Friday, 20 January 2017

M25 Titsey Eden source



Post to the west Clacket Lane


Broomlands Lane
This is a footpath and bridle way running from the Westerham Road to Titsey Village.  In this stretch it runs through woods and fields, crossing the motorway on a footbridge.

M25

River Eden
The River Eden  is a tributary of the  Medway, It rises from a source in Titsey north of Clacket Lane motorway services

Roughfield Shaw
Woodland


Sources
Wikipedia. River Eden. Web site

M25 Clacket Lane



Post to the east Westerham Croydon Road
Post to the west Titsey Eden Source




Clacket Lane
Westwood Pumping Station. This was built by the Limpsfield and Oxted Water Co. and is now run by the Sutton and East Surrey Water Co. It was taken over by the Chelsam and Waldingham Waterworks Company Ltd, becoming the East Surrey, in 1930. It has a greensand water source and on site is treatment works. There were three bore holes here.
Waterworks Cottages. Housing originally associated with the waterworks
Playing field. This was immediately south of the waterworks
Westerham Road Industrial Estate. Industrial and trading area. This may be on the site of the playing fields.
Moorhouse Tile Works.  Originally the Moorhouse Brick, Tile and Concrete Products Company Ltd with a concrete roofing tile work, it was taken over by Redland in 1948. The company later became Lafarge and then Braas Monier Building Group. This was a large works which included internal tram systems, settling ponds and overhead conveyors’. There are now plans for a distribution depot here. Neolithic implements have been found on site
Westwood Farmhouse, Late 18th building in brown brick
Westwood Farm cottages. 
Tip. In the 1980s this was opposite the cottages on the other side of the road
Clacket Green. This is road side waste land.
Cupid’s Coppice. Woodland designated as of conservation importance
Clacket Wood. Woodland designated as of conservation importance
Church Wood. Woodland, to which is attached a legend of a church which was begun but each days building was demolished overnight
Church Field. In the field are a Romano-Celtic temple and an adjacent 65m stretch of the main Roman London to Lewes road. They are both buried and only visible as parch marks in dry weather. . Investigations of 1879 and 1935 show the temple as a small square building, of which the flint footings survive. The road runs to the east and had a flint and gravel metalled surface.
Square Wood, Woodland
Wet Wood. Woodland
Titsey Wood.  Site of Special Scientific Interest


M25
Clacket Lane service stations. There are two motorway services one on each side of the M25 which  are operated by Roadchef. The site was chosen from around five possibles on this section of the M25 although Chevening was originally preferred. The site was chosen in 1976, but it took almost 20 years to be finally confirmed. Roman artefacts were found during construction. At one time the westbound was thought to be the largest services in the country – and the most expensive. The filling stations were originally run by Elf then Total, to Shell and now BP.

Sources
Bourne Society.  Web site
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Historic England. Web site
Motorway Services On line. Web site
Sutton and East Surrey Water Co Web site
Tandridge Local Council. Web site

Thursday, 19 January 2017

M25 Westerham Croydon Road

Post to the south Moorhouse Bank
Post to the east Westerham
Post to the west Clackets Lane

Croydon Road
Southern Gas Networks. Pressure reducing site.  Old gas works site. The   Westerham Gas and Coke Co., Ltd. Dated from 1857 and supplied gas to the town until nationalisation in 1949. There were two holders.  The site is surrounded by a wall which may be built of gasworks or other rubble and waste

Devil of Kent
This wood is on the Kent side of the border which runs down the west side of it.

Farley Common
Partly wooded stretch of common land,

Kent/ Surrey Border

M25

Squerries Sand Pit
Squerries Sand Pit. This is a soft sand extraction site consisting of a large deep pit and a number of small pits and some ponds.  More excavation is planned between the present workings and the motorway; the pit, while large and very deep, is not easily seen. There are some paint ball and similar activities on part of the site

Westerham Wood
Woodland designated as a Site of Special Scientific Interest


Sources
Brian Sturt, with thanks
Sevenoaks Council. Web site
Visit Westerham. Web site

Monday, 16 January 2017

M25 Westerham London Road


Post to the east Beggars Lane
Post to the north Westerham Hill
Post to the south Westerham

Beggars Lane
Farm road now blocked. This was a road which went to Brasted before the railway and the later motorway were built.

Force Green Lane
Wall mounted post box in the hedge
Force Green Waste. This is common land
Force Green Farm. Dairy farm
Force Green Farmhouse. This has an 18th front on an earlier timber framed house, which was probably late 16th.  Inside are heavy, close-set beams plank floors and inglenook fireplaces
Force Green Farm Cottage. This is late 18th
Hartley Wood
Ancient mixed broadleaf woodland formally managed as coppice .It is to the east of and joined to Westerham Wood.

London Road
London Road Brickworks. This stood slightly south of the motorway, probably on the site of the current garage. It was active in the late 19th into the early 20th.

M25
Pilgrims Way
Pilgrims’ Way may/may not be a route for Pilgrims to go to Canterbury (from where exactly??) or may/may not be a prehistoric track way.  On this stretch it is however a made up road for vehicle traffic
Betsomhill Farm. The farm lies at the foot of Betsoms Hill alongside the Pilgrims’ Way. The Old Barn is a snooker club.
Westerham Wood
Only a small part of the wood is in this square.  It is a Site of Special Scientific Interest for its ground flora and breeding bird community. A   Pheasantry is noted here in the 19th as are many reports of poaching.
Sources
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Common Land in Kent. Web site
Historic England. Web site
Sevenoaks Council. Web site.

Sunday, 15 January 2017

M25 Beggars Lane

Post to the north Brasted
Post to the south Valence House
Post to the east Brasted
Post to the west Westerham London Road

Beggars Lane
There appear to be two Beggar’s Lanes, one either side of the M25. The northern one is a farm track which runs the London Road at Force Green eastwards, turns south and runs under the motorway to end at Charman’s Farm and a junction with its namesake.

Beggars Lane
This is an A road which runs south of the motorway from London Road, running eastwards, turning at Charman’s Farm, to the south and the Brasted Road. It acts as a bypass to eastern Westerham an alternative route to the difficult entrance in the town to London Road. It appears to date from the same time as the motorway was built.
Charmans Farm. The farm is noted in 1540 as having been in the possession of Sir John Gresham. The Farmhouse appears as an 18th building which masks a 16th or earlier timber framed structure. There are two round kiln oast house. One brick built and one ragstone built kiln. Converted to offices.
Westerham Brewery. This is set up in a former sawmill on the farm site. It produces sparkling wine and craft beer. A barn on the site is a craft shop managed by the Squerryes Estate to sell wine, beer and farm products. Brewers spent grant feed the fairy herd at Squerries and Squerries grows grapes for the winery on their estate land.
Pond – there is a pond to the south of the motorway at the point at which the lane turns south, and this is understood to be a balancing pond for the motorway. Another pond to the east and north of the farm is marked as ‘weir’ and ‘sluice’ on maps and as ‘spring’ on older maps.


Force Green Lane
Force Green Farm Cottages

Holywell Shaw. Woodland from which a track leads to the Pilgrims Way

M25
The motorway finally deviates from the line of the railway west of Charman’s farm.

Railway
The railway continued westwards to access Westerham Station.  The motorway covers its route until at a spot part way along what is now Beggars Lane, the railway line deviated south westwards on its way to access Westerham Station

Sources
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Disused Stations. Web site
SABRE. Web site
Westerham Brewery, Web site

M25 Combe Bank Wood


Post to the west Chevening Ovenden
Post to the south Brasted


Combe Bank Wood
Large area of woodland

Combe Wood
Semi-natural ancient woodland bisected by the M25.  It is an area of nature conservation.

M25
This runs on the line of the previous railway to Westerham

Ovendon Road
Combe Bank Farm. The farm site includes several buildings now converted to housing. It includes a twin oast house claimed to date from the late 18th and turned into a house. The farm was at one time owned by The Infants Hospital in Westminster and used by them to supply milk. It should be noted that a major funder of Westminster Children’s Hospital was Robert Mond, who lived at Coombe Bank itself (to the south)
Oveny Green Farm. Buildings here have been converted to housing. There are records of the farm from the late 16th.
Oveny Green Farmhouse.  There is a plaque on the building saying: "This farmhouse was built by Thomas Lord Dacre, Earl of Sussex, in the year 1701."  It is in red brick, with blue headers in a diaper. There is also a weatherboarded 17th threshing barn as well as a granary and other associated buildings

Sources
A history of the Parish of Chevening
Cohen. Life of Ludwig Mond
Lost Hospitals of London. Web site
Oppitz. Kent Railways Remembered
Royal Society of Health. Journal
Sevenoaks Council. Web site

M25 Chevening Ovenden

Post to the east Chipstead
Post to the south Sundridge
Post to the west Combe Bank Wood



Chevening Park.
This square covers only the southernmost third of Chevening Park. This is part of a wooded park where features of an earlier design combine with those of this century. The landscape is of high quality and an ambitious restoration programme is now underway.

Chevening Road
The road crossed the South Eastern Railway line on a bridge, as it now also crosses the motorway

Combe Bank Drive
This path runs south from North Lodge.  It crosses the motorway by a bridge, as it did the railway.

M25
The motorway was built on the line of the South Eastern Railway line to Westerham.
Ovenden Road
Lodges at entrances to the Chevening Estate
Ovenden Lodge. The drive from the lodge accessed Ovenden House.  This was built by Robert Tothill in the 18th and bought by the Second Earl Stanhope in 1780 and added to the estate as the Dower House.  It was bombed in the Second World War and later demolished.
Sundridge Lodge
North Lodge

Railway Line
The motorway now covers this

Sources
A history of the Parish of Chevening
Historic England. Web site
Parks and Gardens of the UK. Web site