Sunday, 30 August 2015

Riverside - south bank east of the Tower. Gravesend

Riverside south bank east of the Tower. Gravesend

Gravesend clearly has an extremely interesting town centre - busy commercial riverside, history as a port, lots of industry, incredible numbers of pubs, fortifications, the ferry, pocahontus and etc etc etc.  It is now trying to get together with its history - but slowly - and areas which anywhere else would be showpieces are filled with a sort of squalid vulgarity.  This is a very rough tough town.

Post to the east Milton
Post to the north Tilbury Riverside
Post to the south Gravesend


Anglesea Place
This tiny turning is now really just an entrance to the multi storey car park, it was once a back lane with cottages at the rear of New Road
1-2 Railway Bell. 19th weather boarded pub. Said to have opened in 1879. This was originally the Marquis of Angelsea from 1856-1861. It then became the Anglesea Arms then in 1880 it became the Marquis of Angelsea again and in 1910 it changed to the Railway Bell,
Anglesea Centre.  Built in 1974 it is a shopping mall with offices and a car park behind.  Designed by Peter Beake, Bud & Partners. 


Bank Street
In the 15th this was the site of Dame Anne’s Hall and another part was Baldwin’s Acre. This road was cut through in 1850 following a fire, and named from a bank which stood on the corner with the High Street.  The western end is now pedestrianised and the rest is mainly car parks.
1 Hero of Kent. This is described as a ‘beershop’.
Distillery. This was later the address of Gravesend Town Silver Band. It is said have been on the site of the medical centre and that cellars were found during building work.
7 Model aircraft engine workshop owned by Harold Kemp
Hollister’s Electrical Contractors. This firm was here from the 1970s to 1992. They are now in Dover Road East.
8 Gravesend Steam Carriage Works. This seems to have dealt in steam traction engines

Barrack Row
So called from a row of houses at the back of the cinema which were used for housing soldiers.
Railway building in use by a car rental firm.  This may be one of the goods yard buildings.

Bath Street
This was once called Pipe Street. It went to Clifton Baths
Gravesend and North Kent Hospital. Land was given by the Earl of Darnley plus a donation and a new infirmary and dispensary was opened in 1854. In 1884 the Ladies Committee raised money for a children's ward and the name changed to the Gravesend Hospital. Thereafter public subscriptions and volunteer fund raising paid for extensions and equipment. N. C. H. Nisbett was the architect of the new building of 1895.  In 1948, it joined the National Health Service.  The hospital has been greatly extended as it grew the original building was incorporated into the new ones. Early in 2004, part of the hospital was closed down with some services moving to M Block, so that a new Community Hospital could be built here.
National School.  This stood on the east side of the road before 1834. It then joined the Free School in King Street and a new building was erected there.
5 Britannia. This pub was there 1788 – 1909 and has since been demolished.
7 Drysdale’s Engineering works. This was at Town Foundry from 1891. They were electrical, motor and general engineers. Specializing in patent beer displayers for hotel bars and patent bulk beer pasteurizers.
20-21 Ship. This pub was present 1844-1965. This was a Truman’s Pub with a lot of fake half timbering and a big corner porch and door.
75 Sailmaker's Arms. This pub was present in 1849. The name changed to the Prince George in 1853 but closed after a few years
Admiral Duncan. This pub was in Pleasant or Prospect Row 1798-1860 and sited near 78 or 86 Bath Street.
Compass Pub. This was there 1778-1834 and was also called Mariners’ Compass. It had originally been called Noar’s Ark
St Georges Centre. Major town centre shopping mall built on the site of old housing demolished in the 1950s.


Berkeley Road
Hall. Anglo Saxons Friendly Society. Founded in 1877 to support its members in time of need.

Chapel Lane
This road no longer exists – it led from West Street to Church Street and is now merely the flagged pathway leading to St. George's church.
Old Manor House - Pocock, writing in the late 18th said that here was the 'oldest building in Gravesend' but gave no details. In 1948, during demolitions, 40ft. of ragstone wall was found and it is thought that this was a remnant of a manor house and chapel built by Edward III between 1362 and 1368 with a hall, chapel, and a wharf cost. In 1376 Edward III transferred this manor to the Convent of St. Mary Graces, and they were allowed to use its fabric for their Tower Hill site.


Church Street
St George's Church. This church was built in 1731 on the site of church built about 1480 which had been burnt down in 1727.  It had been made the parish church in 1544 but we know nothing of what it looked like. After the fire the Corporation got a grant from the Commissioners and commissioned Charles Sloane to design the church. The church was closed in 1952 and it became Chapel of Unity and Mayor's Chapel.  In 1962 it was re-opened as a church and in 1968 became the parish church again.
Pocahontas.  In the churchyard is a bronze statue of Princess Pocahontas presented by the people of Virginia and unveiled by the Governor of Virginia in 1958.  She was the daughter of the Red Indian chief, Powhattan, and she saved the life of John Smith. She died on board a ship in 1616 and was buried in the old church. There are various memorials and artifacts in the church,
14 Church House and Hall. These were built in 1970.
14 Invicta Steam Brewery. It is first noted at this address in 1881 but in 1883 it is listed under Isidore Baron Berkowitz and Co.  – He was a Gravesend educator and founder of a Jewish School as well as being a local politician and Mayor at this time. During this period the trademark of an Invicta horse was used but this was changed later and the Gravesend town motto 'Decus et Tutamen' was used instead.  The firm cannot be traced after 1885 – and there is a feeling that this might be something really interesting, especially given that the address of the brewery is the same as the future church hall.
Church Street School, the first 'board school' to be built in the town in 1876. It closed in 1975.
Ragged School. Built in 1862 to replace the original Ragged School which had started in a wooden shed in the Old Main in 1851.  Here a Penny Bank, a Free Day school, Mother's Meeting, shoeblack brigade, and soup kitchen also established. The school has been linked with General Gordon who was very active in his support for it. But the Ragged School movement was a national one and led by evangelical Christians and the Earl of Shaftesbury. It was eventually demolished in 1955.
Invicta Brewery Tap. This was a beer house 1883-1893
16 Watermen’s Arms. This pub dated from around 1727 and was closed before 1914. It has since been demolished


Clifton Marine Parade
Built in early 19th this was a riverside promenade, and except for the western end where the chalk industry intruded. It is now more complex. This square takes in only the eastern end which still goes along the riverside where new blocks of flats have replaced industrial wharves and river views. It is then broken by the large retail park and then re-emerges in the next square. 
William Cleveley shipyard.  Cleveley had a ship building business here from around 1780.  He probably came from a ship wrighting background and at the same time seems to have been exploiting the chalk extraction and lime burning potential of the site. He is also said to have taken on a disused boat building site here. His site is said to have been that of the later Imperial Paper Mills but it may also have been to the western part of the site, beyond this square. He built here at least 13 of warships and merchant vessels, up to nearly 2,000 tons. Later members of the Cleverley family used the site here for lime-burning and providing chalk ballast for ships returning to northern ports. They also sold flints found in the chalk to gun makers and others. They worked together with William Gladdish, who had married a Cleverley daughter, and they burnt and sold lime through the early 19th until acquired by William Fletcher
Fletcher.  Alderman William Fletcher bought the site of the Dockyard in 1869. He was a barge owner, chalk and flint exporter and lime maker. As a lime works the site was named after the Hit and Miss pub -  which is in the square to the west of this one. This works continued into the early 20th by which time there were many kilns and a large pit serviced by narrow gauge lines to wharves by the river and a siding from the main line railway. There were two lime kilns in the quarry at the back.
53  Fletcher’s Wharf. This was originally Ditchburn's Wharf built in 1834 and at once time used for hoy services to London. In the early 1850's, William Gladdish took it over and used it for ballast and chalk export. He rebuilt it wharf and on his death, William Fletcher became the owner importing coke which was sold to surrounding factories.
Rope walk and rope house. Pocock records this in 1811 and it then probably belonged to a John Ditchburn of Chatham. By the 1840s it was in the hands of Henry and William Ditchburn, both with various civic appointments and grand sounding titles. The rope walk is said to have been ‘above the parade’ (Were these Ditchburns connections of the famous T.J.Ditchburn of Thames Ironworks who also came from Chatham in this period). It appears previously to have belonged to the Starbuck family from 1718 and made sisal rope.
Baths. A baths was set up near Ditchburn’s rope walk in 1796. These baths were in gardens called The Grove, with lodging houses and cottage. The proprietor was Henry Ditchburn. There were a selection of different types of bath as well as bathing machines and a reading room.
Clifton Baths. Henry Ditchburn sold the Gravesend Baths to a company which redeveloped the entire area and changed the name to the Clifton Baths.  This was designed by local architect Amon Wilds. The central section of the baths between a hotel and houses was an extraordinary Moorish style building. They had sea water bathing and had swimming facilities, separate for each sex, hot and tepid baths for the languid.  The baths came at a time when Gravesend was becoming less popular as a resort and pollution was increasing in the river. They were eventually sold by the freeholders, The Darnley Estate, in 1903 and demolished
Clifton Pier. This was built near to the Baths, in Clifton Parade, by Mr McIntosh in order to service visitors coming via steamers.
Clifton Hotel. This was owned by Thomas Pallister of the local Old Falcon Hotel. It was also known as Pallister’s Hotel.
New Thames Yacht Club.  This moved into what had been Pallister's hotel and was the centre of considerable yachting activities opening in 1894.  It was a start and finish point for many river races. The club was a breakaway group from the Royal Thames Yacht Club and was defunct by the early 1900s
Imperial Paper Mills. This large paper making factory was set up by Harmsworth’s Amalgamated Press to process the pulp into newsprint, from the early 1900s through to the 1980s. Most of the pulp came from the company’s forest at Grand Falls Newfoundland from 1910.The works occupied the entire site of the ship yard, lime works, rope yard plus land to the west. The works also had an internal rail system and a large wharf.
Imperial Wharf. The wharf handles commercial shipping and has recently acquired a bitumen terminal.  They operate from the former paper mill office block called The White House and a war memorial on site remains form the works.
Imperial Business Estate.  These are on the site of the paper mill. 
Baltic wharf. This wharf handled timber from the Baltic ports. It later became a coal handling wharf for Tuffee and Hayward.  The site is now flats.
Rifle range. This is said to have been used by volunteer regiments and was at the southern end of the pit adjacent to Overcliffe –√°lthough obviously below it.
Whiting works. This was south of the Lime works.

Clifton Road
This is the last remaining portion of the former highway, to Northfleet.  It was the main road to Northfleet, made in 1716 to replace an earlier road nearer the river which had become dangerous because of removal of land for ballast; it was replaced New Road and Overcliffe, in 1802. It was still known as the Old Main (Road) in 1900, although officially it was Clifton Road.
Ragged School. The original Ragged School n Gravesend was held in a cottage on the south-east corner of the road before moving to purpose built accommodation.  The cottage was extant until 1950 and was the last thatched house in the town.
A hole appeared in the lawn near the hospital generator house in 1979. It was a tunnel which went for some distance and had had props in it and some pre-Aspdin cement. It was concluded it had something to do with an adjacent whiting works – maybe illegally.
Gas works. The earliest gas works in Gravesend was set up in 1824. By Gravesend & Milton Gas Light Company and closed in 1843.  The town was first lit by gas on 9 December 1824
Tunnel to Tilbury. This was an undertaking by Ralph Dodd in 1798. The proposed tunnel was to be 900 yards long under the bed of the Thames.   The shaft was sunk at the back of an abandoned chalk pit called Old Main near the house of Mr.Hazard. By the time they had dug 70ft water was coming in and had to be continually pumped.  Soon after the engine house was burnt down and work stopped.

Clive Road
Gravesend Central Station The main part of the station is in the square to the south.
Thamesgate Shopping Centre. Another more recent shopping centre


Crooked Lane
This was a small back road with cottages but is now part of the one way system round the town centre. It now takes in some of what was East Street.
4 Founders Arms. This appears to have been there between 1847 -1907.
The Old Falcon. The Old Falcon was rebuilt in 1882 it is said with a glass studio on the roof for William Wylie, the maritime artist well known for his Thames views. It was established before 1622, closed in 1939 and demolished in 1961.  The address was however in East Street and overlooking the river with stairs down to the foreshore the name displayed on the roof terrace to it could be seen from the river... Latterly it was a Truman’s house and referred to as ‘The Old Falcon and the King of Prussia’.


Darnley Road
Until 1796 this road was a field path closed by gates at each end. In the 19th the northern part of the road was called Somerset Street.
10 The Somerset Arms. It was present before 1843 and called the Exmouth Arms and but renamed the Somerset Arms before 1850.
Railway Bridge
Victoria Centre.  This was built in 1893 with Lieut-Col. C T. Plunkett as architect. It was then the Municipal Day School and had mixed classes of boys and girls who sat on separate sides of the class room and had their own playgrounds, and stairs.  No boy was allowed to speak to any of the girls outside school. Later it was the School of Science and Art and included Gravesend Free Library. It then became the County School for Higher Education under Kent County Council. In 1939 it was taken over by the Technical School. It has been an adult education centre since the 1980s.
Library. In 1894 the Borough Library was established in two rooms in the Technical School, The lending library was in a room on the first floor and the reading room on the ground floor.
Statue of Queen Victoria in terra-cotta, presented by Mayor G. M. Arnold to commemorate her Diamond Jubilee, It is by J Broad in terracotta by Doulton of Lambeth, who originally supplied a statue which was faulty and this is the replacement.


Eden Place
This short street is now. Now the site of car parks since 1972.  In the 19th it was the site of boarding houses but later became a slum

Garden Row
This was a path behind New Road which century led to a nursery garden now under the shopping mall.


High Street
The street runs up the hill from the river and the earliest known mention of it is in 1334.  It is thought that originally a channel ran down the middle of the street. Only pubs which have definite addresses in the High Street are listed here – there were many more than this!
1 Drum Pub also called the Pied Bull or the Castle. This pub was current 1684-1822
2 Castle Pub. This had been the Pyed Bull Pub from 1620 up to 1662 when the name changed.
4 Imperial. This building is now offices; it was a pub 1880 to 1909.  It appears to have been called the Saracen’s Head in 1514, and then the King’s Head the in 1662. It has however clearly been rebuilt, presumably in 1880.
5 Greyhound Pub.  Open 1445-1727
6 Bull. This pub also seems to be called Flushing or The George in the 17th. It is said to have had eleven rooms. This was also the address of Henry Pinnock, who left money for Gravesend’s almshouses and after whom they are named. It is first mentioned in a conveyance of 1464 and it closed in 1939. It has since been demolished.
9 Golden Fleece Pub, This was present 1637 to 1727. It was said to have stabling for 26 horses and a fine view of the river.
13 Seven Stars. Pub which was present 1475-1705
15 Antelope Pub also called the Crown or the Ship. It appears to be open in 1428 as the Crown and become the Ship in 1539 until 1727 re-opening as the Crown in 1728. In 1762 it became The Antelope and remained as such until it closed in 1783. It is said to be where King Christian of Denmark dined in 1614 with Henry, son of James I.
17 Surrey, Kent and Sussex Banking Co. This was the first branch of a joint stock bank in Gravesend which opened in 1837. It later became the London and County Bank and later the National Westminster Bank
20 The Kent.   This appears to have been called the Swan from 1462 until 1829 when it became the Kent. Although a pub called the Swan is noted in 1339. In 1976 it became the Penny Farthing and then closed in 2001 to reopen as the Kent Bar.  As the Swan it is thought to be the earliest known Gravesend Pub
24 London and County Bank. The bank is said to have moved here in 1864.  It had previously been the Freemasons Arms. A pub on that site in 1623 was the White Lion and then 1727- 1753 it was the bell and 1754-1790 it was the Greyhound and 1791- 1854 it was the Rose. It is now a shop.
34 Anchor and Crown. This was there 1651-1958 and was demolished when the Woolworth’s building replaced Bryant and Rackstraw.  It was a Truman’s house.
43 excavations here 1963 when it had been  a shoe shop established its use as that for the previous 150 years and that it had been in use of some sort since the 13th
44 Chase. This has had a number of incarnations. It was the Three Tuns before 1570 and then called the Chase in 1871. It was known as the Market Tavern in the 21st but in 2015 is The Chase again, probably
48/49 Plaque here to Robert Pocock, Gravesend historian 1760-1830. This records Pocock’s first printing press here in 1786. 
52 Black Horse Pub. This dated from 1614 as the Blew Bell, Then 1729 -1760 it was The Globe, and 1760-1864 it was the Black Horse. It was then the Alexandria Shades until 1868, and then called The Royal Yacht, and then in 1887-1897 The Royal Jubilee. It closed as The Jubilee in 1928.
56 Catherine Wheel. This had a stone on the frontage with 1686 for the date it was built. Half of the original building still remains
59 Bar 59. Pub.  This pub was The Cutter before 1686, between 1781 and 1836 but was the Admiral Boscowen being named the Albion in 1736 until 1994 when it was called the Buffaloes Head, It is now Bar 59.
63 Empire Tavern.  This was called Old Parr’s Head in 1797 and renamed Empire in 1892. It was a Reid’s house. It closed in 1914 but the building is still extant and in shop use.
64 Pope's Head Pub. This was present 1693-1922. This had 13 rooms, a summerhouse and stables. 
75 The Orient Pub. This had been the White Hart which was present by 1603 and closed in 1890. It closed in 1910 and had been demolished. As the White Hart it was used as the vestry house.
77 Cock and Pye Pub. This seems to have been open for only three or four years in the 17th
77-83 these houses are the last remaining of those built in the 1730s after the fire of 1727.  This fire began in a farm building and left houses, shops and the parish church burnt out.
80 ½ Hole in the Wall, This pub dated from 1775 and was demolished in 1938.
83 Sun Pub.   William Bourne was the innkeeper here (c.1535 -1581). He was also a, mathematician, and gunner who wrote on ordnance, inventions and navigation.  He was also port reeve
84 Chequers Pub. This was present 1570 to 1739.
Market. The Corporation is required to hold a Common Market once a week by Charter. This was at first an open space built in 1818 which was converted into two covered ways with an uncovered centre area. The architect was Charles Fowler. The present market hall was built in 1897, and designed by architect Edward J. Bennett and the builders Multon and Wallis. It was opened in 1898.
Statue of Victoria. This is the statue destined for outside what is now the Victoria Centre but which was replaced. It is by J Broad and Doulton of Lambeth
Town Hall. This is actually in the parish of Milton. It was built in 1764 with C. Sloane as architect.  In 1836 Amon Wilds replaced the frontage putting on the pediment Minerva, Truth, and Justice, but they were removed in 1939.  It is now used only as Magistrates and Coroners Courts.  In the old Council Chamber are portraits of former members and town clerks.  Until 1940 there was a police station in the basement.


Horn Yard
This is now entirely a car park
Ice Well. A hole appeared near the Bank Street junction revealing a deep circular brick structure, with a collapsed domed top - the remains of a 19th Ice Well.  At the bottom a short brick passage led to a flight of steps and it is assumed there were more steps to the building above. A second passage appeared to run to steps to the surface but was filled with debris, including items from the 1930s and 1950's. A small-unlined alcove in the chalk had a hard stone shelf with a hole.

Jury Street
This roadway was cut through in 1846-7 when a fire provided an opportunity. It is named because the amount of the damage and the costs were decided by a jury.

Kempthorne Street
This is now an internal road in the St. George’s Centre shopping mall. It was previously a north south road running from Church Street.  It is named after the wife of John Wakefield, who was buried in St.George’s churchyard.

King Street
The corner with Windmill Street seems to have been known as ‘St. Thomas’s Corner’ – a name which predates the almshouses of that name which stood here. It has been speculated that the name relates to a stop off for pilgrims going to Canterbury – maybe coming via the ferry to continue to the Pilgrim’s Way (or more sensibly the Roman Road on what is now the A2). It was also called ‘Holy Water Street’ from a house known as 'Holy Water’ which was sold to Henry Pinnock in 1624.
1 Big Discounts/ Bryant and Rackstraw/ Woolworths. In 1957 Woolworths replaced Bryant and Rackstraw, haberdashers who are said to have been on site 100 years. In 1839 this was the site for Cadells, printers, library, and agent for the Phoenix Fire Insurance Co.
1 Prince of Orange. This pub, on the corner later occupied by Woolworths and Burtons, is named for The Prince who had visited Gravesend in 1734 for his marriage to the Princess Royal.  It had previously been The George, on site since 1633 replaced by the ‘Tilt boat and Old George’ from 1728. It had been re- built in the early 19th when New Road was cut. Coaches ran from there - . For instance the 'Commodore' from Brompton on its way to the Spread Eagle, Gracechurch Street.  It is said there was a secret passage to The Three Daws. The pub remained there until 1928 although by then part of the site had become shops.
3 Bet Fred. Barclays Bank moved here from the High Street and about 1930 and it was subsequently used by a number of financial institutors. The building has a number of interesting plaques – those from the ground floor, now reproduced as a postcard. On the first floor are designs of ships.  It is on the site of what was King Street School.
King Street School. This was on the site later occupied by Barclays Bank. The school was a wooden building with the upper floor overhanging and with a window the whole length of the building. The school was in being before 1580 and was then situated near the market place and moved here in the early 17th. In 1835 it merged with the National school and a new school was built, with the boys' department on the ground floor, and the girls' above. This was a church school until 1928 and in 1939 a new St. George's school was opened in Wrotham Road and this site was sold for commercial purposes.
4 Santander Bank. This was Williamsons Cafe.  This is the small Tudor style brick building with possibly writing on a plaque under a first floor bow window
5-6 this was the site of The Vine pub, from 1662 to 1783 when it was divided into tenements
7 Carlton Cafe. This appears to be part of the Kings Head. In the 1940s the Carlton was the poshest cafe in Gravesend.
8 Kings Head Sports Bar. This is in part of the King's Head building. It was the King's Head from 1778. Rebuilt 1895. It briefly reopened as Equinox. It closed in 1990.  This building has a number of decorative plaques on it -one of over the main door or a king’s head over the main door and another higher up with the builder and rebuilding date and the initials GMA. Only half the original building appears to be used as a pub.
11 The Majestic Cinema was opened in 1931 with stalls and a circle levels. It had a stage, four dressing rooms and a cafe. It was taken over by Union Cinemas in 1933, who installed a Compton 3Manual/7Ranks organ. Union Cinemas were taken over by Associated British Cinema in 1937. It was re-named ABC in 1963 and the Compton organ was removed in 1968 going eventually to West Hallam social club. It was converted to three screens in 1972 and then taken over by the Cannon Group in 1986 & re-named Cannon. In the 1990’s it became the MGM, in 1995 it was again ABC and then was taken over by Odeon. It then screened Indian films as EMD Cinema. It closed in 2002, and was taken over by the United Church of the Kingdom of God. They had moved out by 2006 and it was partly demolished in 2009. The front of the building remains.
21 Mitre Hotel. This was on the corner with Queen Street. It was the Pelican and Punchbowl 1726 -1795, and then became the Duke of York until 1836 when it became the Mitre. It had a small house adjoining and was a brick building and the last remaining building of its period in the street. It was a Posting House in the 1830s. It was demolished in 1971 and there is now new building on the site.
23-24 Goose Gravesend. This pub was The Pembroke. This is the site of Cooper’s furniture store.
26 County Court offices. Built in 1878, and used for the Crown Court
29 David Grieg. Provision merchants built 1903
30 The National Westminster Bank. Built as the London and County Bank in 1898. It is in red brick with a lot of decoration in an Arts and Crafts style. The architect was Alfred Williams with Creaton and Co. as the builders. It was built on the site of Pinnock’s almshouses.
Pinnock's Almshouses. St. Thomas's almshouses stood here until 1896. They were the successors of those bequeathed in 1624 by Henry Pinnock who was   Port Reeve in the early 17th. . They had been built in 1834 in red brick and with a stretch of grass in front. They had replaced a weather boarded group and were themselves replaced by the almshouses in Old Road. 


Lennox Avenue
This is said to be the area of a ground used in 1893 for the newly-formed Gravesend United Football Club - itself an amalgamation of Gravesend Football Club and Gravesend Ormonde. The ground was entered from Overcliffe.

Manor Road
This road is now cobbled with restricted entry.  It is said to be called after an office where manorial quit-rents were paid. 
Gravesend Education Committee and School Clinic 1 Manor Shades. This pub was established before 1879. It has also been called Burton Ale Shades. Now closed.
The Courtyard. This block of buildings used as offices and other units appears to be in the area of what was Abbott’s Dairy established in 1786. In the 1870s this was a timber yard.
7 Abbott Dairies
7 Compass Ale House. Claims to be a ‘micropub’. It appears to be in the building used by Abbotts as their office


Milton Road
1 New Inn. This pub is said to have been in existence since 1791. It was originally the home of Lord Paston, and then later Dr. Holker, who in 1734, entertained the Prince and Princess of Orange there. In 1780 it was then taken over by the licensee of a different New Tavern vacated for the construction of water-side defences. The grounds were extensive and included a bowling green. At the rear was a 19th livery and bait stable hiring horses, carriages and waggonettes. The pub is still open but in 2012 it was called Coyote Ugly and then Bar 1.
Wesleyan Methodist Chapel. This church built in 1906 replaces an earlier chapel of 1812 on the same site.
53 The Grapes. This is a Shepherd Neame house.19th corner building which dates from 1843
St Joseph’s Convent. In 1860 saw four Sisters of Mercy moved into a house close to St. John’s. They staffed the parish school, and, by 1864 some classrooms had been built. In 1950 the Convent of Mercy moved to Hillside Drive
St John’s Roman Catholic Church. This was built in 1834 by Church of England worshippers as a 'proprietary chapel’. The architect was Mr. Jenkins. In 1842 it was put up for auction but no purchaser was found until 1843 when it was bought by a curate of St.Anne's, Westminster. In 1851, following a row about relationships with the Roman Catholic Church it was sold to Cardinal Wiseman with money from the Raphael family of Parrock Manor. It then became a Roman Catholic Church. A new steeple was added in 1873 by Goldie and Child, and it was dedicated in 1892, the dedication being changed from John the Baptist to John the Evangelist. There have been other changes to the structure since.
Mechanics Institute library and lecture-room were built next to the church in the early 19th, but failed for lack of support.


New Road
Built early in 1801 as a cut to provide a direct road to Northfleet. Irregular roofs and upper storeys at the west end who that when the road was built it was made it was made up of cottages which were converted into shops.
1 Costa Coffee. This is in the old Burton’s menswear shop
1a Chieseman's store. This was previously Bon Marche owned by T.Delarue.  This was probably the Mr Delarue who lived in Old Road in the 1950s and who was something to do with the Thomas Delarue School, for people with cerebral palsy in Tonbridge. The store was sold to Chieseman’s in 1957 - Chiesman Brothers was started by brothers Frank and Harry Chiesman in 1884 in Lewisham.
46 Sun. This pub was established in 1810 stood until 1970 at the corner of Bath Street. It was built of brick dated from the opening of New Road.
51-53 Super Cinema.  This was built in 1880 as the Borough of Gravesend British Workman's Halls. It then became the Gravesend Public Halls used for meetings, lectures, concerts and entertainments. A small upper hall was used for social functions. Films were shown here it was and in 1921 it was named the Popular Picture Palace. By 1915 there were live performances and films, and was Called the Palace Theatre, and then, as a full time cinema, the Empire Picture Palace. By 1925 it was London Theatre, in 1930 the Rivoli Music Hall. And By 1932 it was the Regent Cinema. It was taken over by the Union Cinemas chain in 1933 and re-constructed inside by architect A.H. Jones to re-open as the Super Cinema It had a Compton 3Manual/5Ranks organ which later went to a newly built cinema in Scunthorpe. ABC closed it in 1958. It was demolished although the facade was kept and used has since been used as shops and a series of restaurants
61 St James Schools. This was the first building on the north side. It later became a shop. Between 1855 - 1937 it was a school. The site is now the British Heart Foundation
St James Church. This was on the corner with Darnley Road from 1852 to 1968. It was built under the Church Building Act of 1818 after a petition from parishioners. The architect was S. W. Dawkes and it was built of Kentish ragstone. When it was demolished in 1968 the stained glass east window went to the Victoria and Albert Museum, and the oak altar to Cobham.  The tower clock was presented in memory of Captain Marsden, a former harbour-master. Between 1952 and 1968 it was the parish church of Gravesend when the incumbent was Selwyn Gummer father of a future government minister.
Joynes House. This is on the site of St. James’s church and is an office block mainly housing county court and government agencies
62-63 Wheatsheaf. This pub dates from 1824.It has lots of green tiles and mock half timbering
65 Regal Cinema. This was The Gem Picture Theatre which opened in 1914. It was taken over by Union Cinemas in 1933 re-opened as the Regal Cinema. It closed in 1968 and was converted into a bingo club – in 1992 Coral Bingo Club, and later Gala Bingo Club.
67 John Edgely. Fish shop and smoke house
Stable and coach house. On the corner with Garrick Street was a seedsman’s store, used in the 19th as a stable and coach-house’
71 Site of the Salvation Army Citadel on the corner with Garrick Street. This had been the Theatre Royal opened for plays in 1807 by Mr. J. Trotter. It had many changes of fortune but was at iris most popular the 1870s. It was bought by the Salvation Army in 1883. And demolished in 1969. It is now under Tesco
72a Site of a builder’s merchant's yard which had once been called the Royal Mews; a livery stables.
73 Eagle, public house which dated from 1876. This was demolished n 1969 and is now under Tesco’s
74 site of the Co-op store. This was built on the site of two private houses with long front gardens. These were demolished in 1958. They were occupied by Dr. Charles Pinching, the last in a family of Gravesend doctors.
76c Royal Sovereign. Pub. This was here 1861-1910
77a Lloyds Bank. This was demolished in 1973 and had been built in 1906 by Alfred Tolhurst as a branch of the Capital and Counties Bank. The architect was George E. Clay and it was on the site of offices built in 1867 and a pub. It was used also by Tolhurst as a solicitor’s office
84 HSBC – built as Midland Bank. This is on the site of a stonemason's yard. The bank is by T. B. Whinney in 1911
85 Macdonald’s. This was the Nelson Hotel, previously called the Marquis of Granby and before that the Flower de Luce. It was rebuilt in 187


Overcliffe
Built 1802 as a result of petition to House of Commons by Gravesend Corporation because the old road had become unsafe because of the pits. Houses on the south side were built between 1864 and 1870 and with deep gardens
The Fairfield was adjacent to Bath Street and stretched between here and what is now Overcliffe .This is where the annual Gravesend Fair was held. Gravesend Cattle Fair held on part of the pastureland to the south in the early 1890s.
Maidstone and District Booking Office. Buses of the Maidstone and District Company, with services to Kent and Sussex, used to be parked along the roadway. The company’s booking offices and garages were built in 1923 on part of the old cattle fairground. The first Maidstone and District bus service to Chatham opened in 1911. . The offices are now all in retail use.
ASDA there is an entrance to the ASDA store below on Thames Way
3 Gravesend Training College. This was present before the Second World War. It was run by Ron Crookes and taught shorthand and typing.
6 -8 Gravesend Art School. This closed in the 1960s to merge with a college in Medway.  The most famous alumni was Sir Peter Blake – but there were other distinguished artists.  This is now offices
12 National Autistic Society. This appears to include the Helen Allison School and The Hurst Skeffington Hostel for Autistic Adolescents.  The building was in the past used by a Christian Scientist Church
14 Ancient Order of Foresters
. This was also once Gravesend Trades Hall and Institute.  It seems now to be mainly flats.
24 Gravesend Labour Party
32 Miss Sharman's School for Orphans. Charlotte Sharman rescued hundreds of orphan children from the streets and founded schools here, and in Southwark and Tunbridge Wells. She was not a wealthy woman but worked in practical ways


Parrock Street
The road is built on the line of a footpath from Gravesend to Henhurst Lane
Underground Toilets – these were closed in the 1990s and are believed to date from the early 20th.
1 Whispers. This was the Royal Victoria Shades, and previously the Flower Pot dating from 1849.  This is now a ‘night club’. .
Conservative Club. In the 19th its walled garden ran along the south side of King Street
Cromer House. In the Second World War this was used by the Y.M.C.A. for service men
Glovers Pond. This was on the side of the road near Manor Road until the early 19th.

Princes Street
This road has had a number of names - Princess Street, Bread Street, or Gravesend Backside. It backs onto the High Street and now is a series of high walls and backs of buildings. It once had a number of workshops and warehouses.
Congregational or Independent Chapel.   A meeting- house with a burial ground and minister's house was built in 1717. It was later extended to include a lecture hall, schoolroom and library. It closed in 1953 and its congregation moved to Old Road East. The building was demolished in 1961 and the site is now a car park.


Queen Street
This street was known in the early 18th as Milton Backside.  The name ‘Queen Street’ seems to date from the early 19th
1-2 Ordnance Arms. This was behind a cobbled space and derived its name land ownership by the War Department.  It was opened in 1816 actually in Crooked Lane.  It was a Russell’s house. It closed in 1914 and has since been demolished
4 Five Bells. This probably dated from 1658.   In the late 1890s it was called The Dolphin-was also rebuilt in 1898.  In 1912 it became a sweet factory and since 1920 it has been a fish and chip shop
6-7 Roebuck. This was the Three Horseshoes in 1633, becoming the Roebuck in the 1770s. It Closed in 1914.
21 Pippin Tree. The pub opened as early as 1705. In 1724 it was called with the Cherry Tree and in 1834 it was the Town Arms. In 2000 it became Night Shades.  It is now called Blakes and claims to be an exclusive club.  The building looks terrific
22 Shrimp dealer. In the 1930s this was the premises of H. Plumb, shrimp merchant
30 Papa. The Papa family have been making Italian ice cream here since at least the Great War. The shop is now an Italian restaurant who say they have taken on the brand name of Papa.  It is not clear if ice cream is still made here.
38 George.  This is thought to date from 1545 It was rebuilt in 1778.  It is still open
44a Eel Merchant. In the 1930s this was the premises of Charles Randall, Eel Merchant.
46 Rose of Denmark.  This opened in 1868 it closed in 1906 to become the Comrades Club, which closed in 2007.  In the 1930 as Gravesend Social Club it had also housed the local Unemployed Committee.  The building is still extant and appears to have been converted to housing
53 Hope.  This pub was opened by 1853 to 1895
68 Coal Ship.  This pub appears to date from 1868 to 1898
Fish Market.  That this was built at the back of the town hall in 1829
Etkins House. This was demolished in 1951 and was thought to be the house of George Etkins, Sheriff of Kent in 1681. The upper storey was said to be 300 years old, and built on oak posts nearly a foot square with the bark still on the unworked side. This seems to have been on the west side of the street “about 40 yards down”.
Forges.  These adjoined the stables at the back of the New Inn to shoe the numerous horses.  The last farrier in the town was on the opposite side of the street and closed in 1960. Some of the smiths ornamental ironwork is his father is said that to say what we can see how it in Milton church
William Pittook's Queen Street brewery. This was present in 1839.  The name was changed to Pittock and Chandler in 1846 and it had gone by 1848. Pittock had a brewery in Dartford at around the same time
Bull Yard. This is said to have been the site of an Elizabethan Foundry. Tug owner George Butchard took it over and it was then bought by Robert Priestly undertaking steel plate and structural steel work including work for the Channel Tunnel. In the 1950s it was use by W.J.Beer & Son who were marine, general engineers and millwrights


Railway Place
This road runs over above the railway line. At one time it was the site of stables. It is a popular place for late night punch ups.
1a Railway Tavern. Place. This was a Meux’s Brewery house established by 1881 and closed in 2010. It reopened again in 2012 as the D’Ream Bar and apparently closed because the licensee is in jail.


Royal Pier Road
This is now a riverside walkway bereft of buildings. .Some of it was once known as East Street
Green space. Area covered by the pleasant enclosed greensward, provided with seats for residents and visitors. Site of Beckett Brewery and Edward Bannister’s coal yard. The site, which included a number of old weather-boarded buildings, was cleared in 1954.
4 Old Amsterdam. The pub may have dated from the 16th and had a reputation connected to smuggling and had a causeway into the river.  It was adjacent to the White Hart, the Green Dragon and The Boot. These pubs were owned by a David Varchell but were burnt down in 1727. The new pubs were Roebuck and Pelican and the Amsterdam was rebuilt. It became the place where the Corporation banquets were held, and catered to ‘the better class of sailor’. It closed in 1915 and was used by the National Sailors and Firemen’s Union, by the Scandinavian Sailors Homes and then by a car hire firm. In 1955 the Council bought the freehold from the Church Commissioners and demolished it.
Steam Packet Co. Offices. These were in a small building attached to the Three Daws. Later it became a reading room for the local watermen until brought in to use as steam tug offices
Rose. This was a pub in what was East Street in 1656-1727. The original pub was blown up in August 1727 to prevent the great fire of Gravesend spreading. It was also called the Star and was on the site of Beckett’s Brewery
Stowboat. This was on the north side East Street 1691-1527. It may also have been called The Bell and Green Dragon or called simply the Boat. In 1727 it is said to have had connections with Beckett and Wood's Brewery.  It may also be the pub also called The Golden Last which was extant 1775-1779 which may also have been called The Boot and thus easily confused with Boat.
Gunne. In East Street 1580-1666 also called The Lower Gunne
Maydenhead, In East Street 1584-1662
Nags Head. This was also called the White Hart and Bowle and had its own wharf. It was in East Street 1544 -1727, when it was burnt down
Star. This pub was here 1662-1783 and included a brewhouse
Barge Pub, This was in this area 1580-1783
8 Wood's Brewery. C.A. Becket is said to have founded the firm in 1832 but there was possibly a brewery of that name in 1777 and in 1859 the firm is listed under G. Wood.  It was taken over in 1910 by Russell’s.  The premises were later used by the excise as a bondage store.
4 King of Prussia. This opened in 1768 but the title was changed to the King of the Belgians soon after the outbreak of the 1914-18 war. Closed and demolished.
5 Warner Boat-builder. This was present in the late 19th and lasted in the family until the Second World War. They were said to be the last of the skiff builders. William James Warner was born in Greenwich in 1843 where he was apprenticed to Shipbuilder Corbett. He moved to Gravesend to build skiffs. His son William J Warner jnr carried on the business. One skiff was Nancy built in Gravesend fashion with 7 strakes. Her Licence entitled her to carry 8 passengers and Up to 2 tons of merchandise could also be carried. She was owned and worked by the Sergent family of Chariton and in 1914 assisted in the rescue of many from General Steam Navigation Co's ship Oriel, sunk off Charlton.
St.Andrew's Waterside Mission.  This church was built in 1870 by G.A. Street as a place of worship for seamen and river workers and here emigrants awaiting departure to Australia and New Zealand could be baptised.  It originated through Rev. C. E. R. Robinson, a vicar of Holy Trinity, who visited emigrant ships.  Needing a headquarters they converted the Spread Eagle Pub into a centre for rest and recreation. A subscription list of raised for a permanent church and the church being consecrated on St. Andrew's Day, 1871, 'To the Glory of God and in memory of Admiral Sir Francis Beaufort, K.C.B.  Inside the roof of pitch pine is like an upturned boat, with a mosaic above the altar of 'The Stilling of the Tempest'. There is also a window to the Franklin Expedition. . The church was closed in 1970 and was been acquired by the Council and used as an Arts Centre. 
The Mission House. This was part of an old pub pulled down to make space for the church
19 Spread Eagle. This pub dated from 1819 and part of it remains as the Mission House adjacent to St. Andrew's church,
United Steam Tug Co.  This was a syndicate of watermen/pilots, Trinity House pilots and local businessmen, the watermen being concerned with berthing, docking and other river related ship-handling activity. They operated from this area
Game Cock Steam Towing Co. This company operated from this area. They had been founded in 1880, by a consortium of around twelve London River Pilots. Control eventually passed to Watkins and they were wound up in 1968.
Sun Tugs Co. The company operated from this area. William Alexander came from Gravesend born in 1858.  He had a lighterage company based in Wapping in 1883. In 1891 based in Deptford he began to use the prefix 'Sun' on all vessels but was based in Wapping. On his death the company remained in the family who also owned sailing vessels. From 1938 they concentrated on towing and in 1969 became part of London Tugs Ltd.
Bawley Bay.  This is the name of the foreshore around St. Andrew's Waterside Mission church. It was once the moorings of the shrimp boats, called 'bawleys', of which there were large numbers during the 19th.
Thames Terrace. This was a row of fishermen's cottages known as Bawley Row. They were demolished after the Second World War.
Blockhouse Dock The bay on the west side of the church is Blockhouse dock: the whole area came within the blockhouse property before it was disposed of in 1835


St. James’s Road
The big houses in Overcliffe had long gardens opening out into what is now St. James's Road.


Stone Street
Before the construction of New Road in 1801, what is now Stone Street was regarded as part of Gravesend Backside – which is now Princes Street.
1-4 Robert Pocock Pub. Site of the Rainbow Stores and which fronts onto Windmill Street
11 Trocerdero this is the back entrance, it fronts onto Windmill Street
16 Bridge Bar. This was the Brickmakers Arms. Open 1853 to 1910, then changed its name to the Station Hotel and later changed again to Bar 24.
21, 22, and 23 these rather posh stucco- fronted buildings used as offices and shops, were built in 1789 as Gravesend and Milton's workhouse. The two later end buildings were not part of the workhouse but were added in 1847 when the block was converted into houses and shops.
31 P. E. Lines and Co.'s .  Builder’s merchant’s yard.  Previously the site was a stable-and-cart yard
36 Shade’s Bakers. They were a family business from the 1950s. Miss Shade held elocution lessons above the shop.
Methodist Church. This is market on late 19th maps near the north end on the west side. This may be the building of 1800 built for the Oddfellows Friendly Society.  A number of Baptist groups met in 19th Stone Street in the 19th and there was possibly an Enon Chapel, and a school room. The hall was also used by a hay, straw and fodder merchant
Stable for livery and bait from the 1890s period. It was known as the Borough Mews and a horse-bus ran from here to Meopham, and on sometimes to Cobham.
Multi-storey car park, opened in 1976, dominates the west side of the street.


Stuart Road
When the railway was opened here the road was claimed as a private road and barred under the orders of Lord Darnley, the landowner who opposed it. Eventually the differences between the parties were settled
Pickford's Depository.  Furniture storage building for this national removal firm and carrier. Now in other use. From 1852 it was Hayward’s Mineral Water manufactory,
Fairfield Works. In the 1930s this was Wallis Builders Yard. They were a Maidstone based construction company. This appears to be what is now known as Lindfield House
Gravesham Place. Integrated care centre
Terminus Hotel. This opened in 1899 and closed in 1988. Now demolished. In the late 1950s and early 1960s a famous jazz club was based here. This featured George Chisholm, TV trombonist, Woolwich based Owen Bryce and clarinet player Sandy Brown,
West Street Station.   This opened in 1886 as ‘Gravesend Station’ by the London Chatham and Dover Railway on the same day as Tilbury Docks. There had been some discussion over the eventual siting of the terminus which was changed finally to Stuart Road. It had two platforms in a V shape and another going to a riverside pier. At the base of the triangle were a station house, a goods yard, and a turntable. It was originally intended to have a station nearer to the High Street, but this was never built. It had originally been started by the Gravesend Railway Co. In 1899 it was renamed Gravesend West. In 1916 a boat train service from Victoria began to meet Batavia Line boats here but this stopped in the Second World War. From 1953 it was used by goods trains only and closed in 1968. There was an attempt to re-open it by the North Downs Steam Railway in 1987.
Signal Box. This was an all-timber two-storey-high box at the south western end of the layout, where the double-track line fanned out into numerous sidings. As a terminus there was a fifty-foot turntable on the opposite side of the lines to the box and there was also a water tower.
Goods area. Sidings from the line fanned out to the south terminating at Stuart Road.  Some used by coal merchants. After the Great War there was a decline in freight traffic and the closure of industrial sidings. The Southern Railway concentrated goods traffic here to relieve Gravesend Central and the North Kent Line.  There is now a building and household supplies supermarket on the site

Terrace Street
1 Greyhound. This was a Russell’s, then Truman’s, House. It opened before 1841 and closed in 1971. Demolished.
8 Elias Warner. This shrimp merchant was there in the 1930s
10 Royal Standard. This was a Charrington House opened before 1846 and closed 1960 and later demolished.
18 Horn of Plenty. This was open before 1848 and closed in 1914. It has since been demolished
Thames Way
This new road out of Gravesend to the south and west is largely built on the trackbed of the West Street railway line.


Town Pier
The Town Pier stands at the junction of the two parishes of Gravesend and Milton.  The causeway beneath the old Town Pier may have been Milton's hythe.  The earliest mention of a landing-place after Domesday is in 1286 when it is mentioned in connection with a storm and in complaints on it condition made in 1293. In 1767 the Corporation in built a wharf with a crane &c to land goods, and a substantial stone causeway.
Gravesend Town Pier.  This is said to be the oldest remaining cast iron pier in the world. It was designed by engineer William Tierney Clark, and built by William Wood of Gravesend.  It comprised a terrace granite quayside and an open decked promenade. At the end was a T head with two open sided pavilions and steps down to the river. It was opened in 1834 and served the cross ferry service as demand fluctuated over the next 170 years. In the mid 1840s the promenade and end section were enclosed and the steps replaced by a floating pontoon. Bur in the 20th much of the 19trh panelling was removed as was some of the ironwork. 1980s flood defence work obliterated the granite quayside.  By 2000 it was privately owned and dilapidated and it was then bought by Gravesham Council and a restoration scheme undertaken – hopefully to include a restaurant and the ferry – as well as other visiting boat services of various kinds
Cross ferry. The Gravesend-Tilbury ferry is one of the oldest ferries in the country. It is not as well documented as the Long Ferry and has no charter.  It was owned by the lords of the manors of Tilbury and Parrock. By 1540 the original landing places were replaced by a causeway at the Three Crowns in West Street while on the Essex side's ownership changed to Tilbury Fort.  In 1694 the Gravesend Corporation purchased both the Manor of Parrock and the ferry. The Cross Ferry continued throughout the 18th and early 19th without major changes but the relationship with the Board of Ordnance and Gravesend Corporation in running the ferry was often very stormy. Following complaints in 1850 Gravesend Corporation said the ferry needed to be under one management and the Board agreed to lease it to them. No improvement resulted.  The whole lease passed to Peto, Betts and Brassey of the London, Tilbury and Southend Railway in 1856.  As steam vessels replaced the wherries the causeway at The Three Crowns became obsolete and in 1854 the Town Pier was adapted to deal with the ferry.  The railway company then ran from the Town Pier using paddle steamers and the Corporation charged the railway company to use it.  So the railway company built West Street Pier but in 1884 purchased the Town Pier and the ferry rights in 1884 from the Corporation.  The Town Pier was then used for passengers and West Street Pier was used for freight. In 1914 the Midland Railway Company bought the London, Tilbury and Southend Railway and the ferry.  New boats were introduced. In 1961 new diesel ferries replaced the steamers but in 1964 the Dartford Tunnel meant the closure of the vehicle ferry and a decline in the passenger service.  In 1969 the passenger ferry moved from the Town Pier to West Street Pier.
Long Ferry.  The Long Ferry was always lucrative although safety was often ignored and there were some bad accidents. An Act in 1737 limited boats to 40 passengers.  Until the 16th the Long Ferry used square sail barges and then tilt boats, wherries, and peter boats. By 1815 steam boats which led to an increase in passengers. The Long Ferry, however, declined after the railways linked Gravesend and London in 1845
7 Three Daws. Dating from 1565 this is said to be oldest public house in Gravesend, with many passages and stairs to aid smugglers and those hoping to escape the press gang. Its earlier name was the Cornish Chough, and before that the Three Cornish Choughs. It may have been associated with pilgrims crossing the river en route to Canterbury; the three Cornish Choughs are on the Canterbury arms. It was originally five wood fronted cottages probably dating from 1501or earlier.  Its wooden structure thought to be the work of shipwrights. Once used as a hotel it had eleven bedrooms, connected by five staircases. It remains open
Pier Hotel. This is on the site of The Christopher which is mentioned in a will of 1476. This pub was removed in 1828 when the Town Pier square was laid out. The Pier Hotel dates from 1829.
Haunch of Venison. This pub was here in 1828
Town Wharf. In the 1950s this included T.J.Metcalf & Sons. Wharfingers, Barge owners and ballast merchants

Wakefield Street
This is now under the St.George’s Centre
39-40 Reindeer. This pub as open in 1849 and closed in 1964. It was a Truman’s House
49 Queens Head. This pub was open in 1842 and closed in 1960


West Street
West Street was subject to wholesale demolitions in the 1950s and 1960s to widen the road as a by pass to the town centre and for slum clearance. It was once a shopping street – including shops selling locally caught brown shrimps and others selling herring, kippers and haddock smoked on the premises – and many many pubs. A slum clearance scheme of the 1920s cleared the area between West Street and Church Street and other clearances followed.
1 Warner, shrimp merchants here in the 1930s
1 Royal Oak. This pub was here 1694-1741
2 Unicorn This pub was here 1612-1727. It was also called The Rose and Unicorn
9a William Sutherland. Shrimp merchant here in the 1930s
13 Blew Bell. This was at other times called the Cross Keyes or the Eagle and Child. It was present 1595-1732
27 Royal Exchange. This was also called the Three Mariners or the Shipwright’s Arms. This was present in 1872
36 Cock. This pub was present before 1666. The Mayor’s banquet was held here in 1834.  It later became the Trafalgar Tavern and closed in 1908.
47 Cod Smack or Fishing Smack. This pub was there 1795- 1824
48 Brewery.   William S. Plane had a brewery here before 1841 but it is possible that it was previously owned by a Mr Hazards. By 1858 Russell & Tillyer were the owners the brewery and wharf.  From 1894 it was known as Russell's Gravesend Brewery Ltd.  They expanded taking over the Writtle Brewery, Webb Brewery of Margate and Fleet Brewery of Ramsgate eventually having 175 tied houses.  In 1911 they absorbed the business of George Wood and Son Brewers in East Street.  In 1932 they were taken over, by Truman and their shrimp trademark replaced by the Truman eagle and the preemies used as a bottling plant. Eventually the site was closed and the maltings and proprietors house are now housing. The shrimp trademark from the brewery wall had been replaced on the flats.
50 Fisherman’s Arms. This dated from 1791 and is said to have a secret passage to The Three Daws. It closed in 1992 and is now an Indian restaurant.
53 Harwich Scoot.  This had been the Adam and Eve from 1633 until 1730 and was later the India Arms. This was present 1773-1783 1662-1794
Pelican. This pub was present 1633-1675
57 73-75 Starbucks Ships Chandlers Starbucks Chandlers, there for 350 years. William Starbuck came to Gravesend from Leicester in 1634. The family had a rope walk and a boat building business. They also had a very large sail loft, and also sold clothing.  The business continues
64 Flying Horse. It was there in 1632 until 1738. Later it was the Privateer which closed in 1914.
67 Bear and Ragged Staff. This pub was present 1711-1833 and was then known as The Beehive until it burnt down in 1846.  It was also at one time called the Prince Alfred.
68 Hen and Chickens. This was there 1649-1775
82/83, Three Crowns. This dated from 1632, was rebuilt in 1887 and closed in 1930. It was used as a headquarters by Gravesend Theatre Guild in the 1950s and 1960s.
87 New Falcon Family Hotel. The building could be seen from the river with a glass-fronted dining-room noted for its whitebait suppers and as the venue for mayoral banquets during the 19th.It had been called the Talbot before 1850 and had also been called Rum Puncheon’. It later became the New Falcon laundry, which survived until the early 1960s.
Red Lyon Brewhouse. This was present and destroyed in the 1727 fire
92 Melbourne Tavern. Opened 1853 and closed in 1913. Flats called Melbourne Quay are now on the site
93 Gravesend and District Ice and Cold Storage, Eversfield Wharf.  The plant here was installed by J.E.Hall in 1922 and described as ‘huge’ and owned by Beresford and Co,
94 Yacht Tavern. Present in 1857
96 Crown Shades. This was there from 1880 until 1934.
Golden Lyon. This stood next to the Christopher in 1496
Peter Boat or Galley. This pub was present in 1735
Ward and Green. Boat Builders and repairers of small craft. Present in the 1950s. They were next to the car ferry,
Milton Engineering Works.  They were set up during the Second World War and made roof trusses etc., and steel frame work of all sorts. Their services included the provision of mobile welding workshops.
West Street Welding and General Engineering Co. Another firm handling all sorts of steel work and welded fabrication
West Street Railway Pier.  Built for boat services to West Street Station before the Second World War this serviced boats from Holland via the Batavia Line.It later handled pleasure steamers for General Steam Navigation.  It is still there and apparently unused.
West Street Pier. This was built for the Cross ferry by London, Southend and Tilbury railway as a supplement to the Town Pier. Until 1965 this was the landing-place for the car ferries. The last two boats were the Minnie, built in 1927, and the Tessa, in 1924 but the opening of the Dartford tunnel meant they were obsolete. They had earlier been known for the transport of cattle boats and large large flocks of sheep. It has more recently been used by the Princess Pocahontas running river trips.
Clifton Slipways. In the 1950s this was a ship repair facility dealing with all sorts of vessels including tugs. They also made machinery of all sorts. The railway line used to run over the top of the site and the workshops are housed in the arches of the viaduct. It then became part of the Lay Group who as White Horse Fast Ferries had a contract to operate passenger ferries on the River Thames. The site here was established to build the ferries and was fully equipped including 3 laminating shops, a plating shop, an engine shop, an electrical shop and a boatshed. It was probably the largest boatbuilding operation on the tidal river.  Here they built high-speed ferries for a Gravesend to London service but went into receivership in 2000.  The boatyard closed and there is consent for housing.
Water gate – This is where Bath Street joins West Street.  In 1567 it was Spalding's Wharf. 
Metcalfe's wharf. Site of Nettleingham's Steam Flour mills.  They were corn and fodder factors. Later it was taken over by Pattullo, Higgs and Co., who imported nitrates here to use in fertilizer


Windmill Street
In the 18th this was known as Upper High Street.
Public Library. There has been a library in Gravesend since the early 1800's, with some early subscription ones.  In 1904 Gravesend was offered money for a library by Andrew Carnegie, The design was that of Edmund J. Bennett, A.R.I.B.A. from in Parrock Street, Gravesend and it was built by A. E. Tong of Darnley Road. The Ancaster stone building was opened in 1905. The first librarian was Alex J. Philip, F.L.A. who remained until 1946.
Plaza Cinema. This opened in 1911 with all seating on one oak panelled level.  In 1929, sound equipment, was installed. It was taken over by Union Cinemas in 1934. And then by Associated British Cinemas by 1937. It closed by in 1955 and became a shop
3a Borough Shades. This was open 1888 to 1988 and had a delicatessen in the front. It is now the HQ bar. It was then Ryan's Bar until 2008, and then R Bar until 2011
8-9 Munns. There has been a member of the Munns family trading in Gravesend since 1842 with the present shop opening in 1910 – and it is a classy art supplies shop – something you would never expect to find in Gravesend!!
168 Trocadero. Opened 1898 and in 2000 called the ‘New Troc’ but has reverted to its old name and opened and closed again since then.
181-183 Robert Pocock. Wetherspoons pub. It is in the old Rainbow Stores

Sources
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Bygone Kent
Cinema Treasures. Web site
Dover/Kent. Web site
Grace’s Guide. Web site
Gravesend Band Co. Web site
Gravesham Borough Council. Web site
Gravesend Historical Association. Transactions
Gravesend Guide Books
Greater London Authority, Web site
Green. Pubs of the Gravesend Area
Greenwich Industrial History. Web site
Hiscock. A History of Gravesend
Kent Rail. Web site
Lost Pubs Project. Web site
Pallant. The Gravesend West Branch
Pevsner and Cherry. West Kent
PLA Monthley
Port of London Magazine
Richmond and Turton. The Brewing Industry
Romance of the Amalgamated Press
Stoyel and Kidner. Cement Railways of Kent
Thames Tugs. Web site
Tolhurst and Hudson. Alfred Tolhurst

Edith had better admit to a Gravesend childhood – hence some otherwise unsourced are memories included

Monday, 17 August 2015

Riverside - south bank east of the Tower. Milton

Riverside south of the river and east of the Tower. Milton

Complex riverside area with major defence installations in front of a busy and aspirational town centre. Plus a phenomenal number of pubs

Post to the east Denton
Post to the north Tilbury Fort
Post to the west Gravesend




Albion Parade
This is a track running parallel to the river with sheds and works on both sides. It is also the address of the canal marina and some other organisations fronting onto Canal Basin.  It was named as the approach road to Albion Baths.
Albion Baths. These were built by James Roper in 1835. They used what he said was sea water and Roper died a year later and they were sold to Harwood & Co.   There were vapour baths and showers and a saloon with the papers and a promenade. They later changed hands again while the area became more and more filled with smelly and dirty industry. They closed in the 1870s and were sold and for many years lay as a ‘muddy pool’.  A house ‘The bath house’ remained into the 1930s as did the attach√© pub.
Albion Ale Shades. This pub dated from 1869, and had been the beer house attached to the Albion Baths which took on a licence when they closed. It was rebuilt in 1910 and closed in 1962. It was demolished following a fire in 1965. It was a Woods Brewery house.
4 Feabrex Factory. Engineers and Steel fabricators
E.H.Sandford. Lock Entrance Works. Engineers and lifting equipment. The company is said to date to before 1877. The family had been fishermen specialising in shrimps, and had a number of fish shops.  They also supplying water to passing ships. In the 19th William Sandford ran schooners and colliers as well as tugs.  Some of the famiulu became involved in engineering such as tug maintenance and repair.  converted the Artemis to a coal hulk for their own use
Robert L. Priestly, Engineers, dated from the 1870s and were still in business here in the 1970s. They were boiler makers, marine and general engineers, shipbuilder and ships’ smiths as well as undertaking fine metalwork and castings. At Albion Parade their site was known as Milton Ironworks but by the 1970s they were at Denton Works in Mark Lane.  Later they were making tunnel boring machines - including that for an initial attempt at the channel tunnel. They then closed their Gravesend works. They appear to have become part of Nuttalls.
Barton’s Timber Wharf. This was here from at least the 1930s and has recently been the site of an, failed, exercise to recover the body of an airman who crashed here during the Second World War.
Howlett Barges. Howlett owned and managed a barge fleet here from at least the 1840s
Henry and Arthur Huggens, Soap works. This was present in the 1860s.

Albion Road
This is a road of fine middle class houses built before 1870, but which had become housing of very poor quality by the late 20th.
7 Albion Tavern. This is now a house but was a pub 1839-1939. It is a double fronted detached house in a different style from the rest of the road.

Albion Terrace
1-9 Phoenix Tavern. This pub was established by 1841. It was rebuilt in 1965 and closed in around 2001. The premises are now in use as a cultural centre


Augustine Road
11-12 Trafalgar Shades.  Pub present in 1866 and closed in 1959. It has since been demolished.

Bentley Street
12-13 Half Moon. This pub was present by 1834 and closed in 1935. Now demolished
36 Milton Arms. The pub appears to have been present in the late 19th. It had gone by the 1930s.
Pilots Place. Modern retirement homes.
St. Thomas cottages
Library cottage


Berkeley Crescent,
Only bit left of grand scheme of a north south axis from Terrace to Windmill Hill.  This was undertaken by Architect Amon Henry Wilds in the late 1830s as part of what was seen as the Milton Park Estate. Another crescent opposite was never undertaken and shops have replaced the original houses.  Fifty years later the Jubilee Clock Tower was added. Over the years the colonnades of Berkley Crescent had disappeared but they have now been restored as have the street-lamps which marked the four corners of the former island. There were originally shrubs and the last of the acacia trees survived until 1968, these too have been replaced.
Nottons. This shop in Berkeley Crescent was well known for supplying school uniforms throughout the town. They dated from 1834 and moved to this site in 1888. From 1920 it belonged to members of the Mole family and was eventually sold in 1983.
Clock Tower.  The clock tower was erected to commemorate the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria In 1887 although the chimes presented by Alfred Tolhurst were not completed until February 1890. The architect was John Johnson, who was also responsible for some of the buildings in The Grove. It has been said that the clock and chimes came from the Rosherville Gardens tower, but reports at the time note the clockmakers as Smith and Son of Derby, and the bells cast by Warner and Co. of Cripplegate. Johnson provided a very similar clock tower at Surbiton, and probably elsewhere.


Canal Basin
Thames and Medway Canal this was conceived as a way of barges going from the Thames to the Medway without sailing round the Isle of Grain. It was built under an Act of 1800 with a two mile tunnel between Higham and Strood having been promoted and designed by Ralph Dodd. It was opened at Gravesend in 1824.  The basin is said to have a paved floor and except for a small section of brick walling the basin was simply dug out of the chalk and had no brick or masonry walls. There were many problems and Ralph Walker took over as engineer. As it failed to prosper the Gravesend and Rochester Railway and Canal Company was formed in 1844 and a single-track line alongside the canal was opened in 1845. The company and the line then taken over by the South Eastern Rail Company but the stretch between Gravesend and Higham remained in water with he railway alongside. The last barge used it in 1920 and in 1935 it was closed although the basin which was taken over by Gravesend Council in 1972 for a marina and the canal was filled in between the basin and Mark Lane. There is also some modern work at various points in the basin.
The Embankment Marina - now in the canal basin
Lock from the river. The Thames frontage has curved sea walls leading directly into the barreled lock chamber. On the north west side wall are Roman numerals to indicate the water depth. The lock gates are of cast-iron. There is also some 20th concrete and sheet piling work. The northern gates were blown off in the Second World War and not replaced. To the south are two panelled 20th wooden gates with a cast-iron walkway. The gates are operated by four winches with mechanism in cast-iron housing.
Lock into the canal. There was once a lock between the basin and the canal. Thus the eastern side of the basin is curved and has curved stone slots and cast iron remains of the opening mechanism. The remains of this lock have been round under a car park.
Swing bridge. This is of cast-iron and has a flat arch and a handrail, operated by a circular winch on a three-legged pedestal.
Gravesend Station. In 1845 the Gravesend and Rochester Railway opened a station here. It appears to have been near or on the, now vanished, lock between the basin and the rest of the canal. This was soon superseded when the line was taken over by the South Eastern Railway and this stretch of line taken out of use when the line from the new Gravesend Central Station joined it at Denton in 1849.
Round Tree. This stood at the north-west corner of the canal basin and was marked the seaward limit for the City Corporation coal dues. It was damaged by gun practice, set on fire and then blown down in 1825. It was then replaced by an obelisk which was re-erected in 1893 at the entrance to the Gordon Memorial Gardens.
Blockhouse. A block house was built here under Henry VIII around 1540. It was demolished in 1558.  The site was on the corner of the canal basin and brickwork found under the site of the Round Tree may have been from it. It had 12 men and a captain with 30 artillery pieces.  It was probably a two-storey, D-shaped building similar to that at Tilbury. It was probably designed by Richard Lee.
Cottage.This had as a roof the upturned hull of a boat and stood opposite the gas works. It was said to be the inspiration of Peggotty’s house in Dickens’ David Copperfield. It was demolished in 1942.
Steam corn mill. This was built here in 1830 by James Roper who later used his engine to pump water from the canal into what became the Albion Baths. It was sold with the baths at his death and continued to change hands with them.

Canal Road
Part of this road was previously Gas Works Road
1 The Canal Tavern. Said to be established before 1817.
Engineer's Arms. This pub was there between 1862 and 1900.
North Star Tavern .The North Star was present from 1853 to 1862.
Gravesend & Milton Gas Light Co. This was on the south side of the canal and had moved here from Bath Street in 1843. Gas manufacture ended in 1958, and the works were demolished, leaving only the gas-holders.
Borough Electricity Works. The local electricity undertaking began in 1900 by Gravesend Corporation, initially for the trams. It was nationalised in 1948 and closed in 1970.
Central Electricity Generating Board Laboratory. This was built on the filled in section of the canal at the east end of the canal basin. It included the Central Radiochemical Laboratory. It has since been demolished
Nuclear Electric Laboratories. Since demolished. Responsible for commercial nuclear generation.

Commercial Place
Milton Chantry. This is the remains of a leper hospital founded by Aymer de Valence, Earl of Pembroke, about 1322 on the site of a foundation of 1189. It was supported by lands in Nevendon, Vange and South Benfleet, all in Essex.  One wall is flint and the rest was covered in brown brick in the 19th by the military. A timber-framed building runs out at right angles from the south wall of the actual chantry. This was the priests' house which includes part of an aisled hall plus a queen post roof. It became a house at the Reformation and then the Zoar Ale House in the18th called the New Tavern. It was later a barracks, and was sold to Gravesend Council by the War Department in 1930. In the Second World War part of the building was used as a gas decontamination chamber. Gravesend Sea Cadets were formed here in 1942 as HMS Gordon. It was restored in the 19th and recently. It is the oldest building in Gravesend and is now the Chantry Heritage Centre
Wates Hotel and the Commercial Hotel and Tavern. Wates Hotel was built in 1819 and was at the western end of the promenade near the Custom House. It was a large weather boarded structure with a weather boarded tower to look out for tilt boats operating the long ferry which came to the New Bridge. It was named after James Wate, its first proprietor.  It had an outlet from its riverside to the New Bridge as well as possessing a quay of its own but trade dropped when the long ferry ceased in 1834.  In 1883 Wates closed and some of it was demolished leaving the tower and perhaps a part which became the Commercial Tavern or it may always have been a separate building.  In 1896 the main building of Wates, or its site became a sailors' home and in 1918 the Sea School built new premises here. It was demolished in 1975 after the Sea School had moved.  The Commercial closed in 1930 and too was demolished.
Sailors Home and Rest. In 1827 a group of philanthropists opened the Destitute Sailors' Asylum in Whitechapel; a home for sailors who were not destitute followed in 1835 and in 1882 a branch was opened in Gravesend. Here, sailors of all nations could get decent lodgings between voyages. The Gravesend Home and Rest were handed over to the Government during the First World War and afterwards was sold to the Shipping Federation for their new sea school
The Sea School. The Gravesend Sea School was established in 1918 to train deck and catering boys for the Merchant Navy, funded by the Government. It was managed by the Board of Trade, the Ministry of Shipping, the Shipping Federation and the National Sailors’ and Firemen’s Union. In 1919 the Shipping Federation took over the finances. It soon became the main establishment of its type. In 1939 the Gravesend Sea School was transferred to the Sharpness, in Gloucestershire, and the Gravesend building was used by the Admiralty for training adults. In 1963 the National Sea Training Schools became the National Sea Training Trust, and three years later a purpose built college was opened on a new site on Denton Marshes in 1967 and the building was demolished in 1975.
New Tavern Fort. In the late 18th defences on the Thames began to be strengthened. In 1788 a new battery was planned to the east of the Tudor blockhouse, for 16 guns on an earth embankment facing the river. It was named after a pub in part of the chantry which was used as barracks. A brick wall was later built at the back of the site. In the 1840s a magazine and other buildings were added. In 1868-72 it was remodelled to take 10 heavy guns, mostly 9-inch 12-ton rifled muzzle loaders. Some of the emplacements for these guns still exist and the magazines underneath are virtually intact with their special arrangements for lighting. In 1905 two 6-inch converted breech-loading guns were installed in separate emplacements overlooking the promenade. There is a separate magazine for these two guns which survives complete with shell and cartridge hoists. It was garrisoned until the end of the First World War when it was a Royal Engineers depot. In 1930 it acquired a pair of 6-inch guns for Territorial Army training. Gravesend Corporation bought the inside of the fort though the battery remained in use until 1938. In the Second World War two communications masts supported a naval radio monitoring station and it is thought there was a link to Bletchley Park. Following the war, the fort became a public garden with a bandstand and lawns. Fort House, the Commanding Royal Engineer's home had been bombed and was demolished as was part of the Chantry
Fort Gardens. In 1930 the Corporation bought the fort from the Government, they had already bought the moat and land for the promenade in 1910. The gardens were opened in 1932 by the Earl of Darnley. The moat was converted into The Dell with a stream and paths winding above. The bandstand is the scene of many events including plays and concerts.
Fort House.  This was formerly the Rectory of Milton Church. It was the home of the Commanding Royal Engineer and had been demolished after Second World War bombing.  In 1870 it was the home of General Gordon and where he entertained lads from the poorer parts of Gravesend. In the Second World War it was used as the Food Office. The site is now a rose garden.
Causeway into the river.  This was called the New Bridge and was built on piles terminating in a wooden staircase at low tide point. It is possible that a landing-place existed here to service the early medieval chantry. The parish of Milton was responsible for its upkeep as a public way to the river. Wates Hotel, later the Sea School, was built standing over this above the river.
St.John's Ambulance. Garage of the St. John Ambulance Association. This was adjacent to the Sea School,
Gravesend Rowing Club. Established in 1878 and has produced numerous winners of the Doggetts Coat and Badge. Boat-sheds and clubhouse.


East Crescent Road
This is essentially a service road, with no pavements. There are some patches of granite cobbles
22-23 this was once a stable – the Co-op stables were in this area


East Terrace
44 Flower of Kent. This pub was present between 1846 and 1878.  It  is not clear where this pub was – if it was next to The Pilot as the numbering  suggest there is no space where it could have been, and it is not shown on the 1874 OS,
42-43 The Pilot. This pub is said to date from 1839 – but is also described as being a ‘flamboyant arts and crafts style building on a prominent site’ – so the building must be later than 1839.




Gordon Promenade
The promenade was built in the late 19th and was previously a stretch of saltings which a high tide could cover almost to the wall of the fort. Bags of cement were purchased from a wrecked schooner and an embankment built with them. It is said some of the shape of them could be seen until the late 1970s.  It was opened by the Countess of Darnley in 1883.
The Playground on the south side was part of the fort grounds called 'The Captain's Field'. It was leased to the Corporation in 1886. In 1911 a swimming bath was built here but was filled in in 1938.
Bandstand was built in 1890 and demolished in 1933. The Shelters were built in 1906 but have now gone, as have the toilets. There is now a boating lake, a fishing lake, and a childrens' play area
Promenade cafe. This is in ‘Festival of Britain’ style.  Edith thinks it was called the Coronation Cafe when it opened in 1952




Gordon Promenade east
Gravesend Sailing Club. This is the clubhouse of the Club which was founded in 1894. Gravesend Sailing Club was established in 1894, and moved here in 1906. It is thought to be the oldest-established Sailing Club on the Lower Thames. Members use the Canal Basin for laying up and fitting-out their craft.




Harmer Street
The street was built in 1836 for the Milton Park Estate Company and was3-1 design by Amon Henry Wilds which was never completed south of Milton Road.  It was named after Alderman James Harmer of Ingress Abbey, Greenhithe who backed the scheme. The design was of brick-built terraces in pairs of buildings gradated to the slope away from the river. There are wrought ironwork balconies at the first floor some of which were lost but which have been restored.  Many of the buildings are now in residential use although in the past many of them were shops.
1 Alexandra Hotel. 1866
2 This was a Temperance Hotel in the 1930s. In the 1860s it had been Coopers Early Breakfast House and in the 1850s The Star Commercial Dining and Coffee House advertising, among other things ‘Spacious Pleasure Grounds’.
3-11 Harmer House. This was Gravesend Co-op Hall from 1935. In the 1950s and 1960s the Co-op Hall had many concerts with major pop stars of the day.  It later became a billiard hall
22 Manufacturer of soda water and ginger beer in the 1870s.
33 Gravesend Savings Bank. Later the Trustee Savings Bank.
15-17 Borough Electric Offices. This was later Hayman Engineering, set up in 1974 to provide refrigeration to the food processing industry
44-46 Gravesend Reporter Offices. This was a local newspaper publishing house. It had in the past been a mineral water manufactory
El Sereno. Gravesend first 1950s coffee bar. Set up by Peter Crofton Sleigh, and friends.
1-2a Stable to 39 The Terrace
Call Boy.  The original Literary Institute building stood here until 1955. It had been built in 1836 and had a grand portico and had contained a reading room, lending library, and an assembly room.  It included a bar called the Institution Shades.  In the 1890s it was reconstructed and became The Prince of Wales Theatre of Varieties and later The Grand Theatre of Varieties. It closed in 1933, and in 1952 the roof fell in. in 1955 it was replaced by the public-house, called The Call-Bay.  This was a Shepherd Neame pub which closed in 2008 and then was opened as a series of short lived bars.


Khartoum Place
Gates. Opposite the point where East Terrace joins Milton Place are the gates of Fort Gardens with the Borough coat of arms.



Milton Place
Holy Trinity. This church, built in 1845 was demolished in 1963 and the site became a car park for the post office. It was at the junction with Ordnance Road and Milton Road. The architect was J. Wilson, and the site was given by the Board of Ordnance on condition that seats were made available for customs officers. The church quickly became fashionable and the congregation included prosperous—pilots, customs officers, and watermen but the congregation, however, dwindled as the residential area moved south. It was here that the Trinity Sunday Pilots' Service was first held in 1908.
School. A school was built next to the in 1865. This was burnt down in 1962 and the school was moved to Milton barracks
Tithe Barn. The Milton tithe barn was destroyed in Second World War bombing having been used as a dust cart depot previously.


Milton Road
32 The Globe. This pub is now a bathroom shop. It dated from 1788, although others give the date as 1824 as a City of London Brewery house. It and closed in 2003 having changed its name a couple of times in its last years.
15 TJs. This was the British Tar dates from 1808 although the building may be twenty years or so older. The building frontage is of mathematical tiles and the only example of these in Gravesend. The ground floor is brick with weather boarding at the rear. It was a Barclay and Perkins House, then a Russell’s Brewery house, and then Trueman’s. It was latterly a free house.
79 Ingress Tavern. This was on the corner of Love Lane 1846 - 1856.
144-145 General Post Office. There is a memorial plaque in the building to post office workers who did in the Great War. It may now be closed as a post office. The building is probably from about 1850
146 National Provincial Bank. The bank had opened in 1930 here and closed in 1992 following a merger with the Westminster Bank. The building is probably from about 1850 and is marked as a Post Office on the 1864 OS.




Norfolk Road
Old pillar box. This dates from 1856-1860 and it is understood it is one of the oldest boxes remaining. It is a fluted cylinder with a vertical posting aperture. The only similar box is in Banbury.



Ordnance Road
This was once called Coal Road because much of the coal landed in the Canal Basin was transported along here.
Chantry Grounds. Little Pebbles. Children’s Centre.
Chantry Community Academy.  Assume this is a primary school in the old Gordon School buildings,
Gordon School. Gordon Secondary School for Boys was completed in 1932 and opened by Lord Darnley. It moved to Lower Higham Road in 1975 to become a mixed school. The Ordnance Road building became Chantry Primary school
King’s Field. The triangular ground on which Gordon School was built was a pasture for cows, kept by Joble King who had a dairy in Queen Street.
Swimming pool. This had been opened in 1938 and closed in 1988. It was demolished in 1989.  It was an open air pool, with a central deep end and changing rooms behind the frontage. There was a separate children’s paddling pool. (Edith can find nothing about the baths and cannot remember if there were slipper baths there)
Gordon Gardens. The Gordon Memorial Gardens were given in 1890 and 1892 by George Arnold, J.P., Mayor of Gravesend.
Obelisk. This was moved here from the canal basin where it had, replaced the Round Tree. A metal plate on it records the gift of the gardens
Drinking fountain and horse trough
Gordon statue. General Charles George Gordon came to Gravesend in September 1865 as Royal Engineer Officer in Command, to supervise the construction of forts for the defence of the Thames.   His free time was devoted to helping the needy and he taught regularly at the Ragged School. His special care was for young boys who roamed the streets. The statue is of a full length figure in army uniform with a sabre. It is on a circular column with 6 stone steps.




Royal Pier Road,
This was previously known as East Street
Blockhouse.  This is on show on the lawn in front of the Clarendon Hotel.  The actual blockhouse building was on the area of the car park. The blockhouse was one of five designed by Christopher Morice and James Nedham for Henry VIII in 1539. It was designed to cross fire over the navigable channel and this was one of the inner lines of forts. It had a clear view of Gravesend Reach and protected the ferry crossing. It was a D shaped structure with guns mounted on a semi circular front with 25-30 guns of various types, some with the range of a mile. It was later used as a magazine for gunpowder. It was gradually run down over the next two centuries – although officers preferred it to Tilbury. It was demolished in 1841. It has since been excavated and the foundations of an ashlar bastion were found which supported the walls.
Pontoon bridge. This was built across the river during the Great War. It ran from the Clarendon lawns to the World’s End supported on lighters which could be moved to provide a gap in the middle. This was probably the earliest lower Thames crossing.
Clarendon Hotel. The site was originally that of a residence for the Duke of York later James II as Lord High Admiral. This was set in front of the Gravesend Blockhouse after the Dutch Road of 1667. Later it became the Ordnance Storekeepers Quarters. It was converted into a hotel in the mid 19th but the current building dates from 1860. James married Anne, daughter of Edward, Earl of   Clarendon, hence the name. On the west side is a long low wing and to the east an addition of which the ground floor room is a ballroom. Princess Alexandra spent her first night in England here in 1863 on her arrival to marry the Prince of Wales. It closed due to disrepair in 2004 but has now reopened
Clarendon Shades. The west wing of the hotel was until 1952 in the occupation of a Mr. Combers, locally known as Captain Silver. He had a large collection of ship's models and nautical gear, with the upper floor done up as a steam- ship's bridge. The collection of is now in the National Maritime Museum with the figureheads being in the Cutty Sark
29 there are 3 figureheads in the grounds
Clarendon Cottage. At the rear of the Clarendon was 'Grape Vine Cottage', which had been the Milton parish workhouse in the 18th. This has now gone
Red Cross. Pub in this area 1613-1675

Waters, boat builders were in this area at the west end of Thames Terrace
West's barge builders.  This opened in 1904 and included a covered slipway. Samuel West's barges sailed across the Channel during the First World War but were among the first to fit motors to their barges. The yard built a number of vessels but maintened and managed a large fleet of sailing barges,
Royal Terrace pier. This pier, designed by J. B. Redman, is now the headquarters of the Trinity House pilots. Now the headquarters of the Pilotage Service. It was built in 1844 by the Gravesend Freehold Investment Company as a T-shaped construction of cast-iron. At the shore end are small stone pavilions with turrets. In 1834 The Crown offered land around the Blockhouse for sale and Gravesend Corporation wanted something built which would be for the public good. They couldn’t afford to buy it themselves and finance was raised by which the Royal Terrace Gardens Company was set up along with the Gravesend Star Packet Company which was to run steamers from it here. It was thus originally a landing and embarkation point for visitors brought by paddle-steamer in the summer. It was opened in 1842 replacing a temporary pier o f1835.  Architect Amon Wildes was commissioned to draw up a vast scheme rebuilt much of Milton as a visitor attraction and watering place. Of course it never really happened – there were other attractions and it was bankrupt by 1859. Trinity House leased the pier in 1859 and bought it in 1893.
 
The Terrace
The Terrace was built in 1791 by James Leigh Joynes, who also paved the footway at his own expense. The ground on which the south side was built was known as The Camps or Sconce lands in the 17th. Pocock noted earthworks here.
Terrace Gardens. The area north of The Terrace between the Clarendon and just short of Milton Place was laid out as gardens in 1833. They commissioned the foremost garden designer J.C.Loudon who designed a scheme to make the garden feel bigger than it actually was. Admission was by ticket or payment at toll-offices, on each side of the Harmer Street entrance on the north side. These were demolished after being semi-derelict for a number of years and replaced with houses. Royal Terrace Pier road went through the middle of the site on arches. By the 1890s the gardens were derelict and replaced with streets and houses

Milton Wharf. Near West's barge works was the London Lead Oxide Works which dated from the period of the Great War. Prior to this, the site was a fodder business and a sweet factory. The original site was the Terrace Gardens and the works were built on the site of one of the old open bandstands.The works moved to Limpsfield during the Second World War
Fountain Inn. This had been on the other side of the road but transferred to the south side when the Excise Office was built. This closed in 1914 but is listed in the 1937 street directory as a cafe
Old Custom House. Before the current custom house was used, the offices were on the south side of the road as the end house in Whitehall Place. This was destroyed in Second World War bombing. It had a look-out with a glass front to see down the river
Custom House. Tall square building of brown brick, with a lookout window on the roof. It Ws built in 1816 for the Excise authorities on the site of the Fountain Inn, which then moved. In 1836 the Board of Customs moved from its offices across the road in Whitehall Place, into this building
Gazebo in Customs Office grounds. This is an octagonal weather boarded building from the early 19th.
Whitehall Place. This is the area between the East Terrace and Milton Place. This is one big house occupied by commercial firms, currently it is Cox House. Before the Second World War it was used by various Thames authorities.
27 City of London. This pub was there before 1839 and was rebuilt in 1893 after its predecessor was burnt down. It closed in 2002 and has been converted to a dodgy looking bed and breakfast.
44 Crown and Thistle. Shop sized terraced pub. Must be almost the last of its type
46 Terrace Tavern. This dated from 1827 and is said to have closed in 2010.  It does appear to be open though it’s not clear for what. Said to have planning consent for flats.  Green tiled building very dramatic advertising Shrimp Brand Beers in tile work
 


Sources
Baldwin. The River and the Downs
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Bygone Kent
Discover Gravesham. Web site
Dover/Kent. Web site
English Heritage. Web site
Gravesend Historical Society. Transactions
Gravesend Official Handbook. 1950s
Gravesham Council. Web site
Green. Pubs of the Gravesend Area
Harker. The book of Gravesham
Haselfoot. Industrial Archaeology of South East England
Hiscock. A History of Gravesend
Industrial Heritage
Kent Fallen. Web site
Lost Pubs Project. Web site
National Maritime Museum. Web site
Penguin.  Kent
Phillips. A History of Gravesend
Pub History. Web site
Smith. Defending London’s River
Smith. New Tavern Fort. Gravesend.
Thames and Medway Canal Association. Web site
TJs. Web site