Monday, 30 September 2013

River Gade Two Waters

River Gade
The Gade flows southwards and is joined by the River Bulbourne from the west. It then flows on in a number of channels

Post to the west Roughdown
Post to the north Magic Roundabout
Post to the east Apsley End
Post to the south Nash Mills

A41
Until the 1990 the road numbered A41 was the current London Road. A bypass road was built to the south and opened in 1993 as the Berkhamsted Bypass built by Amey Construction Ltd. This section is built to dual 2 lane standard with grade separated junctions. The first junction after the M25 is the Two Waters interchange a diamond junction with the A414 which has two   dumbbell roundabouts which function as one roundabout.

Avia Close
This was previously called Thorpe Street
Apsley Manor School. On this site 1857 until 1949

Durrants Hill Road
3 Residential Care home. Possibly converted to flats.
The Albion Pub. This pub was known locally as The Wooden Box. It had a cottage, a garden and a wharf with   stables for canal horses. It was demolished and replaced with six houses in the late 1990s. It was demolished suddenly in 1982.
Canal Bridge- of blue bricks with a cast iron space which replaced a wooden bridge
Durrants Fishing Lakes. Durrants Hill Fishery is in two old gravel pits dug in 1984 & leased from Dacorum Borough Council by Boxmoor and District Angling Society
Headquarters of 1st Aspley Scout Group. The group dates from 1934 and took over this building when it was derelict in 1973
Durrants Hill Playing Field. This includes a playground and what appears to be a sculpture.
Car park for the Aspley Paper Trail. This is on the site of filter beds used for hydraulic control by the Dickenson Paper Mill.
Frogmore Paper Mill Visitor Centre. Opened in 2008

Ebberns Road
The road follows some of the original route of the Grand Union Canal. The canal interfered with the water supply to the mill wheels so that John Dickinson went to court for an injunction forcing its diversion to its present route.
Ebberns was a Watford Coal Merchant who built a wharf here as well as the Albion Pub. It was not a successful development.

Featherbed Lane
Bridge over the A41 with a long diversion of the road
Railway Bridge, narrow and high with a long slope up to it with brick facings
The Salem Baptist Chapel was formed in 1817 and from 1818 was known as Salem Baptist Church associated with the Strict and Particular Baptist Churches. The building was sold in 1990 but still stands together with the Manse and has been used by other evangelical churches.
Home Wood. Woodland managed as amenity space by Dacorum Council.

Fourdriner Way
This is a new road built into the site of the Frogmore Mills and developed with new housing. The road is named for the Foudrinier Brothers who developed a machine for making paper in a continuous sheet
Frogmore Mills. Frogmore Mill was first recorded in the 13th. It was once called Covent Mill and used grinding corn but converted to paper-making in 1774 by Edward Holmes who leased it from Thomas Tower.  In 1801 John Gamble and the Fourdrinier brothers leased Frogmore Mill and engaged John Hall of Dartford to build a machine with the help of his former apprentice, engineer Bryan Donkin. The machine was installed in 1803. A second machine from Donkin was trialed at Frogmore the following year. The Mill was bought by The Grand Junction Canal Company in 1817 when the 1804 Donkin machine was still being used. Various leaseholders followed and G.W.Hayes made newsprint here and in 1877 John Dickinson leased if to make partly pulped material from esparto grass.  The Potosi Estate Company occupied it in 1887, producing pulps from bamboo, esparto and wood and from 1890 to 2000 the mill was run by the British Paper Company, set up by H S Sanguinetti  who had acquired the lease from the Grand Junction Canal Company, and purchased it 1929. Initially they produced paper and lightweight board and in 1907 a second machine was installed. A Rotiformer machine was purchased the early sixties. T he mill is now used by Two Rivers Paper Co to make specialty papers. They use a Pilot Paper Machine built in 1902 for Manchester’s Municipal Technical College. It became the paper industry’s training machine and was given to Apsley Paper Trail in 2006.  Watford Pulpers are also used and a modified Hollander beater is mixes additives and dyes. Power comes from an inverted vertical, two-cylinder duplex, by Ashworth & Parker of Bury. The buildings straddle the watercourse but the two waterwheels are no longer there. It is now fundamentally a museum with demonstration machinery in commercial use.
Mill House, 19th house in yellow brick. Used as offices by the British Paper Company.

Frogmore Crescent
This row of houses was on the south side of the canal east of Durrants Road.  They seem to have been built by John Dickenson for workers at Frogmore Mill in the early 19th.  They were demolished and the road closed in 1965.

Frogmore Road
This road was built along the north side of Frogmore Mills and has trading and light industrial units.

Grand Union Canal
Railway bridge was demolished in 1960
River Gade Junction
Two Waters Road Bridge
Durrants Hill Road Bridge

Kents Avenue
G. B. Kent, brush makers, built five cottages for employees here in 1901.
Apsley Industrial Estate
Footpath from the junction with Weymouth Road across the railway to High Ridge Road.

Lawn Lane
Canal View House. Flats on the site of Lawn Lane Nursery School
Lawn Lane Nursery School was built at the junction with Durrants Hill in 1942 to look after babies and young children whilst their mothers worked on the war effort. In 1946 it was taken over by the Education Department and for children aged 2-5. In 1989 the building was declared unsafe and was moved to temporary accommodation at Belswains Infant and Junior School until the new school was built at Heath Lane.
Lawn Park. Big house now demolished
Lawn Lane Open Space
Frogmore Cottages
British Paper Co. Built a terrace and a detached house in 1918
New Life Pentecostal Church, previously known as Bethel Pentecostal Church

London Road
This is the line of the original A41 road. It was previously the Sparrows Herne Turnpike Road itself built on the line of Roman Akeman Street.
Railway crossing. This is the point at which the Harpenden to Hemel Hempstead Railway - ‘Nicky Line’ crossed the main road. The abutment of the bridge is still there on the north side among trees which continue northwards along a wooded embankment where some sleepers still remain.
Two Waters Junior School. This first opened in Apsley Village as a non-conformist school in the mid-19th and by 1869 was on the site now occupied by Pilling’s car dealership. In 1875 it was taken over by the School Board. It was rebuilt in 1858 and a bell tower added and rebuilt again in 1913. In the 1930s it also became a Central School and in the Second World War took evacuees. In 1973 it moved to a new building on the Manor Estate
Two Waters Bus Garage. This opened in 1935 to replace the bus garage in Bury Road. Designed by Wallis Gilbert it fronted onto the main road with a round ended office block at right angles to the main shed. It was the first garage to run RW-types in 1960. It was replaced in 1995 by a bus garage in Whiteleaf Road and the site is now a trading estate
241 Bell Inn. 17th timber framed building. Now an American fast food chain restaurant.
Apsley Business Centre
62 Spotted Bull Pub
Community Centre in Two Waters Methodist church which was sold and no longer used as a church. A Wesleyan chapel at was acquired by the St Albans Circuit in 1846. It was rebuilt in 1867 and enlarged in 1889. After fund raising activities a new church was built nearby in 1908. The old church continued to be used until 1930 when it was declared to be unsafe – it was wooden and called Noah’s Ark following a flood. A new Sunday School was opened in 1931
44 White Lion pub
Kent’s Brush Factory. G B Kent and Sons have made high quality specialist brushes since the 18th. . They were founded in 1777 by William Kent and the firm remained in the family until 1932.  Since then it has been run by the Cosby family. They moved to Apsley in 1984 and had a site of five acres with their own wharf on the canal. In 1984 their landmark chimney was blown up and Kents built a smaller factory0n  their present site fronting the road in 1982.
Oddfellows Arms
10 Fountain Inn. Now under Sainsbury’s goods entrance

Manor Avenue
Built on the area shown on maps as Manor Farm.

River Bulbourne
Bulbourne Meadow. Owned by the Boxmoor Trust and used for festivals and public events
New bridge. Footbridge installed by the Boxmoor Trust in 1997.
Site of an old cress bed shown as a depression near the new bridge

Two Waters Road
Confluence of the Bulbourne and the Gade
Two Waters Mills. This was also called Tot Mill and was recorded in Domesday. In 1580 this was a fulling mill. It was a corn mill when, in 1791, Henry and Sealy Fourdrinier, stationers in the City of London, bought it to make paper. Brian Donkin installed the third continuous paper machine here in 1805 – and it is said to have been the first machine which was a success. In 1877 the mill was taken over by Dickenson who made paper from esparto here but left the mill in 1888. The Universal Barrel Company made seamless barrels from paper here before 1890 and Herbert Sanguinetti was involved. He used the Mill House here as his home. The top mill was destroyed in an explosion when the mill was used for extracting grease from rags in 1918 and not rebuilt.  The mill was demolished in 1920. The site is now Dacorum Council Nursery and Recreation Depot which was built in the 1950s
5 K2 Balti House. This was a delivery depot built in 1936 for beer delivered by canal, it later became the Whip and Collar Inn. Boats could be hired from the pub
Two Waters Open Space

Two Waters Way
This is the A414 which goes from here to Maldon. It originally began form the old A41, now the London Road. When the bypass road, now the A41, was built the A414 was extended south to meet it.  It starts from a dumbbell roundabout under the bypass road and goes downhill to a signal controlled junction with the London Road where it meets its original line
Balderson’s Bridge also called High Bridge went over the canal. It was built in the 1790s but named after Balderson who had a nearby wharf nearby. It was a hump backed structure with a load restriction to 5 tons.  The new County Bridge dates from 1935 and is a steel tough on concrete abutments
Swing Bridge - this was alongside the hump backed bridge and crossed the Gade which originally ran in a straight line to meet the Bulbourne. The section was back filled when the new town was built.

Whiteleaf Road
Eastern Electricity depot
Bus garage built in 1995 following the closure of the Two Waters garage.

Sources
Apsley Scouts. Web site
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Boxmoor Trust. Web site
CanalPlan. Web site
Dacorum Council. Web site
Donkin, History of Bryan Donkin & Co.
Glazier. London Transport Garages
Heath Lane Nursery School. Web site
Hills, Papermaking in Britain
History of the British Paper Company. Web site
K2. Web site
Mee. Hertfordshire
Nash Mills Parish Council. Web site
National Archives. Web site
Nobbs. A walk along the canal towpath
Our Dacorum. Web site.
Paper Trail. Web site
Sabre Wiki A41. Web site
Sabre Wiki A414. Web site
The Engineer
Two Waters Junior School. Web site

Friday, 27 September 2013

River Bulbourne - Roughdown

River Bulbourne.
The Bulborne flows south eastwards

Post to the north Boxmoor
Post to the east Two Waters 


A41
The A41 from the M25 and the Tring bypass was opened in 1993. This section was built by Amey Construction Ltd. The road is built to dual 2 lane standard with grade separated junctions. The road comes alongside the west-coast main line, crosses the and crosses the London Road

London Road
This was the A41 but lost its primary status when the bypass was built and became the A41. This road is now the A4251
389 Haven House. Hemel Hempstead Community Church. This was a warehouse belonging to the gas works. It is leased to an evangelical group as a church and community base.
449 site of the now demolished Princes Arms, later called Hooden in a Box. There is some speculation if this name relates to Snooks' grave, or to the traditional Hooden Horse.
Boxmoor Baptist Church. 1826 this was between Stratford Way and Russell Place and closely associated with the family of the Missionary, William Carey, after whom the Baptist Church in the Marlowes is named.  In 1822 through of Carey’s sisters the church was built. 16 people formed a Christian Church of the Particular Baptist Denomination and by 1863 the church was too small. It was pulled down and a larger one built although that too was too small. Numbers declined in the mid 20th. A burial ground to the rear was apparently cleared in 1984.
Duckhall – this, now used as the name of the gasworks, relates to an area around where a loop of the Bulbourne nears to London Road. There was a Duckhall House somewhere nearby.


Gas works. The gas works here dates from the late 1860s and follows a number of attempts to set up a gas supply in the area.  In 1878 The Hemel Hempstead District Gas Company was set up and the rival companies, whose mains were already being used by the new company, were dissolved.  The works was supplied with coal via a special extension of the Harpenden and Hemel Hempstead Railway. The works closed in 1960 but holders remain - erected in 1900 to Cutler’s Patent design


Roughdown Common
Chalk Mine.  The chalk mine is on common land and sealed. Its’ name was ‘Rough down Mine’ and in 1897-1906 it was owned by William Glover. In 1907 it was owned by Esau Cheshire, who employed three men below ground there. In 1916 the entrance to the mine at the base of the pit was sealed. Later Investigations inside the mine showed the chalk was criss-crossed with orange clay and there were remains of a railway visible on the floor. However it is thought a much larger area of workings lies in an area unsafe to investigate. . A narrow gauge railway could be traced in a line of hummocks and led to a slope out of the quarry. 
Bat caves. These were created in 1994 in the old chalk workings by the Hertfordshire and Middlesex Bat Group and the Vincent Trust.
Lower Roughdown. Juniper is growing here on the chalk as well as pyramid orchid which attracts burnet moths
Upper Roughdown
Further Roughdown, This field was given to the Boxmoor Trust to compensate for land taken for the A41 Bypass road. It has been seeded with chalk land grass and plants.
Radio mast

Roughdown Road
Princes or Princess Court. Housing built in what was the yard of the Princes Arms and apparently named after it.

Station Approach
Hemel Hempstead Station The station lies between Watford and Berkhamsted station on the West Coast Main Line. The station was opened by the London and Birmingham Railway in 1837 as Boxmoor station. It was the first terminus on Robert Stephenson’s innovative railway to Birmingham to which trains first ran in 1838. There was considerable opposition to the building of the line and the station locally and thus the station was sited outside the adjacent urban areas. In 1912 it was renamed Boxmoor and Hemel Hempstead by the London and North West railway and in 1930 it was renamed Hemel Hempstead and Boxmoor. Following nationalisation it became known as Hemel Hempstead from 1963. From 1877 to 1948 there was also a junction here with a Midland Railway line to Harpenden but there was no direct connection and that line terminated at the gas works.
Car park. This covers the area of a siding

Sources
Boxmoor Trust. Web site
Chelsea Speleological Society Newsletter. 
Hemel Hempstead Station. Wikipedia Web site
Our Dacorum. Web site
Sabre-roads. Web site
Smith. Engineering Heritage in London and the Thames Valley

Tuesday, 24 September 2013

River Bulbourne Boxmoor

River Bulbourne
The Bulbourne flows east and south eastwards
TL 04609 06364

Area to the south of Hemel Hempstead with much of the land run since the 17th century as a trust for local people. The Grand Union Canal parallels the Bulbourne and there are pubs and the remains of older industry.

Post to the east The Magic Roundabout
Post to the west Chauldon
Post to the south Roughdown

Anchor Lane
Anchor pub.  Used to have a lump of Hertfordshire pudding stone outside. The pub was very small with no bar
Anchor Brewery. It was owned by Nash, and was sold Imperial Stout, and Fine India Pale Ale

Beechfield Road
Anchor Pub. The Anchor pub was built near its predecessor around 1955 and changed its name to the Leinster. It is now closed

Cowper Road
Houses built 1914
Boxmoor Primary School

Crouchfield Road
The area’s traditional name is Crouchfield and that was taken up by the Development Corporation for a section of the New Town

Fishery Passage
This footpath runs diagonally through the urban area from the Fishery Inn to St.John’s Road at its junction with Anchor Lane – of which it is effectively a continuation

Fishery Road.
Bridge over the canal. A balustraded bridge of 1927 is said to have been demolished for road widening in 1969
Fishery Moor. This was once called Harrison's Moor, It is an old flood meadow with a variety of marshland flowers including lady's smock or cuckoo flower and lady's mantle
Willow grown along the canal is used to make into cricket bats. Trees are harvested at about 15-20 years old.
Watercress beds. These are said to have been owned successively by Hollick and then Draper
Fishery Inn. This pub is alongside the canal bridge. In the early 19th it was owned by John Groome’s King's Langley Brewery which was sold to Benskins in 1897.
Fishery Stores were alongside the pub and sold grocerties to boatmen. It closed in the 1980s
Fishery Cottages. This lay north of the pub and back from the road. Subject to flooding and demolished. Flats in River Park are on the site.
8 Forge Cottage is roughly on the site of a smithy which was north of the pub in the late 19th
Boxmoor Trout Fishery. The lake was excavated in the 1970s after the land had been bought by local residents, to stop it being developed. A great deal of puddingstone was found.  The lake is ‘spring fed’ from artesian wells dug to supply the watercress beds. The lake flows into the Bulbourne via a small weir which also controls the flow
Cottage from 19th on the south side of the lake which was housing for watercress workers
Yew Tree Court. Flats on the site of an earlier forge and engineering works
3-5 Plaque saying “EC 1839”

Grand Union Canal
Fishery Lock
Tumbling Bay alongside the lock, There is also the remains of the children's paddling pool built in an old watercress bed.
Kodak boat club moorings,
Fishery Bridge
Station Road Bridge
The River Bulbourne crosses under the canal

Gravel Hill Terrace
29 Hall and Meeting Room

Green End Road
30 Green End Dell. 17th house in colour washed brick with some weatherboarding and timber frame.
Grapes Pub
St. Marys Dominican Convent
Greenend House. 19th Neo-classical brick house. On mid-19th maps this is marked as “Greenend Farm”
St. Rose’s RC Voluntary Aided Infants School was opened in April 1967. The Dominican Sisters built it and taught there until 2003. A Nursery Class was set up in 1976.

Horsecroft Road
81 Boxmoor Social Club founded 1891 for men and boys in St.John's Road and later moved here. The building was St John’s Parish Rooms owned by the Church. The Social Club purchased the building in 1930
St Mary and St Joseph's Catholic Church Hall. This was opened in 2003

Kingsland Road
23 warehousing and industrial site.

London Road
The Mallard. Pub with one of these chain restaurants attached. The pub us on the same site as Railway Tavern which had once been called the Barley Mow. It was for a while La Mirage night club.
Site of a Roman building west of Station Approach. This may have been a villa.

Northridge Way
Bourne Methodist Church. Bourne opened in 1959 to replace the older church at Boxmoor. It is now closed and the site is to be redeveloped.

Puller Road
Post Office Arms Pub

River Park
Flats on the site of Foster’s Saw Mill. The mill dated to the 18th, when it was a shoe and clog factory on the Bulbourne. In the 1790s it was noted as ‘Mr Aubrey’s New Mill’.   It was also used as a flour mill and by Dickinsons for rag beating. In 1850 it was owned by Henry Foster. Later it became a steam mills using a  Vernon and Guest’ single-cylinder engine which is now preserved at Bressingham. In 1930, it was taken over by J. W. Ward of Bourne as a saw mill. In the Great War ammunition boxes were made there. It was burnt down and demolished in 1967

Sebright Road
Named after Sir John Sebright who founded the local infirmary, Cheere House, in 1831

Station Road
Bulbourne Bridge. The original concrete bridge was built in 1906 and replaced in 1997.
Station Moor. This belongs to the Boxmoor Trust.
Horse Chestnut Avenue. this avenue of trees was planted in 1902 for the coronation of Edward VII.

St.John's Road
Blackbirds Moor was bought by the Boxmoor Trust in 1844. It is used by Boxmoor Cricket Club and by visiting fairs and circuses. the Trust holds a Conker Festival there. This area once contained Star Cottages named for an adjacent pub. demolished in 1933. There was also a rope walk here.
Primitive Methodist Chapel. A meeting-place at Crouchfield is mentioned in the 1851 Ecclesiastical Census and in 1858 it was part of the St Albans Mission. In 1869 work began on a chapel close to the junction with Cowper Road. It was in brick, and had a room used as a Sunday school. In 1870 when it joined the Berkhamsted Circuit. It remained in use until 1959 when Bourne Methodist Church opened. The site is now a row of garages behind shops
St. Mary and St.Joseph Roman Catholic church opened 1898 – but masses had been said in a local cottage since 1893.
Three Blackbirds. A pub which dates from around 1760. It was on a main road and is said to have been used by the highwaymen which are shown in pictures on display. An old bakers oven was once found there
Steam Coach pub. Celebrates a steam powered coach which the son of Joseph Cranstone, the local engineer and local inventor built and drove to London, crashing it on the return journey.
Churchill House. Earlier this was called The Heath and had been built c. 1830. In 1934 it was bought by the Borough and used as a child welfare centre. It was demolished in the late 1960s for the Dacorum Sports Centre.

Thorne Close
New development on a backlands industrial site – possibly a coal yard

Wharf Road
This appears to have been built on the site of a gravel pit, a chalk pit and a kiln used in a brickfield

Woodland Avenue
Anglican Convent of St Mary and the Angels. This was opened in 1928 and closed in 2003

Woodlands Close
Scout Hut

Sources
Bennetts End Baptist Church. Web site
Boxmoor Social Club. Web site
Boxmoor Trout Fishery. Web site
Boxmoor Trust.. Web site
Careybaptistshemel. Web site
Dacorum History Digest. Web site
Hemel Today. Web site
Hertfordshire Genealogy. Web site
My Primitive Methodist Chapel. Web site
National Archive. Web site
Nobbs. A walk along the canal towpath
Pub History. Web site

Sunday, 15 September 2013

River Bulbourne - Chaulden

River Bulbourne
The Bulbourne flows eastwards
TL 03394 06471

Pleasant canal side stretch at the back end of Hemel Hempstead

Post to the west Bourne End
Post to the east Boxmoor

A4
Built as a dual carriageway motorway standard road In the 1990s across the upland chalk plateau
Chaulden House Garden
Area of the gardens of Chauldon House
Chaulden House was built in the early 19th. It was used by the Charing Cross Hospital medical school during the Second World War.
Isbister Centre. The building is part of the stable block of Chauldon House. It became a day centre for the mentally ill when Hill End Hospital closed and is now a palliative care centre. It includes a 19th
octagonal tower in flint rubble, and brick with an octagonal wooden lantern and a weather vane. It has pointed arches to the door and slit windows. Conch shells are set in the flint rubble above the arches and there are arched pigeon holes on 3 sides in 3 rows. There is a band of shells below the brick frieze.

Chaulden Lane
The road is said to be on the original line of Akeman Street
Hemel Hempstead (Camelot) Rugby Union Club Ground. The club was founded in 1919 but has been refounded - the current club is the third with that name. The origins of their name are obscure and could refer to shallots being eaten at a ‘round table’. The club was refounded in the 1930s and closed in the Second World War. It began again in 1951 and played at Wood Farm. The club members built the present Club House themselves. The field belongs to the Boxmoor Trust who bought it in 1967 with money made through the sale of the land on which the Kodak Tower is built.
163 -165 19th brick houses said to have been built as housing for gardeners at Chaulden House.
Playing Fields with football and rugby pitches, changing rooms and showers. There is also a children’s playground

Grand Union Canal
This section was part of the Grand Junction Canal, built to link the Oxford Canal at Braunston with the Thames at Brentford. It was  constructed with a wide channel to encourage commercial traffic, but its links to other canals were kept so narrow that only the standard 2-metre craft were able to use it.   It reached here in December 1797.
Winkwell skew railway bridge
Boxmoor Top Lock. the lock cottage was demolished and a private house built on the site
Old Fishery Lane Bridge. this used to be called Cangels Bridge
Watercress beds between river and canal shown on maps as various parallel waterways. The Harrison family leased beds here from the Boxmoor Trust in the 1890s. A packing shed was built nearby in 1964 by a co-operative group. The Williams family also had beds here up to the 1980s.

Hazeldell Road
Pixies Hill Primary School
St Stephen’s Parish Hall

Long Chaulden
Tudor Rose Pub. Purpose built in 1957 as part of the new town development. The name is because of Henry VIII grant of the town’s first charter
Chaulden Community Centre
St George’s United Reform Church. It was founded as a Presbyterian Church in 1953 when the site was purchased and in 1954 a temporary hall was built here. The foundation stone, now in the entrance porch, was laid in 1956.The building was designed by J Sebastian Comper, in reinforced concrete and brick. A manse was also built.  In 2004 it amalgamated with St Andrew’s, Berkhamsted.
St George’ Hall. The first Church Hall was built in 1960, as Cedar Hall and replaced in 1981. In 2002 a new Link Building was constructed between the Church and the Hall and in 2009 the new hall was opened
St.Stephen’s Church. Built in 1959 and became part of Boxmoor Parish in the 1990s.

Old Fishery Lane
This was once called Cangels Lane
Old Fishery House
Old Fishery Cottage. This was at one time three labourers cottages

Pixies Hill
The area to the immediate north of Chaulden Lane was used by Pixies Hill a children's camp run by the National Camps Corporation. This was set up under the Camps Act if 1939, which provided for the construction of government-financed camps for camps for evacuees during war. After the war it was used as a recreation camp for inner city school children. The old camp buildings later became a school before permanent schools could be constructed

Railway
The main line railway runs on an embankment on land bought from the Boxmoor Trust in 1837

River Bulbourne
Boat house. This stood before the Second World War on the north side of the river. It is said to have been round with a whalebone over the river entrance,
Waterfall and pump house. The pump house was built to supply fresh water to Chaulden House. It was a decorative flint and brick tower. It became a local scout head quarters and was demolished in the 1960s.

School Row
Chaulden Junior School
Chaulden Infant and Nursery School


Sources
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Canal Plan. Web site
Chaulden Junior School. Web site
Churches of the Boxmoor Parish. Web site
Dacorum Council. Web site
Hemel Hempstead Rugby Club. Web site.
National Camps Corporation. Wikipedia web site.
Snoxalls. Web site
Chaulden Junior School

Chaulden Infant and Nursery School
Sources
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Canal Plan. Web site
Chaulden Junior School. Web site
Churches of the Boxmoor Parish. Web site
Dacorum Council. Web site
Hemel Hempstead Rugby Club. Web site.
National Camps Corporation. Wikipedia web site.
Nobbs. A walk along the canal towpath
Snoxalls. Web site

Saturday, 14 September 2013

River Bulbourne - Bourne End

River Bulbourne
The Bulbourne flows eastwards
TL 02704 06467

Where the A41, the main railway line from Euston and the Grand Union Canal are adjacent.  Old gravel pits here are now fishing lakes and there are plenty of pubs and restaurants in the small village of Winkwell.  There is even the grave of a highwayman.

Post to the west Bourne End
Post to the east Chaulden

A41 Slip Road South
Westbrook Mere. This is an old gravel pit worked out in the early 1900's and operated by Cranstone's.  It has been used for angling since the 1920s. It has been owned by Boxmoor and District Angling Society since 1954 and is used by them as a carp fishery.

Bourne End Lane
The name of the land indicates the eastern end of the intermittent Bourne Gutter stream.

Chaulden Lane
This lane is thought to preserve the line of pre-Roman Akeman Street. The name refers to a chalky area.

Grand Union Canal
Bourne End Bottom Lock
Watercress beds alongside the canal
Bourne End Mill Arm. This runs down southwards to the mill and accesses the River Bulbourne
Winkwell Top Lock
Winkwell Swing Bridge. This is a key operated swing bridge. Originally made of timber and operated by a large wheel turned by hand. It was mechanized in 1986 but it was not possible to use standard power operated system due to limited headroom. Access to the pub meant the road surface could not be raised.  John Harvey & Associates used power operated vertical rams to lift the bridge into line with the road and this is controlled with a key along with the conventional operation of the bridge.
Winkwell Bottom Lock
Winkwell Dock is a canal narrow boat repair yard operated by Middlesex and Hertfordshire Boat Services. They do all work on narrow boats and build new hulls to order. They have a 36-boat lay-by marina. Before 1977 the area was a small holding.

London Road
The Anchor Pub
Bourne End Village Hall, this was built in 1926 by public subscription and modernised in 1994, with the help of Dacorum Borough Council
War Memorial. Great War memorial in the form of a cross
The White Horse. Pub
Watermill Hotel.  The hotel is built around a 19th house on the site of Bourne End Mill. The mill site dates from 1289. The house is in red brick, with a weather boarded central block. An overshot wheel is incorporated in the design. The hotel buildings date from 1971 by Lansley, Mellville and Mark
Bourne End Farm.   Long flint wall with a VR wall post-box in it. Includes a cider mill using apples from Somerset. The farmhouse is 17th with colour washed roughcast walls and a timber frame. Timber barns
Bourne Cottage.19th house in brick
1-8 The Cottages
Bourne End Lodge West and East. 18th house divided into two homes
The Old Cottage.16th or early 17th brick house,
White stones by Westbrook Hay entrance are the burial place of Highwayman, Robert Snooks

Pix Farm Lane
Button House. Button Linguard demolition contractors works and yard. The firm was created in 2005 by the merger of WF Button& Son Ltd. (established 1961) and Linguard Contractors Ltd. (established 1970).
Pixis Mere Fishery. Lake owned by the Boxmoor Trust and operated as a commercial fishing lake.

Pouchen End Lane
Railway bridge. This high narrow bridge carries the West Coast Main Line railway over the lane
Pouchen End Farm
Pouchen End Hall, 16th or early 17th house which is shown in 17th map as Punchin End. The date of 1864 is on a chimney stack. Before that it was three timber framed cottages.  
Stables Studio Art Centre in the refurbished stables and barns of Pouchen End Hall,

Winkwell
Winkwell is a hamlet between the railway line and the Grand Union Canal. It has cottages, a bungalow, and two big houses. The name is thought to come from the Old English words for a corner and a well.
Cottage. 16th or 17th blacksmith's timber framed house with brick exterior. The Forge itself was on the north side of the house and shoed horses which worked on the canal.
Three Horse Shoes Public House. 17th building with whitewashed plaster. 19th veranda.   Part of the pub was built in 1535 and was farm cottages with a shop at the back.

Sources
Behall. Web site
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Boxmoor and District Angling Society. Web site.
Button Linguard. Web site
CanalPlan. Web site
Movable bridges in the British Isles. Web site
Roll of Honour. Web site
Pevsner and Cherry. Hertfordshire
Stables Art Studio. Web site
Three Horseshoes. Web site
Westbrook Hay School. Web site
White Horse. Web site

Wednesday, 11 September 2013

River Bulbourne Bourne End

River Bulbourne
The Bulbourne flows south east wards
TL 01528 06761

Where the A41, the main railway line from Euston and the Grand Union Canal are adjacent.  On the outskirts of Berkhamsted here is the sewage works

Post to the west Long Green
Post to the east Bourne End

A41
The A41 is a major trunk road that links London to Birkenhead. The original road followed part of the line of the Roman Akeman Street and 18th Sparrows Herne turnpike. This section which is part of the bypass road between Tring and the M25 was finally built in the early 1990s to a lower standard than other parts of the motorway sections. The 7-mile Berkhamsted bypass opened in September 1993

Grand Union Canal
Sewer Lock
Little Heath Lane Lock
Sharpes Lane Bridge

Little Heath Lane
Parts of this road are or were called Broadway Church Lane and also Haxters Lane
Berkhamsted Sewage Works. A sewage disposal works has been on this site since the late 19th built by the then Rural District Council.  The works is now owned by Thames Water and has been extensively upgraded in the 1990s. It discharges into the canal and a reed bed is now installed as a filter and to reduce foam into the canal.
Watercress beds on the south side of the river appear to have been served by a narrow gauge light railway or tramway
Canal Bridge
Rail bridge

London Road
St. John. In the mid 19th Bourne End was in the Northchurch Parish and it was felt that people in the eastern part of the parish needed their own church, G. Gilbert Scott was commissioned to design a church and it is thought to be of the first of his smaller churches. It was consecrated in 1855. Stained glass windows were designed by Alfred Bell and made by Powell’s in 1854. It was paid for by the rector plus a small donation from the Duchy of Cornwall. In 1915 Bourne End became a parish in its own right with its own vicar but now shares an incumbent with the St.Michael & All Angels, Sunnyside. In 2001-2003 the church acquired a water supply, following community efforts for a kitchen and toilet. Replicas of some stolen stained glass have been installed. A new parish room has recently been built and is attached to the west end of the church
Broadway Farm. 19th buildings for a family business. ”Peter the Wild boy” is said to have died here in 1785.
Broadway Orchard

Pix Farm Lane
Pix Farm. In 1834 Robert Stephenson assembled the steam locomotive Harvey Coombe here in order to assist construction work, on the new railway line.

Sugar Lane
The lane was part of a through route from Berkhamsted and may have been used to avoid the tolls on the turnpike road.

Sources
Berkhamsted Station. Wikipedia, Web site.
Canal Plan. Web site
Hertfordshire Churches
Hertfordshire Water. Web site
National Archive. Web site
St. Johns Church, Bourne End. Web site
Thames Water. Web site

Friday, 6 September 2013

River Bulbourne Long Green

River Bulbourne
The Bulbourne flows south eastwards

Post to the north Bank Mill
Post to the east Bourne End

A41
The A41 is a major trunk road that links London to Birkenhead. The original road followed part of the line of the Roman Akeman Street and 18th Sparrows Herne turnpike. This section which is part of the bypass road between Tring and the M25 was finally built in the early 1990s to a lower standard than other parts of the motorway sections. The 7-mile Berkhamsted bypass opened in September 1993

London Road
This road is part of the Sparrows Herne turnpike length of what became the A41

Long Green
This is a wooded green lane which is a registered common

Sources
A41 Wikipedia. Web site
Commonsland. Web site

Thursday, 5 September 2013

River Bulbourne Bank Mill

River Bulbourne
The Bulbourne flows south eastwards

This succession of mill sites lie to the east of the town of Berkhampstead in the valley of the Bulborne stream where occupied sites lie alongside both the stream, the Grand Union Canal and the A40 road.

Post to the west Berkhamsted
Post to the south Long Green

Bank Mill Lane
This is the original road from London to Berkhamsted replaced by the 18th turnpike road.
New Lodge. This is now a development site of a previously derelict house and grounds. New Lodge itself is an 18th house with 19th additions possibly on the site of an earlier house.
102 Lock Keepers Cottage. Now a private house. Early 19th house with an entrance from a raised level at the lock side. A single-storey outbuilding is against the canal retaining wall, separated from the cottage by a flight of steps that lead to the canal towpath and the front of the house.
Bank Mill Bridge – the abutments appear to be contemporary with the canal.

Bullbeggars Lane
Bridge over the River Bulbourne
Bridge over the Canal
Bridge over the railway.

Canal
Grand Junction Canal. This section was part of the Grand Junction Canal, built to link the Oxford Canal at Braunston with the Thames at Brentford. It was constructed with a wide channel to encourage commercial traffic, but its links to other canals were kept so narrow that only the standard 2-metre craft were able to use it.   It reached here in 1798.
Winding hole just South of Berkhamsted below Lock 56, but North of Bank Mill Bridge
Bank Mill Bridge
Top Side Lock. This had some renovation work in the 19th and remains operational
Bank Mill Wharf.
Bullbeggers Lane Winding hole
Bank Mill Second Bridge

George Street
This end of the road is private and not made up

Hall Park
22 Patchwork garden with rockeries, ponds, and trees

Ivy House Lane
Sunnyside  Church. St. Michael and All Angels. An ‘iron church’ had been opened in George Street and eventually a new church was planned for this site in Ivy House Lane. The architect was Philip Johnston and the materials local with flints partly dug on site and Totternhoe stone used inside. The land was donated by Earl Brownlow. The Foundation Stone was laid in 1908. Some features from the original church were moved there. The iron church remained as a church hall but in the 1990 a new hall was opened nearer the church.

London Road
Old Mill. This pub is in what was the Mill House. This is an 18th house in brick. The pub opened following the closure of the mill itself.
Mill building. The mill is likely to be the East Mill mentioned in ancient records or the Lower Mill described in the 17th. It was closed in the late 1890s when there had been a fire.
Mill leat, which runs eastwards from its junction with the canal. This covers the site where there had once been a mill pond. A dam structure reamed here until alterations in the 1990s.
The Old Mill Cottage attached to the mill building.

Sources
Archaeology Data Services. Web site
Archaeological Services Co. Web site.
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Sunnyside church. Web site