Sunday, 29 April 2012

Moselle River - Crouch End

Moselle River
Tributaries to the Moselle flow north and eastwards
Stonebridge Brook rises in this area and flows eastwards
TQ 30413 88535


Post to the west Crouch End
Post to the north Hornsey
Post to the east Haringey
Post to the south Crouch Hill

Aubrey Road
The Stonebridge Brook flowed north to here and then turned east

Bourne Road
A water source in this road augmented the Stonebridge Brook which turned north to Aubrey Road.

Broadway
Stonebridge Brook probably rises to the rear of the Town Hall. This is at a low point in the area and it is known that a lake and a lake villa once stood here.
Site of Crouch Hall. This was a house built around 1820 which stood in the area where the clock tower stands at the crossroads today – but on the west side of the road. In 1847 it was the home of an iron master, William Bird.  It was demolished in 1888.
Site of Topsfield Hall.  This Georgian mansion was the home of the Lord of the Manor of Topsfield.  It was a late 18th house built to replace the earlier hall.  It faced the Broadway in the triangle of Middle and Tottenham Lanes. Sold to developers, Edmondsons, and demolished in 1895. ‘Topsfield’ is the old name of the manor from the family of Thomas de Toppesfeld in1343 who came from Toppesfield in Essex.
Crouch End or Hornsey Academy was opened by John Yeo in 1686. Crouch End school was said to be nearly 200 years old in 1872 but the site was sold to the Imperial Property Investment Co. in 1882. The original school building stood on the corner of Park Road and was described as in the Elizabethan style in 1844. This three-storeyed, weather boarded house was demolished in 1882
5 Abbey National. Site of an early Sainsburys with tiled interior which Closed in 1970s
6 Dunn’s – baker's shop displaying with the date ‘1850’ plus a wheatsheaf decoration. ‘WM’ stands for ‘William Muddyman’ who ran the bakery and post office in 1845.  It is the oldest building on the Broadway in plain brick.
Bank Buildings. Built by the London and South Western Bank in 1887.  Now a branch of Kentucky Fried Chicken. 
Passageway beside Bank Buildings leads to a converted stables.
Town Hall. This replaced older local authority offices in Southwood Lane, Highgate. It was built on a site which had previously been that of the non-conformist Broadway Chapel, two cottages, an alley and Lake Villa, plus a pond filled in in 1827. The Town Hall was built in 1935 for middle class, Middlesex, Hornsey by the young New Zealand architect, R.H Uren, who had won the competition.  It was opened by the Duke of Kent and as the first English town hall in the tradition of Dudok's Hilversum was highly regarded and influential.  It is in red brick free from ornament with a clock tower and a large assembly hall. The entrance to the offices, below the tower had ironwork, and stone carving of arms of the Borough of Hornsey by A.J. Ayres.  It is placed well back from the road creating a forecourt. Uren won the RIBA bronze medal for London in 1935 and was one of the first 1930s buildings to be listed.  .
Clock Tower. This dates from 1895 and was a testimonial to Henry Reader Williams chairman of Hornsey Local Board and designed By F. G. Knight.  It has a bronze portrait relief by William’s friend, Alfred Gilbert.
Barclays Bank in what was the Hornsey Gas Company Showrooms. This was also designed by Uren as part of an ensemble.  It has panels about the gas industry by A.J. Ayres.
Electricity Office. Also by Uren adapted from the 1938 telephone exchange. A carved brick panel by Ayres to represents the spirit of electricity.
Wilson’s Department Store. Demolished for shopping terrace which included Budgen and Woolworths
Bank on the corner of Crouch End Hill dates from the 1940s.  This is on the site of a smithy demolished by Messrs. Hill in the 1890s. 

Bryanstone Road
35 timber box extension to the house with a glass link to it.

Cecile Park
Street built in the 1880s-90s; by John Farrer for the Weston family. Named for Cecile House.

Chestnut Avenue
Named for ‘Chestnuts’ in Middle Lane, later replaced by Chestnut Court. The western end of the road would have been skirted by Priory Brook as it met Cholmondley Brook flowing northwards

Christchurch Road
Site of Oakfield House 

Crouch End
In a place name ‘End’ means an outlying area and ‘crouch’ means a cross. So this could have referred to something like a boundary post or a wayside cross. The name is first found in the mid 15th.  However a Stephett atte Cruche lived here in the 14th. The hamlet itself, on the Tudor route out of London to the north, lies in a hollow between two ridges and is sometimes known locally as Hornsey Vale. A ridge runs across the district once known as the Hogs Back. An enclosure award in 1813 was followed later by the railway which allowed for development from a group of cottages and interspersed big houses into a suburban centre.  

Crouch End Hill
Road on the Tudor route to the north. Trees in the area were preserved in the 1940s through the efforts of Cllr.F.E.Cleary. 
2 King’s Head.  The pub dates from 1892 and replaced an earlier building. There is a cast iron street name plaque at first floor level.
23 Railway Tavern. This is a 1930s half-timbered pub. Not particularly near a railway.
35-37 Hogshead, closed
Exchange House.  This was built for the Telephone Exchange in 1953 by F. W. Holder.    The stepped side was for a never built relief road.  It was converted to flats in 2002.

Crouch Hill
104 Kestrel School. Private school for autism.  This building was previously the Mountview Theatre School- A posh house built for George Shadbolt in 1871.
113 Red Gables. Probably by the local builder W.J. Collins. This could have been built as a show house for the estate. Used as a local authority family centre but now sold.
Alleyway by 118 part of an old relic as a separate strip of land
Park Chapel. Congregational chapel first built here in 1854.  It was very successful in the 19th under the Rev John Corbin and Alfred Rowland. It seated 1,480 and had a Willis Organ. In 1978 the congregation united with Baptists and the building became redundant. Corbin Memorial Hall was added in 1893. It replaced a defunct schoolroom and there is a foundation stone laid by Rev. Rowland. This is a large complex of buildings one element of which is now Mount Zion Cathedral

Denton Road
Weston Park Primary School

Drylands Road
1 ground floor remodelled to open up a courtyard in the centre of the house

Elder Avenue
This was developed by John Farrar in 1889 at the same time as Weston Park, on part of the Elder Estate. It was named after Henry Weston Elder, a City bristle merchant.  He died in 1882 and the estate was sold in 1892 when his widow died. 
Topsfield Parade wall which has a terracotta plaque and stone balls. Passage way leading to a converted stable block.
Corner shop with a date stone
Earl Haig Memorial. Royal British Legion Hall. Now closed

Elm Grove
St.Peter in Chains Roman Catholic Infant School

Felix Avenue
Bakery at the northern end 1950s

Ferme Park Road
Land to the west of this was developed by the Elder family in the 1890s. The road and estate were built by the Streatham and Imperial Estate Co.  On the site of fields of Haringey Manor.

Ferme Park Yard
Only the extreme north west corner of the rail yard is on this square.
Tottenham Lane Electricity Workshops
Warehouses alongside sidings
Botswana Meat Commission Ecco Cold Store. BMC was established in 1965 to promote Botswana’s livestock industry. Its headquarters is in Lobatse.

Granville Road
Granville Road Spinney. This was farmland until the 1870s after which it was housing. In 1944 it took a VI and seven houses were destroyed. These were replaced by prefabs but since 1980 it had been open land. There is a meadow and central woodland plus a small boggy area

Haringey Park
The Stonebridge Brook flowed eastwards parallel and north of this road.
This was the first suburban street in Crouch End, laid out in 1845.
Floral Hall- greenhouse roofed building used by the antiques trade
Hornsey Library. This was built in 1965 to replace a library of 1899 in Tottenham Lane. Designed by F.Ley & G.Jarvis, with a gallery, foyer and courtyard. There is a large staircase window with engraved map of Hornsey by F.J. Mitchell.  There is also pool with bronze sculpture by T.E. Huxley-Jones. New Gallery was the children’s library with a separate entrance
Ravensdale Mansions – large red brick blocks
Coach building works here in the 1950s

Hermiston Avenue
Rokesley Infant School and Nursery

Inderwick Road
Hornsey School for Girls

Lynton Road
The Grove – housing for the elderly for Haringey built in 1970 in brick by HKPA.

Mayfield Road
St Luke. Built in 1902-3 by J.E.K. and J.P. Cutts in red brick and converted to housing in the 1970s.  This had begun as iron mission built by the London Diocesan Mission.
Stationers Company School moved here from Fleet Street in 1895. It started as the Stationers' Company's Foundation School In 1861 near Fleet Street. In 1891 it moved to Hornsey, as a Grammar school. The girls' school was Hornsey High School. It became a comprehensive boys' school in 1967, closing in 1983and has subsequently had a variety of different uses.
St. Stephens Close. On the site of the stationer’s School
Stationers' Park. Built on the site of the Stationers Park School and opened in 1987. Green flag and many facilities,

Middle Lane
An old route going between Crouch End and Turnpike Lane. The triangle between this and New Road and Park Road have two-storey houses and cottages which was a development of 1850-4 by Joshua Alexander and William Bradshaw.
9-35, semi-detached houses 1850
Crouch End Health Centre. Built in 1984 by Haringey Architects’ Department.
Clemence Court. Flats built for Hornsey Borough Council in 1957.
Margaret Hill House. Flats built in 1993 for Hornsey Housing Trust – with a corner turret of brick banded in stone, by Marden & Knight.
Chestnut Court on the site of Chestnuts – local ‘big’ house
Middle Lane Methodist Church
Priory Park. This was built in two stages. The part along Middle Lane is the earliest and was developed by Hornsey Local Board, led by Henry Reader Williams, in the 1890s. It was called 'Pleasure Grounds'.
Granite drinking fountain in the park. It says 'The gift of C. T. P. Metcalfe 1879'.  He provided this to replace the pump in The Broadway and it was later moved here.
Reservoir built in the 1980s

Middle Lane Mews
The mews provided access to the back of the Hippodrome.
Globe works – bakery converted to housing
“Western Laundries” painted wall sign

Montague Road
Built on the site of a house called Abyssinia which faced onto Tottenham Lane.

Mount View Road
Hornsey Reservoir Cottage.

New Road
15 prize-winning front garden

Park Road
2 restaurant in comer building which was once a post office and before that a corn chandler, Forbes Boden
21 Banners Wine Bar. With decorative mural down the side
48 tiny corner shop with the 1877 school foundation stone.

Rathcoole Avenue
Developed by J.C.Hill in the grounds of a house with that name.

Rokesley Avenue
Rokesley Junior School. The school was first built by Middlesex County Council 1932

Spencer Road
Albert buildings and Albert works

Tottenham Lane
Fairfield, was sold with the Topsfield Estate in 1894,
Topsfield Parade, 1895.  The parade was built on the estate of Henry Weston Elder replacing Topsfield Hall, developed by Edmondsons developers of Muswell Hill. They built the shops which are identical to those in Muswell Hill
31 Topsfield Parade, Fitness Centre. This was the entrance to the Queens Opera House – also called the Hippodrome. The hall was in a triangular space to the rear and was originally intended as a public hall.   In 1897 it opened as a theatre by H.H.Morell and F.Mouilett to seat 1,200. The original architect was a Mr. Woolnow. It was lager redesigned by theatre architect Frank Matcham In 1903 it became a music hall and from 1910 included a cinema. In 1928 it was taken over by the Gaumont British Theatres chain who added sound in 1929. In 1942, was closed permanently following a fire. In 1948 part of it became a dancing school and in 1958, Grattan’s mail order company used their London distribution point. When they left much of the remains was demolished but the fa├žade was restored and is now in use.
184 YMCA been there since 1929
128 Hope and Anchor
159 Music Palace pub. This was built as the Salvation Army Citadel
161 Islington Gazette
Engineering works
Print works
Queen's Hotel. A grand pub built 1900. It has a turret and floral Art Nouveau glass by Robert Cakebread plus fancy ironwork. Inside are with original mahogany fittings dividing up the separate bars.  Built by J.C.Hill the developer of this and Broadway Parade. The circular entrance has a mosaic floor bearing the monogram of Mr Hill and Q for Queen’s.
Holy Innocents. An Arthur Blomfield church, of 1877 in brick and has a tower close to the road. Inside is a stained glass window commemorating Peter Robinson of the department store. The Reiger-Kloss Krnov organ coming from Czechoslovakia was brought here from the Humbervale Church in Toronto where it had been since 1964 owned by Mrs. Dagmar Kopecki for her studio
Hornsey Police Station. Built 1915 by J. D. Butler
136 The Old Schoolhouse. Hornsey Historical Society.  Early Victorian infant school closed 1930 and re-opened for the society in 1981. John Henry Taylor 1884.
Plaza Cinema. The Cinema Theatre was listed as operating from at least 1912. In around 1925, it was re-named Perfect Picture House and had a seating capacity of 600. In 1929, it was re-furbished and Western Electric sound equipment was installed. It was re-named Plaza Cinema. It was independently operated throughout its life and was closed in September 1939 at the outbreak of World War II. The Plaza Cinema never re-opened. Flats opposite end of Inderwick Road
Flats on the site of Century House.  In the 1940s L.A.Britton pickle factory
St, Mary’s church of England Primary School, rebuilding had been paid for by the grocer David Greig, a former pupil. Demolished 1971,

Weston Park
Stonebridge Brook flows eastwards and parallel behind the houses on the north side and continues under the railway lines.
Developed with houses by architect John Farrar as part of the Topsfield Estate.  Named after Henry Weston Elder a City bristle merchant.  He died in 1882 and the estate was sold in 1892 when his widow died.
13 plaque to actress Lilian Harvey.  1906-68.
Union Church

Womersley Road
Womersley House.  This was the home of Peter Robinson of the department store.
St Peter-In-Chains, Roman Catholic church by A. J. G. Scales, 1896

Sources
British History Hornsey web site
Clunn. The Face of London
Field. Place Names of London
Kestrel School web site
London Borough of Haringey web site
London Encyclopaedia
Middlesex Churches
Pevsner and Cherry, London North
Stevenson. Middlesex
Walford. Highgate to the Lea
Wikipedia website on Stationer’s School

3 comments:

Anonymous said...

Regarding The Stationers' Company's School, it was a wonderful school with incredible history and of course eduacation as well as a beautiful Gothic inspired building with an opulent Great Hall and stained glass windows.
Unfortunately due to the anti-elitism of Haringay council it was closed and then demolished when clearly it was about to be deemed a listed building - such a tragedy!
The area has lost a piece of history that survived the war and it is deplorable that a council can have such a devastating affect on a building that would have served the community now in many ways....

HAS said...

Thanks for writing this Edith. It's very interesting.

Mr A. Bordoley said...

Re: No 2, Park Road. N.8.
This property was built in 1852, so is the second eldest property in Crouch end. It housed a small P.O. at the north end.
From 1852 to April 1939 it was owned by Forbes Boden as a Cornchandlers and pet foods. After that date it was bought by Mr Joseph Bordoley who continued as a cornchandler and added garden requisities,Plants and grocery items. It closed down in February 1971 when decimalisation came in. After that it became a tyre replacement centre (Grays Tyres) and finally in 1996 a restuarant.
Information from Mr.Allen Bordoley (son) August 2012.