Saturday, 22 October 2016

Riverside west of the Tower and north of the river. Old Chiswick

This post gives sites north of the river only. South of the river is Lonsdale Road

Post to the south Dukes Meadows. More Sport and Barnes
Post to the east Castelnau

Alexandra Avenue
This stretch of road is called Great Chertsey Road on some maps, but not on others. The whole road was originally called Alexandra Avenue, but some of it has been changed.

Bennett Street
Office block. This was the White Swan pub. This was closed in the 1980s and is now flats and offices.

Bollo Brook
This brook comes into the area from its origins on Ealing Common. It was the original boundary of Lord Burlington’s estate in Chiswick and was widened and canalised when the grounds were landscaped in the 1720s, The brook fed the lakes and fountains at but is now carried in a pipe underneath the lake because on the dirty water from the many local laundries. It then goes by culvert underneath the main A316 to its outfall into the Thames. The line of the brook is now that of the Promenade Approach Road.

Burlington Lane
8 George and Devonshire. This originates in a 17th building and two cottages which Thomas Mawson, the brewer, bought in 1700. This was known as the George but by 1826, the name Devonshire had been added because of the local presence of the Dukes of Devonshire. There are stories of a smugglers' tunnel between here and the river and there is a bricked up doorway in the pub. The care park and function room are the sire of the stables.
Hogarth Business Park – this trading estate is being rebuilt as housing by Berkeley Homes.
Hogarth Business Park. This complex of offices and warehouses replaced the Cherry Blossom boot polish factory in the 1980s. Business Park. Some buildings here were by Covell Matthews Wheatley from 1985 onwards.
Cherry Blossom. The Cherry Blossom polish works was first of all the Chiswick Soap Company owned by brothers Dan and Charles Mason in 1878. The soap works was on a small part of the site later covered by the trading estate. Their works grew however to cover a large area a between Burlington and Hogarth Lanes – including the site of a large house in grounds called Providence House.  They wanted make use the 5-inch circular pieces of tin-plate which they had as a by-product. They thought of making smaller tins which could contain shoe polish – but one which would not rub off on clothing. Cherry Blossom Boot Polish was invented by their chemist and was launched in 1906, at 1d per tin to become a big success. The works expanded into a triangular-shaped site between Hogarth and Burlington Lanes where they made a range of shoe and household polishes, including Mansion House Polish. The Chiswick Soap Company changed its name in 1913 to the Chiswick Polish Company and went public in 1916. The name changed again in 1930 when Chiswick Polish amalgamated with the Nugget Polish Company to become Chiswick Products Ltd. In 1954 the business was acquired by Reckitt and Colman and Production ended here in 1972 when they transferred work to their main factory at Hull.  Cherry Blossom is still however a market leader.
St Marys Convent and St Josephs’ Hospital. This was originally an Anglican convent run by the Order of St Mary and St John. Founded in Kensington in 1868. It is now the Order of St Margaret. In 1896 they bought land from the Duke of Devonshire for the convent which was an Arts and Crafts style by building Charles Ford Whitcombe. It included St Joseph’s Hospital for Incurables. After the introduction of the National Health Service this was replaced with a residential home for the elderly and 1986 the name St. Joseph’s was dropped
Corney House (or Lodge). This was a 19th house on the corner of Powells Walk not the 16th riverside house of the same name. It was demolished for road widening in the 1930s
The Cedars. Built in the early 1860s. It was taken over by Cherry Blossom around 1911 and the Laboratory and Men's Canteen built in what had been the grounds. There was also an aviary owned by Dan Mason. The house was used as Stores, and the ground floor rooms used for carton making machines.

Chiswick Eyot
Marked as ‘Chiswick Ait’ on Greenwood's map of 1819. In the 17th there are records of it being called ‘Twigg Eight’ 1650 – island with brushwood'.'. It is thought that it may have been the site of a prehistoric stilted village and later a Danish encampment. In the 1930s the local authority bought it from the Ecclesiastical Commissioners and it is now a nature reserve. It has however been subject to severe erosion and is submerged at high tide and is thus uninhabited
Green pole. This is at the end of the island and is to tome rowers on the boat race course.

Chiswick House and Grounds
Chiswick House. This square covers only the site of the house and the area of the park to the east of it. Chiswick House. The original house, visited by James I, stood to the east of the present building. This was owned by Sir Edward Wardour, and possibly built by his father aeound.1610. He sold it to to Robert Carr, 1st Earl of Somerset in 1624 and in 1682 it was sold to Charles Boyle.
Chiswick House.  This is a Palladian villa designed by Richard Boyle, Lord Burlington, and completed in 1729.  The design was very shocking when it was built – it is not actually a house but a ‘temple to the arts’ and used as a picture gallery. It may include some Masonic symbolism.   Until the 1780s was used as an extension to the main house. After Burlington’s death in 1753 property eventually passed, by marriage, to William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire and then to his children. Under the Cavendish family the house was a Whig stronghold where both Charles James Fox and George Canning died. During the 19th it was rented and became an asylum. In 1929, the 9th Duke sold it to Middlesex County Council, and it became a fire station. It was hit by a V2 in 1944 and the wings were demolished in 1956.  It is now maintained by English Heritage.
Chiswick House Gardens. This square covers only the gardens to the east of the house. The gardens were created by architect and landscape designer William Kent. They were inspired by and are an attempt to symbolically recreate a garden of ancient Rome
Conservatory.  This 300ft long conservatory was one of the earliest large glasshouses to be built and the longest such structure for its date. It was designed by Samuel Ware for the Duke of Devonshire in 1820 and overlooks the Italian garden. It was rebuilt in the 1930s and has recently been completely restored with a new frame and glass. In 1828, it was planted with camellias and some original plans remain and it is thus the oldest such collection in England and includes some very rare plants.
Italian Garden.  In 1814, the 6th Duke of Devonshire, commissioned Lewis Kennedy to design a semi-circular 'Italian Garden' in front of the Conservatory. The beds were laid out in geometric patterns and in 1880 the then head gardener, Michael May, simplified the layout and this design remains.
Southern Walled Garden. This has planting of 140 fruit trees and soft fruit. The walled gardens were originally part of the neighbouring Moreton Hall estate which the 6th Duke of Devonshire bought in 1812, incorporating the gardens into a larger productive area to support Chiswick House. Before this the area was a wilderness garden. It is now to be dedicated to horticulture with a quarter taken up with a lawn for events and activities. Archaeology has discovered what may be a shove house.  There is also a domed brick well capped with a Portland stone slab
Doric column and rosary. The Doric column is thought to have been designed by Lord Burlington in about 1729 and is surmounted by Venus d’Medici.  It is surrounded by the rosary with a 19thb radial layout of paths
Deer House. This stands at the end of a Ha-ha stands a Deer House and was designed by Lord Burlington. There was originally another Deer House. Both had pyramidal roofs and 'Virtuvian' doors. As Orangery, was also associated with the Deer Houses in this area,
Inigo Jones Gateway. This replaced the second Deer House which was demolished for it in 1738.  This had been at Beaufort House in Chelsea from 1621 and was bought and removed by Lord Burlington and rebuilt in the gardens here in 1738
Cafe. Designed by Caruso St John

Chiswick Lane South
This is now a short lane leading to the river and cut off from its northern continuation to Chiswick High Road by A4. It is almost entirely taken up with the brewery.
Griffin Brewery, In the late 1600s, there was a private brew house in the gardens of Bedford House on Chiswick Mall and another nearby in the cottage of Thomas Urlin. His son in law was Thomas Mawson who took over as manager at Urlin’s death. He bought the George and then the Bedford House brew house. By 1786 David Roberts had the premises. Handing on to his sons, and in 1816, it began to be called the Griffin name taking the name over from Meux and Reid’s whose business had collapsed. The Thompson brothers were joined by Philip Wood, in the partnership, and then John Fuller. Fuller was wealthy and was soon the majority shareholder. By 1843 the Thompsons were no longer involved and a younger Fuller was in charge. From 1845 it was known as Fuller Smith & Turner which continues. The partnership acquired the Beehive at Brentford in 1910 and Wiche Brewery in 1923, By 1970 Fuller’s had-a considerable trade supplying theatres and clubs.  The brewery produced London Pride bitter, E.S.B. and Hock Mild.  Apart from these draught beers bottled London Pride was available and Golden Pride, a bottled barley wine.  They also had about a hundred tied houses, most close to the Brewery. The central part of the original 18th building built as the owner's house is now offices. The brewery buildings were rebuilt in 1979-81 but some original remains. It is now the only remaining large scale traditional brewery in London

Chiswick Mall
Riverside gardens. The gardens along the Mall are private and were created in the 1880s as part of a scheme to use river embankments for mains carrying water, sewage, gas etc.
Old Vicarage. This old Parsonage House was built in 1657-8 following a decision of the Vestry in 1652. In the late 18th changed to have a stuccoed front and a window on the Mall. It was sold in 1973
Vicarage. This was built in 1973 when the old vicarages were sold in what had been the grounds of the building.
Woodroffe House. This is a 17th red-brick building.By 1819, together with its neighbouring houses to the east, it was part of the Lamb Brewery estate owned by the Sich family until 1923.
Bedford House. This was built in the mid-17th along with the house next door. By 1829, the tenant was the first John Sich, owner of the Lamb brewery who was there until 1836. The Brewhouse was at the back of the house. Recent residents include Michael Redgrave, from 1945 to 1954.
Gazebo. In the grounds of Bedford House, mid-l8th Gothic.
Eynham House. This was originally part of Bedford House in the 17th. Like its neighbours there are exit gates at the back into the brewery yard in case of flooding.
Barn behind Eynham House is an 18th brick barn originally the stables for brewery horses
White Bear and Whetstone Inn. This was here in the 18th,.  In the pub is an old whetstone, with a plaque  "I am the old whetstone, and have sharpened tools on this spot above 1,000 years".
Thames View House. The house carries a Civic Trust Award plaque for flood defence work carried out along the Mall by the Greater London Council in 1979.
Belle Vue House. This was owned by the Griffin Brewery and the house was the traditional home of the chief brewer
Crane - Opposite Belle Vue there was a mobile crane used by the brewery for transhipment from barges. It was also used by Cherry Blossom to unload wax.
1 Belle Vue Cottages.  This is one of a terrace of cottages standing behind the brewery building. This cottage is at right angles to the road forming part of a group around a courtyard. There are granite setts and an 18th gate piers and gate.
Red Lion House. This was built soon after 1700 for Thomas Mawson’s brewery. It was licensed by 1722.  There was then a drawdock opposite. Outside was a whetstone used by osier cutters for sharpening tools with the inscription "I am the old whetstone, and have sharpened tools on this spot above 1, 00(0) years".  It is now in Gunnersbury Park Museum. By 1915 the pub had lost its licence when it was still a Fullers pub. Since then it has been a private house.
Buildings of the Griffin Brewery
Prebendal Manor House for St Paul’s Cathedral, built in 1570. This was on the site of a 19th terrace which goes between Heron House and Thames Bank.   It became the home of a friend of John Evelyn. The building later became College House – named because of a relationship with Westminster school.  The school used it as rural retreat after 1571 and retained it until the 18th. The Whittington Press was here in the 19th. Later, after 1852, it was occasionally used as a lecture hall, and in 1875, just before it was demolished, Ellen Terry played there.
Chiswick Press. This was in College House from 1818 to 1852 owned by the Whitingham family. They produced hand-printed and finely designed books with woodcut engravings. It had previously been in High House from 1816.  Whittingham had patented a method of extracting tar from old rope and they used the hemp from ship's ropes for paper and had a steam engine on site. The extracted tar was used to make the ink. In 1852 under Charles Whittingham it moved to the City of London.
Thames Bank. In the Second World War this was an infants’ school here for children who remained in London. It later moved to Hammersmith
College House.and space This is a space to the east of Thames Bank House. I papers to have been left vacant because it was planned to build a bridge across the Thames here with a section based on Chiswick Eyot. The house on the site dares from the 1980s
Greenash. House originally called Eyot Villa. It was built in   1882 by Belcher for Sir John Thorneycroft. It was converted to flats by E. Musman in 1934. In 1941 it was turned into a hostel for people suffering trauma from bombing

Chiswick Pier
The Pier House is managed by the Chiswick Pier Trust with a hall and conference room for hire. The Trust holds events to educate people about the river, its ecology and history. This pier provides eight residential moorings and visitor moorings with all-tide access, and pump out and shower facilities. It was opened in 1997
Chiswick Pier Canoe Club was formed in 1999
Thames Explorer Trust. This was founded in 1988 as an educational charity which promotes access to the Thames from source to sea. While providing activities to increase access to the river. They raise awareness of working beside rivers and haw to manage risk.
Chiswick Sea Cadets. They are based on the pier and keep their vessels there.
RLNI Lifeboat Station. This is one of is one of four lifeboat stations on the Thames operational since 2002, providing a round-the-clock rapid response service. They cover upstream Richmond Lock to Battersea Power Station.

Chiswick Square
This is a group of houses around a small gates area off Burlington Lane. It dates from around 1680 and forms a sort of forecourt to Boston House
Boston House. This dates from the 1680s and is apparently named after Viscount Boston later the Earl of Grantham who extended it in the 1740s. In the early 19th it was a school and it is claimed that this is the original of Miss Pinkerton’s academy in Thackeray’s novel Vanity Fair and there is a plaque to that effect.  In 1899 it became St Veronica’s Retreat for women who were problem drinkers. In 1922 it was bought by Cherry Blossom as a social club for female staff.   The surrounding buildings were let out to employees as homes. The grounds were turned into a sports club.  It is now flats - and the grounds now housing development,

Chiswick Wharf
Chiswick Wharf.  This is a terrace of townhouses built in the 1980s on a site known as Church Wharf.

Church Street
Slipway. This is a public slipway with a 19th stone causeway runs into the river. It was the site of a ferry service to what is now Lonsdale Road in Barnes. It was also used by local fisherman and in the 19th a fleet of eel boats operated here. The slip and causeway were renovated in 2077.
Residential boats. These moorings were established as a response to housing shortages in the Second World War. Houseboats moored here include Greenwich built Leonard Piper.
1-7 these modern town houses are part of the Chiswick Wharf development. They replace industrial sites on an area once known as 'Slut’s Hole' and occupied by river workers.
St Nicholas. The church is dedicated to St.Nicholas, the patron saint of fishermen. The earliest mention of it is in 1181, with reference to St. Paul’s Cathedral and the Prebendal Manor of ‘Chesewic’ had been created. It stands on a narrow site which means it is almost as long as it is wide. The poet John Donne was Prebend here in 1625.  The church as it stands now dates from 1635 with a tower, now the oldest part of the church, built in 1435. The tower has eight bells, five from 1656, and there are links with Oliver Cromwell through his daughter. Excluding the tower, the church was rebuilt in 1882-1884 by ecclesiastical architect, John Loughborough Pearson.
Churchyard. This has the graves of several important artists and architects. William Hogarth is here with an epitaph by Garrick. Another painter, Philipp de Loutherbourg is buried in a tomb designed by Sir John Soane and William Kent, architect and designer is also buried here. Charles Tilston Bright who laid the first Atlantic Cable is also here. There is a tablet saying that the wall was built in 1623 by Francis Russell to keep pigs out. The extension to the church yard, which closed in the 1850s, is reached from Corney Road.
St. Deny’s House. This is described as the curate's house and is the ancillary building for the church standing opposite it. It is named after the Community of St. Denys an Anglican religious order of nuns founded in 1879. The building was used until 1973 to house a satellite community of three sisters. It now is used by a variety of community based organisations. It was purchased by the parish in the late 1990s and has since been extended to the rear to provide a church hall.
The Old Burlington. This was the Burlington Arms established in around 1550 and closed in 1924. It is thought to be the oldest, non ecclesiastical, remaining in Chiswick. It is said to have a cupboard outside it in which to lock up drunks. It was one of two pubs which stood on either side of the Lamb Brewery entrance. It is now flats.
Lamb Cottage. This was the Lamb Tap - Tap for the Lamb Brewery which was adjacent. It was of two pubs which stood either side of the brewery entrance.  It was a pub from at least 1732 to 1909. It is now a private house.
Lamb Brewery. Between the two pubs runs a lane marking the entrance to the Lamb Brewery. Down the lane are the brewery remains. The brewery was purchased in 1790 by coal merchant John Sich based on an older brew house in the grounds of Bedford House. It was acquired by the Isleworth Brewery Ltd in 1920, closed and the plant sold in 1922. Some buildings were bought by Fullers who subsequently sold to the Standard Yeast Company who used them until 1952 and now used as offices. A complex of buildings remain largely converted to flats and dominated by the red brick tower built in the early 20th and with ‘Lamb Brewery’ painted around the top storey. It was designed by brewery architect William Bradford with dormer windows, fancy ironwork and other decorative features. There is a water tank at the top and the brewery operated it on the gravity system.
Standard Yeast. The firm produced yeast and other ‘baker’s sundries’. They gave their address however as ‘Lamb’s Distillery’.
Guardship. This building was a store for the Lamb Brewery in the 19th when beer was pumped under Church Street to the cellar where it was stored for ageing and conditioning before delivery. The pipes and an internal lift are said to be still extant. Bottled beer was also stored here. Hops were stored on the upper floor and the remains of a crane are visible. The building was later used by a silversmith who stored his collection of ship models and had a figurehead, a ship's wheel and anchor sign were on the outside. The name of ‘Guardship’ relates to its use by the Sea Scouts in the 1920s.
7 The Post Office, this 18th building retains a shop window

Church Wharf
In the early 19th this had been it was a cluster of cottages known as Slut's Hole, later renamed Fisherman's Place
Thornycroft’s shipyard. John Thorneycroft was a shipbuilder and the son of Thorneycroft, the sculptor.Founded in 1864, the firm specialised in high-speed vessels, first launches and later torpedo boats and then torpedo boat destroyers. Their first steam launch, Nautilus, could keep up with the rowing eights on boa trace day, which caused a sensation. Vessels were designed by John Thornycroft who worked in partnership with his brother-in-law John Donaldson from 1873.  Their high-speed launches included the Sir Arthur Cotton which in 1874 claimed to be to be the fastest vessel in the world. Torpedo-boats formed the main output in the 1880s, 222 being built for the British and foreign navies between 1874 and 1891, followed from 1893–4 by the first torpedo-boat destroyers. However the increasing size and speed of the craft made it difficult to negotiate bridges downstream and the increased draught of the destroyers meant superstructures such as masts, funnels etc, had to be removed and refitted at Greenhithe. Thornycrofts built their last naval vessels at Chiswick in 1905–6 and had finally left for Southampton in 1909.
Gwynne's Works. The Thornycroft site was acquired by Gwynne's Engineering which had begun as a firm of pump makers in central London. They moved to Hammersmith from the 1860s and took over the Thorneycroft site in 1917.  They made aircraft engines for the Admiralty during the Great War and, later, cars following their acquisition of the Albert Car business. Car production was moved to Chiswick and in 1923 the name of the car was changed to Gwynne-Albert. In 1922 Gwynnes started to make the Gwynne Eight, based on the design of the Spanish Victoria car. Financial problems arose in 1923 and a receiver was appointed, but production continued. About 2,250 examples of the Eight were made. A larger model of car, the Gwynne Ten, was offered from 1927. About 600 were made before production ceased. The company was dissolved in 1927 and left Church Wharf in 1930.
Reckitt and Coleman. This Hull based firm had taken over Cherry Blossom in 1954.  Wax had been delivered by barge to Church Wharf under Cherry Blossom and as Reckett and Coleman in 1952 they build a large brick warehouse here. This was demolished in 1980.
National School. This is shown on 19th maps on Church Wharf backing onto the churchyard.  This is presumably the charity school founded in 1707 and which expanded until 1813 when the boys moved elsewhere. In 1819 it became a National School the girls remaining at Church Wharf. And the building here was still extant in 1923 when it was repaired and it was demolished in. 1951.
Regency Quay.  Housing in a gated development.

Corney Reach Way
Corney Reach development, this is an estate of flats and houses built on the riverside between Church Wharf and Pumping Station Road in the mid 1990s. This area was the estate of the old Corney House developed as an industrial area in the 19th.
Old Corney House. This was first built on the riverside by the Bishop of Rochester. In 1542 it was conveyed to John Russell, who became the 1st Earl of Bedford and it remained with Russell family until 1659 when it was sold. The house was demolished before 1705 and a new house and tenements built. It subsequently passed through several owners. The house and grounds were sold at auction, in 1829, and bought by the Duke of Devonshire.
LEP Transport Ltd. The firm had its main packing department here. LEP Transport was a freight company established in London in 1910 but originating in the 1890s in Le Havre. The company name was derived from the initials of the three founding partners; Longstaff, Ehrenberg and Pollack.  It eventually closed in the 1990s.
Valor. This Birmingham based firm is said to have had a works here. They made oil fired domestic heating equipment, moving later to gas fires. This works was still extant in the 1990s.

Corney Road
Chiswick Old Cemetery. This was originally designed as an extension to the adjacent churchyard. At the entrance from Powell's Walk concerning the donation of the land by the Duke of Devonshire. By the north wall is the bronze tomb of painter James McNeill Whistler, and there are other artists as well as politicians and soldiers. There is an empty mausoleum for Italian writer Ugo Foscolo. There is a Great War Memorial by Sir Reginald Blomfield for the Imperial War Graves Commission in 1919 in Portland stone with a bronze crusader sword. It is backed by a screen wall bearing the names of those whose graves are not marked by headstones
Chiswick’s Municipal Stables, these were at the Corney Road depot. The stable block was built in 1910 to accommodate horses used by Chiswick UDC for carting refuse. The horses were tethered in stalls on the ground floor, while fodder was stored and processed above. Lighting was by electricity from the Chiswick Electrical Supply Corporation. The stall divisions were surplus stock from the London General Omnibus Company and were bought at auction in 1909 and the stables were planned around them.  The stables formed part of the small complex of buildings concerned with cartage and refuse disposal. In 1911 a farrier’s shop was added to an existing smithy and in 1913 an isolation stable was erected. In 1914 a committee recommended the purchase of two steam and two motor lorries. By the early 1920s the number of horses had declined and a garage for motor vehicles had been built.

Devonshire Road
109 The Feathers. This pub stood on the corner of the Hogarth Roundabout. Closed in 1999 to be replaced by a car showroom.
Landmark Car Co.  This is a very large and dramatic car showroom which also contains the Landmark Gallery; which they claim to be an art collection “associated with the automobile”. Outside is the UK's largest digital LED panoramic advertising screen.

Edensor Road
Whittingham Court. This is a rebuild of six almshouses, under a Scheme of 1934. It was planned in 1971 and carried out by Chiswick Parochial Charities, with money from the sale of the Hopkin Morris homes. Eighteen flats, were opened a in 1976
Cavendish Primary School. This opened in 1952. It was built on concrete stilts to raise it above the flood level and was built in a modular fashion with sections pre-fabricated in concrete and then brought to site for assembly. With the opening of the Thames barrier the flood risk was removed and the underside of the school was enclosed to create a nursery.
Dukes Meadows Children’s Centre along with the Riverside Community Day Nursery this is on the Cavendish School site.
Gates to the Promenade Approach Road. These have inscriptions with the road name. The Duke of York opened the road in 1926. It was then the vehicle and pedestrian entrance to the newly built riverside promenade and recreational area of Dukes Meadows. Following the erection of a flood barrier in the park in the 1940s the road was cut off from the main area of the park. The main gates then were closed at the Edensor Road entrance to only allow pedestrian access only.
New Chiswick Swimming pool. This is Council owned on the southern side of Edensor Road. It is a 25 metre indoor swimming pool, gym, and associated facilities. Chiswick Pool was first built in 1910 as an open air lido with a second pool opened in 1931. The pools were closed in 1981 and the New Chiswick Pool was built in the early 1990s by a private developer as part of the redevelopment of the site

Great Chertsey Road
The road from the Hogarth Roundabout running south west as the A316 is partly known as the Great Chertsey Road – and by some as that throughout its length. On this square it reaches as far as the corner with the non-A316 section of Burlington Lane. It was built and designed in the 1930s as part of a grand arterial roads programme. The first section through Chiswick was the only part of the route to have the A316 number.

Hogarth Lane
This road, leaving the Hogarth Roundabout, is a section of what was the Great West Road, A4, leading to the start of the M4. It is described as ‘essentially just a slip road’ leading eventually to the M4 and the Chiswick flyover. It is phenomenally busy.
McCormack House is the large building on the south west corner of the Hogarth Roundabout. It was, built 1985 on the site of an office block of the Chiswick Polish Company (aka Cherry Blossom aka Reckitt and Coleman). It was originally called Flemming House and then as the Axis Centre or Axis House.  It was built by Covell Matthews Wheatley in 1983-5.
Hogarth's House.  This Queen Anne house was the home of painter William Hogarth and was his country retreat. His wife Jane lived there along with his mother in law and the family used it every summer from 1749 until Hogarth’s death in 1765. It then stood in a country lane surrounded by fields and market gardens.  It is a tall, simple brick house of three storeys, five windows wide, with a central wooden oriel window overlooking the garden - where there are mulberries. Lieutenant-Colonel Shipway, who rescued the house and opened it to the public as a museum to Hogarth in 1904. Shipway gave the house to Middlesex County Council in 1909 and ownership passed in 1965 to Hounslow Council. The house was refurbished in 1996-97 to mark the tercentenery of Hogarth's birth.
43 Lifeguardsman pub. This pub was destroyed during an air raid in the Second World War.
Linen House. This appears to be the premises of the Hogarth Laundry now converted into flats.  The laundry was a large business with branch offices and - from the dates on the front of the building – probably opened in 1879.  The other date of 1933 could refer to the date they moved to this building which is shown on the 1935 OS as a laundry.

Hogarth Roundabout
Hogarth Roundabout is a junction on the A4 and  at the northern end of the A316. It is named after the painter William Hogarth, whose house was near the site of the junction.
Flyover. There is currently a temporary structure here built in 1969. Plans for a permanent flyover existed before it was built and in the 1960s several ideas were investigated.

Mawson Lane
Mawson Arms. Early 18th building WHICH was originally a private house and from 1716 to, 1719 was the home of the poet Alexander ¬¬Pope and his parents. It was renamed as "Fox and Hounds" in 1772, and then as "Mawson Arms/Fox and Hounds" in 1899. The pub was originally sited to the south in a building which is now offices, next to the current Brewery Shop. In 1898, when the name changed, it moved.
Blue plaque to Alexander Pope. He lived here 1716-19 and published his ‘Preface to the Iliad’ and ‘Eloisa to Abelard’, which he may have written in the surviving garden building, now converted to an electricity substation.

Netheravon Road South
Wall - the wall which runs along the road is roe remains of the Prebendal Manor wall and is 17th

Powell’s Walk
Formerly a footpath connecting Chiswick House with the parish church

Promenade Approach Road
This follows the line of a conduit leading from the ornamental water in Chiswick House.  This is fed by the Bollo Brook. The line of the brook follows the line of lime trees.
The Duke of York opened the Promenade Approach Road in Chiswick in 1926. It formed the vehicle and pedestrian entrance to the newly built riverside promenade and recreational area in Dukes Meadows.
Flood barrier. In the 1950s following floods a barrier was formed in form wartime rubble, and placed over the road between the pump house and the now Riverside Drive.
Dukes Meadows. The land here belonged to the Duke of Devonshire, from where it gets its name. It is in a bend of the river and was formerly osier beds and market gardens, In 1923 Chiswick Urban District Council bought some of the land from the 9th Duke of Devonshire. By 1926 the facilities included football and cricket pitches, a paddling pool, sand pit and playground, and the riverside promenade. It was opened by the Duke of York in 1926. Now it remains largely taken up with private sports grounds, and allotments.
The Friends of Dukes Meadows was set up in 1998 to conserve and improve the Meadows and the Riverside. a Community Orchard completed, and a Wild Flower Garden has been created on the disused paddling pool site.
Duke's Hollow. This is on the site of a 19th boathouse that burnt down in the 1970. It is now managed by the London Wildlife Trust and Hounslow Conservation Volunteers as a nature reserve. It is covered by the tide twice a day and is in its natural state

Pumping Station Road
Sewage works. This opened in 1879, it closed in 1936 and replaced by Mogden Works.
Rubbish destructor. This was built in the late 19th and was used to burn compressed household waste which was then burnt to power the plant and to make flagstones,

Riverside Drive
Grove Park Farm. A farm building of the Grove Park Farm on the Duke of Devonshire estate became changing rooms for the football and cricket teams, with a flat for the Park Keeper; in the 1970s the ground floor was used by the Masonians Bowls Club.

Thames Crescent
This is part of the Corney Reach development and a group of homes called Thames Crescent.

Arthure. Life and work in Old Chiswick
Banbury. Shipbuilders of the Thames and Medway
Buildings to see in Fulham and Hammersmith 
Brewery History Society. Web site.
British History Online. Chiswick. Web site
Cavendish Primary School. Web site
Cherry Blossom Heritage. Web page
Chiswick House and Gardens. Web site
Chiswick Pier Trust. Web site
Chiswick W4. Web site
Clegg. The Chiswick Book
Closed Pubs. Web site
Clunn. The Face of London
Doricdesign. Web site
Grace’s Guide. Web site
London Borough of Hounslow. Web site
London Encyclopaedia
London Gardens. Online. Web site
Mawson Arms. Web site
Middlesex County Council. History of Middlesex
Parks and Gardens. Web site
Pevsner and Cherry. North West London
Pub History. Web site
SABRE. Web site – A316, Hogarth Lane, roundabout, etc.
Thames Explorer Trust. Web site
Thames Panorama. Web site
Valor. Web site
Walford. Village London
Wikipedia. Web site. As appropriate

Monday, 17 October 2016

Riverside west of the Tower and north of the river. Chiswick Dukes Meadows more sport

This post shows sites north of the river only. South of the river is Barnes Bridge

Post to the west Chiswick Dukes Meadow sports and Riverside Mortlake
Post to the south Barnes Common
Post to the east Barnes
Post to the north Old Chiswick

Dan Mason Drive
This road is named after the founder of Cherry Blossom Boot Polish
Tom Green’s Boathouse. Thomas George Green was apprenticed to his father as a waterman in 1864. In later life he became a King’s Waterman.  In 1876, Tom Green he bought a rundown boathouse rebuilt it and a fleet of boats to hire. The boathouse became the headquarters of several rowing clubs and regatta committees. His son Young Tom’ took over the boathouse on the death of his father, in 1925.  Between 1925 and 1975 Green’s carried on as if the world was not changing, particularly as regards health and safety and ideas on basic sanitation.  Tom and his wife, Kate, continued, the premises decaying around them., in 1957 sixteen men’s clubs and two women’s clubs used the premises. Young Tom died in 1958 in the rooms about the boat racks where he was born 84 years earlier. In 1923 the land upon which Green’s stood had been bought from the Duke of Devonshire by Chiswick Urban District Council, and who wanted to build a community boathouse on the site. They did not do so until Mrs. Green died in 1975 and the boathouse burnt down in 1977.
Chiswick Boathouse. This is owned by the London Borough of Hounslow and built in 1973.  It is a two storey reinforced concrete, brick and glass boathouse designed by the Borough Architect George A Trevett. There is Boat storage on ground floor and changing rooms also serve adjoining sports pitches for club and community use. Numerous clubs use it. It is on the site of Tom Greens boathouse. They include below:
Old Meadonians Football Club. The club was founded in 1929 by the Old Boys of Chiswick County Grammar School. The name "Meadonians" originates from the early name of the School - "The School in the Meadows"..
Thames Tradesmen Rowing Club. This dates from 1897.
Old Harrovian Association Football Club. This dates from 1859 and claims to be the second oldest football club still in existence. This is despite the fact that in 1927 soccer was abolished at Harrow in favour of Rugby.  They started again in 1963 despite a lot of controversy.
Chiswick School Boat club. This is for pupils at the school,
London Oratory School Boat Club.
Hounslow Hockey Club.
Old Haberdashers
Barnes Hockey Club.
Ibis Football Club. It dates from 1913 and was part of the Prudential Clerks Society, renamed the Ibis Society.  Before the Second World War the Prudential, negotiated on behalf of the Ibis Society, a lease of a ground at Chiswick, but during the war, the ground was requisitioned until 1946-47. In the 1990s Ibis became detached from Prudential and became a private clubs. The Chiswick ground became a golf range and now a 9-hole course. In 2007 the opportunity arose to move back to Chiswick
Chiswick Rugby Club.   This used to be the Old Meadonians Rugby Football club founded in 1958 for the former pupils of Chiswick County Grammar School for boys.  Originally the team played at the School but in the early 60s loaned pitches at Osterley and then rented a clubhouse from Spelthorne Sports Club. During the early ‘70s the club moved to Dukes Meadows and transformed the school pavilion changing rooms previously into a clubhouse. They also stopped recruiting school Old Boys. In 1999, arsonists destroyed the Clubhouse and it was rebuilt and opened in 2005. They are on the other side of the road from the Chiswick Boathouse.

Dukes Meadows
Kings House Sports Grounds. This is what was the Civil Service Sports Club. It now seems to be owned by some private school although the ground still seems to be called ‘Civil Service’. The Civil Service Sports Club itself is a large organisation based in High Wycombe.
Civil Service Football Club. The club is the only surviving association football club from the original eleven clubs who founded The Football Association in 1863. They have played at Dukes Meadow since 1925.

Riverside Drive
Pillars Sports Club. There is a big clubhouse here which seems to be hired out.
Riverside Health and Racquets Club. Commercially run sports venue
Dan Mason Memorial Gateway, in 1928 a memorial gateway was erected to Dan Mason at the entrance to the company sports field. This would appear to be roughly on the entrance to the Virgin Active car park, and seems to have gone
Charles Mason Memorial Retreat.  This building was erected in 1929 with a plaque on the rear saying “This retreat is erected by The Employees of The Chiswick Polish Co Ltd, As a tribute to The Memory of Charles Mason ESQ, December 1929. It is now in use as a car wash by Virgin Active.

Staveley Gardens
Tinplate Factory. In 1923 Cherry Blossom acquired land on Dukes Meadows from Chiswick Urban District Council to build a Tinplate Printing and Cardboard box factory. The factory had a giant thermometer and a barometer out onto  the factory chimney. The dial of the barometer was 9ft in diameter, mounted 48 feet from the ground; the thermometer scale covered almost the entire height of the tower, the other 3 faces of the tower had clocks.

The Promenade
Bandstand, A seaside-type promenade and a bandstand stand on the riverfrint and were opened by the Prince Albert, Duke of York in 1926. It has been refurbished with private funding and is used for summer events.
The Civil Service boat house is home to Cygnet RC and Barnes Bridge Ladies RC. The hard is shared with Emmanuel School BC and a local canoe club. It is rented from the Port of London Authority.
Cygnet Rowing Club , this was set up in 1890 and is based at what was called the Civil Service Sports Club Boathouse which adjoins the boathouse of the Barnes Bridge Ladies Rowing Club. It was originally founded for non-manual male workers in the General Post Office and moved to the CSSC Boathouse in the 1930s. After the Second World War it was decided to merge several Civil Service rowing clubs that into Cygnet., whose blades are a mid-blue, between shades of those featured in a wide band toward the tips of Cygnet RC's blades.
Barnes Bridge Ladies Rowing Club
Emmanuel School Rowing Club.  The boat club for pupils of Emanuel School, Battersea Rise,
Masonian Bowls Club. This began when Dan & Charles Mason leased land from Chiswick Urban Council, and built a club for their employees called Chiswick Polish Athletic Club and this included a bowls green. Then the club name was changed to Masonian Athletic Club, and the Masonian Bowls club was formed in 1925.   In 1983 after the factory closed the club was asked to move. They moved onto the Burlington Bowls Club green which was derelict.

Barnes Bridge Ladies Rowing Club. Web site
Barnes Hockey Club. Web site
Civil Service Football Club. Web site
Cherry Blossom factory. Web site
Chiswick Rugby Club. Web site
Chiswick School. Web site
Cygnet Rowing Club. Web site
Dukes Meadows Park. Web site
Emmanuel School Rowing Club, Web site
Hear the Boat Sing. Web site
Hounslow Hockey Club Web site
Ibis Football Club. Web site
London Borough of Hounslow. Web sit4e
London Oratory School. Web site
Old Harrovians Association Football Club. Web site
Old Meadonians Football Club. Web site
Thames Tradesmen Rowing Club. Web site

Sunday, 16 October 2016

Riverside north of the river and west of the Tower. Chiswick Dukes Meadow Sports

This post relates to sites north of the river only. South of the river is Riverside Mortlake

Post to the east Barnes Bridge and Chiswick Dukes Meadows more sport
Post to the south Mortlake and East Sheen
Post to the west Kew

Chiswick Quay
This is entered from Hartington Road.
This estate of townhouses was developed in 1974 and was originally part of Lord Burlington's Chiswick House estate, later owned by the Dukes of Devonshire.   The designers were Bernard Engle and Partners, the developers Kier Ltd.
Marina. This operates commercially. It originated as Grove House’s ornamental lake which can be traced back to the mid-18th century. It was used for punting, and contained an island in the centre with a grotto at its eastern end. It is also said to have been a gravel pit.
Cubitt's Yacht Basin. The ornamental pond became a dock. It is said that Cubitts used it to transport stone to their developments in inner west London – but this seems unlikely. From map evidence an entrance dock was built before 1920.  Concrete barges were built here in the Great War and used to transport ammunition to France.  Subsequently it seems to have been used to moor private vessels. It was then described as an artificial sheet of water of about two acres separated from the river by a concrete gate, only opened at spring tides. It had a hard, and slipway on to which yachts could be floated.  A repair staff was maintained. In 1926 it was leased by the British Motor Boat Club. A 5 ton crane was installed and a resident engineer appointed. There was also a slipway and new clubhouse. It later became a floating village of houseboats where families and commuters lived in what was reportedly an idyllic existence. In 1969 the boat owners were forced to leave to make way for the new development – having fought a long legal battle to remain.

Chiswick Staithe
This riverside estate was designed by Edward Armitage and built by Chiswick Strand developments in 1963. It is on the site of what was 1-15 Hartington Road.

Dan Mason Drive
Riverside road named for Dan Mason who was the founder of Cherry Blossom Boot Polish and it was renamed
Tideway Scullers School. The school was founded at the close of the 1950s by Alec Hodges, whose drive got the club established and the clubhouse built in the mid-1980s.

Dukes Meadows
The name comes because the meadows were owned by the Dukes of Devonshire. Up to the 20th this was a quiet unvisited place of orchards, market gardens and marsh. It now covers the area to the east of the Great Chertsey Road.
Gravel Extraction. In 1923 there was an agreement between the Riverside Sand and Ballast Company and Chiswick Urban District Council for the excavation of land with a payment per acre. Excavation began in 1924 and finished around 1937. The works operated by Thames Grit and Aggregates Ltd was one of the largest of its kind. In 1931 it merged with Hall and Co. to form Hall and Ham River Ltd. The pits were later infilled with rubble from demolition sites.

Dukes Meadows - North and West of the Great Chertsey Road
Quintin Hogg Memorial Sports Ground - this is the University of Westminster sports ground. It was previously the Polytechnic sports ground and is named after Quintin Hogg, the founder, in 1881, of Regent’s Street Polytechnic the University’s predecessor. It was opened in 1906 and was soon used by the Polytechnic Harriers, as well as football, cricket and lawn tennis clubs. They drew large crowds to at their events so in 1938 the ground was enlarged by 20 acres and upgraded, with a new cantilevered stadium and a state-of-the-art cinder running track. During the Second World War it was put at the disposal of the Army and RAF, and suffered bomb damage including the destruction of the ladies pavilion. The boathouse reopened in 1951, and the running track resurfaced in 1945 but the ground was not fully reopened until 1960. Today it has 45 acres of sporting facilities including floodlit synthetic turf pitches, netball/tennis courts and natural pitches for cricket, rugby and football. There is also a large pavilion with two function rooms, bars and changing facilities. In 2011 the ground hosted the London Cup hockey tournament with teams from England, Belgium, Korea and New Zealand competing.
Polytechnic Grandstand.  Built in 1936 by Joseph Addison, with concrete cantilevers and corner windows

Dukes Meadows - South and East of the Great Chertsey Road
Sports Centre with: Golf course 9 hole par 3 course plus a driving range and an academy; Indoor and outdoor Tennis; Ski slope – indoor endless slope and Cafe, shop, treatment rooms etc
Riverside Lands School Playing Fields

Great Chertsey Road
The A316 it ‘strides purposefully into the distance’.. .’reflecting the aspirations of the 1930s planners..The first part of the road was built in 1923 as part of the gravel extraction scheme and built by the company. It was called Alexandra Avenue and went as far as the Hartington Road junction.
Railway Bridge. This was built by the gravel extraction company in 1923 as a concrete bridge called Alexandra Bridge.

Hartington Road
Gravel extraction and expanded to the other side of the Great Chertsey Road, where there were smaller workings between Hartington Road and the river.
St Ursula’s Retreat House. In 1912 a Roman Catholic priest named Charles Plater published a history of lay retreats. A group of ladies and clergy formed the ‘Association for Short Retreats’ and bought a house was at Chiswick with 20 bedrooms, known as St Ursula’s, used for women’s retreats. This now appears to be part of the site known as The Lindens.

Ibis Lane
Ibis Boathouse. Ibis Rowing Club acquired this from Grove Park Rowing Club in 1886.  Grove Park Club probably dated from the 1860s and there are illustrations of their boat house from the 1880s. Ibis Rowing Club was a division of the Prudential’s Ibis Sports Club and were still extant in the 1970s. It is brick and timber with a slate roof built in 1915 for the Ibis Club. It was sold to North Thames Gas Board in 1991 for use as their staff club, Horseferry Rowing Club, and then sold again to Mortlake Anglian & Alpha Rowing Club in 1999. The Ground floor accommodates boats, and the first floor has a large club room and balcony. There is a flat at the back,
Mortlake Anglia and Alpha Boat Club. They use the Ibis Boathouse. The Mortlake Rowing Club of 1877 is the oldest component if the present-day club. It merged with The Anglian Boat Club, of 1878 in 1962 to become Mortlake Anglian Boat Club. Chiswick Rowing Club had been formed from Bedford Park Club and Bedford Park & District Club and they too merged with Mortlake to become Mortlake Anglian & Chiswick Boat Club. Alpha Women's Rowing Club of 1927 also merged in Club in 1984
University of Westminster boat house. Brick and timber with slate roof, this replaced the original timber boathouse built in 1888 by Quintin Hogg. The Ground floor accommodates boats, and ht first floor has large club room with original features and a balcony with iron railings. There is a flat at the back. This is traditionally where the annual Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race ends.
Quintin Boat Club, this was founded in 1907 as a means of circumventing the rules of the ARA and Henley Royal Regatta – which would only allow clubs entirely comprised of amateurs and gentlemen to compete.. But it originated with the Polytechnic Rowing Club of the 1880s and the Hanover United Athletic Club, from 1875.  Organised sports at the precursor of Regents Street Polytechnic began at the Youths’ Christian Institute in 1874 with the foundation of the Hanover United Athletic Club after the Institute’s then location. Rowing started in 1875 and by 1879 was the most popular sport at HUAC. In time it became the Polytechnic Rowing Club. In 1888 Quintin Hogg paid to have a boathouse built for the club on the present site. It was surrounded by the Duke of Devonshire’s meadows.  Quintin Hogg also paid for a fleet of boats. In 1907 the name of the club was changed to Quintin Boat Club in honour of Quintin Hogg.

Staveley Gardens
These houses were built by the Cherry Blossom Company for their work force. In 1930 the first occupants moved in to the 50 houses- semi-detached houses for workers and maisonettes for retired employees in 1960. Cherry trees were planted to line the walks.

Thames Village
This land was once a gravel pit which provided material for the construction of the concrete barges produced by Cubitt's Yacht Basin in what is now the marina next door.  When the gravel pit was first filled, it was a caravan site.
Thames Village was completed in 1958, with a central green space but is not gated. There is a short private footpath along the river.  Because of its previous use as a gravel pit each house was constructed on a raft of concrete. The architects were Stone, Toms and Partners.

Arthure. Life and Work in Old Chiswick
Association for Promoting Retreats. Web site
British Motor Boat Club. Web site
Chiswick History. Web site
Chiswick Quays. Web site
Clunn. The face of London
Dukes Meadow. Web site
Dukes Meadow Park. Web site
Dukes Meadow Trust. Web site
Greater London Council. Thames Guidelines, 
London Encyclopaedia
Middlesex County Council. History of  Middlesex, 
Panorama of the Thames. Web site
Pevsner and Cherry. North West London
Played in London. Web site
Stevenson. Surrey
University of Westminster. Web site
Walford. Village London, 

Saturday, 15 October 2016

Riverside north of the river and west of the Tower. Strand on the Green

This post relates to sites north of the river only. South of the river is Kew

Post to the south Kew
Post to the west Brentford and Kew Green and Gardens

Brooks Road
Strand on the Green Primary School and Infants and Nursery School. The school was opened in 1912. There has been a National School here since 1857 which was on the south side of Thames Road. In 1874 the school was moved to the site of the present school. In 1912 A new building was added for boys and buildings for infants and juniors on 1939. By the 1950s it was a popular school with swimming lessons, a pottery kiln, visits to Switzerland and many children going on to the County Grammar School.

Chadwick Mews
Flats in a converted industrial building previously known as Magnolia House, 160 Thames Road. In 1903 this belonged to the Larger London Land Company Ltd – and later to a firm known as Perrot and Sons who made, or dealt in, fancy goods and who retained it as their registered office until 1989.

Chiswick Village
Chiswick Village. This consists of 15 blocks of flats built round a green. They were designed by Charles Simmonds and funded by the People’s Housing Corporation in 1935 – today there seems to be an argument as to whether it is art deco or international moderne. It would appear to fit very neatly into an old orchard and a space left by the removal of the Chiswick Curve in 1932 in 1932 – this was a railway line connecting Gunnersbury and Kew Bridge stations.

Dead Donkey Lane
A lane which meandered down to the river northwards in the Magnolia Road area.

Ernest Gardens
The road now extends eastwards with new housing into an area which was once a timber yard alongside the railway

Grove Park Road
66 Thames Bank. This was a very large Tudor-style mansion built in 1870, facing the river. Between 1931 and 1994 it was the Redcliffe Missionary Training College and extended for them. In the late 1990s the site was redeveloped as housing and renamed Redcliffe Gardens.
Redcliffe Training Mission College dates from 1892 originally based in Kings Road, Chelsea. In 1917 they moved to Redcliffe Gardens, Kensington – hence the name – and In 1931 to 66 Grove Park Road. During the Second World War the college was used for the Women’s Auxiliary Air Force and the College returned in 1944. In 1984 it began to allow as women to enrol and in 1995 moved to Gloucester.
68-74 These were built before 1874 by electric boat builder William Sargeant.
70 Grove Mount. Home of John Thaw and Sheila Hancock.
76 three houses were built here after 2002 on the site of a boat yard. It was occupied until 1988 by Bason & Arnold, as a boat repair yard and club plus a re-fuelling point for boats with fuel pumped from tanks in the basement. The Wheelhouse Club also met there for a while.
St Paul’s Church. St Paul's was because of the patronage of William Cavendish the 7th Duke of Devonshire. It was designed by the English architect Henry Currey built in 1872. It is said to have a mock belfry. In the Second World War the church hall was destroyed and the church damaged. The Lady Chapel was this converted into a Community Room
64 Vicarage. Dylan Thomas lived here in the 1940’s when the ground floor was converted into a bed-sit.

Hartington Road
This was one of the earliest roads laid out on the Duke of Devonshire’s Grove Park Estate. The Marquis of Hartington is the title of his eldest son.
61 the house has a garden to the Thames and was at one time the Nicaraguan Embassy.  Also the home of TV presenter Eamonn Andrews.
Hartington Court. Art Deco flats built in 1938
81 University of London Boathouse. The club dates from the 1860s and competes in major events, including Henley Regatta and the Olympics. An appeal was launched for a boat house in 1926. The boat house was constructed in two phases in 1936 and 1937 by Thompson & Walford, in modern blue and white. Although added to it remains largely as originally built.

Oliver’s Island
This is an Island in the Thames. There is a story that Oliver Cromwell hid there – and it was called Strand Ait before the Civil War then named after him. However it was called Strand Ait for many years after that and the chance that there is any truth in story of a secret tunnel to the mainline is very remote indeed. In 1777 the City of London navigation committee installed a tollbooth on here to charge river craft to fund future works on the river. This was a wooden structure looming lime a small castle, with a barge – the City Barge - from where the tolls were collected. There was a smithy on the island by 1865 and a barge building and repair yard. In 1909 it was assigned to the Port of London Authority which used it as a storage depot and as a wharf for derelict vessels. The PLA tried to sell it in 1971 and there was a protest from residents at Strand on the Green. It was later to the London Natural History Society and the thickly wooded island is now a haven for herons, cormorants and Canada geese.

Pyrmont Road
St.Paul’s Hall. This is currently home to Chiswick Toddlers World. The hall here was originally called St. Paul's Institute. It appears to be attached to St. Pauls Church in central Brentford rather than St. Paul’s Grove Park.

London and South West Railway Line.  A railway line runs north south through the area and crosses the river on a bridge passing over Thames Road. This was the Kensington and Richmond branch of the London and South West Railway built in the mid-1860s. North of Wolseley Gardens the Chiswick Curve had left it to the west.
London and South West Railway Windsor Staines and South Western Railway line. This runs east/west across this square. It dates from the mid-1840s. In this stretch it runs between Chiswick Station and Kew Bridge,
Chiswick Curve. This left the main Kensington-Richmond line south of wharf was then called Brentford Road Station – now Gunnersbury at the request of a House of Commons Committee. It joined the line to Kew Bridge at Brook Lame called Chiswick Junction.  It was not used until 1870 and closed in 1932.

Strand on the Green
Pier House Laundry. The laundry appears to have been established in 1860 on the river front but from 1905 expanded north of the road leaving its original riverside site as a permanent open space. The current buildings date from in 1905 and extended in 1914. The building has previously been a hotel and closed as a laundry in 1973. It is now offices. A chemical manufacturing plant called Camille Simon, a subsidiary, moved in 1973. The building is now said to be offices
Indian Queen. This pub was on the corner with Spring Grove and appears to date from the mid 18 –there is a record from 1760. It is also thought that the name refers to Pocahontas who is said to have lived in Brentford. It is long since demolished.
Tile and slate works, with kilns. This was here in the early 19th
85 Steam Packet Public House opened in the 1870s. It closed as a pub in the 1980s to become The Dome Cafe and is now Café Rouge. The upstairs area was once used by the Old Meadonians Cricket Club
84 Rose Cottage. 19th house which was the home of Nancy Mitford in the 1930s.
Waterman’s stairs.
83 this was a 19th farm house. Maltings here were lost in bombing.
Malt house. Clunell’s large malt house entirely covered the point at the junction of with Thames Road
72 Bell and Crown. This was an 18th pub but rebuilt in 1907 in an Arts and Crafts style. It was first licensed in 1787. It was acquired by Fuller, Smith & Turner in 1814. In the early 20th it had a butcher’s shop in part of the building. It retains its original metal windows and tall chimneys. The conservatory was added in the 1980s.
Bell and Crown Watermen’s Stairs
70 where Michael Zachary lived who swam 22 leagues with a tinderbox and matches wrapped in his hair. It was also the home of William Sargeant who had a boat yard and electric boats locally. More recently Midge Ure from Ultravox.
Zacchary House riverside steps.
65 with a little lion over the door.  Home of Zoffany, the German artist, who undertake work locally. It is late 18th with a bay window and balconies.
Malt house belonging to Goslings
Ship Alley. A small brook came down here and there was a small bridge carrying the road over it
Ship House river stairs – these are of wood
56 This was once the Ship pub which may be the oldest house on the Strand, it existed before 1694.
Boat and barge building yard of James Hagtharp present in the early 19th
Yard of George Dorey, stonemason and builder
Oliver House Stairs
Malt house. This stood next to 50
46-47. Malt house and Warehouse site. It was the site of Ailsa Craig, an engineering company which made detachable, or outboard, motors in the early part of the 20th.  In the Great War the factory was a National Munitions Factory producing 4 ½” gun shells, 10,000 a week. Later it returned to inventing, designing and making the Ailsa Craig marine diesel engines for which it was famous. The buildings remained until 1982 when the site was sold for housing development.
44 Navigators Cottage. This was once owned by the City Corporation/ Thames Conservancy/ Port of London Authority and used as a house for their local foreman.  There were boatyard facilities and the grid on the foreshore is still maintained for shipping.
Grid. This is a timber grid with mooring piles, owned by the Port of London Authority.  It is used for drying out and limited to smaller vessels
40-43 this was once the Steam Navigation Company's boat-building yard which was sold for building in 1963. There are now houses on the site. Adjoining estate was property of the Port of London Authority also sold in 1970.
Magnolia Wharf. This is now housing built in 1963. It was previously owned by Maritime Lighterage Co. and had been an old ship-building site and Thames Conservancy warehouse, slip, crane and workshops. Robert Talbot & Sons built about 300 barges here between 1858 and 1908, and by 1908 were working for the Maritime Lighterage Co. The yard was closed in the 1950s and sold off for housing in 1961
Strand Works. This was William Sargeant’s boat-building yard on, already established yard. Bury and Moritz Immisch commis¬sioned him to build electric boats in 1888. They asked Sargeant to adapt a hulk to take a 20 horse-power Fowler under-type steam engine coupled up to one of Immisch’s dynamos. Sargeant designed two other electric launches and went on to build several more. The business being taken over in 1890 by Woodhouse and Rawson United, manufacturers of heavy engineering equipment, There was also a charging station here.
29 The Post House. This was once a post office and tea shop. Later it was the Cosy Cafe or The Spot of Comfort.
28 Post Office alley. This goes through a small tunnel underneath the first floor of 2o.
27 City Barge.  This was licensed by 1786 and known then as the Maypole Inn. Bells were sold in 18th on the site of this 16th inn.  Oliver Cromwell held court here. Joe Millar the comic was there –he could not read.  Nearby the pub was where the City of London State barge moored in the winter   and also used for Swan Upping.  British school.  In 1841 it was called the Navigators Arms, and also called after the Marie Celeste.  The bar has a 'Parliamentary clock' in a glass door to avoid the tax. The doors are boarded at high tides and when there are floods. It was bombed during the Second World War and all that remains of the original pub is at pavement level
City Barge River Stairs.
23 A modern infill of shuttered concrete and glass built in 1966 and designed by Timothy Rendle for Lephas Howard of the Temperance Seven.
20 York Cottage. This used to be Railway Cottage, and belonged to the London and South Western railway from the 1860s. It was used for housing for railway staff.
Strand Sailing Club. This dates from 1946 when 22 people met in the Club Room of the Bell and Crown pub and unanimously resolved to form a sailing club. The Club held its inaugural cruise on Good Friday, "in brilliant sunshine but alas! No wind". In the early days, boats were moored in the river. Then in 1964 the arch under Kew railway bridge was acquired, and rented from British Rail ever since. The ramp was built in 1964 and refirnioshed in 2011. In 2000 electricity, water and a toilet was installed in the clubhouse through new housing being built next door.
Railway Bridge.
Bull's Head Inn.  There is a sign outside about Oliver Cromwell visiting the pub. Said to have used it as his HQ sometimes and that there is a secret passage to Oliver’s Ait in the river. None of this can be substantiated.
Bull’s Head Stairs. These are set at right angles to the river
Hopkin Morris river stairs
Hopkin Morris Alley
Hopkin Morris Homes of Rest. These wren originally thatched alms houses from around 1658. They were rebuilt in 1721-04 by Thomas Child, Solomon Williams and William Abbott. They were repaired and extend in 1934 and financed by Hopkin Morris was a Middlesex councillor. They were taken over by Hounslow Council in 1973 and renovated.
7 modern housing on site once occupied by the British Buffalo Marine Motor Company which made marine engines. They were out of business by 1912.
Horse trough and drinking fountain
Devonshire Boat House.  Built by Frank Maynard in 1871. They built the first electric boat designed by Sargeant for Imisch He retired in 1938 but work continued under Bason and Arnold and then Automarine Services. It later became the Wheelhouse Club, Chiswick Yacht and Boat Club and then Papa Gees. Demolished in 2004.

Thames Road
This was once known as Back Lane and was a muddy path. Nine alleyways led from it to the river
Oliver Close. Site of R. &J. Park. Dominion Works. Their workshops were on the site of land leased to the War Office in the Great War for a National Munitions Factory and then a government training centre. It was later leased to R&J Park Ltd – who after the Second World War rebuilt their factory. They sold the site in 1982 to Fairview Estates who built the new houses here. This was a packing factory– preparing large items for export. This included heavy motor vehicles, machinery, etc. and light aircraft, for shipment abroad. There was also a bonded warehouse with a Customs officer on site.
Strand on the Green Recreation Ground. The land on which the park stands was bought by Chiswick Urban District Council around 1902 from Fanny Duncan and the Recreation Ground opened along with some allotments. This is a small park with play equipment, a dog free zone and a Friends Group. A bomb here in 1940 destroyed 41 houses and killed one person. Work is ongoing on planting bushes and flowers and the creation of enhanced facilities.
Magnolia Works. Des Vignes and Cloud. This company was present in the late 19th being dissolved in 1899. They were Engineers, Boiler Makers, Steam and Electric Yacht and Launch Builders, Barge Builders, and Motor Car Manufacturers,

Waldeck Road
There were a number of small factories and works between 54 and 70, most now modern housing.
66 Sental House. This, the last remaining industrial unit in the street is now housing since 2014. A number of companies are still registered there.

Wolseley Street
Park, a small park between the road and the motorway has a gate off the street

Aldous. London Villages
Chiswick History. Web site
Chiswick W4. Web site
Clegg. The Chiswick Book
Clunn. The Face of London
Field. Place Names of London, 
GLIAS. Newsletter
Greater London Council. Thames Guidelines
Hawthorne. Electric Boats
Jackson. London’s Local Railways,
London Encyclopaedia
Lost Pubs Project. Web site, 
Middlesex County Council. The History of Middlesex
Panorama of the Thames. Web site
Pevsner and Cherry. North West London
Redcliffe Training Mission. Web site
Robbins. The North London Railway
Royal Institute of British Architects, Web site
Stevenson. Surrey
St. Paul’s Church. Web site
Strand Yacht Club. Web site
The Kingston Zodiac
University of London Boat Club. Web site
Walford. Village London

Thursday, 13 October 2016

Riverside north of the river and west of the Tower. Syon Park

This post shows sites to the north of the river only.  South of the river is Kew Gardens West

Post to the north Brentford
Post to the south Isleworth

Syon Park
This square covers most of the main area of the park and the house. It does not cover the area to the south and east nor a small strip of amenity buildings to the north.
The house and park belongs to the Dukes of Northumberland and is surrounded by high walls.

Syon House
Syon – the nunnery. In the late middle ages the site was used a nunnery founded by Henry V in 1414, which moved to this site as a Bridgentine foundation. The new abbey was ready for occupation by 1431. In 1539 at the time of the dissolution Syon Abbey was the tenth wealthiest land owner in the country having many farms and manors – it had enjoyed royal favours. The site of the abbey and its many outbuildings has been located by archaeology south of the present house and between it and the river. The abbey was involved in Henry VIII’s divorce from Katherine of Aragon and meetings were arranged here. They were thus susceptible to suspicion and retribution. In 1535 Richard Reynolds and some others were executed. The Brigantines went as refugees to Belgium but Abbess Jordan has not surrendered the common seal of Syon and the Brigantine order, keeping part of the gateway where Reynold’s body had been exhibited.
Syon – the estate. Following the departure of the nuns the estate was Crown property and here Catherine Howard was confined before her execution in 1542. Under Edward VI the Duke of Somerset, the Lord Protector began to build a house which forms the basis of the present building. When he was executed in 1552 the property passed to John Dudley and at Syon Lady Jane Grey, married to his son, was formally offered the Crown.  Followed by her and Dudley’s executions.
Syon – the Dukes of Northumberland. In 1594 Syon passed by marriage to Henry Percy, 9th Earl of Northumberland.  He and his son built formal gardens around the house in the French style.  In 1602 they were given the freehold. In 1605 the he was implicated in the Gunpowder Plot, and confined in the Tower for seventeen years, meanwhile refurbishing Syon. In 1642 before the Battle of Brentford there were skirmishes around the Park.  Later the three younger royal children were kept here and were visited by Charles I while he was captive. There was also a conference here between the Parliamentary Army and others.
Syon House. This is a 16th house and various alterations have taken place.  Inigo Jones is credited with having built an open loggia along the east front which probably dates from the late 17th. By the 18th a new generation undertook a complete redesign of Syon.  Lancelot ‘Capability’ Brown in an early commission replaced the formal landscape with the open views and over twenty years incorporating farmland to the west and creating grounds to the north with new ornamental lakes.  Inside the house Robert Adam created classical interiors, filled with antiquities from Italy.  Unable to change the interior layout he used clever architectural devices to create the impression he wanted. Generally the whole house is full of expensive works of art and architectural features. In the 19th the 3rd Duke had the exterior clad in Bath stone and added a Porte Cochere.  He also added kitchens and the Oak Passage.  New stables were built as well as the Great Conservatory. The Percy Lion stands on the east range with his outstretched tail having been brought here from Northumberland House at Charing Cross after its demolition in 1874
Syon in the 20th. Syon was used as a hospital during the Great War.  It remained however a private country estate surrounded by the city. The owners sought to cover maintenance costs through a process of commercialisation – opening the house and promoting festivals and features to bring the public in and provide an income.
The Great Conservatory. In the early 19th, glasshouses were small but as the century progressed technologies were developed to enlarge them dramatically. A commission was given to Charles Fowler, who specialised in large industrial buildings and who understood the new metalworking technologies. He created a building whose revolutionary structure was applied to a Palladian model. The Great Conservatory was filled with exotic plants from around the world. The building was restored in 1986/7 bur remains unheated
Riding School. This is now used as the garden centre. It was built between 1819-1826 for Hugh Percy, 3rd Duke of Northumberland.  It includes a 28-bay iron roof of composite truss construction and it thought to be very early and was probably designed by Charles Fowler who later built the conservatory. The building reflects the revival of tightly controlled dressage at this time. There have been some alterations to accommodate the garden centre and also during the Great War when it was used as a hospital.
Stables. These were built in 1831 in yellow brick with a clock tower. It is now used as gift shop for the Garden Centre.
Garden Centre. This is run commercially.  It was opened in 1968 by the Queen Mother and was it was a pioneer as the first 'garden centre' of its kind. It has been followed by many more. It has a large selection of English Roses. It includes a restaurant.
London Butterfly House. This was a site full of Free-flying tropical butterflies in a garden alongside displays of other exotic insects and spiders. It opened in 1981 and closed in 2007 because of plans to build a hotel
Garden. This was an early botanical garden laid out for the Duke of Somerset by William Turner in 1548, thus the mulberry bushes are the oldest in England. The garden had begun in the 1430s by the Brigantine Nuns who collected plants and trees for their garden and orchard.
Park. The Tudor terraces and walls were removed to create a more open landscape setting by 'Capability' Brown engaged by the 1st Duke of Northumberland. Brown turned the river into a feature lake placing it along the prehistoric bed of the Thames. Under the 3rd Duke the tree collecting was enhanced. There are more than 3,000 trees, 40 per cent of which exceed 100 years old and 187 of those are over 200 years old.  There are 28 types of oak as well as maples, catalpas, swamp cypresses and big zclkovas. Exotic trees were brought from North America in the late 18th.  In time new discoveries from the Himalayas and China were added to the collection.
Riverside. This is a Site of Special Scientific Interest. The Tide Meadow consists of a tall wet grassland community of reed-grasses which grades into a drier semi-improved grassland and rough meadow-grass on the higher ground towards a ha-ha. Along the river bank which has remained natural is a fringe of damp woodland has rich hybrids of willow species and poplar. Numerous small ditches dissect the site, running down to the Thames. The river here is tidal and the intertidal mud is used by herons, and wintering birds. The wash land and ditches contain rare marshland plants and flies. A species of snail new to Britain is here. Herons to roost in the trees while the meadow is grazed by cattle in the summer
Syon Pavilion. Also known as Syon Park Boathouse nit is said to have been built by a Duke as a surprise for his wife when she returned to Syon. It is late 18th with a stucco facade by J Wyatt. It faces the river with a bow front and with wings. A granite sett terrace and sloping bank run in front of the pavilion.
Snakes and Ladders indoor adventure playground.
Hilton London Syon Park. In 2004, planning permission was granted for the deluxe £35-million Radisson Edwardian Hotel and in 2011, the Syon Park Waldorf Astoria hotel opened on the site. It was renamed to the Hilton London Syon Park in 2013

British Listed Buildings. Web site
Historic England. Web site
London Borough of Hounslow. Web site
Syon House. Web site
Wikipedia. Syon House. Web site

Wednesday, 12 October 2016

Riverside north of the river and west of the Tower. Isleworth

Post to the south Isleworth and Richmond Old Deer Park
Post to the east Kew Gardens West and Syon Park
Post to the north Syon Lane

Abbey Mews
Housing built in 2002 on an industrial site at the back of the Coach and Horses Pub.  There had been various works here but latterly it was a paint and bodywork repair shop

Busch Close
Gated housing estate built on the site of the Health Centre attached to Busch Open Air School

Church Street
Bridge Wharf. The new buildings start with Bridge Wharf by Edgington Win & Hyne, 1981
42-46 terrace of three 19th cottages, with back gardens going down to the river. One chimney has the initials and date: “W.C, 1833”
43 Richard Reynolds House. The name of this 18th house commemorates a monk of Syon Abbey Executed in 1535 together with the vicar of Isleworth for refusing to take the oath of allegiance. He has been subsequently sanctified.
48 18th cottage. Lady Dido Berkeley lived here who is well known for her and support for Thameside above Hammersmith Bridge.
54 House built in 1985 on the site of a riverside garden belonging to Richard Reynolds House
62 London Apprentice Pub. It is said that it was once the custom for City apprentices to row here on their days off. There are claims that it dates from the 15th, but can only be shown to be from the 1730s.
58 - 60 18th cottages attached to the pub and apparently once owned by it,
Slipway. This replaces a slipway at the bottom of Park Road which was destroyed by embankment building in the late 19th. The present slipway probably dates from the 1890s .The grass plot between it and the pub is common land despite the tables and benches on it.
59 Manor House. This late 18th house is neither the manor house not is it on the same site as the real manor house. In the 20th Michael Penty, purchased the Manorship of Isleworth and re-named the family home. The house dates from 1825-30 and is the remodelling of an older house
Blue plaque on 59 to Arthur Penty an architect who worked for Raymond Unwin on Hampstead Garden Suburb and published a book on the Restoration of the Guild System.
61 Swan House. This is a late 18th stucco house, with Soanian pilasters to the top floor and a tented balcony. From 1945 until the mid 1990s it was the Vicarage
All Saints Church. This is just the carcass of a building of 1707 which was burnt down in 1943 by two young arsonists and only the 14th rag stone tower remains. It stands on the river bank a church was here in the 11th.  It was rebuilt ion the early 18th following a bequest of £500 from Sir Orlando Gee, whose monument is in the church, Richmond architect, John Price remodelled a design originally by Christopher Wren who was too expensive. In 1867 a chancel was funded by Farnell, a local brewer. All of this was destroyed in the 1943 fire and years of intensive fund raising followed. The church was rebuilt by 1969 including some special memorial areas and there are some community rooms and facilities as well. There are many memorials and an ornamental sundial first erected in 1707 in memory of Susanna, wife of Col. Nicholas Lawes who was Governor of Jamaica.
Churchyard.  Since the rebuilding of the church there are now memorials fixed to exterior walls, and there is an open courtyard between the old church doors and the new entrance area with grass and a small stream emanating from a font – as a fountain. In front of the church is mown grass, an herbaceous bed and shrubs in the lawn, with chest tombs among the monuments. A yew tree covers the burial site of 149 local victims of the Great Plague in 1665. Stones set in the churchyard wall record floodwater levels - The earliest is 1 March 1774, and the highest is 1928. Behind the church is an extension of 1848 now overgrown and wooded.
The Green School. In 1796 Rev. William Drake started a Sunday School in Isleworth which is the forerunner of the Green School. It was to provide an education for the children of the poor. It was funded by local gentry and was held in a house which belonged to the Duke of Northumberland. Children attended the school on Sundays but in 1823 it became a daily charity school. It moved to Park Road in 1859
Butterfield House, two early 19th houses transformed into Strawberry Hill Gothic in 1971 by Howard V. Lobb & Partners. They are on the site of Porch House built in 1705 and using stone from the demolished medieval church. It was constructed to provide an arch over the pavement making a covered entrance into the churchyard. It was church property and sometimes used as a school.
Church Wharf. This is a free draw dock and has been so since 1880. It was used by the Guinness Park Riyal Brewery to bring new vats into the brewery, transferring them to low loaders from river craft. In 2004, the fuselage of a Concorde was transferred here from a low loader on to a specially constructed barge and then towed to Edinburgh. The wharf is also a ferry landing stand and the Isleworth Ferry uses it at the weekends during the summer months.
Ferry House. A building has been here since the 17th known as Sion Ferry House in the 18th and later as Church Ferry House or Park House. From 1804 - 1806 it was leased to J.M.W.Turner. It was destroyed by Second World War bombing but its owner, had the house rebuilt.

London Road
183 Coach and Horses.  This is an 18th pub leased by Young's since 1831 and one of the few remaining coaching houses of which there were many here. It was mentioned by Dickens in Oliver Twist.
Syon Lodge. This is said to be the former dower house of Syon Park. It dates from 1770 and was designed by Robert Adam for the Duke of Northumberland. It is inn Brown brick and some items are said by the owner to be from Foley House in Langham Place. It has however been recently owned by a member of the Crowther family, who dealt in historic architectural items many of which have been used in renovating the house. The house has wrought iron gates with brick piers surmounted by stone vase and here is a stable block which has had Tudor items added to it.
191-199 Park Cottages. These date from 1728-32
The Green School.  From 1904 the trustees determined that the school should be a Secondary School for Girls. The building was provided by Henry George 7th Duke of Northumberland and it ipened in 1906 and the current location of Busch corner. In 1934 new buildings were opened but in 1940 the school was bombed three times. In 1951 the rebuilt school was opened. It remains an all girls Church of England Secondary School but a boys' school is also planned.
 277 John Busch House, this is being partly demolished and converted into flats. This was a very large block of which the building date is not clear and which appears up until at least 1989s to have been used by National Semiconductors. Use since is unclear. It was/is a very large and austere building in the Chicago style.
John Wilmot’s Nursery. Marlborough School was built on the nursery site of John Wilmot who grew fruit for the London market. He developed a new grape in the 1830s and also a new strawberry “Wilmot’s Superb. The nursery was described as an “immense horticultural establishment” where only fruit trees fruit shrubs and strawberries were grown, plus tart rhubarb – something else developed by Wilmot in the 1820s. He also grew pineapples.
Marlborough School. Marlborough School originated here as a senior elementary school built by the Heston and Isleworth Urban District Council in 1932. It became Marlborough Training Centre in 1982 providing training in engineering, business administration, and health, care & public services. From the early 1990s it became self funding and in 1993 moved to Feltham.
Marlborough Primary and Nursery school. Marlborough School as rebuilt in 1997 by which time it was a nursery and primary school, which it remains. It appears however to have been built on a slightly different site to the rear of the original building and the part of the site nearest the road is now new housing.
280 Pine House. This was formerly in the grounds of Marlborough School. It was once the house of the steward of the Syon Hill estate; and built around 1760 for the Duke of Marlborough. . One pier has a stone and stucco pineapple on top the last reaming of once were several ornamental pineapples. It was the home of John Wilmot who grew pineapples for the London Market on the site of the school and the new houses.
Milestone. This is opposite Pine House. It is in cast iron and dates from around 1834. It is triangular in section, with an arched head inscribed ‘Isleworth Parish’ and ‘London 8’ and ‘Hounslow 2.’
Rose and Crown Pub. This pub is now closed and turned into flats. The building is 18th and it was a ‘coaching’ inn.
Smallberry Green Turnpike

Mill Plat
This is a footpath, in two halves, running alongside the Duke of Northumberland’s River
Brentford Union Infirmary. In 1894 the Brentford Board of Guardians purchased a house and its grounds in Mill Plat from Lord Warkworth in order to build an infirmary for its workhouse.  The site was later enlarged by the acquisition of other pieces of land along Mill Plat and Twickenham Road. They then built The Brentford Union Infirmary in 1896 and incorporated some of the workhouse buildings.  In 1920 the Infirmary became known as the West Middlesex Hospital, with an address in Twickenham Road. After 1920 it was under the control of Middlesex County Council
Warkworth House. A new workhouse opened in 1902 to the southeast of Percy House.  It was named Warkworth House and opened in 1902.  By the 1930s it was a Public Assistance Institution with accommodation the mentally ill, epileptics, and uncomplicated maternity cases.  In 1935 they were all transferred to Percy House and Warkworth House then incorporated into the Hospital.
Site of the old entrance to Warkworth House, this had been bricked up but is still visible.
Little Warkworth House. This was the original house on the property and was later was used as an annexe to the workhouse. In 1916 took ‘mentally deficient’ boys.  It later became the School of Nursing and has now been demolished.
Ingram’s Almshouses. The almshouses consist of six terraced bungalows. They were endowed in 1664 by Sir Thomas Ingram. They were renovated and modernised in 1993.
Dundee House. This was used as a receiving house by the workhouse to the north.

Mill Plat Avenue
18-20  Vector Signs.  Sign makers material in what appears to be an old garage, but has also recently been the base for a pest control business.

Millside Place
Modern housing on the site of Bridge Wharf

Park Road
The road replaced a main road which once ran through Syon Park,
Isleworth Health Centre. This was built here in the 1950s and has now closed and been replaced by Katherine House and Busch Close
Isleworth Cemetery. This opened in 1880 as All Saints burial ground became full. It has a twin Chapel and many memorials including one to members of the Pears family
Syon Park – vehicle entrance
Green School. This was in a building at the back of the churchyard. Thus dated from 1859 when the Duke of Northumberland had building erected using money given by the Dowager Duchess. The educational standard was rather low and there was an emphasis on needlework. Girls wore distinctive green clothing which was free.

Quakers Lane
This was originally called Conduit Lane
Friends Meeting House. The first recorded Quaker Meeting in Brentford was in 1659.John Tysoe, the instigator, was be imprisoned intermittently over the next thirty years, and until in 1689 it became lawful to hold such meetings. A barn in Brentford became a meeting place. The present Meeting House was built in 1785 and the date is carved over the door. The building is in plain 18th domestic style. It has a gallery with sliding partitions at the front which can be used to close it off as a separate room, now a library.  The main meeting-room is little different from the way it was in 1785, though men and women are no  longer separated and now the benches are arranged in a square. In 1940 it was bombed and the building could not be used for ten years. Then a children's room and a kitchen were added...
Burial ground. This surrounds the meeting house the land having been bought for the meeting by Benjamin Angell. The Brentford Friends were connected with Kew Gardens and a number of noted botanists, including Baker and Oliver, were members of the Meeting and were buried here. These early burials were not marked with gravestones, although there is a wall plaque. The southern part of the ground was given by Sarah Angell in 1824 and had rows of headstones yew trees along one boundary. Also here are the remains of the Friends Burial Ground in Long Acre, re-interred here in 1892. In 1978 part of the grounds were leased to the Shepherds Bush Housing Association who built Angell House – one flat of which is reserved for the Resident Friend

Rose and Crown Lane
This ran from the Rose and Crown pub in London Road from the rear of the yard down to
Twickenham Road.

Snowy Fielder Way
Charlotte House Care Home

Syon Park
This square covers only the western section of Syon Park and does not include the house
Lake. This is now managed as a commercial fishery.  It was originally constructed by Capability Brown in the 1760s, and is now stocked with rainbow trout and brown trout in season. The water enjoys prolific hatches of olives, alders, sedge, buzzers and damsel flies.
Ornamental footbridge. This carries a former driveway to the house. It is a Wrought iron Bridge over the lake built in 1827-30 and designed by Charles Fowler. It was Taken from a design by James Wyatt and built by John Busch.
Pond in the south west corner.

Turnpike Way
Smallberry Green Primary School. A school here was originally opened by Heston and Isleworth Urban District Council as a Senior Elementary School for boys in 1939. This school later merged with another to become a comprehensive Isleworth and Syon School on a different site. The school now on the site is a local authority primary. It is a utilitarian looking building but with a clock tower.

Twickenham Road
181 Chequers Pub. This pub dated from at least 1825 when it also had an active stable attached. It had then a double storey bow window at the front with a balcony on top. It was rebuilt back from the road in 1933. It was recently renamed the Waiting Room but since 2010 It has been an India Restaurant.
Percy House Institution. This was Brentford District Schools for which the foundation stone was laid in 1883.  It was known as Percy House and was a residential school for children from the Brentford Union workhouse on the site.  In 1930 it was leased to H.M. Office of Works to store military records but in 1935 this ceased and it was used to house those who had been inmates of Warkworth House, both able-bodied and infirm, who were transferred there.  Under the NHS Middlesex County Council retained Percy House for use as 'Part III' accommodation, that is, for adults who, because of age, illness or disability, were in need of care and support. It was demolished in 1978
Brentford Union Workhouse. This was built in 1837 and designed by Lewis Vulliamy. This later became the site of the infirmary. In 1897 a new workhouse was built to the south east based on a pavilion block lay out devised by W.H.Ward. This was considered state of the art at the time. In due course it became subsumed into the spreading hospital buildings.
West Middlesex Hospital. In 1930 this consisted of the old workhouse and its infirmary. It had about 400 general beds and in 1932 2o4k began on a modern maternity department. But plans for further extensions were delayed by the Second World War. Wooden huts were built instead and an emergency hospital was run by staff evacuated from St. George’s Hyde Park. An Out-Patients Depart had been established but it was small and there was little privacy. In 1948 the Hospital joined the NHS and many of the buildings they inherited were very unsuitable for a hospital. By 1952 a new Our patients and casualty had been built followed by two new operating theatres but Although the Hospital was one of the largest in the country, with 1,254 beds, it was in need of modernisation and Its buildings stretched for a mile through the site.  Gradually more departments were opened and specialist areas set up.  A plan was made for redevelopment of the Hospital, but only the first stage – and a Medical Department and a new boiler house were built and more changes followed. In 1991 it as renamed the West Middlesex University Hospital.  It had 620 beds but was still using many 19th bulldogs and a 35-year PFI deal was approved in 2001.   The first phase opened in 2003 about of the half the original site having been sold.  In 2013 it was decided that it would then become one of London's 'major' hospitals. There is a small garden near the main entrance called the History Centre with seven foundation stones from various hospitals within the South Middlesex Group.
Isleworth Town Primary School, the school dates from 1910. There have recently been the additions of some new buildings.
BT Telephone Exchange
Busch House. This was the retirement home of John Busch, a German from Hanover who had set up the forerunner of Loddiges’ Hackney Nursery. He had spent many years in Russia working on the gardens at Tsarskoe Selo for Catherine the Great. In the early 20th it became a school. It is a small, two-storeyed, late 18th. It has since been used by a series of schools and is now the Woodbridge Park Education Service, a pupil referral unit.
Busch House Open Air School.  In 1938 an open air school for delicate children was set up in the grounds at the back of the house and some wooden buildings were provided. It ran on open air school principles until the late 1970s. It then housed Syon Park School, a small mixed secondary school which closed in 2007. The school buildings in the grounds were designed by Scherrer & Hicks in 1976. These have all gone and the site is a pupil referral unit centered round Busch House
Woodbridge Park Education Service. This is part of a service which has units around the borough. This unit deals in particular with pupils unable to return to education for medical reasons, but it is seen as a short term

Union Lane
This separated the workhouse separated from the Infirmary

21st Century Group. Web site
Aungier. The History and Antiquities of Syon Monastery
Brentford and Isleworth Quakers. Web site
British History on line, Heston and Isleworth. Web site
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Green School. Web site
Historic England. Web site
Ingram’s Almshouses. Web site
London Borough of Hounslow. Web site
London Gardens Online. Web site
Lost Hospitals of London. Web site
Marlborough Primary School. Web site
Panorama of the Thames. Web site
Pub history. Web site
Soloman. Loddiges of Hackney.
Waymarking. Web site
Workhouses. Web site