Monday, 25 May 2015

Riverside east of the Tower.north bank Canary Wharf


Riverside, north bank, east of the Tower.
Poplar and Canary Wharf

Post to the west Limehouse


Amoy Place
This was previously Church Row
Stepney Laundry. This was owned by motor racing enthusiast, A.W.Smith

Aspen Way
Poplar Link. Aspen Way was originally built by the LDDC in 1985 and extended to meet the Blackwall and Limehouse links in 1989. It varies from a four to six lane road. The road was built on the sites of a series of defunct rail lines serving the West India and Millwall docks and associated areas.  These railways appear to have run through an area of open land, possibly belonging to the dock company.
London and Blackwall Railway. Their West India Dock Station opened in 1840 on what was a cable hauled railway from the east of the City. It was sited roughly where the West Ferry DLR station is today and the line continued on a route roughly followed by the DLR to a station nearer the East India Docks and called Poplar it then continued to a terminus at Blackwall. It was later extended, including through Millwall Junction to the tip of the Isle of Dogs.
East and West India Docks and Birmingham Junction Railway which was later known as the North London Railway. This ran initially from Gas Factory Junction to stations to the north but in 1851 a junction for coal and later all freight was made to West India Docks with a coal depot at Poplar and a spur to the Blackwall Line. The line from Bow to Poplar docks closed in 1983 and is now part of the DLR.
Midland Railway Coal Depot. This lay to the east of West India Docks Station. It had track at both street and viaduct level. These Midland sidings were built as part of their Poplar Docks scheme and had no direct connection with the West India Dock itself. There was a wagon lift on the down sidings to give access to ground level since the sidings were lower than the London and Blackwall Viaducts. Horses were used for shunting in the lower yard. The depot opened in 1882. The site appears now to be that of the Docklands Light Railway Depot.
Bank Signal Box. This box was built for the Midland Railway coal sidings.
North London Railway Yard. Tracks ran from the Midland Depot to Harrow Lane. Dated from 1866 and was meant to be used to transfer traffic between the North London and the London and Blackwall Railways.
Footbridge. This ran from Millwall Junction Station down platform running across Harrow Lane marshalling yard to Harrow Lane. It then extended south from the station into the docks
Millwall Extension Railway. In 1863, the London and Blackwall Railway Company proposed a line across the Isle of Dogs. There was a great deal of argument with the dock companies over the route but a Bill was passed in 1865 with a complex ownership profile. It was operated by the Great Eastern Railway and was initially horse drawn. The branch was laid with rails opening in 1871 and Millwall eventually it was owned by the Port of London Authority Junction was built. Passenger services ended in 1916 and the line south of Millwall Junction was closed in 1970.  Some of the line is used by the DLR
Millwall Junction Station. This opened in 1871 with the first section of the North Greenwich branch line to Millwall Dock. It was extended to North Greenwich the following year. The station had two platforms on the Blackwall Line with a triangular section and a single platform for the North Greenwich branch. The only access was a covered footbridge to the down platform which went across Harrow Lane marshalling yard to Harrow Lane. The footbridge also extended south from the station into the docks for use by workers at the docks. The station was rebuilt in 1888 and closed in 1926 but remained open for freight until 1927. Connections into the docks remained in use until the early 1960's. Part of the sidings to the north of the station were in use until 1981 and the remaining tracks were removed in 1983.  The station buildings were demolished in 1965 but the platforms were only finally removed during the construction of the Docklands Light Railway
Locomotive depot at Millwall Junction. This opened in 1871 and was at the west end south of the line. It was opened by the Great Northern Railway and became a locomotive shed under the Great Eastern Railway. It closed in 1926 and became a goods shed. It has since been demolished.
Harrow Lane Junction. This allowed a connection to the Great Eastern Railway.
West India Docks Signal Box. This was at the end of the North Greenwich platform at Millwall Junction Station. Demolished in the 1970s

Bank Street
Bank Street runs along what was the north side of the South Dock which was built out of the quayside according to the Cesar Pelli Associates’ masterplan. It is lined by offices built 2000-3. The quay walls were landscaped and obelisk shaped lanterns installed. In the first stage of development the whole quayside was designated as Heron Quays and a further five stages of that development were planned. However Canary Wharf bought the site from Tarmac and built the current grandiose towers.
South West Dock Quay.  Before redevelopment under the LDDC quayside buildings were used for dock purposes and latterly called ‘Heron Quays’. In the 1840s there was a herring shed on the site. There had been a proposed rationalisation of South Dock shed in 1911 but  during the Great War was needed for sugar imports so two sheds were built here, and in 1919 another added, for wool.  The quay was narrow and little used. The Brymon Dash 7 was landed here in 1982 as a demonstration to prove that London City Airport was a possibility and that it would only use light planes.
F shed made of corrugated-iron on a steel frame with internal rail lines. It survived into the early 1980s. It was used by the Westcott and Lawrence Ships for export to the Middle East. 
G shed. This was made of corrugated-iron on a steel frame with internal rail lines. G rebuilt following bomb damage in the Second World War and tall doorways for mobile cranes were introduced. It survived into the early 1980s. It was used by the Ellerman Line and City Line for South African imports of canned fruit, wool, hides, copper, wines, and spirits. 
H shed.  It was made of corrugated-iron on a steel frame with internal rail lines. From 1929 used for exports and was in fact used by the PLA for a pilot scheme for mechanising export handling. It was rebuilt following bomb damage in the Second World War and tall doorways for mobile cranes were introduced. It survived into the early 1980s and was a mechanized export-loading berth for Harrison Line and Union Castle to South African ports.
20 14 floor block by Skidmore, Owings and Merrill.
25 33 floor tower by Cesar Pelli Assocs. At the top are 5,472 controllable LED lights. This was the headquarters of Lehman Brothers until their collapse causing the 2008 Financial Crisis.
40 32 floor tower designed by Cesar Pelli & Assocs. It is linked to neighbours by the Winter Gardens.
43 East Wintergarden. Architects Cesar Pelli & Assocs.  This is an entertainment venue
50 the shortest of three towers and twin of 40. Steel framed by Cesar Pelli & Associates. Tenanted by Northern Trust
Testa Addormentata. A large bronze head depicted swathed in bandages by sculptor, Igor Mitoraj. This is on the corner with Upper Bank Street.

Birchfield Street
Birchfield Estate. This is in surrounding roads to the east. Built by the London County Council's Architect's Department, 1955-64.  
3 this building was a laundry, built in 1910. Said to be Chinese. This may relate to the Stepney Laundry adjacent to the rear in Amoy Place. It is now housing
9 Workshops – at one time a clothing workshop for the House of Sears.

Cabot Square
The heart of the earliest Canary Wharf developments in 1988-91 and with Canadian/US street names, It is high quality with formal green spaces and public art. There are no views out across the docks or river
Central garden. Like a London square it is an island and not a garden. There are lie walks, a central fountain, yew hedges and steps between pavilions to the car parks
Circular glass funnels for car park vents.  By Jeff Bell
Fountain. A rhythmical play of jets by Richard Chaix. 
Bronze planters by Philip Jackson.
Couple on Seat. By Lynn Chadwick 1984
Plaque by Gerald Laing. This was installed in 1998 to note Michael von Clemm, a financier, who was one of the originators of the Canary Wharf development.
1-5 by Pei Cobb Freed & Partners for Credit Suisse First Boston. It had 21 floors.
10 designed by SOA in the Chicago tradition but said to be infused the spirit f traditional London buildings. Ground-floor shopping arcades said to be inspired by Piccadilly. Sculpture at the entrance “Returning to Embrace Bronze” by Jon Buck. 2000
20 by Kohn Pedersen Fox, with EPR Partnership evoking the commercial styles of 1920s-1930s US.  This is a single group along the Export Dock but cut in two by DLR.
25 HQ of Morgan Stanley by SOM (Chicago) and in the Chicago tradition. 
Cabot Hall. On the east side was a banqueting and performance hall which opened in 1991. Closed in 2006 and converted into retail and restaurants.

Castor Lane
Poplar DLR Station. The station is built on an earth filled structure.  Opened in 1987 this is the junction station between Docklands Light Railway lines. Originally the station had two platforms, and only handled the Stratford to Island Gardens branch traffic.  It has since been expanded and remodelled when the Beckton extension was opened in 1994. Originally all Beckton trains started and terminated here.  In 1995 the line was extended west, joining Poplar to Westferry via a flying junction to allow Beckton services to run to Tower Gateway. In 2005 Bank to King George V services were added.
Operations and Maintenance Centre to the north of the line, probably on the site of the Midland Railway coal depot. This was originally designated at the Headquarters building with training, maintenance and other functions. Although it has been superseded by a depot at Beckton half of the fleet is still maintained here, including some ex-steelworks diesel engines. 
Byron Bawn & Company's Byron Tank Works. Wrought-iron tanks and cisterns were made here until c1940. Cleared for housing.


Canada Square
The square was to be called Docklands Square, but during planning it was renamed Winston Square and the Canada Square. This was originally landscaped by Olin & Partners. A path meanders through woodland with seating and art works.
1 The Pelli Tower. This is the showpiece of Phase 1 of Canary Wharf and the hub of the whole development. It is the simplest form possible, square and pyramid topped and sheer, and clad in stainless steel to reflect Britain's heritage as an industrial nation. In 1991 it was the highest in Britain although the height was restricted because of the closeness to London City Airport. The pyramid roof encloses a maintenance plant, facilities for water supply, and an aircraft warning beacon. The building has a steel pendulum that sways to offset movements in the building caused by strong gusts of wind. The ground floor forms a grand public thoroughfare with eight marble-faced banks of lifts. Stained glass was designed by Charles Rennie, to represent Canary Wharf, Water and Boats and the slate used is made from the Welsh slate shelving used original Banana Warehouse here. The Duke of Edinburgh officially opened it in 1991 and unveiled a commemorative plaque at the entrance. Plaques, by Keith Millow and ceramics by Lawson Oyekon, 1998.
1 Cabot Place. The anchor of a ground floor to Pelli's tower. It executed by Pelli with Adamson Associates and Frederick Gibberd Coombes & Partners. There is polished luxury in the foyer at the base of the tower. Inside are three levels of shopping mall by Building Design Partnership
Cabot Place East. This has above ground shopping and restaurants on three levels which link to shopping malls below Jubilee Park.
The Big Blue. Sculpture by Ron Arad of a blue saucer in fibreglass at an angle over a Perspex collar so that it appears to float. 1998. It was as the skylight of the shopping mall below.
It Takes Two. Bronze statue by Bob Allen. 2002. 
'History Wall' by Thomas Heatherwick Studio, 2002, ac composition of 3,743 archive images, arranged to provide a HSBC logo.
5 block by SOM, with three big trading floors, 2000-3. Occupied by the Bank of America, Merrill Lynch
8 HSBC world headquarters. This is a 44 storey building of 1999-2002 by Foster & Partners who were also architects of the Bank's 1980s offices in Hong Kong.  It is the third-tallest building in the United Kingdom.
Lions. There are of two guarding the entrance to the HSBC building. An inscription says that these exact copies of two made for the Hong Kong offices of the bank. The sculptor was W.W. Wagstaff in 1935
25 and 33 Citigroup Centre.  25 is a tower by Cesar Pelli & Associates, with Adamson Associates, 2000-2. It is the third-tallest building in the United Kingdom. The western part of Citigroup is by Foster & Partners 1998-2000. In the atrium is artwork by Alexander Beleschenko. 
Lines. These are on the floor at the lowest level of the shopping area. They are intended to convey the idea of flowing water. They were designed by Antoni Malinowski.


Canary Wharf
This development takes its name from a fruit warehouse. Canary Wharf. The warehouse was built in 1937 and used in 1952 for the Canary Islands and Mediterranean fruit trade of a company called 'Fruit Lines Ltd'. This was part of the Fred Olsen Group and the wharf was named Canary Wharf at their request. However their operations were moved to the Millwall dock in 1970. The warehouse was later converted into a TV studio.
Limehouse Studios was an independently owned television studio complex built in Warehouse 10 (30 Shed) which had been a rum and banana warehouse on the South Quay Import Dock. It This opened in 1982 at the eastern end of what is now Canary Wharf.  The building was designed by Terry Farrell and consisted of two studios built in suspended concrete boxes mounted on independent giant springs to reduce external vibration. The studio had been set up by executives from Southern Television and was used by many compamies some making programmes for Channel4.  In 1988, the building was sold to Olympia and York and was demolished in 1989.  
The Olympia and Wharf development of the Pelli Tower and its surroundings was meant to provide office space as a satellite of the City.  It is almost entirely an American import the result of the Enterprise Zone. The original plans of 1984 taken up and developed in a grandiose fashion by G.Ware Travelstead who could not finance it. He sold the plans in 1987 to Olympia & York who went into administration in 1992. Work continued after a guarantee that the Jubilee Line would be extended here. The result is a self-sufficient scheme that looks inward onto itself.

Cannon Drive
Cannon Work Shops.  This is a quadrangle entered through a large triumphal arch of Portland stone. This was to provide stores, workshops and cooperage in 1824-5 designed by Rennie. It is now, small business units by Charles Lawrence and David Wrightson, 1980-1. In the centre is the old carpenters' shop.
Cannon – a 19th cannon after which the buildings are called
Cast-iron benchmark for the docks inscribed TRINITY H.W. 1800. It represents the mean high-water level of spring tides: the ground level is lower.
Forge.  The building was rectangular built of London stock brick to a design which echoed that of the adjacent block which were been designed by John Rennie in 1824 and built in 1825. Demolished.

Cartier Circle
This area at the eastern end of Canary Wharf has been landscaped entrance into a green space to attract birds and insects and forms part of a ‘spine’ of green spaces running through Canary Wharf. The focal point is 17 sculptured bronze posts to catch the daylight and change with the weather.  Evergreen oak trees form an enclosure on the outside

Churchill Place
Barclays, by HOK, 2001-3. This is a 33 storey glass tower which was redesigned after September 11th in the US to provide extra security and resistance to chemical attack. It also has a roof friendly to wildlife with grass and plants to encourage bird life

City Canal
The City Canal across the Isle of Dogs was built for the City of London Corporation and Designed as a short cut to save time on the long tidal haul around the Isle of Dogs to and from the Pool. It was part of the price paid for the City Corporations co-sponsorship of the West India Dock plans. In 1799 Jessop was appointed as engineer with Walker as resident engineer, but Walker departed in 1802. Banks 12 feet high had to be built, because the high tide level was above that of the surrounding land, and the land also had to be raised to the same height. The canal was completed in 1805 with at its western end the Breach Dockyard, a mast and timber laying dock formed around a large linear pond. About 19,000 vessels passed in the first three years when it was free of tolls, but traffic fell off sharply when charges were introduced. In 1829, the West India Dock Company bought the canal from the Corporation. In 1866 the canal was enlarged by engineer Sir John Hawkshaw and the complex was renamed the South West India Dock later known as South Dock. In 1926 it was decided that this should be connected to the West India and Millwall Docks.

Columbus Courtyard
Courtyard has diamond patterned granite paving using Rosa Porrino, Giallo Veneziano and Zimbabwe Black.
17 part of a complex of buildings occupied by CSFB. It is connects to 20 via a full-height internal link and to 1 Cabot Square.
Piazza designed by Igor Mitoraj as a formal setting for his sculpture Centurione. This is a neoclassical bronze mask.
Cut-steel fence. This is by Wendy Ramshaw on the theme of sea navigation and has a jewelled eye in the centre.  It marks the border and is there to warn pedestrians.
Fountain. Designed by Richard Chaix


Crossrail Place
The Everyman Canary Wharf opened in 2015 with three screens. It is on Level 2 of the as yet unopened in Crossrail Railway Station


Cubitt Steps
Two Men on a Bench. Sculptor: Giles Penny.

Dolphin Lane
Said to once have been a main route from Poplar into the Isle of Dogs. Before being cut off by the building of the West India Docks it is thought to have followed on to Harrow Lane and ultimately the Greenwich Ferry.

East India Dock Road
This square covers the south side only.
The road was built in 1806-12 as a route to the East India Docks by the Dock Company and as an extension to Commercial Road. It was soon to become the main highway connecting Commercial Road to the docks and continuing to Canning Town. It ran mainly through field and market gardens, but was to be lined with grand houses and shops, some of which still exist.
52 this was built for the  London and County Bank – later the National Westminster Bank - in 1885 by Zephaniah King. It included a flat for the manager. It replaced Canton House, home of a mast maker.
54 Langley House. Langley was a shipowner who owned land here. Langley House later in 1903 became a receiving home for around a hundred orphan children destined for the Poplar Labour Colony near Laindon.
56 Presbyterian Settlement. This settlement was for ten workers for the Presbyterian Church of England. It has been founded in 1899.
56 The Urban Learning Foundation  was an educational outreach charity started in 1973 as a joint venture between the College of St Mark and St John, and the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation. The building of 1992 consists of a courtyard of flats and teaching rooms by Paid Hyett. It became part of the University of Gloucestershire in 2003 offering teacher training.  It closed in 2009 and was sold to LHA London Ltd.  Who offer student accommodation.
58 University of Cumbria. This is the teacher training department of this Carlisle based university.
Corsefield House. This includes a mural and a decorative panel.
68 Ernest Perett. Manufacturer of Excelsior flags and banners.
6-64 Poplar Labour Exchange. This was apparently opened here in 1922.
100 National Refuge for Destitute Children. Shipping depot. This was a 19th charity based in Bloomsbury.  It is also listed as being concerned with the Shaftesbury Homes & Arethusa Training Ship.
102 Poplar Liberal and Radical Association. Present here in the 1920s.
104 Phoenix. This was a beer house in the 1850s but may be earlier. It has now been demolished.
150 Manor Arms. This was a beer house in 1868 but rebuilt in 1925 by the architect for Mann, Crossman and Paulin.
Manor House. This was on the site of Malam Gardens. It was not the original manor house which was to the west and this was in fact two houses probably built for the Wade family, who had owned the older Manor House. In 1932 it was bought by the Commercial Gas Company and demolished.
154 Anglican Mission to Seamen by Sir Arthur Blomfield in 1892-4. It was opened by the Prince of Wales in 1893. Later, in the 1930s, the Mission moved to the Royal Docks. Ancillary buildings and a church continue in Hale Street
154. Commercial Gas Company. The Mission buildings became the Commercial Gas Company's Co-partnership Institute.
154 Pope John House. The institute was Bought by the Roman Catholic parish of St. Mary and St. Joseph and converted into a club and social centre in 1967.  Sold to a developer in the 1990s
Recreation Ground. Poplar Board of Works bought the site of the East India Company almshouses from the Secretary of State for India. Most of it opened as a recreation ground in 1867. Its extent gives some idea of the prominence of the East India Company's property in the area. A floral clock is planted out with over 4,000 bulbs every spring since 1957. The original gate piers survive.  In 1898 tennis courts were added and a bandstand by Macfarlanes of Glasgow.  Near the Memorial by the entrance from East India Dock Road is a formal planted area with a railed central circular bed surrounded by wooden seats in a paved area (some York stone/some brick/some paving slabs) with raised beds forming the outer circle. The ground extends through to Poplar High Street and includes St. Matthias Church. (See also Poplar High Street)
Angel Memorial. This is in the recreation ground and is a memorial to 18 5 year old children killed in a First World War Air Raid when a German aircraft bombed Upper North Street London County Council School on 13th June 1918. The Plinth is crowned with an angel and signed A H Adams, a local undertaker.
Poplar Wesleyan Methodist Chapel. This church was on the corner of Woodstock Terrace for a congregation which had had a chapel in Hale Street. . It was built in 1847 by James Wilson of Bath. The foundation stone was laid by ship owner George Green.  In 1866 classrooms and a lecture hall were added. It was damaged in the Second World War and closed in 1976. The site is now housing named for William Lax.
United Methodist Free Church. This was on the corner with Bath Street.  This was built in 1866 with George Green laying the foundation stone. It was on the site of a previous church.  In 1919 it was taken over by the Poplar Methodist mission further down the street and was where Revd Lax of Poplar worked.
King George’s Hall was a conversion of the Free Church as a club recreation room, concert hall and Sunday School. The church was damaged by bombing and the site became part of the fire station.
St. George’s Picture Hall. This was the Poplar Methodist Mission converted in 1925.  It closed in 1930, as the cost of fitting sound equipment was prohibitive. It re-opened in 1936, with a Mihaly sound system installed and it continued, with free admission in 1939. At the outbreak of World War II it was closed compulsory and never re-opened as a cinema.
Fire station. This replaced stations in Brunswick Road and Burdett Road. It was built by the Greater London Council in 1967. It was designed by their department of Architecture and Civic Design and opened in 1970. It can handle eight vehicles plus a control room, offices, and a lecture room as well as mess and recreation rooms. There are ten fireman’s flats and a drill tower.
Poplar Baths. Built in 1856 this was one of the first public baths and washhouses. It was replaced by new baths and a swimming pool in 1933, and finally closed in 1987.  It was designed by Harley Heckford, Poplar Borough Engineer and Surveyor. Its grey-brick front looks like a cinema or factory. It had two swimming pools, slipper baths, and areas which could e floored over as a theatre, dance hall or for boxing.  The office was used by the Borough Electricity Officer, and later by the Poplar Labour Party and the Transport and General Workers Union.  The main bath hall was bombed in the Second World War. In 1985 three murals were done by David Bratby about the history of the baths. It became a training centre in 1988. 
Richard Green Statue. This is by Edward Wyon and is outside the baths. It was erected in 1866. Green is seated on a chair covered with sailcloth with his dog, Hector.  He was shipbuilder George Green’s son. On the plinth are reliefs of the Yard and a Green-built ship. The statue has a break in the arm where a child wedged its head under the arm in the 1940s and had to be cut out by the fire service.
All Saints Station. This was opened in 1987 and lies between Poplar and Langdon Park on the Docklands Light Railway. The station is partly on the site of Poplar (East India Road), station on the North London Railway. All Saints Station is named from All Saints Church slightly to the east.
Poplar (East India Road) Station.  This station opened in 1866 and built by the North London Railway.  It was used as the terminus for 4 passenger trains an hour from Broad Street when it was opened because the Blackwall Railway would not let the North London Railway run passenger trains here for free. In the 1870s and 1890s some eservices ran to connect to steamers to Margate. It had a single-storey booking hall on the main road, and two stairways leading to the platforms. It closed in 1944 because of bomb damage – it held the record as the most bombed railway station in the world. In 1947 it was demolished although the platforms and some brick walls remained.
Goods depot.  This was at the rear of the station and leased to the London North Western Railway.
Signal boxes. There was one at the north end of the North London line station called East India Dock Road, and one to the south called High Street. Both were abolished in 1888, and replaced by a new box called Poplar Central which was south of the platforms. This was totally destroyed when a land-mine exploded on top of one of the railway retaining walls. In less than two weeks, it was rebuilt
Wall - Adjoining the west side of the present entrance to All Saints Station is a low wall, built of stock brick and stone, which is the sole surviving remnant of the old Poplar station frontage, most of which was demolished in 1947

Fishermans Walk
This runs along the south quay of the north dock at the western end. The south quay was used for the import of rum and mahogany.
Rum Quay Shed. This ran the length of the quay for gauging. Demolished
Rum Field Sheds. Built in 1803 by John Rennie with patent wrought iron roofs which proved unstable and had to be replaced. Burnt down in 1937 and replaced by the Canary Wharf Fruit Warehouse. Demolished in 1986
Rennie Mahogany Sheds. These were by John Rennie 1817. Demolished
25-27 Cat and Canary. Pub on the corner at Wren's Landing. The pub sign is one of a series of four paintings hanging outside the pub. It shows a cat in a padlocked birdcage with a canary perched on top with the key in its beak
Art Deco lamps
Original Form. This is a sculpture of twisted wooden planks of Douglas Fir by Keith Rand, 1999. 

Garford Street
Created in 1807 just after the docks and is a demonstration of the importance of dock security. It is named after John Garford who had a wharf here in early 19th.   The St. Vincent estate 1949–50 is built on what was the west end
1-7 Mitcheson's Anchor Works was there 1835-1860s the family having originated in Durham. It was later the London Rice & Corn Mills Company and then from 1901 wastepaper dealers, William Turner & Company, and then Alfred Barber & Company, sack manufacturers. It was destroyed in 1940’s bombing.
St Mary's Garford Street, Church of England School. This was here 1868–1884.
Lion Works. In 1896–7 James Walker & Company, steam packing makers until 1926. Site cleared for housing in 1938–9. The company opened branches internationally and moved to Woking in the 1920s, where it continues as a multinational.
73 a brick facade is the remains of a brass foundry and warehouse built 1846–7 for Thomas Aston, James Griffiths & Company. In the 1880s this was Dixon & Corbitt & R. S. Newall & Company, wire, rope and lightning-conductor manufacturers
73A Garford Works. Houchin Ltd, electrical and mechanical engineers, from 1927. And rebuilt in 1946, designated Garford Works
London Paint Works. This was behind no.75. Workshops, stores and an office were erected around a yard. And later became a furniture manufacturer. Burnt out in 1986 and demolished in 1989
2–6 George Daniel Davis & Company, from 1882 'manufacturers of patent improved steam and hand steering apparatus, also windlass and capstan makers'. In the 1930s the premises became the Barget Cabinet Works furniture factory but were bombed and the site cleared. Barget Ltd rebuilt in 1953–4 as the Garford Furniture Works, becoming a garage in the 1970s,
St Peter's Church. This was built to designs by Ewan Christian in 1882–4. It succeeded a St Mary's Mission nearby in the street.  From 1912 services were held for Scandinavian seamen from the adjacent Scandinavian Sailors' Home, in their own languages. The church was declared redundant in 1971 and demolished in 1974.
Mary Jones House. This is on the site of St Peter's church and provides social housing for the single. Designed by Christopher Beaver Associates in 1981
10-18 Cottages built by the West India Dock Company for dock constables designed by John Rennie. The larger one in the middle was for the sergeant, and two pairs on the outside for other ranks. . The Dock Police Force was formed in 1802. The Port of London Authority sold the houses to Squire & Lodge of Blackheath in 1972.
20 Riverside House. Originally built in 1887-8, by Richard Harris Hill, very plain and was the Scandinavian Sailors' Temperance Home In 1875 Agnes Hedenstrom, from the Swedish Free Church, came here to work among seafarers and in 1888, opened the Home. Now occupied by the Salvation Army. Greig House. Built as the Scandinavian officers' annexe in red-brick with a copper-clad clock tower. This was built in 1902-3 by Niven & Wigglesworth but is now occupied by the Salvation Army as a hostel for homeless men.  A plaque says that the first Salvation Army Hostel was opened here in 1888. Bronzes of sailing craft bronzes on the building. Transfer to the Salvation Army was negotiated in 1929. The buildings were altered Alexander Gordon and reopened as the East London Hostel for homeless men in 1930. Following alterations in 1974 alcoholics were housed there. A fire in 1981 led to an extensive programme of improvements by David Blackwell, Salvation Army Staff Architect, and was completed in 1983
Premier Place. Chassay Architects, 1995-8, speculative flats

Hale Street
Church which was part of the Anglican Mission. It was built in 1898 to Blomfield’s designs. When this was taken over by the Commercial Gas Company it was converted into a gym
Chaplains House. For the Anglican Mission church
Trinity Cottage. This was on the corner of Shirbutt Street and used by the Anglican Mission as a centre for lady workers. It was probably rebuilt in 1934.
Mosque Sharhjahal Masjid. This has been located in a Tower Hamlets portacabin but they have planning consent for a permanent building.
Lansbury Mural
. Originally painted by Mark Frances, it has panels telling the story of the Rates Rebellion. It shows George Lansbury and local residents with 'Can't Pay Won't Pay' placards, which refer to the anti-Poll Tax campaign which was extant when the mural was completed in the 1990s.  Names of the imprisoned Councillors, are listed on the bottom. It was restored in 2007 by David Bratby and Maureen Delenian with local children.

Harrow Lane.
Before the Docks were built this was Arrow Lane or Kings Road leading from Poplar High Street to the Greenwich Ferry. It was cut by the City Canal and then by the West India Dock.
Trains exchanged between North London Railway and Port London Authority systems. Remains of footbridge to Millwall Junction Station demolished in 1985
Wall. The only evidence of Millwall Junction Station is a section of brick wall which is clearly newer than and which was the entrance to the station

Heron Quays
Heron Quays.  This was an 8 acre site owned by Tarmac but since enlarged. It dates from the early days of the LDDC and was built by Nicholas Lacey, Jobst & Hyett, in 1981-9.  It us a mixed development of deep-red and purple units composed like a waterside village round courts and projecting over the dock wall. More was planned but Canary Wharf went ahead
3 The Heron Pub. Closed and now offices
Spirit of Enterprise.  A sculpture which rises from the water, in steel by Wendy Taylor. Interlinked shapes based on the outline of the Isle of Dogs. 

Heron Quays Road
Canary Wharf Jubilee Line Station. This was opened on 1999 and lies between Canada Water and North Greenwich on the Jubilee Line.  It was designed by Lionel Foster & Partners and is sited sunk in part of the former Export Dock and covered by Jubilee Park which is where the above ground entrances are in oval glass bubbles. Below ground is a steel and concrete box. The main reason for the station's great size was the number of passengers predicted which have already been exceeded. Both station platforms are equipped with platform edge doors. It is possible here to reverse trains from both the east and the west and a scissors crossover west of the station allows trains from Stanmore to enter either the east- or west-bound platform at the station, and trains from Stratford enter the normal westbound platform and can use this scissors crossover to reverse back towards Stratford.
Heron Quays Station. Docklands Light Railway Station. This was built on the original line of the Docklands Light Railway in 1987 and paid for by the developer with a design seen as a model for others.  It serves the southern part of Canary Wharf being connected to the Jubilee Place underground shopping centre. The original station remodeled by Will Alsop in 2003. The line is covered by a concrete hall, covered in hanging metal scales which muffle the train noise.

Hertsmere Road
Hertsmere Road runs to the north of what were warehouses on the north quay of the West India Dock on the site of what were rail lines servicing the warehouse. It then makes a right angled turn to go south down the west side of dock warehouses
Dock fortifications. A ditch originally ran down the whole length of the north quay – which is the line of Hertsmere Road. The ditch was 7 ft deep - and 21 ft wide. On the inside of it was a dwarf wall topped by a railing. This ditch was originally crossed by swing bridges, which were left open at night as an extra precaution. They were later replaced by fixed bridges.
No. 1 Dock Gate. This was the main entrance to the West India Docks and was the scene of the daily 'call-on'.  The wall is 1802 and the surviving two gate piers renewed in 1984. They date from 1809 when a brick bridge over the ditch replaced a timber drawbridge.  The centre pier was removed in 1905 but had been the plinth for the statue of Robert Milligan, now outside the museum.). These Gates stood in front of the sugar warehouses, controlling the entrance into the docks.
1 Dockmaster's House. Built in 1807, ooriginally opposite the customs office, it first used as excise office by Thomas Morris, the resident engineer to the West India Dock Company. Then it was as an inn called the Jamaica Tavern at which time ornamental surrounds to the window and the balustrade by the roof were added. Later it was the Dock Manager's office. It was used as a Police station in the 1960s. There is a PLA crest on the front of the building. Now an Indian restaurant.
Garden Wall
- The dock had a Ditch and outer wall for fortifications built in 1802. The garden boundary of the house is the Outer Dock Wall in a restored section. It was mainly dismantled in 1928-9. The boundary ditch, which was covered over in 1892, is represented by the drop to the garden. 
Notices on the wall claiming "Ancient Lights" – this was an old legal device to protect daylight in buildings.
The Customs Office. This was opposite the Dockmaster's House but was bought by the London and Blackwall railway in 1846 and partly demolished. In 1883 it was purchased by the Midland Railway Company for sidings and a coal depot. The building had various tenants until 1902–3, when it was occupied by the National Sailors', Firemen's, Cooks' and Stewards' Union which later became the National Union of Seamen and named Maritime Hall. It became a Chinese restaurant in 1943, and the PLA bought it in 1958 and it was demolished in 1959.
Cannon House.  This has a PLA Plaque on the centre front. The building was previously the police Station of the Dock Police.  Built 1914 by C.R.S. Kirkpatrick, Chief Engineer
Works Yard – this is now represented by an open space.
Guard House. This is a small, circular, domed building 1804-5 by the Gwilts. There were originally two of these - this one was an armory for the Military Guard and the dock's own regiment; the other one, demolished 1922-3, was a lock-up. One was also used as a magazine for gunpowder.  They flanked the main gateway through the inner wall which was dismantled in 1932.
Main gateway.  This was called the Hibbert Gate and a replica of it stands on the west quay behind Hertsmere House.  It was removed in 1932 in order to widen the entrance. (See below)
2 Hertsmere House
. This building is not used by Barclays Bank Building.  It was built as a speculation by the Hertsmere Group but sold before it was finished. It was designed by Newman Levinson & Partners in 1987-8.  It was early used as a business centre with occupation by FIMBRA the then Government financial regulator. Decorative plaque with the figure of a hart.
Antwerp Quay. This is said to be the name of the west Quay of the West India Import Dock the site of the London shed 13 used by the General Steam Navigation Company. It is now the site of Hertsmere House
Archimedes. 1997 by William Pye. This was an arts installation for the dock area here. It was subsequently removed and sold.
22 Marriott Hotel. This is in the 32 storey residential Tower by HOK which is 1 West India Quay
West India Quay Station. Built in 1987 this is situated at the point where the line from Lewisham splits into branches to Tower Gateway/Bank and Stratford and thus lies between both Poplar and West Ferry and Canary Wharf Stations on the Docklands Light Railway. The station was rebuilt in 2009.
Hibbert Gate. This modern replica of the original entrance gate stands on the west quay behind Hertsmere House. On top of the original archway was a 10ft Coade stone sculpture of the 'Hibbert' a vessel engaged in the West India trade, and named after the chairman of the West India Dock Company. This became the emblem of the West India Docks and part of the coat of arms of Poplar Borough Council. When the arch was demolished the model ship was taken to Poplar recreation ground. After the Second World War an attempt was made to move it to Poplar Library, but it model crumbled and had to be scrapped. The model on the replica gate is by Leo Stevenson and based on the original.
Cinema. This was opened by Union General Cinematographique as the UGC West India Quay in 2000. It was re-branded Cineworld in 2005.
Ledger Building. This is now a Wetherspoon’s pub.  It was designed in 1803 by George Gwilt as the dock office remodelled as a ledger office by Sir John Rennie in 1827 and used as a general office until the closure of the docks. A new entrance was added in the 2000. It has an annexe probably built as a Fire station, which later became the gatekeeper’s office, remodelled 1812 as a police office.
Commemorative Stone plaque
. This is on the side Wall of Lloyds No. 1 Bar and Ledger Building.  It was installed to mark the start of work on the West India Dock. It measures 18 feet by 12 feet and is larger than some buildings.


Jubilee Place and Gardens
Underground shopping mall. This is under South Canary Wharf designed by Building Design Partnership, on two levels with underground links to each of the towers. Inset into the floors are square pictorial mosaics depicting dock life and trades - Beaver skins, Carpets, Coffee chocolate & tea, Feathers, Ropes, Sea shells, Snake skins, Textiles, Tomatoes, Tortoise Shell and Wines & Spirits. Designer and Maker: Emma Biggs.
Jubilee Park. This is a roof garden built above an underground railway station designed by Belgian father and son Jacques and Peter Wirtz. It was built on the enlarged site of a previous park, and the new scheme was designed to reduce the dominance of the east-west axis. The central feature is a municipal looking raised serpentine water channel with rough stone walls and other walls are planted with tall grass species and over 200 Metasequoia trees in irrigated containers. The grass mounding is good for sunbathers and a welcome contrast with Gotham City. There are twenty-two interconnecting pools and fountains and a 'forest'. There are curves in the humps of the lawns, in the swathes of clipped hedging and in the rough Belgian blue limestone that encases the water feature.
Giant Knitting Nancy. The design is inspired by the Knitting Nancy, a knitting toy scaled-up so that visitors can participate in the knitting.

King Street
This is now Ming Street

Limehouse Basin
This was a small basin within the West India Dock complex, and had no connection with the Regent’s Canal Dock to the west, which is now called Limehouse Basin.   It was a two-acre basin at the west end of the West India Docks which took lighters and ships passing between the docks and quays. It was built in 1801-03.  Consideration was given to enlarging it but it was never done and after the Limehouse entrance lock closed in 1894 it was used very little. It was in filled in 1927–8. West India Avenue appears to be roughly on the site today.

Limehouse Link
The portals to the tunnel were designed by Rooney O'Carroll with Anthony Meats and house services.
Sculpture on the North Quay Portal in Aspen Way, an untitled abstract of interlinked Cur-Ten steel bars by Nigel Hall.
On Strange and Distant Islands. East Service Building above the Limehouse Link road tunnel. This is made of geometric monoliths Kilkenny limestone and designed by  Michael Kenny.

Mackenzie Walk
22-28 Henry Addington Pub.

Malam Gardens
Houses. These  were built on the site of buildings called the Manor House (see East India Dock Road) after the Gas Company bought the estate in 1932. They were designed by Victor Wilkins and were supposed to be called Manor Cottages. With agreement of the London Count Council they were named for John Malam an early gas light activist.  It consists of three rows of cottages along three private roads. Originally they were completely gas-powered lighting, heating and everything. The gas street lights are said to survive in working order.

Ming Street
Once called 'King Street' and, before that, 'Back Lane'. 
Poplar Gas Works. This was a speculative gas works built in order to pass on to a management body. The site has since been covered by road widening. It was built by members of the Barlow family and in 1824 17 people living in Robin Hood Lane signed a petition urging Poplar Vestry to buy gas for street lighting and so the Barlows were ready with a gas works for them. The works was adjacent to the West India Dock wall and the Dock Company frightened of fire, insisted on a certain gas holder design. It was run by a committee of unnamed proprietors under the direction of - 'William Smith, Clerk'.  In 1846 they lost the parish lighting contract and the works closed in 1852 having been taken over by the Commercial Gas Co.  The site became Poplar Iron Works.
12-13 This was a ship chandler's workshop, which became a cinema, the Ideal Picture Palace in 191. The architects were Andrews & Peascod, and it was a single-storey hall. It was closed after bomb damage in 1940 and in the 1950s was used as a garage.
The Danish Lutheran Church. This was built in 1877 in King Street was mainly attended by Danish sailors and their families, and was associated with the Marlborough House Chapel at St James's Palace. In front of the altar hung a model ship made by an old captain in Denmark and in the church were the wooden figures for the Mission Church in Wellclose Square by Cibber in 1656/7. It was demolished in the 1970s.


Montgomery Square
Planted with elm trees, which opens the view across the water to Greenwich. It is flanked by two office blocks on opposite sides and the Canary Wharf Underground Station exit is here. It is a flat space, using paving pattern and texture to create interest .Vertical elements within the space are provided by light columns and trees.
Centauro Sculpture by Igor Mitoraj. It shows the mythological beast partially incomplete but ready for battle

Nash Place
Steps descend from Canada Square to South Canary Wharf.

North Colonnade
25 by Troughton McAslan with Adamson Associates, 1998. This was the first building on the Canary Wharf estate by a British firm. It is occupied by the Financial Conduct Authority.
Panels – these mask the underside of the DLR track as it passes over the North Colonnade and are by Martin Richman.

Park Place
1 built 1985-7 By Stanley Trevor for City accountants, Littlejohn Frazer


Pennyfields
The end of the old route from Limehouse via Poplar to Blackwall was disrupted in 1802 when the Commercial Road (aka West India Dock Road) was cut through. 
Maisonettes designed by Stewart, Hendry & Smith for the Greater London Council in 1963-6.
1 Commercial Tavern.  Long closed and demolished
17 Rose and Crown Pub. Watney's house which had been on site since 1869. This is now a noodle bar
65 Silver Lion Pub. This was here 1856 or earlier. It survived at least into the 1960s, but is now demolished.


Poplar High Street
From the DLR station a path leads to the High Street now a backwater, entirely detached in spirit from its backdrop of sleek, gigantic commercial towers. The change in level is clearly visible up to the High Street on its gravel terrace.
7 The Prince Alfred Pub. This has now been demolished.
9-11 White Horse Pub.  This pub was established in 1690 and was the most westerly of the 25 pubs which formerly lined Poplar High Street but the final building dated from 1927-8 by E.A. Sewell, with a nostalgic faience comer panel.  In the early 1740s the landlord was James Howes who ran the pub with Mrs. Howes but they were actually both women. The pub was rebuilt in 1935. Here was a plaque of a white horse on the exterior and the statue of the white horse, still stands outside.  The pub was acquired by Truman’s Brewery in 1921 and remained in their ownership until its closure and demolition in 2003. 
Will Crooks Estate. These are standard London County Council blocks 1934-7. Dolphin House flats and Willis House flats escaped the blitz
30 National School. A school building was erected by public subscription on the westernmost part of the workhouse site in 1806 for the United Charity School of Poplar and St Anne Limehouse. The building was later used by the Poplar and Blackwall National School
72 The Green Man Pub.  A Green Man is recorded in Poplar High Street in 1650, although on a slightly different site.  It was a weather-boarded building and a Taylor Walker house. It was rebuilt in 1904 and in 1939, again on a slightly different site.  In 1985 it was renamed Carty’s.  It closed and was demolished in 2003.
Poplar Workhouse. In 1735, the Poplar parish overseers opened a workhouse in three houses on the north side of Poplar High Street but moved in 1757 to the south side. Two new buildings were erected in 1815-17 by James Walker as architect - there was an entrance block with the Master's quarters, a town hall for the Trustees, and an eastern wing with the wards; and a workshop block to the west.  In 1834 it was take over by the newly set up Union and a separate children's accommodation, a male infirm ward, and a casual ward with an adjoining stone-breaking yard were added. In the 1850s it was rebuilt to designs by John Morris & Son, bur keeping the 1817 High Street block. The new buildings, also included wards for lunatics and a there was a chapel.  From 1871, the Local Government Board used the workhouse for an experiment to admit only able-bodied paupers subjected to a 'labour test' — performing hard manual labour with strict discipline and the most basic diet. The scheme proved strong deterrent to able-bodied applicants. By 1873, the Medical Officer was complaining of the numbers of inmates who were not able-bodied. The aged and infirm went to the Stepney workhouse at Bromley. The 'Poplar Experiment' continued until 1882 and extensions were made to the building. In 1892 Will Crooks and George Lansbury Were elected to the board. Within became Chairman and the Board which began to operate an open-handed policy of outdoor relief and a number of reforms such as abolishing the workhouse uniform, improving the food, and allowing tea and tobacco to the aged were implemented.  After 1913 the workhouse became known as Poplar Institution, and was controlled by London County Council from 1930. There was considerable damage during the Blitz of 1940 and the buildings were eventually demolished in 1960
Workhouse Leisure Centre. This was fitted onto an awkward site by the footpath. A monopitch-roofed leisure centre with timber-boarded wall is by Proctor Matthews, 1999. Courtyard with tiled wall of children's artwork. It is built on the site of the workhouse after which it is named.
95 Queens Head Pub.  This pub was built around 1807 and demolished in the mid 1930s.
100 Augustus William Kennard. Cork works. He was a cork cutter with a mainly export business, also based in Houndsditch.
108 Spotted Dog pub. Also called the Talbot and used for a while as the workhouse.
Recreation Ground. (See East India Dock Road). Poplar Recreation Ground was laid out on the former burial ground and almshouses of the East India Company by the Metropolitan Board of Works, and opened in 1867.  A bowling green was added in 1910 and a putting green in 1954. Memorial to 18 children killed (see East India Dock Road). There are various areas of ornamental planting, lawns and perimeter shrubs with good variety of plants, and numerous mature trees throughout, largely plane.
The East India Company's Hospital or Almshouses were established here in 1628 to provide for disabled seamen of the Company. The almshouse was founded to provide for disabled East India Company seamen. The money was found from the will of Hugh Greete, a fraudulent jeweller. In 1627 a house in Poplar High Street, was purchased and a committee was set up. The first two pensioners were admitted to the almshouse on March 1628. The chapel and the almshouse remained Poplar's main centres of worship, education and charity for many years. The chapel within the almshouse became the school in 1657 and in 1732 converted into rooms for pensioners. The Almshouses were rebuilt in 1798-1806 as separate groups of buildings north and south of a rectilinear open space and 12 two-storey houses were known as the Upper Buildings.  But the old almshouse had become unfashionable and in 1801–2 it was demolished and new houses were built on the same site, the Lower Buildings - 26 houses. In 1805 both sets were enlarged. After the demise of the East India Company in 1858 the Government kept the buildings going as the Poplar Marine Hospital until 1866, when the East India Company land, was sold to the Poplar District Board of Works. The almshouses were demolished by early 1867
St Matthais. This is the 17th chapel that served the East India Company's workers.  Its exterior was clad in the 19th with Kentish Rag by William Teulon, after it became the Parish Church.  It was originally built to replace a chapel of 1654 and was funded from bequests by local residents. This chapel had been laid out in 1639 by John Tanner but not built until after the Civil War.   Teulon’s 19th look is only superficial and his cladding encloses a red brick building, and the only interregnum church still standing in London. It has an early example of a continental type of kingpost roof which maybe by Inigo Jones. In the vault are the plaster arms of the East India Company. There are many monuments with East India Company connections. It was closed in 1976 and subsequently became derelict but was eventually restored with LDDC funding in 1990-1 by Peter Codling and Roger Taigel. It is now a community centre
Churchyard.  There are 18th and early 19th tomb chests to naval captains, some with designs of their trophies and triumphs. There are also distillers and contractors.
The gate piers. These are shared with the former Board of Works Offices adjacent
112-114 Tower Hamlets College. These building include the old public library and London County Council School of Marine Engineering which Joined with the Edward VII Navigation School of the British Sailors Society. The buildings date from 2004 by Gibberd Ltd and end in a corner tower with a tapered glazed area. The main building which faces the High Street was built as the School of Marine Engineering and Navigation by the LCC Architect's Department in 1902-6. The main doors are carved with cherubs and sea-creatures by Bertram Pegram.  It was extended twice and had an extension by John R. Harris Partners, opened 1991. In 1895 local residents lobbied the London County Council for a permanent centre for technical lectures. Under Sidney Webb the Technical Education Board in 1901 acquired the site and the building went ahead with many special features. The flat part of the roof served for taking astronomical observations by ship's instruments. There is a trussed timber roof in the Mates' Lecture Room. The college is now longer teaching only technological subjects and no longer concerned with marine engineering and navigation.
111 Poplar Play Nursery, a monopitch-roofed building, extended by Proctor Matthews Architects, 1992-3. 
115 Meridian House.  This was the chaplain's house which is all that remains of the East India Company Almshouses. It originated as a house remodelled by Edward Carter in 1627 and 1798-9 and rebuilt in 1801-2 for Henry Holland, Company Surveyor.  In 1868 it became the vicarage of St.Matthias. There is a Tudor well in the grounds and then house has a pediment with the arms of the East India Company
Poplar Town Hall.  Used as a Local Housing Office but originally Poplar District Board of Works. It was built as the outcome of a much-criticised competition, resolved in a design by Hills & Fletcher.  It was built in 1869-70 with a board room and offices and was later used by Poplar Borough Council until 1938 when the Town Hall on Bow Road was built. . In 1985-6 the exterior was restored as part of the reuse of the building which was also subdivided.
125 East India Arms Pub
John Stock's Academy also called Poplar College. It had a garden and lawn, with pool and three acres of land adjoining. A boarding and day school for young gentlemen, founded by John Stock, it flourished in the 1800s and closed 1852/3. 
126 Poplar Central Library. The library was built 1893-4 by John Clarkson District Surveyor. The building was severely damaged in the Second World War, and in 1957 was taken over by the present Tower Hamlets College. It is now the Poplar Centre for Further Education.
127 Coroner's Court and Mortuary. Built 1910-11 by the London County Council Architect's Department. Courtroom with mortuary behind,
130 Vietnamese Pastoral Home. This was originally built as the youth club of the Roman Catholic settlement in 1955-6 by Adrian Gilbert Scott. It was previously used by the Holy Child Settlement which moved here in 1919.  That building was destroyed in the blitz and the current building erected subsequently. Many Vietnamese were working and studying in this country in 1975 and then came the boat people. The Vietnamese Catholics started to build up their community. With the growth of the Vietnamese Catholic Community, the Church gave them a centre in Poplar
134 Base for the Charity Organisation Society working with the Poplar Union (i.e. the workhouse) 1920s
143 The Blakeneys Head Pub. Now demolished and replaced by housing.
148 Edwin Pope. Master cork cutter. 1920a
151 The Eagle Pub. This had been established by 1794, although it was probably older as parts of the building dated from 1535.  In 1815, a brew house was established at the rear of the pub which became the Eagle Brewery and the Eagle was the brewery tap.  The pub survived until 1932 when it was converted to flats by the Bethnal Green & East London Housing Association.  It was demolished 1971.
151a Eagle Brewery. In 1815, a brew house was established at the rear of the Eagle pub which developed as the Eagle Brewery, under the ownership of James West & Co. It was remodelled for Harvey Greenfield in 1894. It closed in 1908, with the premises becoming a mineral water factory. 
163 Bethel Baptist Chapel. This was built in 1795 and in 1884 it was a member of the Metropolitan Strict Baptist Association, said then to be founded in 1855. A new schoolroom was opened in 1873 but the chapel closed in 1908. The building was later used as a cinema then for industrial purposes, and was demolished in 1956.
163 The Star Picture Palace was opened in 1912, operated by British Improved Bioscope Company Ltd. In 1916, it was converted into a factory for a tube manufacturer.
163 Incledon. This South African based company began in England in 1906 when Herbert Incledon who saw a market for the supply of pipes, fittings and valves to the mining industry of the Witwatersrand. In England they had branches in Bankside and Kingsway but moved to Durban in the 1930s.
209 Red Lion Pub. Closed and demolished. Until 1832 this was until a timber-framed building. It had been a pub with this name since 1745. It has been used as the pars workhouse. It was rebuilt as a pub in 1832 and a skittle alley installed. From about 1844 until 1913 it was called the Old Commodore with a music licence and in 1891 became a London and Burton Brewery house. The pub was demolished to build Commodore House in 1934–5.
Commodore House, replacing the pub and unfit housing to its rear. They were early buildings to have metal windows, as part of the borough’s then modern image.
Constant House.  Built by Poplar Borough Council 1936-8 by Rees J. Williams, Borough Architect.  The impression of individual flats is removed by streamlining the balconies.
210 Resolute Tavern. The earliest evidence for a pub on the site dates to .1706 and the property was known as the Harrow Tavern until the 1850s. It is now closed and demolished
213 Poplar Working Men’s Club building. This is now an Office on the corner with Poplar High Street.  It once accommodated the North London Railway’s Harrow Lane Goods Superintendent. It has been suggested that this was part of the original 1851 structure nearby but it was not erected until the mid-1870s. It was at once time a working men’s club and has since been restored
Poplar Station Site. This ephemeral station was built by George Myers in 1851. How long it remained standing is uncertain, but it thought to have lasted into the 1860s at least. It was supplanted by the station in East India Dock Road opened in 1866.


Riverside
The Breach Dockyard, 1707–1818. The southern area of the Breach of 1660 was used for storing timber until 1707 when John Winter leased part of the site. He set up a shipbuilding yard here but was bankrupted. Building work continued and John DeGreaves occupied the yard until 1715. There were two dry docks, as well as building slips and warehouses and a three-storey house. The yard passed through a number of hands until 1753 when it was sold to John Smart a maltster who built a distillery and two windmills near the river. In 1774 James Menetone, used the site as a as a dockyard and it was later operated by his son-in-law Almon Hill with Robert Mellish, and they built warships and East Indiamen.  The Breach was partially reclaimed for the west end of the City Canal in 1802–5. South of the lock it was developed as the Canal Iron Works in 1807–9
Limehouse Lower Entrance. This was the original entrance to the City Canal built in 1805 by William Jessop. This - the South Dock west entrance lock - is the only survivor of the whole group although it has not been used for shipping since 1891. Since 1929 it has provided an inlet for water to an impounding station that maintains the water level in the West India and Millwall Docks. The west entrance lock to the City Canal was built in 1803–5.  The lock was originally and remains, large enough for the biggest ships on the river in 1805.  The upper 12ft of the lock chamber walls are ashlar faced re-coped in granite. There are tide markers in Roman numerals, outside which are chain-tunnels. Next south wing wall there are stone river stairs, probably built in 1809. In 1856 the inner gates gave way and the South Dock suddenly emptied, scattering shipping. The dock company considered rebuilding the lock in 1877-82, but did not do so and it remained open until 1891.  he lock was permanently closed in 1926–8 when Charles Brand & Son built a concrete dam, 15ft thick, between the gates, containing three pump-discharge pipes and two sluicing-culverts. The outer gates were removed and the lock has been a vital water inlet since then. In 1989–90 it was repaired and stabilized by the LDDC, including a permanent concrete floor and a dam between the wing walls.
Charles Price and Co.. In 1805 Sir Charles Price's company established an oil works south of the Canal Iron Works. There they crushed rapeseed and linseed, for production and storage of tar, oils, turpentine and varnish. An old windmill on the site became an oil refining house. Later the works onto the riverside area of Joad and Curling's rope-ground. The works closed in  1872 the works closed; the site was acquired by J. T. Morton. Prices later had storage at Regent Wharf but the main works moved to Erith
Morton’s Bonded and Sufferance Wharf.  C & E. Morton preserved products. This had begun in Aberdeen in 1849 and expanded their wharf north on to the site of the Canal works. Around 1883 the riverside site was cleared including the Canal Iron Works site and the premises were rebuilt. This included rebuilding the river wall and the inclusion of a barge-bed. Best known for jam, the factory also produced jelly, caramel, chocolate, custard, marsh mallow, liquorice and fondants, as well as Seidlitz powder, magnesia and Epsom salts. In 1945 they were taken over by the Beecham Group and Millwall works were run down. Waterways Ltd, wharfingers, used the buildings after the Second World War.
Canal Iron Works. This is shown on maps of 1819 immediately south of the City Canal western entrance and in 1851 it is shown as a ‘steam engine factory’. Before 1809 Coulson & Co had built an iron foundry here called the Canal Iron Works. Rolling mills, worked by two steam-engines and other buildings were erected. On an adjacent site were a smithy and a shipbreaker's yard. The original brick river wall of 1807, survives here. John Seaward took the Canal Iron Works for the manufacture of marine steam-engines around 1809. They introduced the direct-acting paddle-engine. They fitted warships, Thames steamers, and made swing-bridges and cranes.  They were taken over in 1860 by William Jackson and Richard Watkins and Marine engines were made here until 1882
Cascades, by CZWG for Kentish Homes, 1985-8.  A narrow twenty-storey slab with a cascade of terraces and conservatories, bisected by a glazed slope of fire escape that gives the block its name. It had detail alluding to marine design: portholes; steel balconies intended to be like those on a lighthouse; ship-like funnels for flues, and the like.


Rosefield Gardens
Thornfield House. Built by the London County Council 1960-2.  Eleven stories with an abstract concrete relief running up the full height.


Saltwell Street
Once called North Street and a major through route. This section is now called Saltwell Street.
Simpson’s Road
Goodwill House. Built in 1932 by the Presbyterian Housing Scheme.
Goodspeed House. Built 1926-9 and like many contemporary London County Council housing schemes. Part of a group of flats here with uplifting names built by the Presbyterian Housing Scheme.  They were designed by T. Phillips Figgis, the scheme's surveyor and architectural adviser to the Presbyterian Church in England.
Winant House. Built in 1951 as an outlier to the LCC's Lansbury estate which opened in 1948 as the Festival of Britain Live Architecture Exhibition.  It was designed by Harry Moncrieff and Edna M.I. Mills of Co-Operative Planning Ltd. and American-financed


South Colonnade
Canary Wharf Docklands Light Railway Station. Built in 1987 it lies between West India Quays and Heron Quays on the Docklands Light Railway original line. When the railway opened in 1987 the station was not ready and it was clear rat the Canary Wharf development would produce demand above the capacity of the small station planned. A contract was thus awarded to Mowlem Railway Group to rebuild a very much larger station. It finally opened in 1991.  There is a red- painted steel and glass canopy with parabolic arches above by Pelli.


South West India Dock
This square takes in only the northern part of the dock and also does not take in the eastern end
The South West India Dock.  This was created in 1829 from the City Canal and widened in the period 1866-70. In 1829, the West India Dock Company bought the canal from the Corporation to use mainly for unloading timber. It was enlarged in 1870. It was lengthened in 1902 and rebuilt in the 1920s, when the dock was also linked by new cuts to the Import Export and Millwall Docks.  This dock has been substantially altered under the Canary Wharf redevelopment.  The area now known as West Dock where the Heron Quays development was built projecting over the water area.  It is then divided by a foot bridge from what is now called the South Dock where developments from the Canary Wharf estate are built over the north quay of the dock. They apparently sit on special piles which are separate from and do not damage the dock edges.  The effect is to minimize the area of the dock and reduce it into a series of water courtyards
Foot bridge. Cable stayed bridge by Chris Wilkinson and Jan Brobrowski 1994 and designed as a swing bridge.
F and G sheds were on the north quay and handled incoming general cargoes.
H shed was on the north quay and was an export berth. It was chosen for the pilot experiment in the mechanization of exports in the Port of London, because the height of the shed was suitable for the mechanical appliances, rather than mobile cranes and fork lift trucks.


Stoneyard Lane
The name presumably relates to the workhouse stone breaking yard.  This was a prefab estate in the Second World War and has since been developed by the London Docklands Development Corporation.


Trafalgar Way
Road into the Canary Wharf estate
Billingsgate Market. This was set up with the involvement of Port of London Properties to move the fish market from the City of London to a site more easily accessible by road to customers. It is on the site of 36 shed Shed E, completed 1917, closed 1971 north quay and was  opened 1982.  It was built by by Newman Levinson & Partners, but is a conversion of one of the concrete-framed transit sheds built on the Hennebique system by the PLA in 1912. The City of London Corporation owns and manages Billingsgate Market. The market has a larger variety of fish and shellfish choice on sale, over 150 species, than anywhere else in the UK. It trades Tuesday to Saturday from 4am and is primarily a wholesale market serving trade customers
London Fish Merchants Association.  This dates from 1880 representing the merchants' interests, operating the Cold Store and the Ice Making facilities, organizing all the transport into Billingsgate and unloading and checking all fish deliveries
Billingsgate Seafood Training School. This was established in 2000. Supported by the merchants at Billingsgate, The City of London Corporation and The Worshipful Company of Fishmongers’. It is located at the Market and can provide tailor made classroom based courses and demonstrations in fish recognition, knife skills, presentation, cooking and nutrition.


Upper Bank Street 
10 Clifford Chance by Kohn Pedersen Fox with Adamson Associates. Thirty two storeys high with a ten-storey pedestal block
Beach One of two sculptural benches in this area
DLR Bridge Control Room This is by Alsop and Lyall and is primarily an engineering project. The bridge has a pair of bascule lifting bridges, together with a hydraulic plant building and control room. This is now being rebuilt as part of the Crossrail project.


Wade's Place
Manor House – a house called Manor House stood near a gate to Poplar High Street in this area until the 19th. It appears here on maps from the 16th.  In 1553 it was the home of John Maynard, Sherriff of London. By the 18th it conferred no manorial rights and was demolished in the 1820s.
Holy Family School is the oldest Catholic school in London. It was founded as Wade Street School by Father Barber in 1816. The school room was used as chapel for Irish Catholics and the present school yard was the burial ground. From 1882 it was run by the Sisters of the Faithful Companions of Jesus. The mid-nineteenth-century buildings were remodelled in 1905 and extended in 1922. A separate building was erected in 1929, bringing the capacity of the school up to 1,000 places for boys, girls and infants. The present buildings consist of the two-storey 1929 block, designed by Thomas H. B. Scott, with additional classrooms constructed in the mid–1970s, and more since.

West Ferry Circus
This was proposed in the 1985 Docklands Masterplan.  Westferry Circus was begun first and built very quickly to start but was then abandoned when Olympia & York fell and was only restarted in 1994.  The aluminium lamp standards by SOM, used throughout Canary Wharf, are here.  The whole thing is a rather nasty sequence of underground roundabouts. In the centre of the circus above is a circular garden with wrought iron gates which they pivot about a point about one third the ways along.
The gates by Giuseppe Lund have a rustic theme and symbolize the seasons.
Vanishing Point.  On the southern side of Westferry Circus. Made in Derbyshire limestone on a steel base by Sculptor Jay Battle in 1999.


West Ferry Road
West Ferry Station.  Opened in 1987 it lies between Poplar and also West India Quay and Limehouse on the Docklands Light Railway. The DLR station was built midway between the site of the old Limehouse and West India Docks stations on the line of the old London and Blackwall Railway.
Globe. Art work with a series of clocks registering the times in major cities throughout the world by Artist: Richard Wentworth,
Traffic Light Tree. This is on the roundabout at Marsh Wall.  Undertaken in 1997 by Pierre Vivant. This tree made of traffic lights changes the lights in a random order.
1 City Arms. Pub now demolished. The original City Arms was opened around 1811, by the owner of the former Gut House. The recently demolished building opened in 1936 and closed at the start of 2012 having been bought for an enormous sum of money by a developer. It had been renamed City Pride in the 1980’s
2-4 Live work building.  This was for the Peabody Trust by CZWG in 1999.  The name ‘West Ferry’ incorporated in giant lettering in grey brick on the wall facing the station
Impounding Station. In the angle with Marsh Wall, red brick, built by the PLA in 1926-8 when they dammed the South Dock western entrance. 


West India Avenue
Planted with shady trees, a central double row of limes with a carpet of periwinkles. 
Lamp standards handsome aluminium by SOM, are especially prominent here.
Man with Open Arms sculpture by Giles Penny. 1995 in roughly textured bronze

West India Docks
A campaign to build secure, enclosed docks for the West India trade began in 1793 with a committee of merchants, led by William Vaughan, a naval architect, and Robert Milligan, a planter. In 1794 the Corporation of the City of London took over the scheme. Through Robert Milligan and George Hibbert, an Isle of Dogs scheme was developed and a joint committee of merchants set up. A plan was drawn up in 1797 by George Dance the younger, as Clerk of the City Works, John Foulds, his assistant, the engineer William Jessop, and Walker for the merchants.  The plan received Royal Assent in 1799 for two main dock basins to facilitate customs clearance at the insistence of the Board of Excise with independent access from each dock to the Thames, and a secure wall and ditch to surround them both.  A new joint- stock company, the West India Dock Company, was set up. The City built the city canal in 1802-5.  Ralph Walker was appointed Resident Engineer and Jessop was appointed in 1800 as civil engineer to oversee him. In 1802 when the Import Dock was opened, together with the Blackwall Basin and entrance lock.  The Export Dock opened in 1806.
Cranes - some dock cranes survive having been extensively renovated. Most of the mechanical and electrical equipment has been removed so they are only gaunt emasculated monuments.
Junction Dock, 1956 Site of Hydraulic Pumping Station
West India Docks  Export Dock
This now seems to be called ‘Middle Dock’. It was originally specified by the West India Dock Act of 1799 and embodied the separation of imported cargoes from exported goods to meet objections by the Commissioners of Customs on both classes of goods being in one dock area
A and B sheds served export berths. These three sheds were low and narrow and thus not efficient operation, but there were difficulties of lateral expansion between the two docks are obvious. Because of this an additional twenty-six feet was gained by building a false quay into the south side of the Import Dock.
South Dock Station. This station opened in 1871 and was built on the Millwall Extension Railway on dock company property. Trains had to be horse drawn through the docks because of fire danger. In 1926 it was closed and demolished The BT building is now on the site

West India Docks. -Peninsula
The Peninsula between the Export and South West India docks was even narrower than the north quay and the road itself was in the quay. Ships were excluded from the south side of the Export dock, because of quayside congestion. This area has now been extended out into the North and Middle docks and is the main site for the Canary Wharf development.

West India Dock - Import Dock.
This is now called the North Dock
Import Dock. The Layout was by Ralph Walker, the resident engineer in 1802/. Detailed design and engineering works was carried out by William Jessop. It had Room for 300, three-masted 300-ton vessels which entered through the Blackwall Basin and unloaded in the Import Dock with goods going to the into warehouses alongside. The main cargoes were sugar, rum, mahogany, dyeboard and coffee.
Dock Walls. The walls exposed on the North side dock are by Jessop. The concave section is to fit the ships' hulls. They are; 2 metres thick, with buttresses behind bound to the wall by iron hoops
East Wood Wharf. Buldings 6-11. These were on south side of the Import Dock, the traditional centre of the hardwood trade in the Port.
Buildings 10 and 11 were a new transit shed design for fork lift truck use. Mechanical handling on quays and in transit sheds was only introduced after 1946; and these sheds were the scene of pilot experiments

West India Dock Import Dock North Quay
A master plan for the West India Docks by Michael Squire & Partners, recommended the rehabilitation of the warehouses on the North Quay as a centerpiece. The warehouses stand back from the water because in 1912 a false quay was built out into the dock to increase the width
Warehouses. The North Quay warehouses were built in 1800-3, and designed by Gwilt & Son. They constitute a wall of brick building for half a mile, forming a perimeter wall to the docks and their outer defences. All except 1 & 2 at the west end were destroyed by bombing. They Consisted originally of six tall and three lower warehouses, divided by one-storey link buildings. They are now all the same height because the lower buildings were heightened. The warehouses were repaired by Feilden & Mawson in 1984-5 and in the early 1990s, are absorbed into an architectural composition for the former Olympia & York landholding.
1 Museum in Docklands, converted by Purcell Miller Tritton & Partners and opened in 2002. The earliest multi storey in London. It was originally a low shed and includes a smaller block linking it to No 2. Timber framed internally and used for storing sugar. It was devastated by fire in 1901 and the timber structure was replaced in its original form, complete with grand staircase at the western end for use by merchants. Converted 1998-2000 to apartments, restaurants and shops by FSP Architects for Manhattan Loft. Thus retaining much of the original internal structure, but inserting central service cores and light wells to cope with the deep plan. The timber floors rested originally on oak storey-posts but these were replaced to increase load capacity by cruciform cast-iron posts from the Horseley Iron Co., in 1813-18 on John Rennie’s suggestion. The timber-trussed roof in the central block was re-created in 1994-5 by The Morton Partnership. This is the earlier warehouse. Sugar, which arrived in hogsheads, was the main commodity. It was unloaded from ship onto quay, sorted out undercover in an open-sided transit shed and then rolled on small four wheeled trucks to be lifted by crane into the warehouse. Sugar merchants came and were allowed one sample only from each hogshead to determine quality. On purchase, the sugar was dispatched onto the road by cart and horse.
Buoys on the quayside outside the museum. The spherical green buoy was used for marking the sites of wrecks and the black and white chequered buoy used to mark navigational channels
St Peter’s. London’s floating church which is moored opposite the Docklands Museum.
Bronze statue - figure of Sir Robert Milligan the merchant who proposed the docks, and was later chairman of the West India Company. This was done in 1810-12 by Sir Richard Westmacott.
C, D, and E were transit sheds on the north quay. Transit sheds are necessary because land and water transport cannot be completely synchronized.
Canary Wharf Crossrail station. It is being built in a dock water area on the North Dock of West India Quay. The station and proposed retail and park areas will be six storeys high. The station development will also provide a link between Canary Wharf and Poplar, and with other stations


West India Dock Road
The road was laid out in 1802 as part of the Commercial Road, to link West India Docks to the City. Ralph Walker, dock company engineer, made the section from the docks to Limehouse. There was a toll gate south of Pennyfields, and later one near King Street. The Chinatown district of Limehouse had its centre in the West India Dock Road. The colony with its oriental atmosphere has gone.
11 The Sailmaker Building. This was built in 1860, as a sail makers and ship chandlers, according to the lettering on the string course. There was a hydraulic chain testing machine in the basement which is now in the Museum of London. It has since had a number of uses as offices and se by the Salvation Army
14 former German Sailors' Home opened in 1910, by George and Charles Waymouth for Sir J.H.W. Schroder. There was accommodation for fifty men in rooms partitioned by reinforced-concrete walls. Plaque on the wall with the name of the road
29 Limehouse Police Station. Built 1940 designed by G. Mackenzie Trench, the Metropolitan Police Architect. Brick and streamlined. There is a Courtyard with large section house behind.   .
75 Maritime Hall National Union of Seamen
Transport and General Workers Offices
. Demolished 1990s.
West India House. This was here that the first post war block of flats in Stepney 1946 and opened by Atlee, then Prime Minister. It was site of the Strangers Home
Strangers Home for Asiatics, Africans and South Sea Islanders, was opened in 1857 by Prince Albert.  The plight of lascar seamen wandering the streets around the docks dying of cold and starvation was a cause of great concern. Henry Venn then launched an appeal for funds to open a hostel for them. By the 1930s the home was unoccupied, and in 1938 it was taken over by Stepney Council and used to house families made homeless by their slum clearance programme. Te building was subsequently demolished
West India Docks Station. This was opened in 1840 as part of the London and Blackwall Railway. The platforms were timber built onto the viaduct. It was partly rebuilt by the Great Eastern Railway in 1896. It closed in 1926 and was demolished in 1931. The DLR station is in the same vicinity.  The station included some rudimentary goods handling equipment in the shape of a crane and some chutes.
Dragon Gate. Reference to the Chinese community by the Art of Change
Fire station. The provision of a fire station here was a priority of the Metropolitan Fire Brigade. plans for the Poplar station were produced in 1867 and the building was completed in 1868  The adoption of motorized fire engines by the led to a reduction in the number of stations required, and A report in 1920 recommended the closure of Poplar. The building was sold to the London Salvage Corps who used the building until 1928. It passed to T. F. Maltby Limited, stevedores, for use as a store and thy redeveloped the site in 1959–60. This passed to Crome & Mitchell, nut merchants, in 1970 and was demolished in 1987–8 for road improvements
43 Westferry Arms. A still functioning pub
55 this site was used by works manufacturing ships' fire-hearths. From 1929- 1950s British Scaling & Painting Company used the works for removing and preventing corrosion on marine boilers and ships. Cleared in the mid-1960s for housing.
59 Westhorp's Limited. Here from 1899 as a manufacturer of patent machine-picked oakum and antiseptic marine lint. They had erected an office, showroom and multi-storey warehouse, until 1940. Cleared in the mid-1960s for housing.
73 Buccaneer pub – site was the Blue Posts. The Blue Posts public house stood opposite the Railway Tavern, and the landlord was the son of Charlie Brown and was also named Charles. Following his father's death, Charlie displayed many of the antiques and curios inherited from his father. 
92 The Chinese Mission was one several missions opened during the 1920s and 1930s, to bring Christianity to the Chinese community.
116 Charlie Brown’s. Site of pub the real name of which was the Railway Tavern.  It contained memorabilia from all over the world. The pub was built in 1845, and Charlie Brown became landlord in 1894. He bought whatever sailors returning home had to offer for sale. When Charlie Brown died in June 1932, thousands of people turned out for his funeral. The pub was demolished in 1989 for the Limehouse Link road.

Willoughby Passage
Gates by Kate Hackney, with coloured lights set like into bronzed serpentine ironwork.  . This passage is named after Sir Hugh Willoughby, navigator and explorer who collaborated with Cabot

Woodstock Terrace
The name comes from Edward Wood Stock who was the landowner and grandson of John Stock of Stock’s Academy.
Wren's Landing
Down to the Import Dock steps have scribbly metal railings by Bruce McLean.

Sources
Aldous. London Villages
Bayman and Jolly. Docklands Light Railway. Official Handbook
Ben’s Limehouse,
Bird. Geography of the Port of London,
Body. The Blackwall and Millwall Extension Railways
CAMRA City and East London Beer Guide,
Carr. Docklands History Survey
Carr. Docklands,
Cinema Treasures. Web site
Clunn. The Face of London
Connor. Branch Lines of East London
Co-partners Magazine
Co-partnership Herald
Disused Stations. Web site
Docklands Light Railway trail
Friends of the Earth. London Gas works sites
Incledon Web site.
Gardenvisit. Web site
GLIAS Newsletter

Graces Guide. Web site
Island History. Web site
Jackson. London’s Local Railways
Lavang. Web site
London Borough of Tower Hamlets. Web site
London Docklands Heritage trail
London Encyclopedia
London Gardens Online. Web site
London Railway Record
Lucas. London,
Macarthy. London North of the Thames
Marcan. London Docklands Guide
Methodist walk,
O’Connor. Stepney’s Own Railway
Pevsner & Cherry. London Docklands
Pevsner and Cherry. London East
Port of London Magazine
Skyscraper News. Web site
Stewart. Gas Works of the North Thames Area
Survey of London. Poplar,
Thames East  Walk
TourEast leaflet
Walford. Village London,
Workhouses. Web site


 

Monday, 18 May 2015

River side north bank, east of the Tower. Limehouse

Riverbank north bank east of the Tower
Limehouse

The riverside area on this square is complex. Some sites have had multiple works and areas have changed. Some have frontages both to the river and the street.  On many there is real difference between the riverside working wharf and the block of modern flats now in the premises. An attempt has been made at cross referencing – but it is far from ok.  Contributions and corrections welcomed. Edith would like to congratulate the heroes at the Survey of London which covers the eastern part of this square – and is grateful and impressed by the amount of detail.

The posting only covers sites on the north bank of the river.

Post to the west Ratcliffe and Shadwell
Post to the east Canary Wharf and Poplar

Aberdeen Square
The site of this development of offices is now under Canary Riverside.


Bekesbourne Street
1a John Scurr Community Centre.

Bowley Street
The road is named after a James Bowley who had a shipyard in Emmett Street. Most of the area was taken up with housing built by the London County Council. In 1931 the south side of the road was cleared by Poplar Borough Council. The road itself has now disappeared under West Ferry Circus and Canary Riverside.
Bridge Road Iron Works. The site had been the Baker and May felt depot in 1870. From 1886 to around 1909 Robinson & Dodd, used the site as boat builders. Later J. Kimpton & Sons used it as an iron and brass foundry and whose manhole covers can be found around the area.
Elliott's Metal Company. This engineering firm was in the corner with Bridge Road from the late 1870s
Alfred Masson, seed and cereal warehouse from 1869. The business was removed in 1946 for an electricity sub station.
Thomas Stickells. Brass foundry from 1880.

Branch Road
This is now part of the approach road to the Rotherhithe Tunnel. It was once called Horseferry Branch Road. There had been a ferry across the Thames at Limehouse for centuries, To give access to this ferry, the Commercial Road Company intended to build a road which would have passed right through the middle of the present Limehouse Basin. The Commercial Road Company moved their road to the ferry so it lay west of the dock. It is then connected by a west to east road to Horseferry Road which runs parallel to it to the former ferry terminal.
9 Finnish Seamen’s Mission. Now converted to housing having been rebuilt behind its fa├žade
Two telephone boxes.  This is of the sort designed by Giles Gilbert Scott in 1927 in cast iron – K2 square kiosks.
Stepney Borough Coroner's Court. This was set up in 1898 plus a building for a steam disinfecting apparatus, a mortuary, and a disinfecting station. There was also a temporary shelter to provide Accommodation for the use of families during disinfection and a flat for a caretaker. These have since been demolished.
Courtyard at the junction with Narrow Street. There is a fountain with mosaic surround plus two mosaic covered seats.
London Street. Before Branch Road was built London Street ran through this area with reference to London Field. In 1380 John Philpot, Lord Mayor of London, proposed to build a tower on each side of the Thames, and stretch a chain between them as a defensive measure. He had however already bought the land at Ratcliff which he then gave to the City Corporation. This land was called London Field and roughly lay between Stepney Station and the river

Bridge Road
Bridge Street was an earlier name for the stretch of West Ferry Road which is on this square. It was an initiative of the Emmet family and the West India Docks co who in 1807 had the road built.  The work was undertaken by Thomas Morris, the company's engineer
Colonial Produce Company, bass and fibre dressing works for this fruit importer from the 1890s-1930.  The site had previously been a mast, anchor, rope- and sail makers
Hoare, Marr & Company, hemp merchants warehouse 1890s to 20. They were sailcloth, bunting and flag manufacturers based in the City but originating in Dundee in the 1870s. They later moved to Deptford although Walter Marr had retired in 1915.
Midland Railway Company. They had a goods depot here in the early 1860s. This replaced a warehouse owned by ships’ chandlers Robley, Tennant & Company.
Office building for Fletcher Son & Fearnall built in the late 19th by Andrews & Peascod as architects.
Fletcher Villas.  Built for shipuilders' workers, demolished in 1988,

Brightlingsea Place
Faraday House. This is a refurbished tenement, built by B.J. Belsher for Stepney Borough Council in 1931 as part of the Limehouse Fields clearance scheme.  Modernistic with curved a stair tower
Brightlingsea Building. Built by the London County Council in 1904 demolished in 1982
Housing by Proctor Matthews 1992 on the site of Stepney Power Station.(see Narrow Street)

Canary Riverside
This development area on the west side of Canary Wharf and West Ferry Road covers the sites of Emmett Street, Thames Place, Bowley Street, Aberdeen Square and North Garden. It is on the site of what was Union Docks – (under Riverside and West Ferry Circus below).
The Canary Riverside development was a joint project between Canary Wharf Group plc, Pidemco Land Limited and Hotel Properties Limited. Since 2000 the site has been owned by Canary Wharf Group. It is a private, gated complex. It has a communal garden and manned security is present on site.
Four Seasons Hotel “a low rise ten storey building” and Philippe Starck-designed. Selling ‘luxury’ and ‘privacy’. Corporate palatial.
Virgin Active –‘health’ club and gym.
Circus Apartments. Said to be the only residential accommodation at Canary Wharf. Security watches all the time and ‘luxury’ everywhere.
Canary Wharf Pier. Owned by the Canary Wharf Management Group it is used by commuter river services


Dundee Wharf
Dundee Wharf. This is on is on the riverside on the south side of what was Limekiln dock and on the northern side of the old Poplar Borough Boundary.   There are modern residential buildings now on the site of Limekiln Dockyard.  In the 17th and early 18th there were many different  small works here –Joseph Dent, a shipwright, Edward Terrett, a joiner,  Michael Upston, a blockmaker, Hudson's Bay Company warehouses, boat builders and mast maker.
Dundee wharf was used by the Dundee, Perth & London Shipping Company to operate a twice-weekly service between Leith and London. The area was known as The Dunbar Wharves. - Dundee, Aberdeen, Caledonia and Dunbar. Their office building is by the entrance in Three Colt Street. In 1835 their paddle steamers SS London and SS Perth operated a twice weekly passenger service to Dundee. In 1909 it was said to handle Carcasses of beef, and potatoes. A wharf with electric cranes was opened here in the 1930s. The wharf was destroyed during the blitz, rebuilt in the 1950s when it was a “fortress like warehouse” trading in general goods. It closed in 1969. It was demolished to allow construction of the Limehouse Link before the current housing was built. 
The Dundee, Perth and London Shipping Company was founded in 1826 to carry passengers and cargo. They operated passenger steamer services to London until the outbreak of the Second World War and also maintained cargo shipping routes to St Petersburg and the Mediterranean until 1962. As the DP&L Group they have been connected to the Chalmers family for 80 years and bought put by them in 1993. In 2014 they were sold to Alick Bisset
Dundee Wharf is a group of buildings built in 1997 by Ballymore Properties to designs by the architect Piers Gough, a partner at Campbell Zogolvich Wilkinson and Gough (CZWG).
River Plate Wharf. This was part of Dundee Wharf and between 1912 and 1929 used by the London Trading Company for wrapping Oxo cubes.

Emmett Street
This is now covered by Canary Riverside.  It once ran from Westferry Road to meet Three Colt Street. This was a road which led from Limehouse to the riverfront to the south.  It was called Emmett Street from about 1830 – named after a family who had owned land here in the 18th. Some of the area which it ran through and served was traditionally known as Limehouse Hole.  Many of the sites alongside the street were river trades with river frontages and they are below under Riverside.
Providence Cottages. Found to be unhealthy by the London County Council and so demolished by the Borough in 1931
Providence House – this was a block of flats built by Poplar Borough Council in 1932 to replace the cottages and designed by the Borough Engineer and Surveyor, Harley Heckford.  It was had a line of concrete balconies and jazzy decorations.  Some flats were damaged in the Second World War. It was demolished by the London Borough of Tower Hamlets in 1981.
12 United Brothers' beerhouse. This was opened in the late 19th and closed in 1935.
The Royal Oak public house. This was to the east of the distillery
The Antigallican public house. This was here until the 1850s.
Gut House.  In the early 1730s William Waterbury, a butcher, built a public house. It was displaced by the West India Export Dock in 1806.
Shipwrights Arms. This pub was built originally in 1788 by Thomas Wright near the entrance to Hill and Mellish's dockyard. It was compulsorily purchased in 1800 for the building of the West India Docks.
Arnold's Buildings, a six-storey block of artisans' dwellings, was put up in 1884–5 by E. Nathan, with a frontage to Emmett Street, opposite Aberdeen Wharf,  In 1902 Limehouse & Poplar Workmen's Homes Ltd was set up to convert Arnold's Buildings into a hostel but the site was cleared instead.

Gill Street
29 Lord Nelson. Pub. Closed and gone
109 Royal Sovereign Pub. Closed and long gone

Grenade Street
20 Duke of Cornwall Pub. Closed and gone
38 Carpenters Arms. Pub, Closed and gone

Horseferry Road
This appears to have previously been Medland Road.  However it is cut off at the west end because of the insertion of the Limehouse link. Thus the biscuit works and the brewery would not have been in Horseferry Road.
Phoenix Biscuit Works - dog and ships biscuit works owned by Walker and Harrison. They made Phoenix" (carbonated) meat biscuit for dogs. They were on site in the 1880s and remained there until at least the late 1930s.
Brewery. The Brewery in Medland Street was apparently known in the early 19th as the Ratcliffe Cross Brewery – but may have been older. It seems to have been owned or managed by a George Richmond and by the 1830s by Strong and Larchin as ale and porter brewers – it is mentioned as a ‘famous old porter brewery’. In the 19th it appears as The Queens Head Brewery and by 1842 a Peter Armstrong and George Taylor were involved. By 1900 it is said it had been owned ‘over a long period of time’ by Francis and Charles Alexander, and called the London and Burton Brewery. However it does not appear to have had a connection with a brewery of that name in based Burton which was sold to Charringtons in 1871. The Ratcliffe Brewery site was later taken over by Witney, Combe, Reid and Co. Ltd. and eventually closed.
61 White Hart Pub. Long gone
Medland Hall. This shelter provided meals and night shelter to 100s of destitute people. It was opened in 1893 in a hall owned by the London Congregational Union. Originally, it opened at 11 p.m. and inmates —were allowed to stay until 6 a.m. the next morning. By the early 1900s, it was offering accommodation for a week at a time. by mid-afternoon a long queue would form. By 7 o'clock, its 450 bunks would have been allocated.

Island Row
This road went to the Island Lead Works which was on a piece of land between what was originally two docks – the Regents’ Canal Basin, at the end of the Regent’s Canal  and the Limehouse Basin, at the end of the Limehouse Cut. 
Island Lead Works. The works dated from at least 1817 when it  have belonged to a Thomas Preston described as a lead merchant with a works in Tooley Street. The Horwood Plan of 1799 shows a substantial building on the site. George Key is listed here in 1830 and By 1834 Thomas Key who ran it until 1851. It was then passed to Edward and Alfred Pitchford. The works produced blue lead products and also lead shot, white lead, and the described themselves as lead ash smelters and metal refiners. In 1874 it was advertised for sale and was purchased by the Farmiloes. From the 1880s George Farmiloe & Sons Ltd and T & W Farmiloe  Ltd had  interests  here. Tea-chest lead was made there and other products which were related to the building trade. About 100 people were employed there in the 19th but by 1951 there were only 50 employees.  The  buildings  have since been demolished and the site has vanished following the redevelopment of the Regent's Canal Dock and building  of  the Limehouse Link Road.

Limehouse Causeway
Limehouse Causeway is an ancient pathway, and very very narrow. Cantonese people lived there – and it has been described as the ‘original Chinatown’ -  but Stepney Borough Council 'slum cleared' the area and realigned the road  in 1904.
Saunders Close was originally called Potter Dwellings. The block was built by Stepney Borough Council - three-stories block in yellow and red brick. It was apparently named after Henry Potter, once mayor of Stepney. It was later renamed “Saunders Close’ which may have been for a Mr. Saunders, because of his role during the Blitz.
Cyril Jackson School. This primary school seems to be on the site of Gill Street School which was a London School Board School dating from the 1880s. It appears to have been rebuilt in 1991 by Robert Byron Architect, possibly with London Docklands Development Corporation support. Cyril Jackson was a British educationist, who lives and worked in the east end and was inspector-general of schools in Western Australia in 1896 Northey Street School was renamed The Cyril Jackson Primary School in recognition of his work and dedication to public service. 
Limehouse Youth Centre. The original Limehouse youth club was demolished for the building of the Limehouse Link Road. It was rebuilt here by the Squires Practice for the London Docklands Development Corporation. It is designed round a central hall and is a large and prominent building said to give substance to the idea of “community architecture”.
16 Royal Oak Pub. Gone and demolished

Limehouse Basin - Regents Canal Dock. 
Limehouse Basin is a body of water built as a dock which stood between the River and the Regents’ Canal which it was there to serve. Its real name is the Regent’s Canal Dock. It was built to provide an entrance to the Regent's Canal – as it still does - and thus prove access to the whole of the national canal network. It now also functions as a marina surrounded by housing of the 1980s and later. In recent years the dock has seen many alterations, a new entrance lock and the building of the Limehouse Link Road beneath it. The Regent's Canal Dock was never part of the Port of London Authority but remained in the control of its parent canal and eventually the British Waterways Board. In 1835 three-quarters of the Regent Canal's traffic came through the dock from the Thames.  The canal was  completed in 1820. The entrance lock was built to the west of the ferry road – now known as Branch Road - built by the Commercial Road Company.. Where a canal joins a tidal river a small basin would be built so that craft could await the right state of the tide before using the locks. At the Regent Dock it was felt necessary to admit sea going vessels and plans were upgraded to allow for a laager basin. James Morgan, the canal engineer, had  planned two basins, a ship dock, and a barge basin.  The plan was rejected in favour of a single basin and a slope to the quays. The Regent's Canal Dock was the first, and for many years the only dock to allow in colliers from north-east England. Coal was be transhipped into lighters in the dock for shipping to the new gas works  being built alongside the canal. As competition from railways began so the dock was enlarged and projecting timber jetties with hydraulic cranes were added.  A granary and warehouses were built to attract new custom to the dock ad there were four jetties at which colliers could unload.  Coal traffic fell off in the years before the Great War and and a new larger concrete jetty equipped with six high capacity electric grab cranes was built out from the north-east quay.  The Dock closed, in 1969 but in in 1968 the Limehouse Cut was diverted into the dock and lighters continued to use until the 1980s. The Basin was ‘redeveloped’ from 1983 by the London Docklands Development Corporation's including the construction of the Limehouse Link tunnel under the north side of the basin in the early 1990s.  Housing around the Basin was built partly by Bellway Homes in various phases of development. The Cruising Association has a purpose-built headquarters here and the dock is now usually described as a ‘marina’.
Medland Wharf was to the south west. It was equipped with electric luffing cranes to handle fruit cargoes from Spain.
Old Ship Lock. This was the original lock which could handle big sailing ships. This was partly in-filled to provide when the new lock was built to provide a new riverside quay called Chinnock's Wharf. A pumping station was built over the old ship lock by Sir John Wolfe-Barry as part of the improvements to Dock and Canal authorized by Parliament under an Act of 1895. ,
The New Ship Lock was built in 1868 so that steam colliers could enter the dock. W G Armstrong & Co. built a swing bridge to carry Narrow Street over the New Ship Lock entrance to the Dock.  The Present Lock was built in 1988-9 is within the former ship lock of 1869.  Across the dock entrance is a Swing Bridge of steel box-girder construction, by Husband &' Company, built in 1962.
Barge Lock. In the 184Os an entrance lock for barges from the River was built to the east of the Old Ship Lock west end of the South Quay. This was kept as a water-saving device -Water shortage was a perennial problem with the Regent's Canal in the 19th.    It was infilled in stages after 1919. The entrance is now covered over and used as a car park for office workers.  .
Commemoration Stone by the steps on the South East Quay – this commemorated Sir John Wolfe Barry's improvements of 1898-99 "This stone was set 20th June 1899 James Staats Forbes Chairman".   Have no reason to believe this is still there.
Harbour Master's Station. This is a timber and brick pagoda of 1989 by Peter White and Jayne Holland of the British Waterways Board.  Near it a bronze relief map of the basin, from 1986, commemorates this first phase of redevelopment.
South Quay and land west of the dock entrance was developed to encourage general trade to the dock.  Part was used from 1870 for the London and Liverpool Steamship Co. 

Limehouse Cut
The Limehouse Cut is a canal which comes into this area from the north east and which once ended in a canal basin and then went into the Thames but which now enters the dock which is now known as Limehouse Basin. It was built 1767-70 by Yeoman upon the recommendations of John Smeaton.  In 1854, the Regents Canal Company took control of Limehouse Cut and built a connecting link into the Regents Canal Dock although this was closed soon after. The lock that connected the cut to the Thames was rebuilt in 1865, after the closing of the link to the Regents Canal Dock, and the design had included massive timber ties over the top to prevent bulging of the walls. These were eventually replaced with a steel cage, which served the same purpose. The gates were operated by winches and chains. In 1965 this needed replacement but commercial activity would have been severely disrupted by the construction of a new lock. So the link to the Regents Canal Dock was reconsidered and a new length of canal was built and opened in 1968. The old lock was then filled in but one of the winches was saved and was put on display at Hampstead.
Remains of the entrance lock. There is a disused bell-mouthed entrance to the entrance lock visible from in Narrow Street. Part of the lock is also preserved on the side of Narrow Street as a shallow water feature, lined by a late 19th row of cottages
Bridge - The Cut’s opening into Regent’s Dock was crossed by a wrought-iron girder bridge of 1865.
Island Lead Mills (see above) on the north side of the Cut
Norway Yard. The site was that of T. & W. Forrest Lifeboat builders, who were originally established in 1788 to build ships, boats and yachts. During the 19th century, nearly 90% of the Royal National Lifeboat Institution fleet was built by yards on the Thames. Forrest & Son of Limehouse built more than 115 lifeboats at their  yard after 1864. They moved to Wivenhoe in 1911.
Lea Wharf.   William Gibbs 1911
Albion Wharf. This wharf was probably owned by a chemical company in the 19th, making dyes or paint.
Finland Wharf. This was a timber wharf, owned by the Chalk family in the early 20th.

Limehouse Link
The Limehouse Link is a long tunnel which links the Highway running eastwards from Tower Bridge with a series of road heading into Essex. It was built between 1989 and 1993 by the London Docklands Development Corporation and was the most expensive road scheme in Britain per mile, it is also the second largest road tunnel in the UK. The designers were Sir Alexander Gibb & Partners and the design of the tunnel approaches and portal buildings was by Anthony Mears and Rooney O'Carroll Architects. At the time it was the second biggest engineering project in Europe.  It consists is twin parallel tunnels built under waterways so it was built bottom-up behind temporary cofferdam walls. On the western portal is Zadok Ben-David's circle of silhouettes, Restless Dream, and the eastern portal has an untitled abstract by Nigel Hall.


Limekiln Dock (for details of buildings see Dundee Wharf, Narrow Street and Three Colt Lane)
This is a small tidal inlet. It is sometimes thought to be the outfall of the Black Ditch – a stream which is said to have run through Whitechapel and Stepney from Holywell Row in Norton Folgate. It is an 18th dock which now has mainly, brick walls on the north side, and concrete facing on south side. There are some wooden buttresses.
Lime. Recorded as ‘The Lymhostes’ in 1367 that is "the lime oasts or kilns' and limeburners are mentioned in this area from the late 14th. Lime was made from chalk or limestone heating it kilns and was used in a number of other local industries
Footbridge designed by YRM/Anthony Hunt Associates for the LDDC in 1996. It takes the Thames path across the mouth of Limekiln Dock and is stayed by a single mast. Said to be designed by Piers Gough.
Graves Ship Yard. Graves built warships for the navy in the 17th and 18th here and in Deptford. This site became part of Dundee Wharf. (See Dundee above)

Narrow Street
Narrow Street.  The road follows the river for nearly half a mile. The eastern section was once called Fore Street
22-28 these blocks were among the first warehouses converted for residential use in Docklands. This was done by designer Roe Hoffenberg with architects Berman & Guedes.  Here industrial zoning had to be overturned to permit change of use.   (See Riverside)
24 This is another early conversion, completed in 1980.  It is now known as Roneo Wharf –Roneo were the copying apparatus makers. They are also listed as having both inland and riverside property here.  (See Riverside)
St George’s Square.  This appears to be on the sites of the Ratcliffe Brewery and the Phoenix Biscuit works described under Medland Street above.
28 London Wharf. John Cooper, wharfinger (see Riverside) converted to housing in the 1980s.
29 G.Moore & Sons Ltd, glass bottle manufacturers. Moore’s made glass bottles, possibly for medicines, at their works at Blyth on the Tyne, from where they were shipped to London. They had another works at Wombwell in Yorkshire.
30 Sun Wharf. This is a conversion by Scott, Brownrigg & Turner done in 1983, originally for the filmmaker David Lean, who eventually died here.  It is said to have the same approach to derelict industrial building popular in Europe.  It took four 19th warehouses, two of which were burnt-out and created a house and garden. 30 was also known Crown Mill wharf which was also used by John Cooper (see Riverside) it was once another flour mill
32-40 Wharves converted to housing. (See Riverside)
Goodhart Place. Speculative housing by Richard Seifert & Partners, part of a never-completed scheme for offices and houses by that architect, 1985-6. 
Regents Canal Dock. This is the main entrance from river. W G Armstrong & Co, built swing bridge which carried Narrow Street over the New Ship Lock, new bridge by Husband  & Company, 1962.  (See Limehouse basin)42 Chinnocks Wharf. Redevelopment into housing by Michael Squires Assoc in 1997. (See Riverside)
44 The Narrow. Restaurant with a TV chef.  The building dates from 1905-1910 by the Regents Canal Company as a purpose-built Customs/Dock Master’s house serving the Regents Dock. It is by the south entrance lock and is a red brick building. It became a pub in 1989 and was at first called The Barleymow for the local Barley Mow brewery where Taylor Walker first started brewing in.1730. There are some decorative capstans
Regents Canal Wharf - Borough of Stepney Stone yard, North of Narrow Street the ship lock was kept in water to provide a quay serving a timber yard which was called Regent’s Canal Wharf.  In time this became the Council stone yard and later a general a Council depot.  (See Riverside)
46 Victoria Wharves. This wharf is built on land between the present Limehouse Basin entrance lock and the entrance to the Limehouse Cut. It was acquired by the Regents Dock Company as part of improvements in 1869 and was a speculative development by them. Now converted to housing. (See Riverside)
Entrance from the river to the Limehouse Cut and now disused. (See Limehouse Cut)
18th house by the entrance to the tidal lock to the Limehouse Cut
Kidney Stairs. These were once called White’s Stairs and dated from before 1635. (See Riverside)
65 Bricklayers Arms. Pub, long closed and demolished
Papermill Wharf. This was the wharf for the Limehouse paper board mills. Hough;s wharf. It has a simplified Italianate tower as a reconstruction of Hough's Wharf. Hough’s incorporated some of the outer walls of the 19th Dover Wharf.  Site occupied earlier by Curling's Shipyard – who are also said to have been at Duke Shore.
Bridge Dry dock. In 1892 this was Dawson & Son. (See Riverside)
67 Limehouse Paperboard Mills Ltd. Robert Hough Ltd was established in 1860 as a paper merchant. The Limehouse Mill opened in 1912 recycling waste paper and board to manufacture grey board. It was the first mill in England to make paperboard from waste paper.  Waste paper was beaten with warm water into a pulp which was sent to a machine to make a wet board. This was dried, then, calendared and reeled. The site included two steam engines, both there till the end. They closed in 1986 due to the pressures of the Docklands redevelopments – basically because the site wasn’t pretty or tidy. The original plan was to convert it into ‘luxury’ flats, but it was demolished for new flats. Houghs originally moved to Bermondsey but are now at Witham in Essex with a different name. It was built on the site of a derelict late 16th century dry dock, the remains of which were noted in the cellars of the paper mill and Hough's wharf.
Dover Wharf had been the site of Pintsch Patent Lighting works in the early 20th. They made lamps and lighting systems for Pullman Railway cars, lighthouses etc using compressed oil or other gas.
Curling Shipyard. The Curling family built ships on various sites in this area. They built East and West Indiamen and, from the late 1830s, large merchant steamships, all of them of timber.
Borough of Stepney Electricity Station. Stepney Borough Council built this at Blyth Wharf in 1907 to supply power to station Stepney and Bethnal Green. A single tall brick chimney was constructed in 1937 which dominated the area. The station continued until the early 1970s and has since been demolished.
Blyth’s Wharf. John and Alfred Blyth had a steam engine and steam ship works from the early 19th.  This appears to have remained until acquired for the local authority power station.
The Watergarden.  This was previously called Roy Square. It is built on the site of the Stepney Power Station by Ian Ritchie Architects in 1988. It is a long, courtyard of flats, with the car park below. The entrance leads to steps which `lead onto a garden, with a canal. Opens out into open space done by the LDDC in 1994, with Indian bean trees and seats.
70 Sunshine Custard Co. This was a custard powder manufacturer.
76 The Grapes pub.  This claims to be pub ‘Jolly Fellowship Porters’ as described by Charles Dickens.  It is also said to be where the Gang of Four planned their exit from the Labour Party.  The current building dates from the 1720s and is on the site of a pub built in 1583. In the 1930s it sold beer from the nearby Taylor Walker brewery. Dickens is said to have sat here and there is a complete set of Dickens in the back parlour. On the wall is an oil painting, Limehouse Barge Builders, by Napier Hemy and also watercolours of Limehouse Reach by Louise Hardy; and Dickens at The Grapes by Nick Cuthell
78-90 a ten-bay, row of four early 18th houses, apparently built by Thomas Wakelin of Ratcliffe. 
92 The Waterman’s Arms, later called Booty’s Bar. It is now closed as a pub. In the 18th this was an engineering shop for the barge builders, Sparkes. By the 1870s it had become a pub owned by Taylor Walker. It later became used by the Woodward Fisher, a lighterage firm which was latterly managed by Dorothea Fisher.
106 Duke Shore Wharf.  Flats by Barnard Urquhart Jarvis 1985-8.
110 -112 Essex Wharf. Hay & Co Ltd, caramel and filter pump makers
114 & 116 Anchor Wharf. British & Foreign Bottle Co Ltd Makers and distributors of bottles and jars with a works in Queenborough, Sheppey.
121 Rowan A & Brother Ltd, disinfectant manufacturers
133 Barley Mow Pub. Long gone.
136-40 Dunbar Wharf. Converted to flats. These early 19th warehouses belonged to Duncan Dunbar & Sons, who ran a fleet of fast sailing ships to India, Australia and North America.  The wharf backed on the Limekiln Dock.  Dunbar, who settled here in 1780, built ships in Calcutta.. He lived in 138. 1796 The business was developed by his son into a leading shipping company serving,  primarily, the Indian and Australian routes. It later became Dunbar Wharf Holdings Ltd. which worked in freight forwarding, warehousing through E.W.Taylor & Co. They had been Established in 1857 as a lighterage company, and used Dunbar Wharf for the larger cargos. It functioned as a working wharf until the rise of containerisation in the 1970’s.
142 St Dunstan's Wharf. Built in 1878 at with a decorative moulded brick front where St.Dunstan grabs the devils nose with pincers. The rest has been rebuilt; Juniper berries used for the manufacture of London gin were stored here. It was also used by Gardner & Gardner, hay & straw salesmen
143 In the 1920s works for Sterry Dunnell, aerated water manufacturer. In 1943 this was Alfred Harris, Plastic waste, Ebonite Celluloid Vulcanite Cellulose Acetate Wax, and Rosin
Herring Gull.  Sculpture of  acreaming gull in copper on a coil of rope by J Jane Ackroyd, 1994. This is in a wedge of open space, part of Ropemakers Fields.
148-50 Limehouse Wharf. Another warehouse conversion

Newell Street
This was once Church Row
25-27 offices for Tower Hamlets Community Transport. The building was originally an engineering works
Sunday School. This was presumably connected to the Brunswick Chapel which stood to its rear in Three Colt Lane.
Barley Mow Brewery. This was Taylor Walker's Barley Mow Brewery, which stood nearby which produced a dark ale known as 'Main Line'. The brewery apparently dated from at least the 1730s and the original instigators were members of the Hare and Salmon families – both with brewery interests elsewhere. The brewery then fronted on to Fore Street – now part of Narrow Street. In the late 18th Quakers Taylor and Harford became involved and by the early 19th the Walker family were also present. The brewery may have been rebuilt in the 1820s and a new complex was erected in 1889 designed by the brewery architects Inskipp & Mackenzie. This building fronted onto the road now called Newell Street and was known as the Barleymow Brewery. The firm they began a programme of take overs of smaller breweries throughout the early 20th. It was heavily bombed in the Second World War. The brewery closed following a merger in with Ind Coope 1959 and was later demolished.


Northey Street
Quayside. Big blocks of flats by John Thompson & Partners.
1 CA House. Cruising Association Offices. Built 1997. The Association has a membership of cruising sailors. Founded in 1908 they provide information, help and advice
Bridge. This lies over the now defunct lock area of the Limehouse Cut where some water remains for decorative purposes. There are the preserved parapets of the bridge of 1865 which took the road across the north end of the lock
30 Northey Arms. Pub. Long gone and demolished
Northey Street School. This was a London School Board school which may have opened around 1886. An infants' school was opened in 1896.  The school was renamed Cyril Jackson School in 1930 because of the work done locally towards education by Jackson. The school appears to have moved to its current site, of Gill Street School, in the 1950s.
Northey Street Boys Club. This was run by Cyril Jackson and opened in 1875

Oak Lane
Malting House. Local authority built 15 storey block.
Risby House. This was a 15 storey block demolished in 1988 because it was thought to be in danger of collapse
Risby’s Rope Walk. Was parallel to and in the area of what is now Oak Street. In 1782 a street here was called Risby's Rope Ground. Captain Henry Risby had a house and property locally. He was an Elder Brethren of Trinity House and connections with the East India Company.
North Country Pink. Pub extant in the area in the 19th
School. Extension to Northey Street School built in the 1880s
Oak Lane Foundry. 1843 belonged to Samuel Hodge where they made steam engine boilers, trunks and pans. Hodge was in West Ferry Road by the 1890s and remains now based in Sheffield as the Samuel Hodge Group.
Oak Lane Chemical Works. Hope Hartop & Co. The works was here in the early 20th and the company was also based in Leicester. They made carbolic acids, fluids, & creosotes
Finland Wharf. This wharf fronted onto the Limehouse Cut (above)
Albion Wharf. This wharf fronted onto the Limehouse Cut (above)

Rich Street
14 Lord Hood Pub. Long closed and gone

Riverside
Ratcliffe Cross Wharf. In 1909 said to handle flour, potatoes, anchovies and lemons.
Ratcliffe Cross Stairs. These run from the west end of Narrow Street. Stone slipway to River Thames – the name reflecting a lost riverside hamlet.
Phoenix Wharf. The works relates to the inland biscuit works where ‘Phoenix’ dog biscuits were made. In the early 20th it was partly occupied by G.Crump, sailmaker.   Another part of the wharf was occupied by Luralda, tea chest makers, who were importing plywood.(See Narrow Street)
Trinity Ballast Wharf. This is among a block of early warehouse conversions in Narrow Street. The Corporation of Trinity House had premises here from 1618.   The Ballast office was to administer a tax on ballast. In the 1930s D. T. Miller and Sons, ship repairers had an engineering and barge repair here.
Marriage's Wharf. Jacob Marriage and Co Ltd, were flour merchants. In the 19th, this wharf and its neighbour were Ratcliffe Cross Flour Mill and alongside it the Globe Flour Mill. Later taken over by Marriage. They survived the changes in milling technology by specialising in animal feeds, and by taking advantage of the move back to stone-ground flour.  Marriages also had a wharf in West Ham where they were know for their opium clippers.
Roneo Wharf. This was operated in the 1920s by the copying apparatus makers. Earlier it had been part of Ratcliffe Cross Flour Mill and Globe Flour Mill
London Wharf. Used by John Cooper John, wharfinger – Cooper handled mainly canned goods, and was active on several other wharves on this stretch. In 1909 it was said that two-thirds of the canned goods landed on this wharf belong to the Government and are inspected by the Government Officials only. It has now been converted to flats.(See Narrow Street)
28 Sewer outfall below Mean High Water - large circular outfall of an early 19th sewer by 28 Narrow Street
Crown Mill Wharf. Also used by John Cooper. (See Narrow Street)
Eagle Wharf. In 1909 said to handle flour, beef and pork in casks
New Sufferance Wharf. In 1909 said to handle fresh cabbages, fruit pulps and vegetables in brine for pickle making.
New Sun Wharf. In the mid 19th this was a factory for Brian Cocoran, makers of machine wires, driving bands, dandy rolls, etc.  At some time in the 19th a twice weekly hoy service ran between here and Sheerness. In the 1920s this was part of the Free Trade Wharf Co Ltd, wharfingers. It was badly damaged on the first night of the blitz. In 1909 it was said that the general trade of the wharf was to take fruit out of tins and to put it into bottles.
Godwell Stairs. Shown on 18th maps.
Oporto Wharf.  This wharf was used by Cooper’s, wharfingers handling, in 1909, all classes of canned goods, flour and dried milk.  In the 1950s it was occupied by Stepney Cleansing Department and rubbish was taken from here to a tip at Pitsea. (See Narrow Street)
Old Sun Wharf. This was also used by Stepney Cleansing Department in the 1950s (See Narrow Street)
Regents Canal Wharf. Used by the Metropolitan Borough of Stepney Cleansing Dept (See Narrow Street)
Chinnock's Wharf. Chinnock was an importer of china clay (See Narrow Street)
Regents Canal Dock Entrance. (See Limehouse Basin above)
Victoria Wharf. In 1909 the wharf is said to have handled onions, potatoes, flour and pork.
Limehouse Cut Entrance (see Limehouse Cut)
Hough’s Wharf (see Narrow Street)
Dover Wharf (see Narrow Street above)
Kidney Stairs, There was a small dock here or access way which was infilled by 1635 and replaced with a stair — White’s Stairs, later Kidney Stairs—leading onto the foreshore.
Jetty - Stepney Borough council. Limehouse Generating Station jetty built in 1923 remains as a decorative feature.
Broadway Wharf. This is at the rear of the Grapes Public House. There are statues by Anthony Gormley off the wharf in the river.
Sparks Wharf. Early 19th barge-building works in use until the early 1950s.  A timber-mould loft used to straddle the yard on the riverside. This was owned by William Sparks.
Duke Shore Stairs was the lowest point on this side of the river for passenger embarkation.  Pepys came here in 1660 to be ferried upriver to the Tower of London.
Duke Shore Porcelain factory. This was owned by Joseph Wilson and Co. from 1745.  In the 18th they sold Limehouse Ware - sauce-boats, tea-pots etc. It had closed by 1748. The site's location has since been confirmed by archaeology.
Duke Shore Wharf. Borough of Stepney. This was another wharf used for rubbish removal by the borough of Stepney. It is also said to have been a ship yard and this was another site said to have been used by the Curling family.
Limekiln Dock (see Limekiln above)
Dundee Wharf (see Dundee above)
Limehouse Hole – this is the area south of Dundee Wharf up to Westferry Circus. It was a plying place for watermen from the 17th, In 1843 watermen erected a floating pier at Limehouse Hole Stairs. In 1860, the Thames Conservancy built new stairs projecting on to the foreshore.
Limehouse Pier. This was erected by the Thames Conservancy in 1870 and was a walkway on three pontoons, designed by Stephen William Leach, the Board's engineer. It was removed in 1901 for the building of Dundee Wharf. In 1905–6 the London County Council built a pier as a lattice-girder walkway to a pontoon the 'Penny Steamer' service. It was removed by them in 1948.
Margetts's Ropeyard Site. In 1650 the northern part of what became Dundee Wharf was George Margett's rope yard. In 1664 Samuel Pepys arranged for them supply Deptford Dockyard with rope. By the late 18th there was also a sail maker there. In the meantime the site had been used by a number of others a block maker, a shipwright and the Hudson Bay Company, among others.  John Burford - in 1694 had a warehouse to store fruit for cider-making. This was on part of the Margett’s site where the ropeyards itself continued with a number of different operators. In the 1860s it became a wire works and closed in the 1880s.
Poplar Commissioners of Sewers. In 1664 they had a depot here for workers maintaining the river wall. This was on part of the Margett’s site.
Pier Wharf.  This was south of the ropeyard and was developed in 1875–6, by Tomkins, Courage & Cracknell, malt factors who had a granary here.
River Plate Wharf. This is now part of Dundee Wharf
Staples Distillery. This was a malt distillery built in 1692 below Limehouse Hole Stairs and subsequently expanded with a number of owners. It was rebuilt by new lessees Lefevre and Ayre around 1775–6. Joseph Bramah rented warehouses around 1799 and used them for hay-pressing.  Around 1800 Garford took on part of the site for a seed pressing business.
Garford Wharf. The distillery was later taken by Thomas Bowman and John Garford, and it which became a seed-crushing mill and oilcake and seed-cake warehouse. Until 1877 the Graford family produced oilcake. A. E. Burrell & Son had a paint factory here from 1874. This was on the distillery site
Taylor Wharf.  The main buildings of the distillery were used by William Taylor as a paint factory. This was on the distillery site
Limehouse wharf. R.J.Hanbury used the distillery warehouse for storing rice, wheat, tapioca and hops.
Buchanan’s Wharf.  P. R. Buchanan & Company, tea merchants, acquired Venesta Wharf in 1921. They built new warehouses designed by Charles Dunch & Son. The wharf was badly bombed in the Second World War. It was rebuilt I in 1950–2 by A. J. Thomas and G. Hartley Goldsmith in reinforced-concrete. Buchanan's Wharf was cleared in 1990 for the Limehouse Link road. This was on the distillery site
Venesta Wharf.  Venesta had the wharf 1900 - 1921 and much of the distillery area was recombined. They were packing-case makers. This was on the distillery site
The Aberdeen Wharf Site. This was part of Gray's and Heydon's Dockyard. Edward Gray, a mast maker leased the site in 1678, as a mast- and timber-yard. He added a dry dock and a house also a mast- and timber wharf. Heydon, a shipwright, took some of Gray's site and built another dry dock in 1686. By 1742 there was a single and a double dock where warships were built, Haydon made a slipway in 1694. He was succeeded at the yard by George Fowler 1696–1711 and the dockyard and house were also briefly in the hands of William Johnson and others before passing to William Hoskins
Batson's Yard. T. Robert Carter took the yard in 1737 and he was building ships for the Royal Navy in the 1740s. He was succeeded by his nephews, John and Robert Batson. Baltic timber, imported for the building of warships and East Indiamen From c1770 Robert Batson new smiths' shop and, in 1778. This is the Aberdeen Wharf site
Curling, Young & Company (Limehouse Dockyard). In 1800 Batson's yard was transferred to Cox, Curling & Company, shipbuilders, enlarged the dry docks and demolished the house. From 1820 the firm was known as Curling, Young & Company. They built East and West Indiamen and, later large merchant steamships, all in timber. The yard became Limehouse Dockyard. The managers from 1855 were Young, Son & Magnay and The firm continued to build large timber ships. This is the Aberdeen Wharf site
Limehouse Dockyard was bought by the newly formed London Quays & Warehouses Company, to provide wharfage and warehouses around a new dock. Sidney Young & Company operated the lower section of the dockyard until 1874. William Walker & Company, shipbuilders, in 1869. As Limehouse Dry Dock it was occupied by James Turner and others until 1901. This is the Aberdeen Wharf site
Aberdeen Wharf. The Aberdeen Steam Navigation Company, acquired part of Limehouse Dockyard in 1874, and filled in the dry dock.  They built a brick-lined tidal dock and warehousing designed by George Judge. The wharf was used for the storage of goods from Scotland, notably tinned salmon. The engineer was J. J. Robson and the builders were George Monday & Son. The warehouses, had Columbia fire-proof flooring
J. Spurling Ltd. in 1912 Spurling took the three 1870s warehouses to store strawboard and paper. The area was renamed Spurling's Lower Wharf, or Lower Aberdeen Wharf.  The wharf was badly damaged in the Blitz; the remains of the riverside warehouses were cleared in 1948–9, and the Emmett Street house and offices in 1956. A transit shed was built in 1950 and a brick Customs Office also. In 1956 the firm took over the whole wharf. This is the Aberdeen Wharf site
P. Bork & Company Ltd (later P. Bork Shipping Ltd), timber agents, acquired the wharf in 1962, for the storage of veneers. Aberdeen Wharf was cleared in the late 1980s for use by contractors working on West ferry Circus and other parts of the Canary Wharf site. This is the Aberdeen Wharf site
Union Wharf site. (See Westferry Circus below)
The Breach, Poplar Gut and the Gut House. The medieval river wall below Limehouse was breached in 1660. The Poplar Commissioners of Sewers repaired the damage and rebuilt other sections of defective wall. The new section of wall was back from the river leaving a stretch of unprotected foreland called The Breach. This came to be called the Great Gut, or Poplar Gut. Union Wharf site. (See Westferry Circus for the riverside in this area)
The Breach Dockyard, 1707–1818. The foreland formed by the breach of 1660 was used for storing timber but was leased in 1707 by John Winter, a London shipwright. He built two dry docks.  In 1715 William Hoare, became manager and then took it over himself... in 1740 it was let to Thomas Snellgrove, who built ships for the Royal Navy.  In 1753 the yard was sold to John Smart, a malt distiller who had built a distillery, and served by the two windmills also pigsties and a bacon house. But by 1774 Smart leased to James Menetone, a shipwright, who used it as a dockyard. The yard was then let to Almon Hill and Robert Mellish, and they built warships and East Indiamen. The West India Dock Company bought the dockyard in 1818, to enlarge the Limehouse Basin. Union Wharf site.
Ropeyard - John Lyney constructed a ropeyard in 1788–91, with a warehouse and an open ropewalk. This was taken over in 1800 for the building of the West India Docks. Union Wharf site.
Limehouse Entrance. The West India Docks' Limehouse entrance lock became unusable when the Limehouse Basin was infilled in 1927–8


Ropemaker's Fields
Open space named for the several ropewalks that were once in the area. It was laid out for the London Docklands Development Corporation on derelict land plus land above the Limehouse Link Tunnel by landscape architects Churchman Associates. There are rope moulded railings.  There are rope designs on railings and bollards with a rope motif. The landscape includes grass and trees including Indian bean trees, with paths. Bandstand which incorporates cast-iron columns saved from one of the former warehouses at St Katharine Docks
27 The House They Left Behind. Now a restaurant called The House ex 19th pub

Roy Square (see Narrow Street above)

Thames Place
This led to Limehouse Pier (see Riverside above)
This short road was cleared of buildings on the north side in 1950 Dundee Wharf was built.  It has now completely disappeared under Canary Riverside
Horns and Chequers Pub. There from before 1810 to the 1920s. Near the stairs there was a public house, perhaps known as the White Lion in the late 17th , later called the Chequers, and then the Horns and Chequers.

Three Colt Street
One of the original streets of Limehouse –  the Lime House was at its southern end.
Mitre Buildings. Residential. Some sort of meeting place attached to Brunswick chapel. 
Limehouse Station. This opened in 1840 on the London and Blackwall Railway and was closed in 1926. It is the only remaining original station building still extant from the London and Blackwall.  It is on the north side of the viaduct side although remains are evident to the south and there is a name plate to it. The platforms and their associated structures were largely built of wood and were apparently removed about 1929.
Brunswick Methodist Chapel. The trustees of the chapel dated back to at least 1831 and there were associated Mitre Schools from 1847 and Mitre buildings.. There was also the Limehouse Wesleyan Sunday School of the Seamen's Mission. There was a burial ground at the back of the chapel, popular with dissenters in the area. by 1895 The Seamen's Mission took over the premises and a sailors' bible class was started, There was a flourishing Sunday school, a children’s meeting on Thursday night, often attended by over 1,000 children, a 'cripples' parlour'. a factory girls' bible class and a social club. In 1931 Dr Harold Oatley from the London Hospital set up a Sunday school for Chinese children. In  1937 the Chapel was condemned as unsafe, and in 1939, the Shaftesbury Society was told that the Limehouse Ragged School here was closed.  The building was sold to the London County Council in 1965.
20 Tower Hamlets Housing Office
51 Cyril Jackson School. Three Colt Lane site.
Barleymow Estate. This was built in the 1960s on the site of Taylor Walker's Barley Mow Brewery by the Greater London Council.  There was an energy-efficient refurbishment by BCD Architects for the LDDC and Tower Hamlets in 1989-93.
80 Kings Head. Pub dating from at least 1839. Also known as the Old Kings Head. Current building is 1850 and built as a public house. Has an angel over the door. Now housing.
94 Limekiln Wharf.  The wharf is now a group of warehouses, overlooking the dock. It is now flats, houses and some offices
Door in the boundary wall of Limekiln Dock. This is a replica of the doorway from the Lime House, built in 1705 and demolished in 1935 with the last remaining limekiln which was adjacent. The original door was salvaged and taken to the Ragged School Museum,
110 Dundee Wharf. A late 19th office building, in red and yellow brick, for the Dundee, Perth, and London Shipping Co.  There is a Galleon in the pediment.  It is extended behind with a sheet steel clad box on stilts and alongside the entrance to the housing development called Dundee Wharf (See Dundee Wharf)
115 Around Poplar Children’s Centre
145 Enterprise pub. Closed and was latterly Entice, an Indian restaurant. This is now an estate agent

Trinidad Street
The railway crossing here was on the original London and Blackwall Railway 1840.  Here dwellings were built into the railway arches by the Company.

Westferry Circus
This square covers only a small portion of the western side of the circus. It consists of two roundabouts one above the other to provide access to different levels of Canary Wharf. the upper roundabout is in the open air, the lower roundabout is  in a tunnel. It was built from 1991.
The White Lead Factory and Timber Yards. The flood wall here was rebuilt following a breach in 1660.  At that time it was the site of a mast master’s works, William Wood, and from 1698 Philip Dyson, a shipwright.
Star, a timber-built public house.
White Lead Yard. This is on John Rocque's map of 1746. This was the works of the London (Quaker) Lead Company, which had lead mines on the Greenwich Hospital's estate in the northern Pennines.In 1717 William Rice had had a works here for the production of white lead by the stack process with a windmill, and a draw dock. In 1734 the site was sold to the London (Quaker) Lead Company. They left in 1780 and the site became a timber-wharf and yard owned by a Richard Hank.  From about 1727 the southern end of the lead site was used by another timber merchant John Satchell. John Tucker, of Weymouth, had part of this frontage as a stone-wharf, presumably for Portland stone. All of these properties were compulsorily purchased for the formation of the west entrance lock to the West India Docks and the buildings were demolished.
Emmett Street Wharf. Curling, Young & Co took over part of the white lead site for a timber-yard.  By the 1860s it was a scrap-iron wharf used by James Thomas Jago. In the 1870s Sidney Young & Company a shipwrights' and joiners' installed a sawmill. In 1885 Thomas Smith, County Durham opened the Emmett Street Foundry and Wharf and they made sash weights, columns, fire bars, sanitary castings etc'. The company was wound up in 1916 when it was purchased by William Mallinson & Co timber merchants, who stored aeroplane timber here. In the 1960s it was used by Jack Summers Ltd, timber merchants but in the 1870s was cleared and is now under Westferry Circus. (Also see Emmett Street)
The Union Docks.  These were owned by Fletcher Son & Fearnall 1818–1925 and the site draw dock that became the Limehouse Slipway. They were steamship builders who also repaired shipping using the West India Dock, specialising in river and excursion vessels. They built a dry-dock in the hull of the Canton, an East Indiaman. The Union Docks eventually occupied most of Limehouse Breach stretching over the whole river front between the two Limehouse entrance locks, and was one of the largest private yards on the Thames.  They gradually took on general engineering work, although the Great War brought them some shipbuilding work.   Fletcher, Son & Fearnall Ltd was wound up in 1925. For a decade the Union Docks site remained vacant.  (See Riverside and Bridge Road)
Locke's Wharf and Union Dock Wharf. In 1871 some of the land of the white lead site was leased to Locke, Lancaster & Company, lead merchants.  They had been established in 1854, premises in Bermondsey.  In 1872 F. W. May of Camberwell built a lead-refining works on the site, with two blast-furnaces. A third blast furnace added in 1892 was reputedly the first mechanically charged lead blast-furnace in the country. There were three cupellation furnaces producing about three tons of silver per week. The firm merged with W W & R Johnson & Sons in 1894. They remained here until 1930.
Lamb, Beal & Son, chain-cable makers and anchor-smiths. They were on part of Union Dock Wharf until the early 1920s.
Union Dry Dock. This is the lower dry dock and the gridiron. In 1940, the Admiralty requisitioned it for wartime work managed by R. & H. Green & Silley Weir until 1951. In 1955–6 the Thames Dry Dock & Engineering Company, which was part of the General Lighterage (Holdings) Group, converted the dry dock into a double slipway for the building and repair of small tugs and barges but the slipway was used only until 1965.  In the late 1960s it became Cargo Fleet Wharf and the Union Dry Dock was used for processing of sand and gravel. The northern section was taken for the building of Westferry Circus. The remainder was cleared in 1991
Bridge Wharf.  In 1929 the lock and its pier heads were let to J. J. Prior Ltd, sand and ballast wharfingers. They infilled the lock and leased the old Dock Company's gatekeeper's house. They built a tar plant. Bridge Wharf was taken over by Merediths Ltd, timber importers, in 1962. The site is now under Westferry Circus.
The Limehouse Slipway. An old ship-breaking yard south of the entrance lock was used by the West India Dock Company for the deliveries while the docks were being built. The frontage was later bricked up leaving a draw dock for repairs by the dock company. The surrounding area was taken over by Thomas Johnson & Son, who rebuilt the draw dock with stairs in 1822–3. The site was leased to Charrington, Gardner, Locket & Company in 1925, for a barge repair business. The slipway was rebuilt in concrete in 1938–9 to take two barges but the site was destroyed in the bombing of 1940. The Port of London Authority took the site in 1962 for barges repairs. They sold it in 1972 and it was used by Robbins (Marine) as a barge- and yacht-repair yard. It is now under Westferry Circus.

Westferry Road
The eastern services building for the Limehouse Link has artwork commissioned from leading UK artist and sculptor Michael Kenny (1941–1999), a relief work in Kilkenny limestone called On Strange and Distant Islands.


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