Saturday, 20 August 2011

Thames Tributary – tributaries to River Roding - Chigwell

Thames Tributary – tributaries to River Roding
A tributary flows west and meets a tributary from the south which is made up of two other tributaries one of which rises in this area
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TQ 44151 93881

The older part of Chigwell to the north of the modern shops. Many interesting buildings

Post to the west Chigwell
Post to the north Chigwell
Post to the east Chigwell Row
Post to the south Grange Hill

High Road
Christies. Two 18th houses Timber framed and plastered. At the back are two lead pumps in wooden cases from 18th with the tank fronts ornamented and embossed with initials and a date - M T 1762
Vine Cottage/ Christies Cottage. These are now renamed Dickens and Proctor’s Cottages. Two 18th houses Timber framed and weather boarded. One of them has the original wooden lead lined gutter.
Grange Court. 18th house in brick. Used as a school boarding house and recently as a ‘prep’ school’.
Hainault House, 19th Victorian Gothick house in yellow brick. This is said to have been built for John Knight, the Wapping soap manufacturer, and bought by Chigwell School in 1917
Underground passage – said to run from the school to the Kings Head
Harsnetts. House built 1600 timber framed, rendered with some weatherboarding. Bought for the school by Archbishop Harsnett in 1627 for the master of the English School, and named after him. Subsequently used as a boarding house for the school.
117 Bluebell ex-Haydens Indian Restaurant and Haydens Cottages. 18th house divided into three. Built of brick and with a shop front extended on front.
105 ex-Chigwell Village Stores/ Hilltop. 18th house divided into three. Timber framed, weather boarded, mock timber framing and roughcast render.
St.Mary. This is a typical rural Essex church approached by an avenue of yew trees. There wasa church here in 1160 built by Ralph Brittom in flint rubble and cement rendered. In 1475 a roof, weather boarded belfry with six bells, and leaded broach spire were added. The church was enlarged in 1886. Inside is a brass of exp-vicar Samuel Harsnett who became Archbishop of York and a bust and memorial to Shillibeer.
King’s Head, 17th timber weather boarded pub extended in 19th and 20th. Timber framed, partly weather boarded. Complex plan which has accrued over the years and including what were once probably separate buildings and also much ‘restoration’. ‘Extremely picturesque’. It appears in the first chapters of Dickens’ ‘Barnaby Rudge’ called 'The Maypole'. The Verderers' or Forest Courts of Epping Forest were held here until 1855. It now includes a Turkish restaurant, Sheesh, installed by Amstrad magnate, Alan Sugar. There is also an equestrian statue and ‘the biggest mirror in Essex’.
King's Head cottages, 18th house divided into two. Timber framed, weather boarded and plastered
50 Chigwell County Primary School
Radley's cottage, 18th house. Timber framed and weather boarded,
Saville Cottage. 17th house. Timber framed and weather boarded
Haylands. House dating from.1800.
125 Linden Cottage/ Dawkins. Two 18th cottages, Timber framed, part weather boarded, part mock timber framing with roughcast render. At one time they had been used as shops and the some of that premises remains.
Chingford Grammar school. Founded 1629 and dated on a crest above the porch - although it is said that Archbishop Harsnett bought the site in 1619 and that the school was in operation by 1623. It originally had a large schoolroom built of red brick and was extended in later centuries. The original blocks were the English School, Latin School, and the Latin Master's house. Supposed to have been the place where William Penn, the founder of Pennsylvania, received his early education.
Church House. 17th house timber framed and rough-cast rendered, said to be the home of Chigwell doctors and bought by Chigwell School in 1876 for masters’ housing
National School Building. This originated in an 18th Charity School for girls called the Blue School in the 19th. It was joined by a charitable School of Industry for Girls in the early 19th. In 1836 a building was erected ion the Vicarage Field and opened as a National School in 1838. In 1902 it to Essex Education Committee, and the name changed to St. Mary's Girls and Infants Church of England School and in 1950 it was closed.
129-131 Coulson Almshouses run by Chigwell United Charities. 'Coulson's Almshouses 1557' appears on a plaque on the building put there when the current buildings were erected in 1858. Who Coulson was is not clear and they are managed by a body comprising a number of other local charities.
Brook House. 18th House, in stock brick,
Mineral spring said to have been discovered her in the 17th and called the ‘King’s Well’.

Vicarage Lane
Rose Bridge

Sources
Britsh History on Line. Chigwell.
Chigwell Grammar School. Web site
Chigwell United Charities. Web sitre
Essex County Council. Web site
Kings Head. Web site
Pevsner and Cherry. Essex

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