Sunday, 28 August 2016

Riverside west of the Tower, south bank. Windsor Racecourse

Riverside west of the Tower, south bank. Windsor Racecourse

Post to the east Clewer


Boveney Lock
Fishery – there is thought to have been a fishery here in 1201 called Gill’s Bucks.
Boveney Lock was first built in timber in  1838 by the Thames Navigation Commission and a  was rebuilt in 1898 closer to the north bank, and a set of boat rollers were installed on the old site following use of a boat slide there. There was an engine house for the slide
Weir. This is almost parallel to the lock, running across from the other side of the lock island. It was rebuilt in 1913.,
Maidenhead Road


This was once called Surely Hall Road
Racecourse Marina. Entrance. Run by Tingedene Marina – who run a number of similar operators. They have managed this one since 2007. The entrance is via the upstream part of Clewer Mill Stream from Bush Ait.
Windsor Racecourse Marina Holiday Park. It is owned and operated by Tingdene Parks Limited who purchased it in 2007. The holiday park dates back to the early 1970’s.
250 The Windsor Lad. This is now a chain restaurant/pub.  This was built in 1940 as a road house.  It took over the licence of the closed Crown Pub in central Windsor. It was then a Courage house. Windsor Lad was a well known and successful racehorse in the 1930s but nothing to do with Windsor Race Course.
Dedworth Manor Open Space. This square covers a tiny northern portion of this local authority park. By the road is a ‘Coronation arch’ which was used in Long Walk in 2013 and has been moved here.
Centrica offices. This was British Gas Home Head Office
Sutherland Grange Nature Reserve. 'Sutherland Grange' was the name of a large house on the site long since demolished, with the original name retained. The field on the western side of the park is known as Sutherland Grange Hay Meadow and has a huge variety of flowers and grasses.


The Rays
The vast majority of this square is taken up with the race course. To the east is an area of facilities buildings, a grandstand, restaurants and small parade and other area. The Rays itself is essentially an island between the Millstream and the Thames. The Racecourse entrance is on Maidenhead Road and the area also includes the Marina and the Caravan site.
Royal Windsor Race Course.  Flat racing began on Rays Meadow in 1866 set up by John Frail a barber who managed Disraeli’s election campaigns. He and his family owned a number of racecourses – he set about promoting Windsor energetically and it soon became established as a major racing venue.  The first flat race meeting was a two day fixture on the fifth and sixth of June 1866, and national hunt racing was introduced in 1867. Windsor did not try to compete with Ascot, but gave opportunities to the owners of other horses. He also established jump racing here. Windsor is Britain’s only flat course to stage racing over an almost complete figure of eight circuit. During both world wars Windsor avoided the fate of most British racecourses, and remained open during both wars in order to bolster morale. Windsor stopped staging its own national hunt meetings in 1998, and moved put on more flat meetings.  It has twenty six annual fixtures with pattern and listed races, and summer evening meetings on Mondays.

Sources
Eade. Along the Thames
Racing Sight. Web site
RoyalWindsorforum. Web site
Royal Windsor Race Course. Webs site
Tingedene Marinas. Web site
Wikipedia. As appropriate
Windsor and Maidenhead Council. Web site
Windsor Lad. Web site
Windsor Pub History. Web site

Riverside west of the Tower, south bank. Clewer

Riverside west of the Tower, south bank.  Clewer


Post to the east - Windsor riverside and castle
Post to thr west Windsor Racecourse


Baths Island
Baths Island. This was originally known as Deadwater Ait but the name changed because of the siting of the Windsor swimming baths as early as the 1860s. From the mid-19th and maybe earlier this was an area for swimming in the river and there were some facilities as well as a sign saying baths. In 1870 the men's bathing area was moved downstream and that was known as the Eastern Baths. In 1904 that the area by the arches was officially used as a swimming area when the Ladies Swimming Baths were constructed, and were later known as the Western Baths. Later the banks were concrete lined, the islands joined and hand rails fitted along the waterline, and changing rooms built adjacent to the railway arches. There were also water polo nets and three diving boards. It was eventually closed because of health fears with polluted river water
Channel. The island was divided in two by a channel later filled in.


Clewer Court Road
Clewer Boathouse. Classic Boat Restoration Services
Clewer Court. The road appears to be named after a house, or farm, called Clewer Court the site of which is now under the main road
Royal Windsor Racecourse Stables. These were on the south east corner of the road and seem to have closed in the mid-1960s at a time when the relief road was built.


Clewer Park
This is an estate of 60 houses built during the mid-1950s in the site of a house called Clewer Park
Clewer Park. This was originally a medieval house. It was later the home of Sir Daniel Gooch, the 19th century industrialist, railway engineer and engineer responsible for the first transatlantic cables. In the Second World War it was used as accommodation for Royal Naval Wrens connected to HMS President and the administration of Defensively Equipped Merchant Ships. It was later used to house bombed out families.  In 1955 it was sold to developers who built houses and in 1957 the Allotment Association took over a third of the remaining land. In 1975 the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead bought the remainder to provide an open space for the community.
Clewer Park. The trees in the park reflect its history and there are still some oaks from Windsor Forest. There are also redwoods and other rare trees planted as part of ornamental gardens in the 19th.
(Clewer Barracks. It is said that there was a Cavalry barracks here built in 1796-1800 for the Royal Horse Guards until replaced in 1875.  Very unclear where this site was).

Queen Elizabeth Bridge
The Queen Elizabeth Bridge carries the A332 across the Thames
Pedestrian underpass


Maidenhead Road
Clewer Park Allotments
Racecourse Entrance


Mill Lane
Duke of Edinburgh Pub was on the west corner with Maidenhead Road. Had turrets and things but demolished and replaced by flats in the mid 1960s, it is said to have replaced a police station.
Boycott cottages
7 house with a detailed plaque on it about Daniel Gooch with information on his life and saying that the houses have his “armorial bearings” – which may refer to the adjacent house to the south.,
9 The Swan Pub. The pub dates at least back to the early 19th and is probably older. It may be closed.
Church St Andrew the Apostle. It is thought that the nave was built around 1100, and the font is Saxon but no one really knows about the church’s age or antecedents. However Clewer as a settlement is older than Windsor and the Norman castle. The church stands on a slight rise which might explain its antiquity. There are six bells in the tower, all recast from older bells in the 19th and later. There are boards with local charitable bequests. There are many interesting and important relics and works of art and monuments to people who include Daniel Paterson of “Paterson’s roads”. And there is a reredos which is a memorial to the Clewer dead of the Great War
Churchyard. That area adjacent to Mill Lane is a 19th extension. The oldest graves with wooden markers have been lost but there are many others of great interest.  The graves include that of Daniel Gooch. Part of the Churchyard has wild flowers which are becoming scarce in the countryside.
Lodge. This is by the lychgate and includes a small museum of local history
Edgeworth House., The dates from 1707. This appears to have been an annexe to Duncroft School Annexe in the 1950s – Duncroft was a ‘special school’ based in Staines. It was subsequently an YHA Hostel until 2005 and is now a private house.
The Limes. 17th house.
Foot bridge to White Lilies Island
Clewer Boathouse, French Brothers
Old Mill House. A mill at Clewer is mentioned in the Domesday Book and a mill has remained on site since. In 1781 it was burnt down and rebuilt and remained operational into the late 19th. It has been used as housing since at least the 1920s. It was owned by Jimmy Page of Led Zeppelin from the 1970s, and later by Michael Caine.


Mill Stream
Clewer Mill Stream is a backwater which leaves the main river at Bush Ait and rejoins just above Queen Elizabeth Bridge
Weir

The Rays Island
Windsor Race Course. The course is mainly in the square to the west and detail on the racecourse is there.


Stovell Road
Clewer Mead. War Memorial Baths, These opened in 1963. There is a plaque is displayed outside the current Leisure Centre: ‘Windsor War Memorial Swimming Bath opened on 18th May
1963 by His Worship The Mayor Councillor H H Basford’. The  preceding Francis Burton, was a keen swimmer had campaigned for a 'proper' swimming baths at Windsor for many years. The pool was heated with a deep and shallow end and it was an open air pool. A toddlers’ pool was opened in 1968 beside the café.  The pool filtration plant was housed in a separate building. It was demolished in 1986.
Windsor Leisure Pool. This was opened by the Queen in 1987.  It has two pools, one with a wave machine and two water slides, and the other featuring a retractable 'wall' that could be raised from the bottom to divide the pool into two training areas. There is also a gym and other sports facilities. It was extended in 1997
Windsor Canoe Club. This was established in the 1960s and has a clubhouse here.
Windsor and Eton Sea Cadet Corp., Training Ship Windsor Castle. in 1899 meetings were held between the Windsor branch of the Navy League and the Windsor Council to provide a training vessel on the river, A Thames Sailing Barge was purchased the unit was opened. In 1902 the barge was re-rigged as a brig and remained in service until 1912 when it was replaced by a similar vessel and named King George. The unit moved to its current location in 1986.
Windsor Boys School Rowing Club. Boathouse for the local boys’ school which has produced a series of famous rowers.
Imperial Service College boathouse.  This dated from 1934 and was also used by the Windsor Boys School. It was demolished to make way for the Windsor War Memorial Swimming Baths in 1962.


White Lilies Island
This is a peninsula at the end of The Rays. It is also the name of an album relating to one of the residents.

Windsor and Eton Relief Road A332
This is a dual-carriageway road built as the Windsor and Eton relief road in 1966 and later re named as Royal Windsor Way in 2012


Sources
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Royal Windsor Forum.  Web site
SABRE Roaders Digest. Web site
St. Andrew’s Church. Web site
Wikipedia. As appropriate
Wilson. Sir Daniel Gooch Diaries
Windsor and Maidenhead Council. Web site
Windsor Boys School. Web site
Windsor Canoe Club. Web site
Windsor Sea Cadet Corp. Web site
Windsor Through Time

Saturday, 27 August 2016

Riverside west of the Tower, south bank. Windsor, riverside and castle

Riverside west of the Tower, south bank. Windsor, riverside and castle

Post to the east Windsor sport and the castle
Post to the west Clewer

Alexandra Gardens.
Alexandra Gardens. Plans for a riverside garden were initiated from 1893 and land bought in 1875 and in 1902 a tree was planted to mark the coronation of Edward VII. The gardens were opened soon after and named for the new Queen, Alexandra. Early facilities included a bandstand and a pond which leaked and became a flower bed.  Windsor Lawn Tennis Club played here having been set up in 1913 and they hired courts here. In the 1930s a field gun stood by the gates but was removed at the start of the Second World War.  The bandstand was removed in the 1950s and a new one has been installed in 2015 with steel artwork on each the sides to episodes with the armed forces in each decade of the Queen’s reign. In 1954 a shelter was built round the ‘Coronation Tree but was quickly vandalised but not finally cleared until 2005. There are a number of profit making commercial features now - a Kiddies Corner Children's Fun Fair, skate & cycle hire, an 8 hole adventure golf course, bungee and trampoline. There is also ice skating in the winter.
Dyson Memorial, this was originally in Barry Avenue. It is a drinking fountain, to commemorate Thomas Dyson, piano dealer and mayor.


Barry Avenue
The Promenade was first created in the early 1890s, before it was originally just a sloping bank to the river. It was named for Francis Tress Barry, MP for Windsor, 1890-1906.
Browns Pub. This was previously the Fort & Firkin, and the Old Trout and originally the Thames Hotel. The extensions along Barry Avenue are a new frontage on what a half timbered hall – used for gigs – including a jazz club - and dances. It was used by the ARP in the Second World War. An earlier pub here was the Anglers Rest.
French Brothers wharf and embarkation point for boat trips
War memorial to the Berkshire Yeomanry. This is a granite cross showing the names of the men from A Squadron, who died in the Great War.
Memorial of a replica Hawker Hurricane aircraft.  This is in memory of its designer, Sir Sydney Camm and was installed in 2012


Cutlers Ait
Cutlers Ait. This small island is a tree-covered strip between the north bank of the river and the weir.


Datchet Road
Windsor and Eton Riverside Station. This station is a terminus, the previous station is Datchet and it is run by South West Trains. The station was built for the Windsor, Staines and South Western Railway and the building was designed by William Tite as a royal station. The main booking hall is now a wine bar. The wall along Datchet Road is a long curve, parallel with the platform, containing a series of arches and links the station with the Royal Waiting Room. The route to Windsor from Staines reached Datchet in 1848 but the line was opposed by Windsor Castle and Eton College which delayed the opening of this station for a year. The railway had to get to Datchet by a long deviation to avoid the royal Home Park.  By the time the station opened the line was part of the London and South Western Railway which ran it until grouping in 1923 when it became part of the Southern Railway. The line was electrified on the third rail system in 1930 and on nationalisation in 1948 it became part of Southern Region of British Railways and privatised it passed to Stagecoach. The ticket hall is now The Old Ticket Hall Wine Bar and Music Venue
Royal Waiting Room. This was built for Queen Victoria and is a separate building on the south side of the station with a main room and ante rooms crowned by a turret and spire – from which a look out could monitor the Queen’s arrival.  It is now let as offices. In the 1950s it appears to have been a Christian Science hall
Town Gate to the Home Park. Lodge and Gate Piers. Built around 1820-30 probably by Jeffrey Wyatville. There is a single storey lodge in Portland stone. The gate piers are surmounted by lamps.
9 Royal Oak. It is said that used to be called the Railway Hotel and was a Courage House.  However a pub called the Royal Oak was here in the 1830s or earlier.  It was the Royal Oak Hotel in the 1930s when it was demolished and replaced with the current building. (This building is numbered at 9 and the building to the north of it is 7 – but Mango Lounge, across the street is also 9!)
1 Bel and the Dragon Tea Room and Restaurant. This was the South Western Hotel from 1891 until the 1930s and before that the William IV. On a corner site it is also 62 Thames Street. The building is l7th altered in 18th and 19th. Timber framed encased in roughcast facing. It is also now used as staff accommodation for the Sir Christopher Wren Hotel.
St George’s School. This is a coeducational ‘preparatory’ school founded to provide six choirboys for St George's Chapel. It had provided these boys to the Chapel since 1352. Seventeen full choristers live at the school, with about seven day pupil 'probationers'. They attend lessons and rehearse each day in the Song School by the Chapel. They sing seven services each week. These boys have school fees paid by the church authorities at Windsor. The school takes about 30 boarders. Children leave the school at the age of 13 but most will have a strong musical education there. There are spacious playing fields next door to the school within private grounds of the castle. The school building dates from 1803 and has two 2 storeys in London Stock brick. There is a central Greek Doric loggia of stone columns. There is an inscription ‘Founded by - Travers Esq Erected MDCCCIII.’ There is a large walled garden with fine trees. The building was originally Travers College set up by the Naval Knights of Windsor who were established under the will of Samuel Travers the Surveyor General for Greenwich Hospital  for seamen and was a retirement home for unmarried and needy naval lieutenants.


Deadwater Ait
Deadwater Ait. This is an uninhabited tree-covered island close to the Windsor bank of the river and upstream of Romney Lock. It has also been called Baths Island. It carries the central part of Windsor Railway Bridge across the river. Public Baths were here in the 19th - in a portion covered by the square to the west.



Duke Street
Windsor and Eton Brewery. These beers were launched on St George's Day 2010. Guardsman Bitter was the first new brew in Windsor for 80 years, and it was followed by Windsor Knot


Farm Yard
Windsor Glass – this firm was based here from 1952 but is now on the Vansittart Trading Estate

Ferry
Windsor Ferry. This was a punt which left from the Barry Avenue area and lasted until the 1950s


Firework Ait
Firework Ait. This is an uninhabited tree-covered island close to the Windsor bank of the river and upstream of Romney Lock.


Goswell Road
The Goswells. The Goswells the name derives from 'goose fields' It was part of Clewer Common Fields, part enclosed 1776, It was bought in 1910 by public subscription, and given to the National Trust. It was then placed in the care of Windsor Corporation.  It has recreational facilities. A fountain marks the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee.
Windsor and Eton Bowling Club.  The club is in Goswell Meadow which is owned and managed by The National Trust. The club dates from 1921 when the National Trust agreed to lease the meadow. It was decided to use Cumberland Turf for the green and Windsor Town Council and the Trust gave permission for the Club to erect a thatched pavilion which was renewed in 1990 with slates because of cost.


Jacobs Island
Jacobs Island. This was used by Arthur Jacobs’s boat builders and hirers and had previously belonged to a firm called Boddy. It had then been known as Corporation Island. The 'New Windsor Castle' steamer was built here in the 1920s for Jacobs by Summers and was launched stern first from the slipway which was built facing upstream because the area downstream of the island was used for mooring and letting small craft.  The slipway was in use up to the 1960's. The boathouses had gone by the 1960s.
Eastern Baths - a men's bathing area was moved here away from the railway line.

Lock Cut
The Lock Cut runs from the upstream lock gates at Romney Lock, running down between Romney Island and the Windsor bank of the river until it reaches the end of the Island


Riverside
This side street continues past flats and offices into a vast car park in what was the station goods yards. It continues past them to become a pathway going to Romney Locks and the Castle Water Works.

River Street
An earlier name for the road was Bier Lane
St Saviour’s church. Built in 1875–6 from the designs of Stephen Wyborn to cater for a poor riverside population. It was demolished in the 1920s. Its lych gate was re-erected at the Clewer Memorial Grounds
St Marys School marked on 19th maps at the river end of the road.
The car park is now privately run. It dates from 1928 when housing and the church were cleared to make room for it.
Toilets. Amazing double decker toilet block. This dates from the opening of the car park in 1928 and in the 1950s had hot baths installed
Jennings Yard and Jennings Buildings were cleared in the 1980s for the present car park. Archaeologists found a possible medieval merchant’s house, moat and revetted causeway recorded in the 1980s.  These industrial buildings had been behind Jenning's riverside wharf which was owned by Courage in the 1930s and later cleared.
1 Jennings Buildings Specfield instrument makers.
2 Jennings Buildings. National Foundation for Educational Research. printer and publisher here in the 1970s
Bonded Warehouse. Thus is said to have had a wooden customs office adjacent which may have been a dancing school in the 1950s.
Red Lion. This stood on the corner with Thames Street. The site is now vacant but with some planting.


Romney Island
Romney Island connects to Romney Lock. It is long and thin with trees and is a popular coarse fishing venue controlled by Old Windsor Angling Club until 2011 and now Eton Fisheries.
The Cobbler. This was a protrusion at the Windsor end of the island removed in the 1980s... It was originally built to allow horses to haul barges towards Windsor Bridge from Romney Lock Cut. The horses were then said to be required to swim across the river to Thameside before continuing to haul the barges up stream through Windsor Bridge itself.


Romney Lock
Romney Lock. This is on the Windsor side of the river next to a boatyard and adjoins Romney Island. The first lock here was built by the Thames Navigation Commission in 1798. A pound lock had been proposed in 1774 to be sited at Firework Ait. It was rebuilt by Thames Conservancy in 1869 and again in 1979/80.
Castle Water Works and water tower. This water works was set up to supply water to Windsor Castle. The site here had originally been a mill which was replaced by The Kings Engine in 1681. It originally was powered by a large water wheel which was replaced when the works was refurbished in 1912.  It was surveyed by John Rennie in 1794. The current site consists of a pump house building said to contain an old water wheel and an octagonal water tower.


Romney Lock Road
Level Crossing. Until In 1974 there was a level crossing at the London end of in the station giving access to Romney Lock, Thus was replaced a by a footbridge.


Romney Weir
Romney Weir is upstream of the lock at the end of Romney Island and runs across the river to Cutlers Ait. It was built a year after the lock when it was seen to be necessary. It was rebuilt further upstream at the beginning of the 20th. A 200kW hydro electric generation station was installed in 2011 to supply electricity to Windsor Castle.


Thames Avenue
Two Thames Avenue. Concrete framed office block built in the 1960s as offices and now converted to flats.


Thames side
Jennings' Yard. Courage’s' bonded warehouse. The wharf was handed over to Windsor Borough Council in the 1930s for the construction of the riverside walk and the steps up to Windsor Bridge
10 Boatman pub. In 2005 this pub changed its name from The Donkey House to The River House Restaurant and Bar.  Before that it was apparently The Kings Arms which dated from at least the 1830s.
Bakery– part of a development of the site between 1947 and 1949. This was used by Denney’s Bakery.
Mercer House, developed between 1970 and 1990
Berkshire House developed between 1970 and 1990.


Thames Street
28 Dated as built in 1903. Painted brick in Jacobeathan style. At one time it had a marble faced butcher's shop on ground floor and a fascia with Royal Arms by "appointment" on it. Plaque on thru side records a house on this site was the birthplace of the founder of the Massachusetts Militia
29 Adam and Eve Pub. Closed as a pub and is now a restaurant.
Theatre Royal. There is a glazed canopy on cast iron columns over the pavement. A theatre in this site was opened in 1815 and continued until it was burnt out in 1908. The theatre was owned by William Shipley and he rebuilt it to be completed in 1910. It then passed to a Mr Gladwin who converted it into a cinema showing low rated films. John Counsell managed it and formed a repertory company here in 1938. Since then the theatre has seen many changes and improvements to the interior structure and amenities have led to the present decor, designed by Carl Toms in 1965 and refurbished in 1973 and 1994. The theatre continues to be a success.
Hundred Steps Lodge. Castellated stone lodge like a squat tower built in 1840-50. Part of Wyattville's work on the Castle and the steps go up from the street to the Castle. The steps were a short cut up to the castle they are now unused but visible.
Prince Christian Victor of Schleswig-Holstein Monument. This is a bronze figure, in captain's uniform, by W Goscombe John, 1903. The Prince died in 1900.
Brewery. Nevile Reid acquired the Windsor Brewery from Baverstock and Ramsbottom in about 1810 .they were acquired by Noakes and Co Ltd, 1918 who were in turn taken over by Courage. Brewing ceased in 1930.
Old Bank House. Built in 1758 for a brewer, Henry Isherwood. It later became Ramsbottom's Windsor Bank. It was then Reids, and then Courage’s Brewery Office which closed in 1962. Now in use by St. George’s School
King George V Memorial. This dates from 1936 and is by Edwin Lutyens.  It is in Portland stone with a pedestal bearing crown, orb and sceptres on a cushion. In front is a pool with fountains
49 The Swan Public House. 16th or possibly earlier origin, refronted in the early 19th. Public house front with carriageway which reveals a timber frame. . This is now a restaurant.
Wrens Club – which is the spa attached to the Sir Christopher Wren Hotel. There is signage over what was the carriage entrance to the Swan Inn,
62 Bel and the Dragon – this also fronts onto Datchet Road as no.1
59-60 Playhouse Cinema, This was built as a cinema for the Lou Morris chain and opened in 1928. It was equipped with a Compton 2Manual/5Ranks organ with had an illuminated console on a life in the centre of the orchestra pit. In 1930 it was taken over by the Southan Morris chain and by the Union Cinemas chain in 1935, which were themselves taken over by the Associated British Cinemas chain in October 1937. It was re-named ABC in 1961, and in 1971, became a ‘Luxury Lounge’, using only the stalls. It was closed in 1982. It re-opened as the Carousel Cinema in 1983 but was closed later that year. The building was sold and demolished in 1984. There is now an office block on the site.
52- 56 Sir Christopher Wren. The hotel covers a number of buildings at the riverside end of the street. The riverside corner building dates from around 1820-40. A painted inscription dates building as being 1676 and records the history of Wren and the building – it is however very unlikely he lived there and the house was probably built 27 years after his death. Christopher Wren, who was born in 1632, probably grew up in Windsor as his father was Dean of Windsor from 1635. The family were most likely living in church owned accommodation, possibly in the castle. The hotel records that the Main House of the Hotel was owned by the Cheshire family in the 18th but later belonged to Mr More, a local barge master and coal merchant. By the 1920s it was the Riverholme Restaurant and Guest House and it was later extended and the present restaurant built. It was further extended in the 1940s and 1950s and was the Old House Hotel. . It was then called Wren’s House and was listed. It passed through a number of owners and is now owned by Sarova Hotels


Vansittart Estate
Light industry and trading estate


Windsor Bridge
Windsor Bridge. The first bridge here may have been was built in the 12th when there is a record of tolls levied on vessels passing under it. In the mid 13th a wooden bridge was built here and by 1819 it was felt wooden bridges here were no longer viable. A granite and cast iron bridge, which remains, was opened in 1824. It has three arches with two mid-stream granite piers.  There is a cast iron trellis balustrade, and the original lampposts remain. It was originally tolled but tolls were abolished following legal action in 1897. In 1970, it was closed to motor vehicles following the discovery of cracks in the structure. It was repaired in 2002 but remains pedestrianised.

Windsor Castle
This square covers the north western portion of the castle. The rest is in squares to the south and east
St. George’s Chapel. The chapel is in the Lower Ward and is the responsibility of the religious College of St George. The Society of the Friends of St George's and Descendants of the Knights of the Garter, was established in 1931 to assist the College in maintaining the chapel. It was founded in 1348 by Edward III and was attached to the Chapel of St Edward the Confessor which had been built under Henry III in the early 13th. It was then rededicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary, St Edward the Confessor and St George the Martyr. It then became the Mother Church of the Order of the Garter, and a special service is held in every year for members of the order. Between 1475 and 1528 The Chapel was expanded greatly under Richard Beauchamp, Bishop of Salisbury, and the master mason Henry Janyns. It became a destination for pilgrims with several relics.  During the Civil War Parliamentary forces plundered the chapel and treasury and later the chapter house was destroyed. This was repaired at the Restoration. In the 19th there was some rebuilding and reordering. On the pinnacles of the chapel roof are seventy-six statues representing the Queen's Beasts. They were restored here in 1925. The chapel is an important survival of a medieval chantry and its status as a royal foundation saved it from the Dissolution.
Curfew Tower. This is a 13th building. Below it is a sally-port – this is an underground exit from a castle with disguised entrances at both ends to be used in of siege. It is in good condition, walled and roofed in stone, pierced with four shafts.
Military Knights of St. George. These are retired army officers living in homes in part of the lower ward. They caim to be the oldest military establishment in the Army and were Formed by Edward III after the Battle of Creçy to help knights who had taken their armies to France, been captured and had to sell everything to pay the ransom. Clearly there have been many changes since.

Windsor Railway Bridge and viaduct
This wrought iron bowstring bridge was designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel and carries what was the Great Western Railway line to Slough crossing the Thames to the west central Windsor.  It is the oldest wrought iron railway bridge in regular service. It was opened in 1849 having been delayed because of objects from Eton College. However they managed to open shortly before the London and South West Railway here which was also delayed. There was originally a wooden viaduct but this was replaced by the current bridge structure in 1861-65 .The upstream track was removed in the 1960 and the trackbed now carries a water pipe


Sources
British History online. Web site
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Chelsea Speleological Society. Web site
Cinema Treasures. Web site
College of St. George. Web site
Gas Journal
National Archive. Web site
Royal Oak. Web site
St. George’s School. Web site
Thamesweb. Web site
Theatre Royal, Windsor. Web site
The Royal Windsor Forum. Web site
Transport Heritage. Web site
Wikipedia As appropriate
Windsor and Eton Bowling Club. Web site
Windsor Lawn Tennis Club, Web site
Windsor Pubs. Web site
Windsor Through Time

Wednesday, 24 August 2016

Riverside west of the 'Tower, south bank. Windsor Black Potts


Riverside west of the 'Tower, south bank. Windsor Black Potts

Post to the south Windsor sports and the castle


This posting covers a small slip of land at the northern end of the Windsor Home Park public recreation area.

Black Potts Ait
Black Potts Ait is an island in the Thames. It is a tree-covered triangle now at the mouth of the Jubilee River. It was a favourite area for fishing for in the late 17th and some sort of building was provided for Charles II to use here in this context.

River Bank
Black Potts Railway bridge. This carries the railway from Waterloo to Windsor. It is has four seventy feet spans and is supported in the middle by Black Potts Ait. Originally the bridge had ornate cast-iron ribs, but these corroded and were replaced with more wrought iron, which radically altered the bridge's appearance. Before it opened there was a race between the Great Western and South Western railway companies to be the first to complete a rail line to Windsor. The South Western had almost finished, and had announced the opening it when due to settlement on the piers. a girder snapped at Black Potts bridge. This delayed the completion by four months. So the Great Western got to Windsor first.

Romney Island
Romney Island is an island in the Thames downstream of Romney Lock. It is a long thin island with trees and scrub.  It appears to be cut from the main land by an artificial cut which turning it into an island. This is thought to have begun as the intake for the "King's Engine" invented by Sir Samuel Moreland in 1681 to pump water up to the castle.   It is a popular island for fishing

Sources
London Railway Record
Semgonline. Web site
Wikipedia. Black Potts Ait. Web site
Where Thames Smooth Waters Glide. Web site
Windsor and Maidenhead Council. Web site

Riverside west of the Tower, south bank. Windsor - sport and the castle

Riverside west of the Tower, south bank. Windsor - sport and the castle


Post to the east Windsor Home Park bathing pond
Post to the north Windsor Black Potts
Post to the west Windsor riverside and Castle

Home Park
Home Park is a private park in the Crown Estate and attached to Windsor Castle.  This square covers the north section including the area adjacent to the Castle– about a third of the total area.
The North Slopes. This is a series of pleasure grounds on the chalk escarpment on which the Castle is sited. Paths zigzag down the wooded hillside to the Broad Water. Albert, The Prince Consort installed various structures, walks and planting in the 1840s. A lawn is now used as a school playing field. William III planned a formal Maastricht Garden, here designed by Henry Wise in 1701.The work was stopped by George I, but some remains can be seen from the air.
Slopes Lodge. Cottage
Broad Water. This is at the bottom of the north slopes and is lined with trees. It feeds a trout stream which is crossed by several small, stone, gothic-arched bridges
Public Recreation Ground. This is the north section of the Home Park and is now a public area north of King Edward VII Avenue.
Windsor Cricket Club. Thus was set up in 1995 following a merger between Windsor Victoria and Windsor and Eton Cricket Clubs. Their home ground is at the Home Park in Windsor. They also have a lively clubhouse with a bar open all year.
Datchet Dashers. This is a running club which uses the Cricket Club Clubhouse. They organise the Windsor Great Park Dash (formerly the Datchet Dash & The Dorney Dash).
Windsor Forest Bow Men. This archery club was formed in 1951. They cater for Recurve, Compound and Longbow as well as traditional (hunter type) and bare bow and field archery. They use St Stephen's Field, in the Home Park Recreation Ground.
Windsor Home Park Lawn Tennis Club. They have a clubhouse and courts next to the Rugby Club.


King Edward VII Avenue
Children’s Playground
Car Parks

Romney Lock Road
Windsor Rugby Football Club. This is an amalgamation of two clubs. There was a Windsor Rugby Football club in 1889 but thus disbanded in 1895. The current Windsor Rugby Club dates from 1922.  The future King George VI was their patron and this continued. In 1961 they opened a Clubhouse in the Home Park and in 1987-8 amalgamated with the of Old Windsorians Rugby Football Club,
Home Park Lodge

Victoria Bridge.
Victoria Bridge. Along with Albert Bridge this was built to replace demolished Datchet Bridge.It was originally built in 1851 and partly paid for by the Windsor, Staines and Richmond Railway Company to allow them access to Windsor. This bridge was damaged by tanks movements during the Second World War.  It remained in use until 1963 although subject to weight restrictions but was closed as cracks developed in the cast iron ribs. A Bailey bridge was installed by Royal Engineers above the bridge so that it could be removed. A new bridge was built in 1966 although a footbridge remained. The current bridge was opened in 1967 by Berkshire County Council, with consultants Mott, Hay and Anderson


Windsor Castle
The Castle is a large and complex structure. This square covers only the north east section. Other parts are in squares to the west and the south.
Windsor Castle. The castle was first built in the 11th by William the Conqueror to consolidate Norman dominance to the west of London and over the Thames. It is built on a steep chalk cliff which rises abruptly from the bank of the Thames and is protected by easily defended slopes on the east, south, and west. It has been used by English Monarchs since the reign of Henry I and is the largest and longest occupied castle in Europe. It was built as a standard motte-and-bailey, around a central mound with timber palisades which over time were replaced with stone fortifications.   It withstood a siege during the 13th First Barons' War. Subsequently Henry III built a luxurious royal palace here and this was amplified by Edward III. In the Civil War it was used as a military headquarters for the Parliament forces. After the Restoration much of it was rebuilt with architect Hugh May. George II and IV rebuilt this at colossal expense. It became the centre for royal entertainment under Victoria and a refuge for the royal family during Second World War bombing campaigns. There was a bad fire in 1992.
Upper Ward. Thus includes a number of major buildings inside the upper bailey wall.  The State Apartments are to the north with the private royal apartments and the King George IV Gate to the south, with the Edward III Tower in the south-west corner and the Round Tower to the west edge of the ward. It has been seen as a 19th creation by Jeffry Wyattville. The walls are of Bagshot stone characterised by the use of small bits of flint in the mortar to give stonework from many periods a similar appearance. The skyline is designed to be dramatic from a distance or in silhouette
The Round Tower. This is the oldest part of the castle , perched on a mound of earth made of spoil from its surrounding ditch. It was bult by Henry II in 1170 with Bagshot stone replacing a wooden keep. It had a number of major refurbishments in the intervening centuries. It is slightly oval in shape and lightly built compared to similar structures elsewhere – and there has subsequently been subsidence which there have been several efforts to control including major work on foundations as revealed by archaeologists.  There is a 160ft well in a lower side room. Its current appearance is down Jeffry Wyatville for George IV and his ideas of what a castle ought to look like – this includes the gothic battlements.  It was previously used as the Constable’s residence but it needed to fulfill  people’s ideas of what the Royal Castle should look like – and is usually shown in art works as taller than it actually is.  Today at its base is an external 'gallery'.  If the castle was under attack and through the walls bowmen would be stationed here to supplement those in the keep. It is now called the 'cannonade' and has 16 18th bronze field guns. The castle's 15-metre flagpole stands above the tower and when first raised in 1892 coins were buried under it. In the 1970s the building was underpinned because of subsidence and then converted into space for the Royal Archives.
North Terrace with views, of the playing fields of Eton. It was constructed by Hugh May in the 17th
Statue. A bronze statue of Charles II on horseback sits beneath the Round Tower. It was cast by Josias Ibach in 1679, with the marble plinth featuring carvings by Grinling Gibbons.  19th accounts of the castle say that beneath this statue was a device from the 17th by Sir Samuel Moreland for raising water to the buildings.
State Apartments. These lie on the the north side of the quadrangle and follow the medieval foundations laid down by Edward III with services on the ground floor. To the west the layout is primarily the work of architect Hugh May but the east was done by Jeffry Wyatville who wanted each room to illustrate an architectural style. These have largely been remodelled following the 1992 fire and are less decorative to follow modern tastes
Private Apartments


Sources
British History Online. Web site
Castle Studies Group. Web site
Chelsea Speleological Society. Newsletter
Datchet Dashers. Web site
Historic England. Web site
Lasdun. The English Park
London Transport. Country Walks
Roberts. Royal Landscape
Thamesweb. Web site
Wikipedia. Windsor Castle. Web site
Windsor Cricket Club. Web site
Windsor Forest Bowmen. Web site
Windsor Home Park Lawn Tennis Club. Web site
Windsor Rugby Football Club. Web site

Tuesday, 23 August 2016

Riverside south bank west of the Tower. Windsor Home Park Bathing Pond

Riverside south bank west of the Tower. Windsor Home Park Bathing Pond

Post to the south Windsor Home Park Eastern riverside
Post to the west Windsor Sport and the Castle

Home Park
This square covers only a tiny section of the riverside at Home Park.
Bathing Pond. This results from the layout of the Park by Thomas Page in the 1840s. It appears to be an attempt – as with the other water features of the park – to use old gravel workings.
Albert Cottage and Boathouse. These date from 1861. They are brick, with a timber framed gabled projection the boathouse is on edge of the pool linked to the cottage by a pierced balustrade which is returned over the cut to the river. Said to be designed by Teulon.

Sources
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Roberts. Royal Landscapes

Riverside west of the Tower and on the south bank Windsor Home Park Eastern riverside

Riverside west of the Tower and on the south bank Windsor Home Park Eastern riverside

Post to the south Windsor Albert Bridge
Post to the north Windsor Home Park bathing pond

Datchet Bridge
Datchet Bridge. This replaced a ferry service and was initially a wooden bridge commissioned by Queen Anne. The crossing was much used by royalty and they were often concerned for its reliability. The bridge was not tolled and therefore was popular. Responsibility for the maintenance was initially with the Crown but then passed to the counties of Berkshire and Buckinghamshire and there were decades of dispute between the two over who should pay for what. In 1836 the two counties each decided to build their own half, in different materials and not touching in the middle - Buckinghamshire's in wood and Berkshire's in iron. This was demolished in 1848 and the dispute resolved by building two new bridges
Datchet Ferry.  This had operated since at least the middle of the 13th and was replaced by the bridge.

Home Park
Home Park is a private park in the Crown Estate and attached to Windsor Castle.  This square covers part of the eastern section– about a quarter of the total area
Adelaide Lodge. This is known as Adelaide Cottage, it was the service wing to the current Adelaide Cottage. It stands in a picturesque dell and is a brick two-storied building in the 'cottage-ornée' style of the early 20th. Over the years there appears to have been some confusion over the two buildings and their names
Adelaide Cottage. Built on the site of the Keepers Lodge, it is a painted, stuccoed two-storied building also in the 'cottage-ornée' style. There is an inscription with the initials ‘AR’ for Adelaide Regina and the date of 1831. It is however thought to be older, possibly 17th. It appears to have been used by the Park Bailiff in the early 19th but then maybe rebuilt as a retreat for royal ladies wanting picnics and privacy. It was named for William IV’s wife Adelaide.
Double Cottages. These are by the riverside near the site of Old Datchet Bridge. They were built 1840-50 amend were designed as one. They appear to stand on the site of the Crown and Angel Pub – once in Datchet High Street which continued across the bridge but demolished along with the bridge in 1848

Sources
Crown Estate. Web site.
Datchet History. Web site
Historic England. Web site
Roberts. Royal Landscape
Windsor and Maidenhead Council. Web site