mainline of the London and Southampton Railway opening in 1838. The station was designed by architect James Ribb Scott and catered to a rapidly increasing population. It was then called West Weybridge and changed to the current name in 1962.
Byfleet Road electricity switching station, owned by National Grid

Heathervale Recreation Ground
Local authority sports ground and amenity space. The site borders on the Basingstoke canal and appears to have been laid out pre-Second World War. It was previously woodland.

Heathervale Way
Heathervale Mobile Home site.

M25

New Haw Common
Common land shown on maps from the 17th

Oyster Lane
Railway Cottages
Alfonal Ltd, Alfonal House - Fats and Oils Associated Health Foods. This site address is also given as Abbott Lane and appeared to be on the site now occupied by a Vauxhall dealer

Parkside
Electricity switching station owned by National Grid

Rive Ditch
This is a minor watercourse and a tributary of the River Wey which forms the boundary between West Byfleet and Woodham. Much of this watercourse is now piped underground but it has a distinctive red iron stained colour as it runs alongside the Basingstoke Canal – and its earliest mentions in the 9th are that it has a ‘foul’ colour. It flows into the River Wey at Byfleet.

Wey Navigation
The section of navigation here was once called Long Reach. It is very straight and the embankment which runs across New Haw common was the largest earthwork ever built for a 17th canal.

Wintersells Avenue
Trading estate – this appears to be the site of the Weybridge Sewage Farm from before the Second World War – and apparently appreciated as a soft landing by pilot landing on the Brooklands site, adjacent.

Woodham Lane
New Haw Gospel Hall – bringing the good news to New Haw
48 New Haw Club and Institute – Doreen and her staff welcome you.
New Haw County Primary School – small earlier school. This large primary school was presumably demolished as part of the works for the M25 and the site is now housing.  It appears to have been preceded by a tiny school which fronted onto Woodham Lane.
65 The New Haw and Woodham Community Association. This was set up in 1947 and the Community Centre opened in 1959.
All Saints Church.  Designed by W.F. Unsworth's in 1893. It was supposed to look like an ancient Surrey chapel with tile-hanging and rubble walls.
Boscos. Youth and Community Building next to the church. This site is marked as a ‘library’ in the 1960s.
Central Veterinary Laboratory. This large site is now the headquarters of the Department of the Environments Animal and Plant Health Agency. The Central Veterinary Laboratory moved here in 1917 from central London. The site is used predominantly for research and development with  laboratories and offices as well as some livestock buildings. The site is large and comprises a wide range of buildings varying in ages, size and appearance

Sources
All Saints Church, Web site
DEFRA. Web site
New Haw Club and Institute. Web site
New Haw Gospel Hall. Web site
Runneymede District Council. Web site
Wardle. The Wey Navigations
Wikipedia. As appropriate
Woking History. Web site

Tuesday, 21 February 2017

M25 Byfleet Wey Navigation


Post to the south Byfleet West Hall
Post to the north New Haw


Abbott Close
Trading estate and industrial area. This was developed as an industrial area post-Second World War. Industries include: Brewhurst Health Food Supplies, Acoustic Engineering Services, Newman Turner Publications, Electron Beam Processes, Metal Pretreatments, Henshalls Air Aviation, Southborough Ironworks, etc etc

Basingstoke Canal
The Basingstoke Canal dates from 1794, built to connect Basingstoke with the Thames, to which end it joins the Wey Navigation at Byfleet – in the square to the north. This stretch goes through the boggy valley of the Rive ditch. It was never a commercial success and from 1950 became derelict. From 1977 it was restored for leisure users and reopened from the Wey to the Greywell Tunnel in 1991.
Woodham Bottom lock. This is the first lock on the canal from the junction with the Wey Navigation. It was unworkable from 1968 until repaired in 1987.

Berrys Lane
New housing – built since 2012 – on site shown as ‘engineering works’ in the 1970s. Later use for the motor trade.

Campbell Close
Site of the Britax works.

Canada Road
The Canada Road area had been the site of a local road building gravel pit in the 18th. The site was purchased by B. W. Fromson, in 1952 He had come from Canada and built aircraft hangars for the Admiralty in the Second World War. He set up a works here for fabricating steelwork and gradually developed surrounding agricultural land into an industrial estate. Many firms moved here – including the office copier company, Gestetner, Cooper Cars and many others. The original 1950s and ‘60s buildings have now all been replaced and many new firms moved in.
Byfleet Technical Centre
Sir Hans Sloane. This company says it makes ‘posh’ drinking chocolate and have named themselves after 17th Sloane who, they say, developed an early recipe.
Panther Westwinds., This car company’s  original factory was here. It had been started in 1972 by Bob Jankel and built unusual cars. It was bought from the receivers in late 1980 by Jindo Industries and became the Panther Car Company. In 1983 the company moved its production facilities to a new location inside the Brooklands circuit but kept the Canada Road site for its service department. In 1988 they moved to Harlow.
Supercraft. This is a ‘Make to Print’ supplier to the Aerospace and Defence Equipment industries.

Chertsey Road
Access Business Park. This was built in 2007 replacing older trading units.
British Bakeries. They were on the site which is now the Access Business Park. They are the bread making arm of Rank Hovis McDougall and are part of Premier Foods.
APT Electronic Industries Ltd. they were established here and moving in 1960. They were an enlargement of All Power Transformers Ltd, who manufactured transformers for other manufacturers in the 1940s-50s. They made valves and transistors from about 1957 and were on the site now the Access Business Park.
59 Kings Head Pub. Demolished in 2010. Dated from the 1920s. It is said to have been of particular interest because This pub was of huge historic interest because it was where many of the early aviators at Brooklands - A.V.Roe, and Tom Sopwith - met in the evenings. The site is now housing.
French’s Farm, this farm appears to have survived into the 20th and was sold by auction in 1913. By 1940 it was the Tudor Works, where Ebenezer Mears was supplying furniture. Mears appears to have moved and it was taken over by Cycle Master in 1950 that produced a German invented engine fixed to a bicycle wheel. Other manufacturers here included the Piatti scooter. In 1960 Cyclemaster were taken over by Britax who made seat belts including the inertia reel. The works name was changed to Proctor Works after a new managing director.  The site is now housing.
Tarrant site – this appears to be south of French’s Farm. Walter George Tarrant was a builder who lived nearby in Lake House. In 1895, aged 20, he set up his own building company, W G Tarrant Ltd, in Byfleet and built extensively nearby. By 1911 his premises in Byfleet covered over five acres and included workshops for joinery, wrought iron and leaded lights, a stonemason’s yard, and a timber mill with drying sheds employing 5,000 people.. He also owned nurseries and brickfields. He developed some of the major posh estates including St. George’s Hill. In the Great War the company manufactured large numbers of prefabricated wooden huts for military use and also built the Tarrant Tabor a six-engined triplane bomber - briefly the World's largest aeroplane. After the war the company continued to built with council and other contracts.

Dartnell Park Road
Dartnell Park was developed from 1887 as a private residential estate. A few of the original houses remain but others have been replaced with small estates or more modest houses.
Dartnell Park House. This was a residential property sold in 1929. The house stood until the late 1960s in which time it was in institutional use. It appears to have been a ‘Fellowship House’ –from contemporary reports of Royal visitors.. There were several of these houses in the Byfleet area, centering on Clock House in central Byfleet and which provide housing for the elderly. Dartnell Park is however not mentioned in their literature. There are now other houses on the site.

Heathervale Recreation Ground
Local authority sports and amenity space. The site borders on the Basingstoke canal and appears to have been laid out pre-Second World War. It was previously woodland.

High Road
The section of High Street in this square is a slip off Parvis Road – which continues as the main road into Byfleet.
2 Queens Head. Large pub and hotel which appears to date from the mid 19th. It is said to have originally been called The Leather Bottle.
War Memorial, This is a brick cenotaph with a stone capstone. It has an inscription as follows: 1914 1918 This Memorial was erected to the Glory of God and in grateful memory of the men of the Parish of Byfleet who gave their lives in the Great War not grudgingly or of necessity but that truth and justice might prevail (list of names) we gratefully honour and remember these names. 1939 - 1945 (list of names) The men of the British Empire who were killed in action or  died of wounds during the Great War numbered 908,371”
Pound – the War Memorial is on the site of the village pound
Up to the 1930 a pond, or lake stood on the north side of the road.

Kings Head Lane
Byfleet Primary School, The school here dates from the early 1950s.

Lake Road
This is on the site of Lake House, and the lake. This was the home of Walter Tarrant, local developer and builder of sectional buildings and aircraft.

M25

Old Parvis Road
This is the line of the old main road into Byfleet from the west. In the 1970s the road was diverted to provide a new bridge over the Wey Navigation.
Parvis Bridge – this carries Old Parvis Road over the Wey Navigation. This was rebuilt in 1760 in brick and timber. It is at present single span winged brick with a modern looking iron bridge.
Parvis House - Byfleet Boat Club. the original Byfleet Boat was built on the west bank of the Wey Navigation by Frederick Stoop. He was a Dutch entrepreneur who had married the heiress to the West Hall estate. He was thus building a social club for the estate being developed on his wife’s land. It had a first floor clubroom with a wide balcony with stairs at each end leading down to the boat house beneath and the boat deck in front. After the Second World War things changed and it was eventually converted into a house known as Parvis House, which has since been replaced.
Byfleet Boat House.  Stoop had an arrangement with Hugh Locke-King, the owner of the Brooklands estate and built a boat house on his land on the east bank in 1911. The Club’s Boat Steward and most of the boats were moved there. After the First World War Stoop decided to start a boat club for the less well off villagers and this was set up as a a trust which included himself, two elected representatives of the Parish Council and two Stoop appointees. It was called the was Byfleet Village Boat Club. It was given craft no longer required by Byfleet Boat Club members and the working class boat club members could share the Boat House with the steward. In 1933 Stoop died and also Byfleet Parish Council became part of Woking Urban District  Stoop had left the boat house to the Parish Council and it was not until 1941 that it passed to the Urban District. In 1949, the Council tried to re-open it and hire out boats but the costs were too high. A new youth club began to use the building and then some boaters asked to use it for repairs. The two merged and Byfleet & District Boat Club was set up – but the two incompatible elements came to blows at committee meetings, So the youth club left and the boat club has continued since
Parvis Wharf. There was a wharf here from at least 1775. It seems to have been used by Byfleet Mill, to the east on the natural river, During the Great War barge-loads of sectional buildings were sent downstream by Tarrants.  When the war was over the cargo was aeroplanes.
Parvis Wharf Barn. This is a timber-framed barn on a brick plinth, with weatherboard and corrugated iron cladding. It is thought to be a later 19th structure.
The Grist Mill.  This is a storehouse with brick lower storey and weatherboard cladding. There are the remains of an iron hoist.  Tyhe structure is noted in 1807 and James Yeowell, grocer, mealman and coal merchant used this in the early 19th. It has been called 'Grist Mill' and this may relate to use of a horse mill.  Iin 1932 the premises were occupied by Surrey Grist Mills Ltd

Old Wood
This is said to be ancient woodland
Oldwood Pond. This is thought to be an ornamental pond dating from the early 19th and part of the West Hall estate. May have been used to provide ice for the ice house.
Icehouse. This was for the West Hall estate. It is circular and domed on a mound totally above ground level. A corridor and steps go high up the side of the chamber.

Oyster Lane
The north end of Oyster Lane is heavly commercial. In 2017 these are mainly upmarket car dealers – the road runs along the western banking of the Brooklands circuit. There are also some storage companies and builders and in others in the past..
123 Cawkwell precision engineering
Brummer Stoppings. This was a factory making wood fillings
Cressite Works – they made various rubber mouldings,

Parvis Road
The old bridge over the Navigation has been replaced with a bridge which also crosses the M25.

Stream Close
St. Mary’s School. This was the original school, the successor to which is now in Hart Road
St. Mary’s Centre for the Community. Facilities in the old school buildings.

Walnut Tree Lane
Scout Hut. This was built in 1955 and is now being replaced with a facility elsewhere.


Wey Navigation
Stringham’s Farm. This was alongside the Navigation on its east side near Oldwood on the west.


Sources
Beamon and Roaf. The Icehouses of Britain
Byfleet Boat Club. Web site
Byfleet Heritage. Web site
Canal Plan Gazetteer. Web site
Eggerdon-Holland. Web site
Imperial War Museum. Web site
Knowles. Surrey and the Motor.
Panther Car Club. Web site
Runneymede Council. Web site
Sir Hans Sloane. Web site
Vine. London’s Lost Route to Basingstoke
Wardle. The Wey Navigations
Wikipedia as appropriate
Woking History and Heritage. Web site

Sunday, 19 February 2017

M25 Byfleet West Hall


Post to the east Byfleet
Byfleet Wey Navigation


Broad Ditch
This is said to be the original course of the River Wey. It is followed by the Parish boundary and now the borough boundary.

Dodds Lane
Footpath which runs to the Navigation from Pyrford Lane
Traditions Golf Club, This is an 18 hole public, parkland golf course designed by Peter Allis in 1999

West Hall
The buildings at West Hall are reached by a long private drive from Parvis Road to the north.
West Hall. Large house now a care home. In it was used as by land girls and refuges and also as an overflow auxiliary hospital. It was later used as offices by the Swiss Bank and eventually by Mouchel, consulting engineers. West Hall was built in the 1890s by local benefactor Frederick Stoop. It replaced West Lodge which dated at least from the mid 18th when West Lodge was owned by a Richard West. Another later owner was Robert Murray.
West Hall Farm
Orchard. At West Hall the George Carpenter and garden staff develpped three new apples including the “Byfleet Seedling” in 1915.
Moat.  This is a Linear pond east of the Hall. Although it is thought of as a moated site it is more likely to have been an ornamental pond for West Hall.. There is a sluice exit onto the Navigation.

Murray’s Lane
Named after an owner of West Lodge. This is part of an ancient footpath to Pyrford.

Tins Wood

Wey Navigation
The stretch between Dodd’s and Murray’s bridges is unusually a public bridleway.
Dodds Bridge. This was also known as Harris’s bridge and carried a private drive to West Hall.
Murray’s Bridge. This was also known as Twigg’s Bridge and originally carried a private drive from West Hall.

Sources
Archaeology Dataservice. Web site
Byfleet Heritage. Web site
Wardle. The Wey Navigations
Woking Council. Web site

M25 Byfleet



Post to the south Wisley Lane
Post to the west Byfleet West Hall



Bourne Close
This was the site of Halford's Farm which dated from the 18th

Brewery Lane
Sewage Pumping Station. This is at the junction with Church Road and is owned by Thames Water. It replaces an earlier building.
Vanners Parade is at the junction with the High Road and is on the site of Vanners Farm which was here until the early 1900s. Thomas Vanner was an 18th landholder in the area.

Church Road
St. Mary’s Church. This was a medieval church in flint and puddingstone with a 15th shingled tower and belfry. It had a number of 19th additions and a major reordering. On the wall of the nave is part of a medieval wall painting of a king. There is some important modern stained glass, a bassoon in a glass case and the Royal Arms. Among the monuments is a brass of a 15th rector. There is a war memorial made up of wooden crosses brought here from the battlefields of the Great War.
Churchyard. This includes the grave of George Smith, publisher of Jane Eyre and founder in 1882 of the Dictionary of National Biography.
St.Mary’s Hall. Large post war building opposite the church
Clockhouse Poultry Farm. This dated from around 1905 and belonged to the owners of Clock House. It was set up to produce eggs to be marketed but Mrs. Trevor-Williams, the owner, also took an interest in fancy breeds of poultry.

Eden Grove Road
Up to the 19th this was all common fields. Local authority housing was built here from the early 1930s.

Elm Tree Close
Site of the Clockhouse Poultry Farm

Hart Road
St Mary’s Primary School. Built in 1966 with what was described as a forceful blue boiler chimney – it is now white. It replaced a former church school in the High Street

High Road
The Beeches. This is said to be the former home of the owners of the Byfleet Brewery
Byfleet Brewery. It is said to have begun in Vanners House on the opposite corner and was owned by Henry Dennett and then Holroyd Brothers. In the 1890s it was merged with Friary Ales of Guildford and Healeys of Kingston and the business moved to Guildford in 1905.  It was re-placed on the site by the Sanway Laundry and then by The Willows.
Sanway Laundry. This moved here from a site in Sanway and closed in the 1950s.
Kingdom Hall, Meeting place for Jehovah's Witnesses. It was registered for marriages in 1975.
Foxlake Farm. This was on the north side of the road and part of the Christ’s Hospital Estate.. The buildings survived into the late 1960s, when the land was sold for development
160 art deco garage
Blue Anchor Pub. This is said to originate in the 17th or 18th and some claims that it was connected to anchors made at the Byfleet Mill. The Blue Anchor name is recorded in 1836. It is also said to be haunted by a murdered landlord.
Clock House This is now divided and used for accommodation for the elderly. It is an 18th stucco covered house. It is party behind an arched entrance to a court yard with a clock face on a building at right angles to it and above a dome and weathervane. It is said to have been built on the site of smaller Byfleet Cottage and to incorporate the balustrade of Waterloo Bridge.  In the 1930s it was a convalescent home. There is a large pond to the rear.
White House, This stands at what was once the entrance to Mill Lane. It is thought that it was once used as a school

M25

Magdalen Crescent
Manor Primary School. This school closed in 2006 and amalgamated with St. Mary’s Primary School. The buildings are still extant and a notice on the gate says it is a police dog training establishment.

Mill Lane.
Weybarton House. Large house demolished in the 1960s.
11 this was the gardener’s cottage for Weybarton House, next door was the chauffeur’s house
Manor Farm. This is now restored farmland. It was previously a market garden intensively farmed for salad crops but is now meadows and pasture which has brought wildlife benefits. The fields attract skylarks, pied wagtails, linnets and roe deer. There was a Second World War gun emplacement here,

Rectory Lane
This was once called Workhouse Lane
Methodist Church.  This large building replaced an original Wesleyan chapel dating from the 1920s. which later became the Church of England Hall. The present church was registered in 1933 and funded by a local resident.
Recreation ground. This dates from the 1890s and was laid out on land owned by Byfleet United Charities. It had previously been the workhouse field. The pavilion was donated by Frederick Stoop of West Hall in 1926
13 this house was the police station until 2015
Hoodsfield. 16th house hidden behind high hedges
Rectory. This is a recent replacement for a house built as a parsonage in 1834. There are also indications that there was an earlier moated site here.

Sanway
The name is said to be derived from ‘sandy’.
Sanway Laundry. This was on the site of the Sanway Stores but moved to the brewery site on the High Road in the early 20th,

Sanway Road
Laundry – there is also thought to have been a laundry on the site of the disused school.

The Willows
On the site of the brewery

Ulwin Avenue
Ulwin was the tenant of Byfleet from Chertsey Manor at Domesday

Weybarton
On the site of the big house of the same name


Sources
Blatch. The Churches of Surrey
Blue Anchor. Web site
Byfleet Heritage Society. Web site
Illustrated Poultry Record
Parker. North Surrey 
Pevsner, Surrey
Surrey Industrial History Group. Web site
Surrey Wildlife Trust. Web site
Wikipedia. As appropriate
Woking History. Web site

Saturday, 18 February 2017

M25 Wisley Lane


Post to the east Wisley Common
Post to the north Byfleet


Chittenden Cottages
Housing built for Royal Horticultural Society workers in the late 1950s. Frederick Chittenden was the first director of the gardens here and the cottages were built after his death

Common Meadows
These lie along the Wey

M25

Wey
The river Wey winds through this square. In the north running east west through common meadows to pass under the M25 then to run south to Wisley Bridge (in the square to the west) and then to turn south east.

Weybank
Houses built for the superintendants at the Royal Horticultural Gardens.

Wisley Lane
Royal Horticultural Society Cottages
Old School House – timber-framed and brick building with steeply pitched tile roof. 16th with 18th and 20th- alteration
Deers  Farm Close. Royal Horticultural Society Trials Site. Woking Archery Club is on part of this site.
Sports Ground. This includes a pavilion and pitches
Sewage works. This is run by Thames Water and appears to date from the 1920s. . A Romano British Pottery Kiln has been found here.

Sources
Royal Horticultural Society. Web site
Surrey County Council. Web site
Wikipedia. As appropriate

M25 Wisley Common


Post to the east Chatley
Post to the west Wisley Lane


Buxton Wood
Deciduous wood, on the north side of the M25.

Clearmount
Clearmount was part of arable farmland, There is a boundary bank between this and Wisley Common.  The area has now merged into the common. The bank itself is about a metre high, with a ditch on the common side. On it are some old and stag headed oaks – at least 200 years old.

Cockcrow Hill
Bronze Age Bell Barrow – this is an authenticated site. There are also some linear earthworks in the area.

Foxwarren Park.
Foxwarren Park. House buit in 1860, by Frederick Barnes of Ipswich for Charles Buxton in harsh 19th Gothic style. It has polychrome brickwork and terracotta dressings. It in includes an octagonal tower with corbels and a decorated band. Said to have an ‘eerie intellectual atmosphere’.

M25
Junction 10 Wisley Interchange. This is the junction with the A3 Portsmouth Road.

Pond Farm
Pond farmhouse. This was built as a cottage by Lord King 1800-1804. The original building is on tthe east side of the house and it was later extended
The pasture of Pond Farm is the former bed of Wisley Pond and some have needed measures to be taken against flooding. Fields are presently used fpor horses and cattle.
Barn.  This is in brick with some weatherboardeding and a central wagon door.
Possible round barrow east of Pond Farm. It is not known to have been excavated, and there are many natural mounds and spoil mounds in the area,
Lord King’s Ditch. This separates the farmland from the common. Local tradition says it was the ditch cut to drain Wisley Pond

Wisley Common
Part of the common land of Wisley and continuous with Ockham and Chatley Commons – both common land of their respective manors.

Wisley Pond
Wisley Pond. This is no longer extant. It is first mentioned in the 1590s and in  1680, two iron mills are shown on the north side. In the early 19th it was drained and turned it into farmland. The pond was formed by a dam built on its north west side – an area now by a track – and still visible as a bank. It does not appear to have been like other artificial medieval ponds and it is thought to have been partly natural.  The pond remnant is now dry, although its bed can still be seen

Woolgers Wood
Birchmere Scout Camp. Communal facilities in proper buildings, set in woodland with many activities available.


Sources
Birchmere. Web site
Historic England. Web site
Pevsner. Surrey
SABRE. Web site
Surrey County Council. Web sit