Monday, 1 September 2014

Great Eastern Railway to Shenfield. Brentwood

Great Eastern Railway
The Great Eastern Railway from Liverpool Street to Shenfield runs north eastwards from Harold Wood Station.

Post to the south Warley Hospital

A12 Brentwood Bypass
This bypass was built in 1966 and numbered A12 to replace the London Road to the south.
Honeypot Lane
In the middle ages this was called “White Post Lane”
Hubert Road
The road leaves Kavanagh Road at what would have been the entrance to the Brentwood Brickworks and then continues to London Road along the line of what would have been the brick works boundary.
Brentford Brick Works. This was owned by James Brown Ltd., Kavanagh's Road from the early 20th until the mid-1930s.  It seems likely that this was the works of J.Brown of Essex Wharf, Whitechapel and established there from the mid-19th.  In addition to Brentwood Brown’s had brickworks at Braintree, Boreham, and Upminster.  They specialised in ornamental and moulded bricks and in the early 20th were promoting Brown’s Patent Brick Kiln, developed by James’s son, Arthur, and probably pioneered at Brentwood.
Regent House. This was the head office of major pharmaceutical company, May and Baker.  There are now other firms there.
Hubert Road Industrial Estate
La Plata Wood
Secondary woodland with a stream and a pond
London Road
This is part of the Roman road from London to Colchester. It was turnpiked in 1726 with this stretch under the London and Middlesex Trust. It is now bypassed by the new A12.
British Telecom building. This replaced St.Faith’s Hospital. Arup Associates were commissioned to design this in 1997. It was to be a ‘Workstyle’ building which would provide social hubs for people to meet and exchange ideas, with facilities for the knowledge-based workers of the future. Over the previous years, the BT offices in Brentwood were occupied by ‘fixed desk’ employees. And the building cost more per employee because desks were underutilised.   The object was to reduce the office space required, and make a discrete part of the building available for sub- letting. The office is partly used by BT Retail and Office Division.
St.Faith's Hospital. This began as an Agricultural and Industrial School owned by St.Leonard's, Shoreditch.  It was taken over by Brentwood School District in 1877 and expanded.  In 1885 this was changed to the Hackney Union, who further expanded it and it was known as the Hackney Branch Institution. In 1916 it was taken over by the Metropolitan Asylums Board as the Brentwood Epileptic Colony for women and in 1935 by then under Essex County Council it was renamed St Faith's Hospital.   St Faith is apparently a corruption of St Vedast also known in England as St Foster, as in the City Church St. Vedast, alias Foster. The hospital closed in 1985.  The buildings were demolished in 1998.  The site is now British Telecom offices
St Faith's Country Park. This opened in 1999 from land making up the grounds of St Faith's Hospital. It is made up of grassland surrounded by mature hedgerows, with a wood, streams and a pond. The grassland supports many wild plants, and there are kestrels hunting for small mammals in the rough grass. There are also slow worms and grass snakes
Cemetery. Opened by Brentwood Burial Board in 1893 it is now owned by Brentwood Council, who supports a volunteer horticulture project there. There are 32 war graves

Rollason Way
New housing on the site of Brentwood Gas Works

Weald Road
73 Weald House. 18th house with service wing at the back
Convalescent Home for Children. Opened 1879.
Wharf Road
Brentwood Gas Works. This lay off the London and had connections to the Great Eastern Railway.  The Brentwood Gas Light and Coke Co had been set up in 1834 in Crown Street and this works in Wharf Road was built in 1858. The Company became statutory only in 1898. The works was modernised in 1924-26 and the final plant consisted of an 800,000 c/ft. per day horizontal retort house with Drake’s combined stoking machinery and a single CWG plant.  It was taken over by the Gas Light & Coke Co. (aka ‘The Chartered and based in Westminster) in 1932 when its annual output was 125 million cubic feet. They closed the works the following year but the site remained in use as a gasholder station. In 1949 the largest holder of 1 million cubic feet was used for investigations to determine the value and distribution of wind pressures.  The site is now modern housing and a park.

Sources
Archives of the Chemical Industry
Brentwood Council. Web site
British History Online. Web site
British Listed Buildings. Web site.
BT. Web site
Commonwealth War Graves. Web site
Lost Hospitals of London. Web site
SABRE. A12 Web site
Stewart. Gas Works in the North Thames Area.

Friday, 29 August 2014

Great Eastern Railway. Warley Hospital

Great Eastern Railway
The Great Eastern Railway from Liverpool Street to Shenfield  runs north eastwards from Harold Wood Station.

Post to the west Brook Street
Post to the south Warley Road
Post to the north Brentwood

Crescent Road
The road was laid out about 1859 as part of industrial expansion in the area.
Kavanaghs Road
Warley Hill Bowls Club. This was Warley Hospital Bowls Club which began in 1936 as part of the hospital social club. During the Second World War the green was shared with 'Silver Threads' and 'Three Score' and in 1999 they amalgamated with the main club. The membership had also increased considerably, due to members of what had been the 'Selo Ltd'  employees club who had loat their green when the site was sold. When Warley Hospital site was sold to developers in 1999, Brentwood Borough Council obtained some of the land for leisure activities and this included the bowls green and its surrounds


Pastoral Way
Warley Hospital. This was set up under The County Asylums Act and the Lunacy Act, 1845, by the County of Essex. In 1847, 86 acres of the Brentwood Hall Estate, were purchased from William Kavanagh and the foundation stone was laid in 1851 as the Essex County Lunatic Asylum serving the whole county. The original red brick buildings, accommodating up to 500 people, were designed by H. E. Kendall in the ‘medieval Tudor’ style. It opened in 1853 and was enclosed by a 10 ft brick wall sunk into a ha-ha. Outside the wall were a farm and kitchen garden. In the following years numerous additional blocks and extensions were put in place.  In 1920 it was renamed the Brentwood Mental Hospital.  In July 1948 it joined the NHS under the control of the Warley Hospital Management Committee and in 1953, when the Hospital celebrated its centenary, it was renamed Warley Hospital.  It finally closed in 2001. The original buildings were listed by English Heritage and it has been converted into a gated redevelopment by City and Country known as 'The Galleries'.
The Entrance Building. This was the east front.  There was a reception room, a visitors' room, a committee room, and rooms and residences for senior staff. The entrance hall and arcade were paved with Mintons tiles. 
The Chapel. This was at the centre of the west front but soon proved too small. It was used as a library and later converted into a dormitory
Wards. In one wing there were nine male wards including two infirmaries and in the other wing there were seven wards for women, one of which was an infirmary. 
Galleries – these divided the wards while dormitories and other rooms opened off them. They were built of fire-proof bricks and they were connected by roofed walkways paved with Staffordshire tiles,
The Kitchen had a large cellar, its own courtyard, storerooms, bake house etc. It was replaced in 1910 and the old kitchen, became a needle room.  . 
Other facilities included workshops for tailoring, shoe-making, etc and a brew house. There was a mortuary and a laundry. The asylum had gas lighting a sort of central heating system.
Recreation Hall. This was built in 1879 on the site of the central courtyard,
New chapel. This was built in 1889. This is listed and is now flats
Nurses' Home. This was built in 1900 and renewed in 1930
Garden Villa. This was built in 1944 beside Brentwood Hall
Rose Villa. This block for female convalescents was built to the west of the central kitchen.
Centenary Hall. This opened for the centenary of the hospital and acted as a social centre. In 1957 it had a wide-screen cinema
Duchess of Kent Social Centre built in 1960 with a hospital shop, a tea lounge for patients and their visitors, a library and the Social Therapy Department.  The Nightingale Centre is located in the former Duchess of Kent Social Centre building and provides meeting rooms, hall space and other facilities. It includes The Snap Centre – Special Needs and Parents.
Roman Catholic chapel opened in 1962.  It was dedicated to St Dymphna, patron saint for the mentally ill.
Beechwood Surgery. Opened in October 2006
Filter bed system. This was built in 1854 to deal with chronic sewage problems.

Vaughan Williams Way
Brentwood Hall.  This was purchased for extensions to the asylum. It was demolished in the early 1930s as unsafe. In 1936 a new Brentwood Hall opened on the site with a Occupational Therapy Department on the ground floor
Holly Trees Primary School. The school moved to these new buildings in 1999. They had previously been at a site in Crescent Road
Clements Wood Farm. There is a now a new house on this site

Warley Country Park
Land around the former hospital site. The open space, which has been developed on former hospital farmland, includes areas of naturally colonising secondary woodland, hedgerows, a stream and a pond.

Water Tower Road
The Water Tower. This had a tank which held 10,000 gallons of water pumped by a 7 h.p. non-condensing engine from a reservoir - two more reservoirs were added later. It is now listed and has been converted into The Tower, a private house


Sources
Brentwood Council. Web site
Derelict Places. Web site
Holly Trees Primary School. Web site
Lost Hospitals of London. Web site
SNAP.  Web site
Ward. Brentwood
Warley Hill Bowls Club. Web site
Warley Hospital. Wikipedia. Web site

Great Eastern Railway to Shenfield. Harold Wood


The Great Eastern Railway Line from Liverpool Street to Shenfield runs north eastwards from Gidea Park Station

Post to the west Gallows Corner
Post to the north Harold Hill
Post to the east Harold Wood


Arundel Road
Library. Built 1967 by Essex County Council (or it might be 1959). It is very simple on a triangular site, with a shady forecourt.


Athelstan Road
British Legion Hall. This was originally the Harold Wood (United) Methodist church which in 1908 took over an undenominational mission hall which had been registered in 1889. In 1929 they moved to a new site. This is now the local British Legion headquarters. They have a small war memorial in the front garden
Athelstan Hall. This has been a meeting place for The Brethren since 1952.

Gubbins Lane
An old lane overtaken by suburban sprawl.  It runs between the main A12, Colchester Road and Squirrels Heath Road. Gubbins Farm was roughly the area on which Harold Wood was built having been bought by a group of developers in the 1860s.
Harold Wood Station. Built in 1868 it lies between Main Line destinations and Gidea Park Station on Great Eastern Railway. It is in grey brick. The station was built with the sponsorship of the Harold Wood Estate Company. The origins platforms were staggered but this changed in 1934 when the lines were widened and four platforms installed. This was s that through fast trains could pass but not stop here.
Signal box. This went out of use in the 1930s when the role was taken over by Gidea Park and Brentwood boxes,
Goods yard.  Was closed in 1965. A siding ran behind the signal box to serve a brickworks.
Provender mill. In 1895 James and George H. Matthews Ltd., had a shop supplying animal food to dairy farmers. In 1905 they built a mill beside the station and the firm expanded opening other branches and selling fertilisers, seeds, and coal. It was bought by Unilever in 1965 and demolished in 1970.  There are now flats n the site which was south of the railway and west of the road.
Oakdene. Housing on the site of a children’s home which was previously an Essex County Council Boys’ Remand Home.
War Memorial Hall. There is a commemorative plaque to the dead of the Great War on the wall. The hall was built by Edward Bryant who lived in Harold Wood Hall. He built what was called an “Entertainment Hall” “to combat the dullness of village life.” Bryant’s was the Bryan half of Bryant and May match manufactures of Bow. After the War, Bryant gave the hall to the village so that it could become the War Memorial Hall.
The Grange.  The manor house of Gubbins was demolished in the 18th and replaced by a farm. The Grange was built on the site in 1883 standing in 30 acres of grounds, which included a formal garden and an ornamental lake. It became the offices of Compton, who owned the Gubbins estate.  They were millers and seedsmen with businesses across Essex and Suffolk.  In 1909 it became a children’s home for West Ham Borough, and then formed the nucleus of the hospital, which was run by West Ham initially as The Grange convalescent home
Harold Wood Hospital. In 1909 West Ham County Borough acquired The Grange as a children's convalescent home for patients from the Plaistow Fever Hospital.   In 1911 a new block was built.  Named after Dr John Biernacki the Home's first Medical Superintendent and the Physician-Superintendent of the Plaistow Fever Hospital.  In 1930 more blocks were added and the home took chronic adult cases, to relieve the Public Assistance Home at Leyton on a temporary basis.  In the Second World War it took military wounded and civilian air-raid casualties in prefabricated huts built in the grounds. It was known as Harold Wood Hospital and remained as such after the war. It joined the NHS in 1948 and was expanded in the 1960s to become a District General Hospital. The Hospital closed in 2006.  The site was sold to developer to Countryside Properties for housing development called Kings Park. The original house, The Grange, remains
Disablement Services Centre.
The Harold Wood Polyclinic. A GP walk-in health centre in a building, once the McKesson Computer Centre, was opened in 2010.
28-30 Oasis House.  An adult mental health clinic run by the Upminster Community Mental Health Team
24 Harold Wood Community Health Clinic
St. Peter’s Church. Built by J.J. Crowe in 1938-9 as a successor to an iron church in Church Road. The foundation stone was laid by the Matthews brothers, the local millers – and is a memorial to Frederick Lawson Matthews, who was killed in 1916. 
Methodist church. There were Methodists in Harold Wood from 1889. In 1929 a church and school were built in Gubbins Lane, with the aid of funds from William Mallinson. A new church was built in 1962, and the 1929 building to the rear became a hall.
Harold Wood Neighbourhood Centre.   This is in an old school building which was originally a National school opened with the help of John Compton, the main landowner in 1886. In it 1933 was reorganized for juniors and infants and was still in use in 1975


Harold Wood Park.
Harold Wood was a small hamlet on the edge of the Royal hunting park. Housing development began with the opening of a half here by the Great Eastern Railway. Land was given to Hornchurch Urban District Council in 1934 for use by Harold Wood Cricket Club in an area to the east of this square. Harold Wood Park has since had a range of recreational facilities and recently a refurbishment of the tennis courts.

Station road
King Harold Hotel. Built in 1868 as part of the station development

St Clements Avenue
London South Bank University campus.  This is a nursing study centre with 700 Nursing students. There are three nursing skills laboratories set up to replicate hospital wards


Sources
Brennand. Ilford to Shenfield.
British History online. Hornchurch.
Clunn. Face of London
Essex Journal
Field. London Place Names
Hornchurch During the Great War. Web site
London Borough of Havering. Web site.
London Gardens Online. Website
Lost Hospitals of London. Web site
Nairn. Modern Buildings

Wednesday, 27 August 2014

Great Eastern Railway to Shenfield. Gidea Park

Great Eastern Railway from Liverpool Street to Shenfield
The railway continues from Romford Station running north eastwards to Gidea Park.

Post to the west Romford
Post to the south Heath Park
Post to the east Squirrels Heath


Balgores Crescent
1-3 with Crittal Windows type curved bay
7 Quaker Meeting House.  In the 1950s the Havering Friends group were looking for new premises. A site off Balgores Crescent was bought which had been used for allotments during the war and was full of broken glass from greenhouses and cloches. It was opened in 1961.


Balgores Lane
Several houses in the road were built as entries in the 1911 exhibition – for example 17, 32, 33, 35, 39, 47, 49 51
Balgores House.  A grey and yellow brick house of the 1850s. Served as refreshment rooms for the exhibition and was the home of Mr. William Bose, secretary of Gidea Park Golf Club. In the Great War it provided additional accommodation for the Artists Rifles, having been offered rent free by Sir Herbert Raphael.  Now a private fee paying ‘preparatory’ school called Gidea Park College. The school was founded in 1926 by the grandfather of the present owners, Mrs.N. Molyneux and Mrs. A. Parkinson-Curd.
Lloyds Bank. The bank is on the site of The Cottage – which was Humphrey Repton’s home. It was standing in 1911 and a plaque on Lloyds Bank building describes his work here.
Library


Balgores Square
This is a fragment of an uncompleted shopping centre designed to have a continuous arcaded ground floor around three sides of the square. But instead houses were built on the undeveloped plots and the square is now a car park
Elm Walk
3 -7 designed by Curtis Green but they were not exhibition houses

Gidea Close
Site of Gidea Hall. This is now a covenanted space used by the tennis club. Surrounded by tall hedges. From 1452-1629 it was owned by the Cooke family, with a 15th/16th house built on the site of a 13th manor. It was a moated house within parkland with deer, a rabbit warren and fishpond. It had several subsequent owners and in 1710 it was owned by Sir John Eyles, Sub-Governor of the South Sea Company and Post-master General who rebuilt it as a three storey mansion. It was then sold to Richard Benyon, Governor of Fort St George, Madras and his grandson sold it to Alexander Black.  In 1893 it was sold to the Land Allotment Company for development but then sold on to Herbert H. Raphael, barrister and a Liberal MP. In the Great War it was an Officers School for the Artists Rifles and was demolished in 1930
Gidea Park Lawn Tennis Club. Established in the 1930s


Gidea Park,
The Romford Garden Suburb begun in 1910 and the designers of the houses include most of the influential figures of the late Arts and Crafts movement. Herbert Raphael M.P. had acquired Gidea Hall in 1897 and 1909 set up Gidea Hall Development Co. with Charles McCurdy and John Tudor Walters, in order to develop a garden suburb.  Plans for the layout were published in 1909 and may have been by Parker and Unwin.  work began in 1910 and The 'Exhibition of Houses and Cottages' was opened in 1911 with 140 houses and cottages by over 100 separate architects - Baillie Scott,  Crickmer, Geoffrey Lucas, Parker & Unwin,  W.Curtis Green, Herbert A. Welch and T.M, Wilson. C.R. Ashbee and Clough Williams Ellis. The exhibition houses were the core of the suburb the shopping centre was never completed and some other plots were filled with standard interwar speculative housing.


Hare Hall Lane
Hare Court. Boring flats 1937.


Main Road
It was the reference is to the Roman road from London to Colchester and called Hare Street. ‘Here’ is Old English for ‘army’ which means it was the ‘army road' - a 'main road suitable for the army'.
St Michael and All Angels. Built in 1938 by J.J. Crowe, Crowe and Careless. The first Anglican place of worship in Gidea Park was St Michael’s Mission Church built in 1928 and then Gidea Park was in the Chapelry of All Saints Squirrels Heath now known as Ardleigh Green. In 1933 the new Parish of St Michael Gidea Park was set up and a Church Hall built, which remains. The Church itself was consecrated in 1938. It is in red brick under a continuous roof with a square tower with louvred shingled roof,
Bishop Chadwick Hall. This was the 1928 mission building
75 timber-framed building with pargetting in the upper floor, was allegedly built for the British Exhibition at White City and brought here as the estate office. Now offices.
93 The Ship Pub, This is an old building behind a 20th half-timbered front, it is probably 17th with later additions.
194-204 The Archers pub. Of this building 198-200 were some of the first of the suburb buildings, completed for the exhibition in 1912. They were built as Shops with flats above
Royal Jubilee Court. Local authority sheltered housing complex
67 Churchill House. Romford Conservative Club.
91 Harvester – chain restaurant in what was The Unicorn pub and has also been called The Cavalier.  A pub called the Unicorn was here in the 18th.


Squirrel’s Heath Avenue,
The designers, Ashbee and Gripper & Stevenson, made a formal layout arranged around an elliptical green. Only one side was completed and the other side was built in conventional speculative fashion of the 1920s.


Station Road
Gidea Park Station. This lies between Harold Wood and Romford stations on the Great Eastern Railway. It was opened in 1910 and originally called Squirrels Heath and Gidea Park Station and within three years it changed to Gidea Park and Squirrels Heath. The Gidea Park Company persuaded the railway company to build the station and forced them to buy the Hare Hall Estate.
Signal Box. This was built above the platform sited on the overbridge

Sources
Brennand. Ilford to Shenfield
Diamond Geezer. Web site
Essex Journal
Field. London Place Names
Gidea Park College Web site
Gidea Park Lawn Tennis Club
Gidea Park Quakers. Web site
Harvester. Web site
London Borough of Havering. Web site
London Encyclopaedia
Lost Heritage. Web site
Pevsner and Cherry. Essex 
St.Michael and All Angels. Web site
The Ship. Web site

Tuesday, 26 August 2014

Great Eastern Railway to Shenfield Heath Park


Great Eastern Railway
The Great Eastern Railway from Liverpool Street to Shenfield runs north eastwards from Romford Station. The London, Tilbury and Southend Railway line to Grays Leaves the line to the south east

Post to the west Romford
Post to the east Heath Park
Post to the north Gidea Park


Benjamin Close
New housing on the site of a builders yard

Brentwood Road
163-165 Kingdom Hall of Jehovah’s Witnesses. The hall is currently replaced.
Francis Bardsley Academy for Girls. The first school was started, in 1906, by Francis Bardsley in the centre of Romford to provide free education for local girls. It later moved to Brentwood Road. In the 1930 it became a selective grammar school and was renamed the Romford County High School for Girls.  Until 2003 the school was based on two separate sites; the Upper School here in Brentwood Road which was (built in 1910 and the Lower School in Heath Park Road. The two sites were joined by a long road in 2003 the Lower School Site was sold. The school gained Specialist school status in the Visual arts in 2004, and academy status in 2012.
Romford Evangelical Free Church. In 1888 a corrugated iron building, in Boundary Road was called 'The Gospel Mission Hall'. In 1897 the church bought the land on which the church now stands and was opened for worship in 1902. In 1963 new halls were built to the rear.

Great Gardens Road
This is named for Great Gardens Farm, which stood here. This was a dairy and poultry farm.

Heath Park Road
Frances Bardsley Lower School. This was built as Romford County High School for Girls in 1909-10 by Hickton and Farmer of Walsall. It was renamed in 1974 in honour of its founder, a prominent campaigner for education of girls. .he Upper School is in the Brentwood road and the two sites were around a quarter of a mile from one another, and joined by a long road. In 2003 the Lower School Site was sold and developed into houses and flats. The main school building was converted into 12 apartments and 2 duplex galleried houses and renamed ‘Academy Square’.

Hyland Park
This is on the site of a big house and estate. Hylands was developed in the 1920s by the French family, who were local publicans who bought it in 1920. It was an orchard and piggery and it was then converted into a trotting and racing track behind corrugated iron fencing. The first race meeting was held in 1925 and Hornchurch UDC tried to prevent it but was overruled by Minister of Health. The track was also used for athletics meetings. However it eventually closed down and became derelict. The local authority bought it in 1927 and laid it out as a Park. Cricket and football pitches were laid on the former trotting track. An avenue of poplars was planted as a windbreak, and a rose garden was planted on the site of a static water tank. The stone gate piers and gates at Osborne Road came from Grey Towers, a 19th castellated mansion demolished in 1931.  In the Second World War the area was used for allotments and there was some bombing.  The area was later reinstated with sports facilities.

Manor Road
Manor Hall. Church of God. The church is currently rebuilding the hall. This was the building of the Catholic Apostolic Church. Originated in 1867, when a house in High Street was registered for worship. Meetings were held in the Laurie Hall, Market Place, from 1869 until about 1894, when an iron church was built in Manor Road. In 1962 that church was re-registered as the undenominational Manor Hall


Park Lane
Raphael School. This is a private school which originated in 1935 as Clark’s College. The Colleges –which were a national chain - had been started by George E. Clark who had started evening classes and specialise in tutoring candidates for the civil service. The Romford College was in Junction Road and apparently moved here and changed their name. The building here was Park Lane Board School, opened in 1893, which was the first built by the school board. The school was reorganized in 1930 for juniors and infants. It was later called Edwin Lambert Junior and Infants School. It has now closed.


Princes Road
St Alban’s church. This was opened in 1890 as a mission of St.Andrew and became a separate parish in 1952. The church is filled with the work of contemporary artists. Glass doors at the entrance were engraved by Sally Scott and David Peace showing the shrine of St Alban, and St Alban. Inside is an organ, with green pipes decorated with red and blue bands and gilded mouths. Pilgrimage Window, with Our Lady of Walsingham designed by Patrick Reyntiens. Font, the cover of which is also connected with Walsingham. By Siegfried Pietzsch. Above the chancel arch, is Peter Eugene Ball’s Christus Rex. Above the altar are Angel Windows, designed by Patrick Reyntiens. Angels continue on the mural which fills vault where Mark Cazalet, painted the angels of the four elements of Creation and at the bottom of the mural the market, the buses and trains, a white van carrying the logo of the Romford Chamber of Commerce and Industry, the Essex girls dancing round their handbags. Around the church, are the Stations of the Cross carved in European oak by Charlie Gurrey. Siegfried Pietzsch carved the statues of Our Lady and St Alban on each side of the chancel.  The Church has been awarded twelve Design Awards
Churchyard. Column of Remembrance in Portland stone by Jamie Sargeant. This sculpture bench, by John Pitt, in Portland stone, representing the Trinity, with the words ‘Come ye apart and rest awhile’ carved on vertical slabs. The seat is inscribed ‘And our hearts are restless till they rest in Thee’


Rushdown Close
Modern housing on the site of depot of builders merchants, Hall & Co. of Croydon., The depot was built in 1923 on the site of a gravel pit which they had opened in 1914 – seen as a risky venture into unknown territory.

Salisbury Road
Squirrels Heath Primary School. This was originally, Salisbury Road council school was opened in 1911. It was renamed in 1956. And a new school was built in 1974 on a neighbouring site.


Sources
British History online. Hornchurch. Web site
British History online. Romford. Web site
Field. London Place Names
Francis Bardsley Academy. Web site
Hall. A Century and a Quarter
London Borough of Havering. Web site
London Gardens Online. Web site
Romford Evangelical Free Church. Web site

Monday, 25 August 2014

Great Eastern Railway to Shenfield. New Romford


Great Eastern Railway from Liverpool Street to Shenfield
The railway runs north eastwards from Chadwell Heath Station

Post to the west Romford
Post to the north Romford
Post to the east Romford

London Road.
17 Allen Ford.  Current Ford dealership. Charles H. Allen had taken over the business of Slipper's coach builders of North Street Romford from the mid 91th.
Cottons Park. This was originally Cottons Recreational Ground named after the Cottons Estate with a 16th house until the 20th. In 1920 Romford Urban District Council negotiated the ownership of this land and it was cleared and tennis courts and a putting green were laid out using unemployed labour. There was planting and paths one of which went from the London Road, entrance to a bandstand. There were also fields for rugby, soccer and cricket and a children's playground. In the Second World War there were air-raid shelters and a decontamination centre – which later became a cafĂ©. In 2009 six sculptures commemorated six people killed in bombing in 1940. In the 1960s houses in Marks Road were compulsorily purchased and demolished to enlarge the park. Facilities now include an outdoor gym and areas for younger children and for teenagers.
New Mill Inn. This stood on the corner of Waterloo Road
47 The Sun public house. Probably designed by Sewell for Truman's, on a large scale with Neo Regency-cum-Art Deco details and a, its sun motif blazing.  There has been a Sun pub here since the early 17th.
49 Compasses pub. This pub was present before the 1830s but gone before the Second World War
Salem Baptist Chapel.   In 1836 a Baptist church was set up. In 1840 land on which the Chapel stands was purchased. The land had been part of a Napoleonic Barrack Ground. The original meeting room was built and the chapel later built round an open air Baptismal Pool. In the 1930s a new church was built on a different site; however the old chapel continued with a new constitution. There was some bomb damaged in the Second World War but repairs were carried out, and later extensions and improvements. The church undertakes much mission work and community involvement.It is now the only 1840s survivor in the neighbourhood
Postmill. This was on the south side of the road, west of St. Andrews' Road. In 1751 the owner was Thomas Green. The Collier family operated the mill until. 1860. The mill had gone by 1871.
Workmen’s Lodging House. This was near Cotton’s Recreation Ground and was an outreach project of the Salem Chapel.
Bus depot. This lay west of Cotleigh Road on the south side and appears to now be the site of St.Andrew’s Court flats. It has been opened in 1932 by Edward Hillman’s Saloon Coaches. It was an early garage to run Green Line coaches but then closed at the outbreak of the Second World War.  It reopened and closed several times, but finally in 1977
83 Kwick Fit fronting large factory building now divided into units. This was a bakery belonging to the Co-op.
83a Celestial Church of Christ
119 St Andrews Rectory
140 Omega Court. Modern flats on the site of Jessop’s art deco car dealership works.
164 Slaters Arms
Crowlands Primary School. The school was built on land owned by the charity of Robert Palmer, who left money in 1624 for the poor of Romford. In 1811 the land owned was called Townfield and this was sold in 1907 to the county council. It was originally London Road School for 280 infants designed in 1908 by Cecil Sharp and A.S.R. Ley in an Arts and Crafts style. It was enlarged in1931 but in 1937 the seniors were transferred elsewhere and it was renamed in 1956. . The Infants building has an octagonal tiled roof and classrooms flanking a hall with a central cupola. The Junior School was built in 1912 and bas a central hall. A nursery was added in 2000.
260 The Crown pub. This was once an out of town country pub but the greyhound stadium brought it a lot of business.
Romford Greyhound Stadium was opened near the Crown hotel in 1929.  It was the ideas of Archer Leggatt and the hare was pulled round by a bus engine. Following a dispute on rent the present stadium, which is on the opposite side of London Road, was opened in 1933. Over the years the stadium has hosted many events including stock car racing, Wild West shows and cheetah races. It is now one of the few remaining tracks in the country, and is part of Coral, betting empire.
Mawney Road
The Manor of Mawneys ran north from Romford High Street to Collier Row.  Benjamin Harding Newman inherited the estate in 1882 and put it up for sale. By 1889 much of it had been developed for building. The manor house of Mawneys stood on a moated site and it was demolished about 1935 and the United Services Club now stands on the site
United Service Club. A Formation Committee was set up in 1920 by the ex-servicemen of Romford from the Great War and a club was opened in the High Street in 1921. In 1938 it was decided to extend the facilities and the Committee purchased "Great Mawneys” which opened in 1939. It has been extended since.
44 Mawney Arms. Dates from the 1890s and refurbished 1999. All the old fittings were reinstalled in a bar in Thailand called the Mawney Arms.
Mawney Foundation School. This opened as .Mawney Road Board School in 1896, to replace Albion Street School. It was enlarged in 1907 and in 1936 reorganized in 1936 for juniors and infants. It has recently received Foundation status. The building is by Charles Bell with roof tile hanging and an arcaded entrance. 
49 Stanton Gate. Office block and trading estate in what appears to be an old factory site
Public baths. Mawney Road baths were Opened in 1900 were at known as locally 'Craig's White Elephant' since they had been pushed by Councillor J. J. Craig. They were demolished in 1975.

Pretoria Road
Romford Smallholders. An inaugural meeting of the Romford Smallholders and Allotments Society Ltd. was held in 1911. Sir John Bethel lent the society the money and a site was bought. Potential members paid a five shilling share. The limited company went into liquidation in 1935 and was replaced. The allotments were popular during the Second World War but then declined. In the 1990s efforts were made to sell stock and to clear overgrown sites and facilities have improved

Queen Street
This was the area of the 18th Cavalry barracks which stretched as far as the railway. It was sold in 1840, and developed with artisans' cottages and factories. It became known as New Romford. Since the Second World War it has-been redeveloped with council flats.
British School. This dated from a foundation of 1839 by Congregationalists in Angel Yard and later moved to new buildings in here in 1851. It was supported by subscriptions and children’s pence. In 1872 it was taken over by the newly-formed school board, who turned it into a mixed school – it had been boys only. It was replaced in 1896 by Mawney Road School but the building was later used by St. Andrew's infants’ school, and in 1912 it was sold to Brazier's Yard mission.

Railway
There was a considerable area of sidings to the south of the railway as it approaches Romford Station. In the 1860s this was confined to a eastwards running siding into an area known as The Gullet, north and east of Nursery Lane and described as a ‘goods siding’.  By the 1890s sidings were running westwards from the main line into the gas works west of Nursery Lane.  In the late 1930s the sidings north of the hospital site had increased with cattle pens and lines fanning out towards increased good provision nearer to Romford Station. Lines also extended westwards almost reaching Jutsums Lane.  The lines nearer to Romford, between Nursery Lane and Waterloo Road are now the site of some very recent housing, and areas that were sidings near the gasworks are used by a number of industrial and related units and partly, to the west were used by National Grid.  To the west of this land is still in use by railway maintenance and other functions accessed from Jutsums Lane   Cattle Pens were sited here
Signal Box
Barrack Lane Station. This was the original Romford Station and sited to the west of the current station. The Barracks were in the area now covered by St. Andrews Road.


Recreation Avenue
This, of course, leads to a gate into the park

Sandgate Close
Queen Elizabeth House. Royal Mail depot on part of the old gas works site.
Self Storage Company area. This uses ‘containers’ rather than a building.

Spring Gardens
This includes a small light industrial area built post-Second World War. Much of these have been replaced by recent housing
Colvern. Manufacturers of wire-wound potentiometers and variable resistors including high-accuracy precision potentiometers. 650 employees. In 1973 Acquired by Royal Worcester
Colvern House – new housing which is presumably on the site of Colvern’s factory described as ‘a remarkable building by W.Hammond for a number of electrical engineering firms”

St Andrew's Road
32 Prince Albert. Pub. This dates to at least the 1870s
St Andrew. Built 1861-2 by John Johnson in rag stone for the New Romford area with support from the Ind and Coope brewery families. It is named for an original, and lost, parish church in Romford. A High Church tradition was established by 1900 and many original 19th fittings remain. The Church is now also used for Orthodox services at approximately monthly intervals since 2008. The community was recognised as a parish in 2011 and includes English and Greek as well as Russian members.
St.Andrews Church Centre.        
2 The Old School House

St. Edwards Way
Part of the Romford Bypass A1251

Union Road
The Gullett
Oldchurch Hospital. The Hospital originated from the Romford Union workhouse, which lay in the square to the south of this.  In 1929 the workhouse and its infirmary came under the administration of Essex County Council, who converted it into the Oldchurch County Hospital.  The Hospital, incorporated the old workhouse buildings, but also expanded in an area to the north during the 1930s.  In 1948 the Hospital joined the NHS and remained an acute hospital and in 2000 had 473 beds.   The Hospital closed in 2006. The site has been sold and is being redeveloped for housing by E.ON and Taylor Wimpey East London.  Much has been demolished

Sources
Brennand. Ilford to Shenfield
British History .On Line Romford
Evans. Romford a History
Evans. Romford Heritage
Evans. Romford people and places over the 10th century
Glazier. London Transport Garages
Grace’s Guide. Web site
London Borough of Havering. Web site
London Gardens On Line. Web site
Lost Hospitals of London. Web site
Pevsner and Cherry. Essex
Romford Smallholders Society. Web site
Romford Then and Now. Web site
Salem Chapel. Web site
St.Andrew’s Church. Web site
United Service Club. Web site

Saturday, 23 August 2014

Great Eastern Railway to Shenfield. Whalebone Lane

Great Eastern Railway
The Great Eastern Railway line from Liverpool Street to Shenfield continues eastwards

Post to the west Chadwell Heath
Post to the east Crowlands

Coppen Road
Industrial area built up since the 1920s.
Capricorn Centre

David Road
Gateposts on the bend at what must have been the entrance to Lymington Secondary School

Eric Road
St.Chad’s Church Hall. With local activities like a youth club called United Origin.

Freshwater Road
Trading and industrial area – although the original big chemical and related factories have been replaced partly by building supplies warehouses, and smaller specialist organisations –like the Tate Gallery’s publishing house
Baird and Tatlock. Buildings here built 1951-1960 Analytical chemists, scientific instrument makers and laboratory furnishers originating in Glasgow with factories in the London area. Eventually part of British Drug Houses and owned by Merck Ltd under which name the business later operated and this involved the storage and packaging of various chemicals. The buildings were demolished between 1995 and 1999
Hoo Hing. Chinese food supplier in a building from 1999 on part of what was the Baird and Tatlock site
41-51 Nichols and Clarke.  Building supplies. Founded in 1875 in London, they claim to be the largest privately owned national manufacturer and distributor of building products.


Kemp Road
Kemp Road Industrial Park an estate of small industrial units on the site of what was Barton Bakery.
23 Concord House. Harmony Christian Centre
Kingdom Power Bible Church International

Lymington Fields
Vacant and made up of grassland. The west part of the site was originally part of now demolished Barking Technical College  and associated playing fields (in an adjacent square)..
Gravel Pit. The eastern part of the site was formerly a gravel pit and landfill from the 1960’s. A siding ran into this from the railway


Saville Road
West Ham United Football Club training ground


Selinas lane
Intensive industrial area with many light and less light industries.  Very little information about any of them.
Dairy Crest Depot. This is the liquid foods department of this national dairy brand. State of the art dairy processes 400 million litres of milk a year
The Redeemed Christian Church of God Fountain of Living Water. This is in Ronac House, brick built factory unit owned by Ronacrete, concrete company. The building is on the line of the siding from the Great Eastern Railway to the now defunct gravel pit to the south.
Selinas Lane Islamic Centre. VW House. Previously in use as a motor sales centre.


St Chad's Road.
St Chad‘s church. This was originally founded as a chapel-of-ease to St Peter and St Paul, in Dagenham. It was built 1895-8 by Frederic Chancellor in red brick. It has an embattled clock tower, added in 1897-8 to commemorate the Diamond Jubilee.


Whalebone Lane
The Whalebones themselves were in the High Road north of this area/
Whalebone Bridge over the Great Eastern Railway.
Triptons Service Station. Triptons was the name of a farm on this site
Whalebone Farm was opposite the entrance to Selinas Lane. It was also called Butlers Farm

Sources
Essex Journal
London Borough of Barking and Dagenham. Web site
Nature conservation in Barking and Dagenham.
St.Chad’s Web site
Victoria County History. Essex