Friday, 29 November 2013

River Misbourne Denham

River Misbourne
The Misbourne flows south eastwards
TQ 04433 86815

Attractive village centre in upmarket area

Post to the north Denham
Post to the east Denham Lock
Post to the south Denham Roundabout

Ashmead Lane
Formerly called Back Lane and Love Lane
Hancock’s Mead. This was water-meadow between here and the Misbourne. Medieval remains include extensive earthworks and a channel from the Misbourne to a pond.  The earthworks seem to be a curved pattern of channels, natural or dug out in a sequence of ponds. A Bronze Age sword was recovered from one of the man-made channels

Denham Court Drive
Denham Court. This is an 18th manor house but there has been a settlement here since the Saxons and a moated house was here since the 14th, however polished Neolithic axes have been recovered from the mill stream.  It had a number of owners though the Middle Ages including Eleanor, wife of Edward II. The manor later passed to Westminster Abbey and at the dissolution of the monasteries was sold to Edmund Peckham but under Elizabeth became a refuge for Jesuits and was again confiscated by the Crown.  Charles II is said to have hidden here during the Civil War and after the Restoration the house was enlarged. Dryden, the poet, was a visitor. Owned by the Bowyer family it only ceased to be a family home in 1935. It was later part of a farm and the house and gardens became neglected. It is now a golf clubhouse and is owned by Asahi Breweries Ltd of Japan. It is an 18th country house in brown brick.
Bridge to the entrance court. This is over a canalised stream and is 18th altered in 19th.
Denham Country Park.  This is a public park and Local Nature Reserve in Buckinghamshire and the London Borough of Hillingdon. It is part of the Colne Valley Regional Park, and the Colne Valley Park Visitor Centre and cafe is there. The Colne and Misbourne rivers pass through the park and the Grand Union Canal forms its eastern boundary.
Priory Covert. This woodland is now part of the Country Park

Old Mill Road
Denham County Junior School. This opened in 1928 as a Secondary school and remained as such until 1956. It then became a Junior School. It had three main buildings and closed in 1980.
Holy Name Catholic Church. Built on the site of Andrews Farm. It is part of St.Joseph's Parish of Discalced Carmelites


Village Road
Denham Court Farm. The farmhouse is 17th in red brick. Granary. Stables. One barn is 17th timber on a brick base, the other is 9 bays, 18th and weather boarded and 18th weather boarded outbuildings. This is now a wedding venue.
Wellers Mead. 20th century addition within the Town Mill complex
St Mary the Virgin. The church is basically 15th but the west, unbuttressed tower is thought to have been built 1100 – 1120. It was ‘restored’ by George Street 1861-2. The octagonal clock face dates from 1740 but has been repainted and the original clock was the gift of Hester Probert, daughter of Roger Hill, of Denham Place. Inside is a 500-year-old wall painting of Judgment Day with an archangel sounding the Last Trump. The font is 13th and, the church's oldest possession. There are many brasses including a palimpsest brass to a Dame Agnes Jordon, last Abbess of Syon, 1544.
Vestry. Designed by Martin Baker of the ejector seat.
Churchyard. This is surrounded by limes, beeches and cypress trees. Graves and monuments include a memorial on the grave of the Marshall family murdered in Cheapside Lane in 1870.
War Memorial. This was designed by Anthony Bacon and erected in 1919, it is said to be one of the earliest in the country. The inscription gives names and says: “This monument is erected by the inhabitants of Denham to the eternal memory of their glorious dead who gave their lives for King and Country in the Great War 1914 – 18”
The White House. A large gentleman’s residence with 18th origins, but extended. It is in spacious landscape grounds next to the river
The Priory. This was built in 1789 as the village poorhouse
Baconsmead. Four pairs of houses, designed by Anthony Bacon in 1940

Sources
British Listed Buildings. Web sit
Buckinghamshire County Council. Web site
Buckinghamshire Golf Club. Web site
Colne Valley Regional Park. Web site
Denham Court Farm. Web site
Denham. Wikipedia Web site
Friends Reunited. Web site.
London Transport. Country Walks
Middlesex County Council. History of Middlesex
South Buckinghamshire Council. Web site
Walford. Village London

Wednesday, 27 November 2013

River Misbourne. Denham Place

River Misbourne
The Misbourne flows south eastwards
TQ 0378287628

Posh village with Big House and estate in posh area

Post to the east Denham
Post to the west Higher Denham


Denham Avenue
Denham Place. In the middle ages this estate was owned by Westminster Abbey and subsequent owners. In the 17th Roger Hill, rebuilt the house surrounding it with formal gardens, sculptures and a canal. In 1742 the estate passed to the Way family and the formal gardens were removed in the 1770s, apart from the walled garden and a pond. It was replaced by a lake and a landscaped park. The estate was sold in 1980 and converted to offices
Denham Place. The house is in the centre of the estate. It is in an H-plan. It has Furniture,   porcelain, plaster-work and s panelling of high quality. Captain Cook stayed here, as did Lucien and Joseph Bonaparte.
The stables are said to be 17th and in red brick building round a three sided courtyard. There is a semi-circular arched carriageway with a wooden cupola,
Courtyard next to the stables with lean-to coach houses
Lake was created from damming of the River Misbourne.
The park, once surrounded the house but it now only in the northern part of the estate.
Formal garden on the north side of the house was built for Sir Roger Hill by the mason contractor William Stanton in the late 17th on the site of a 16th house.
Wall which defines the boundary to the estate. It is 1km long, broken by occasional gateways it is in red brick and built from the 17th,
Entrance through brick gate piers with wrought iron gates with arms amid scroll work over them.
Lodge an 18th single roomed, brick lodge is close to the gates. The slightly raised drive
Old Bridge this is at the eastern end of the lake and is accessed by the drive from the southern gate entrance. It is 17th and has two semi-circular brick arches
The River Colne flows through the grounds of the Place which is behind a high brick wall.

Old Rectory Lane
The Old Rectory. This brick house is dated as 1867 on rainwater heads
Tilehouse Lane
Martin Baker Sports and Social Club

Sources
British Listed Buildings. Web site
London Transport. Country Walks.
South Buckinghamshire Council. Web site

River Misbourne - Higher Denham

River Misbourne.
The Misbourne flows eastwards

Post to the west Tatling End
Post to the east Denham Place

Amersham Road
Transco Gas Holder Station. In the 1930s gas was supplied to Gerrards Cross and Chalfont St Peter by the Uxbridge Gas Company. It is now part of Transco plc

Bakers Wood
Private gated estate surrounding woodland

Broken Gate Lane

Doggett Farm Road
Doggets Farm was obliterated by the railway which was built over its site in 1906

Lower Road
The road and the others in Higher Denham were part of a First World War military transit camp, sold off piece meal in plots at peace.
Higher Denham Community Centre
Martin's Aircraft Works was founded by aircraft manufacturer James Martin in 1934. The factory had been established in 1929 and four aircraft prototypes were produced: here James Martin and Valentine Baker set up Martin-Baker Aircraft Company Ltd.  In 1942, Valentine Baker was killed during a test flight and from then on pilot safety became a primary focus of the company. In 1944, Martin was asked by the Ministry of Aircraft Production to find a way escape for the pilots of fighter planes. They designed a means of forced ejection of the seat with the occupant sitting in it, by an explosive charge. The first ejection test took place in 1945. Since the there have been 7400 successful ejections.

Moorhouse Farm Lane
1 Wind in the Willows. With a three acre show piece garden built on the site of old watercress beds.
Moorhouse Farm. The farm is now used for egg storage and general warehousing. The farm house is 18th but altered and there is a barn –19th brick with remains of block and tackle in the loft. Said to be the remains of a 19th water wheel on site.

Station Approach
Denham Golf Club Station. This station lies Between Denham and Gerrards Cross on Chiltern Railways Line into Marylebone. This opened in 1912, at the request of the Golf Club, which had opened a year earlier as a station on the Great Western and Great Central Joint Railway, which had opened in 1906. It was originally called Denham Golf Club Platform. Between the two world wars the platforms were lengthened and it became a halt. The original up platform was made of wood with track leading to the Golf Club. In the 1950s the platforms were rebuilt in new concrete and the up platform put onto the up side of the line.  There are two waiting shelters and a ticket office which date from 1912 installed by the Great Western Railway. They are in Corrugated iron with corrugated iron pagoda roofs. This type of shelter was introduced by GWR in 1904 for use at country halts and platforms. The ticket office was burnt down and later demolished early in 2007 and replaced with a near replica. The original platform lamp-posts were cast iron, marked with the initials "G.W. & G.C. Jt" of the original company but they were removed in 1991. It now serves the community of Higher Denham rather than the golf club

Tom Williams Wood
The name reflects an owner of Moorhouse Farm in 1432

Sources
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Buckinghamshire County Council. Web site
Denham Council. Web site
Denham Golf Club Station. Wikipedia web site
Martin Baker Company. Web site.

National Gardens Society. Web site

Tuesday, 26 November 2013

River Misbourne Tatling End

River Misbourne
The Misbourne flows south eastwards

Post to the north Oakend
Post to the east Higher Denham

Amersham Road
The A413 goes from Tatling end to Silverstone. On this stretch it leaves the A40 Oxford Road and continues  as a rural dual carriageway with a central reservation and lay-bys, the road's -  showing its former trunk status It After passes under the M25,
Gerrards Cross Sewage Treatment works. This dates from the early 1920s and was built by Eton Rural District Council for Gerrards Cross
.
Gallows Wood
Little Gallows Wood
Mill Wood
M25
The M25 crosses the Amersham Road and goes under the Oxford Road.
Old Amersham Road
Milestone
Oxford Road
This is the A40, is a major road that runs between London and Fishguard. Going via Oxford this stretch is called ‘Oxford Road’.
Tatling End – the name of the hamlet at the cross roads of the Oxford Road and the Amersham Road
Gerrards Cross Fire Station.   This was opened in 1983 with a crew of 12, has increased to 14. the station covers junctions 15 to 17 of the M25, 1 to 2 of the M40 and the M4 interchange at 4 as well as local towns and villages.
Gerrards Cross Thames Valley Police Station
Indigo. This used to be the Penny Farthing pub.   It is a timber framed 18th building
The Ugly Duckling. Carvery  Pub. This used to be The Gravel Diggers Arms

Sources
British Listed Buildings, Web site
Gerrards Cross Fire Station. Web site
Eton RDC. Wikipedia. Web site
Sabre Roads. Web site.
Thames Valley Police. Web site

Sunday, 24 November 2013

River Misbourne Oakend

River Misbourne
The Misbourne flows south eastwards

Post to the north Chalfont Park
Post to the south Tatling End

Amersham Road A413
The A413 is a major road in England that links Gerrards Cross to Towcester. The layout at its southern end reflects its former trunk status.
M25 crosses the road
Railway viaduct. Carrying the Chiltern Main Line over the Misbourne valley, built by Pauling & Co. of Westminster in 1903 as part of the Northolt to High Wycombe section of the Great Western & Great Central Joint Line

Denham Marsh Wood

M25
Footbridge Crossed by the Denham Marsh Wood footbridge

Mill Lane
This was once known as Hollow Way.
Railway bridge over a deep cutting built by Pauling in 1903 on the Great Western & Great Central Joint Line

Oakend
Noke Mill. In 1680 this belonged to a Mr. Gould
Saw Mill. Marked here on late 19th maps.
Oakend House           

Oakend Wood

Oak Hill Lane

Over the Misbourne
Isle of Wight Farm.  Purchased by the County Council in 1939 to save it from development.  It is now a farm produce and feedstuffs outlet.

Woodhill Avenue
The Woodhill Estate was sold in 1923 and laid out by Kennard and Kennard. 
17 Callcott Dene designed by Colcutt and Hamp 1927
37 Glen House featured in the Ideal Home Exhibition 1926. Designed by Douglas G.Tanner and  Arthur L.Horsburgh

Sources
Buckinghamshire County Council. Web site
Leicestershire County Council. Web site
Sabre. Roads. Web site.

River Misbourne Chalfont Park

River Misbourne
The Misbourne flows southwards
TQ 01367 89899

Big houses now in other use in area which is generally pretty posh

Post to the west Orchehill
Post to the south Oakend

Chalfont Park
The estate was once part of Brudenell’s Manor in the 15th.  Following the Civil War they became Crown property and in 1688 passed to George (Judge) Jeffries. By the mid-18th it was owned by members of the Churchill family and Charles Churchill commissioned John Chute to rebuild the house in Strawberry Hill Gothic style.  The estate was sold to the Hibbert family in 1794 and changes to the house were made by John Nash.  More changes were made by Anthony Salvin in the mid 19th. The house passed through a sucession of other owners eventually becoming a hotel. It later was a technical centre for British Aluminium and Citrix Systems.  The house is cement rendered with battlemented parapets and has a central porch flanked by battlemented turrets. There is also a conservatory. Inside is a 17th stone fireplace and an 18th staircase.
Grounds. Lancelot Brown laid out the grounds including damming the Misbourne to form a lake. Later changes were made by Repton under Thomas Hibbert
Icehouse. This was domed and covered with a mound and is said to date from 1797.  It may have been built into the hillside.
Round Copse
Square Copse
Oakend Wood
Quarters Wood

Denham Lane
Chalfont Lodge. Built on the site of Tilehouse Farm. Brudenell’s Manor was here.  Between 1869 and 1875 it was the home of Leicester Hibbert Master of the Old Berkeley Hunt, The house was in its own extensive grounds. In 1930 it became a girl’s school, with an open air swimming pool and riding stables. This closed after the Second World War and the house became a training centre for banking staff and the site is currently in use as a nursing home,
Tile works. In 1315 William ate Noke was making tiles here.  This was probably at or near Tilehouse Farm
Moat. Moated site north west of Chalfont Lodge is an example of a single island type. The enclosure is square and relatively small, with a surrounding ditch. There is no evidence for a causeway, and access to the island was probably by a timber bridge. It was probably a subsidiary holding of one of the medieval manors in the area or hunting lodge,
Coldharbour Farm Cottages

M25

Slade Oak Lane
Coldharbour Farm. Owned by the Department of Transport

Sources
Buckinghamshire County Council. Web site
English Heritage. Web site
Hunt and Thorpe. Gerrard’s Cross

River Misbourne - Orchehill

River Misbourne
The Misbourne flows south eastwards

Post to the north Chalfont St.Peter
Post to the east Chalfont Park

Amersham Road
This dual carriageway was built in the late 1960s

Austenway
Part of the area of the Orchehill Estate laid out 1906. Many homes built by the Circle Land Trust.

Chalfont Park
Cricket Ground and Pavilion. The club played at Gold Hill Common until the early 1920s, when they moved to Chalfont Park. The ground had been created by Lady Edgar, for her staff. The first clubhouse Chalfont Park was built in 1935. Lady Edgar remained owner 1955 and then the freehold was put up for sale.  It was thus bought by the club. By The 1990s then club house was deteriorating and in 2000, was burnt down. The squash court survived but as the squash section had closed down the insurance money paid for a new clubhouse in it, opened 2001.
Gerrards Cross Golf Clubhouse. The course itself was established in 1922.  The remains of a ha ha can be seen near the 18th hole.
Research Laboratory. These were part of the British Aluminium site

Kingsway
Part of the area of the Orchehill Estate laid out 1906

Lower Road
Lodge to Orchehill House on the corner of South Park.

North Park
Part of the area of the Orchehill Estate laid out 1906 and many houses built by Henry Brown, a west London developer. So called because it is on the north side of Orchehill House
28 Barton Grange. This was Henry Brown’s own house, then called Merok.
58 Oakfields.  Another house built by Henry Brown for himself.

Orchehill Avenue
Part of the area of the Orchehill Estate laid out 1906

Oval Way
3 The Pollards. Built in 1907 for developer, Harold Rafferty.
Kingscote School. This is a ‘preparatory’ school, is a commercial fee paying school for boys set up in 1964. It was bought up by Thorpe House next door and some of it sold off. It includes something called a ‘pre-preparatory school’.
Thorpe House Preparatory School. An ‘intimate’ commercial fee paying school for boys. It is in a purpose built building designed by Leonard Kirkham n 1925.
Parish Church of All Saints. Built in 1912 by Temple Moore but only the north aisle was completed.
Church Hall. Next to the church.

Packhorse Road
Part of the area of the Orchehill Estate laid out 1906
Orchehill House. The house had originated s a farmhouse in the 14th known as Deedsworth Farm. The farm was sold to the Duke of Portland in 1714 and leased to a brick maker becoming known as Kiln Farm. After 1793 it was rebuilt as a posh house and called Orchard Hill.  After 1839 it was acquired by William Blout and rebuilt as a grand mansion with lodges and grounds laid out in an extensive area.  It passed through other owners and eventually the estate was developed from 1906 and the house sold to St.Mary’s School in 1945.
St. Mary’s School. Another fee paying school. This one was established in 1872 in Paddington by the Sister of the Community of St. Mary the Virgin, an Anglican Foundation which ran the school until 1901. In 1911 the school moved to Lancaster Gate as St. Mary’s College with a teacher’s training College included. In 1937 the Junior and Senior Schools moved to a house in Orchehill Avenue and to its present building in 1937
Barclays Bank built in 1911-12, by Edgington and Spink. Now in use as an estate agent.

Sources
Chalfont Park Cricket Club. Web site
Gerrards Cross Golf Club. Web site
Hunt and Thorpe. Gerrards Cross
St.Mary’s School. Web site.

Saturday, 23 November 2013

River Misbourne. Chalfont St.Peter

River Misbourne
The Misbourne flows southwards
 TQ 00044 90743

Central area of posh village

Post to the north Chalfont St.Peter
Post to the south Orchehill

Gravel Hill
This dual carriageway was built to bypass the centre of Chalfont St Peter in the late 1960s.
Youth Centre. After the Second World War it was felt that something should be done for young people returning from it and a tithe barn converted into a meeting place. The 16th barn was hidden in Swan Bottom Lane and it was then purchased by the County Council. Swan Bottom Farm was the farm for Chalfont Park and the land was under development as Chalfont Heights estate; the barn was in what was to become Sandy Rise. It was completed as a centre by 1946. A craft room was added in 1958 and a games room in 1964. Other amenities – a stage, a kitchen – have also been added including outside sports facilities. A warden’s bungalow was built in the early 1970’s.

High Street
Chalfont St Peter Perhaps rather less interesting and attractive than the sister village
Subway – this goes under the bypass and links to Joiner Lane. It has a mosaic decoration done by local young people.
Mill. This was recorded at Domesday and is still shown on 19th maps.  From 1825 it is described as a silk mill worked by a water wheel but in the 1850s was a corn mill.  Work stopped here in 1881. The mill house is now part of the outbuildings of the Greyhound
Greyhound Pub.  The building is 16th with a timber-frame and there is also an 18th part. It was reputedly built for Judge Jeffreys for use while he was at The Grange.
George Pub. This is a 17th timber-framed house, altered later. There is false timber-framing on the first floor and carriage arch bay plus a 17th brick stack with 3 flues.
White Hart Pub. Said to be haunted by a violin playing former landlord. A 17th timber framed building with an 18th front.
The Poachers Pub
Library. Another ‘community’ library – i.e. no paid professional staff
139- 149 Bridge House. 19th brick building with modern shop fronts
Church of St Peter. This was built in 1726 on the site of a medieval church the tower of which collapsed into the nave in 1708.  It has been noted as in bad repair since 1612 and there was subsequent damage from floods and wind. It was rebuilt by 1714 in a simple style in brick with a west tower and a gallery, since removed. It was altered by G E Street in 1853 that replaced the windows and added a mock hammer-beam roof. More work was carried out in the 20th.  The 1714 tower remains and there are some brasses reset in north wall and many wall monuments. The ceiling was decorated by C B M Smith in 1966, following the collapse of the roof.
Churchyard Gates and Railings. cast-iron lattice gate piers topped with open acanthus and spear head gates from 1800.

Hogtrough Wood

Sources
British Listed Buildings. Web site.
Chalfont St. Peter. Web site
CSP Web site
Greyhound. Web site
Sense for CSP. Web site
St.Peter’s Church. Web site
White Hart. Web site

Friday, 22 November 2013

River Misbourne Chalfont St.Peters

River Misbourne
The Misbourne flows south-eastwards
TQ 00044 90743

Even posher area of posh village


Post to the west Chalfont St.Peters
Post to the south Chalfont St.Peter

Copthall Lane
Houses built here from the 1920s
Waggon and Horses Pub


Denham Lane
Robertswood School. This was previously Cheena School.  In 1983 Gravel Hill First, Gravel Hill Middle Schools joined it to become Robertswood Combined School. In the 1920s this was the site of White Lodge – which is assumed to be the house still on site. This later became the home of Sir S.H.Freemantle who had been a distinguished British official and author in the Indian Subcontinent. During his occupation the house became ‘Cheena House’ – Cheena being a village in what is now Pakistan.
Cheena Meadow - Recreation ground and Community Orchard


Garners Road
Gravel Hill Primary School. The site of the school is now Scholars Walk

Gravel Hill
1 Ambulance Station


Phygtle
Childlink Learning Centre


Rickmansworth Lane
Hill House. Red brick 18th house


Sources
Chalfont St.Peters Council. Web site
Cheena. Wikipedia Web site
India Office Reports. Web site
Robertswood School. Web site

Thursday, 21 November 2013

River Misbourne. Chalfont St. Peter

River Misbourne
The Misbourne flows south and south east
SU 99293 91659

Countryside between two posh villages

Post to the north Bowstridge
Post to the east Chalfont St.Peters


Bowstridge Lane
Windmill Farm. Dressage and equestrian centre. In the 19th a windmill, used for grinding corn, stood south and adjacent to the farm.
Outfield Farm

Mill Meadow
Mill Meadow Playing field
Chalfont St Peter Community Centre. This was set up in 1956 and opened in 1960 as a base for community activities in the village

Lovell End

Chalfont St.Peter Infant School

Narcot Lane

Entrance to Chalcot Grove. 
Woodlands Farm. Equestrian Centre
The Chalfonts Community College. This co-educational secondary school is now an academy and science college. It was previously St. Giles Middle School and then Chalfont School designed in 1961 by county architect F.B.Pooley

Sources
Chalfont St. Peter’s Community Centre. Web site
Chalfont St.Peter Infant School. Web site
Friends Reunited. Web site
London Transport. Country Walks
Windmill Farm. Web site
Woodlands Farm. Web site

Wednesday, 20 November 2013

River Misbourne Bowstridge

River Misbourne
The Misbourne flows south eastwards
SU 99304 92442

Rural area on the edge of Chalfont St.Giles  with some early 20th century housing.

Post to the north Chalfont St.Giles
Post to the south Chalfont St.Peter

Amersham Road
Foxdell  Wood. Ancient semi-natural woodland coppice with hornbeam, oak and ash. The ground cover is mainly brambles and bluebells.

Bowstridge Lane
Bowstride Farm. The farm house is 16th and timber framed. There are also three barns two of them 18th and one 19th.  The farm is now used for racehorse training.

Sources
English Heritage. Web site/
Hertfordshire County Council. Web site

River Misbourne Chalfont St.Giles

River Misbourne
The Misbourne flows south eastwards
SU 98897 93399

Central area of posh village

Post to the west Chalfont St.Giles
Post to the south Bowstride

High Street
Anthony Cottage. 17th house with timber framing and painted brick.
Blue Dragon, and shop premises. This is a 16th house, with many later alterations, which is now two shops. It has a timber frame with plastered wattle and daub infill.
Bucks House. 17th timber-framed house with 18th brick front
Chalfont Galleries.  19th house and shop front
Flag House. 17th house
Telephone box. K6 type
Lych Gate Cottage.  16th timber framed house
National Westminster Bank, previously National Provincial Bank. 18th brick house with the original wrought iron gateway
Church Houses. This was originally three 17th charity cottages
Pilgrims Rest. 16th timber-framed house
Registrar of Births, Marriages and Deaths. 17th timber-framed converted to an infants' school and in the 19th became a Reading Room. War memorial on the front.
The Feathers Pub and shop. 17th timber-framed house subdivided 17th brick chimney stack
Staceys and Staceys Cottage. 17th timber-framed building
Green Cottage and Wellington Cottage. 17th house, now subdivided originally timber framed
Ye Olde Shoppe. 16th house, with 18th street front
The Crown Pub. In Dads Army this was Mr. Mannering’s bank
The Merlin’s Cave. The name was first applied to a cave in the orchard at the back
Pond with ducks
Library. This is a ‘community’ library run by volunteers

London Road
This was the turnpike road

Pheasant Hill
The Pheasant Pub. 16th pub with 19th front and timber-framed back. It is now a veterinary surgery
The Stone. House of 1810, including the remains of a 17th house.

Townfield Lane
St Giles Church.  This has Norman foundations and walls built in flint and clunch. It is one of a number of churches in the area dedicated to the patron saint of cripples. The first rector is recorded in 1185.The chancel is 13th and much of the rest 14th and 25th. The church was restored in 1861. There is a battlemented tower and built in the 15th replacing a Norman tower.  Inside are 14th and 15th wall paintings. Black and white architectural painting from 15th.  A window is said to have shattered by Cromwellians in the Civil War Battle of Aylesbury and there were   Cannon balls in the roof. There are monuments to the Fleetwood family who lived at The Vache including Col George Fleetwood who signed Charles I’s death warrant.  there is a wall tablet in memory of Admiral Sir Hugh Palliser the friend and patron of Captain Cook – Cook named Cape Palliser and Palliser Bay on North lsland, New Zealand, for him,
Graveyard. War Memorial a simple cross on a circular column, with an octagonal plinth. There are 54 names the Great War 34 names for the Second World War.

Sources
British History on Line. Chalfont St. Giles. Web site
British Listed Buildings. Web site
St.Giles Church Web site
Pheasant Veterinary Surgery. Web site

Tuesday, 19 November 2013

River Misbourne Chalfont St.Giles

River Misbourne
The Misbourne flows south eastwards
SU 98897 93399

Posh village - central area with churches, and small museum

Post to the north Mill Lane
Post to the east Chalfont St. Giles


Bottrells Lane
Bottrells Close. This is a 17th timber framed house encased in 18th brick with 17th Quaker links and was the home of Milton’s friend Thomas Ellwood.  It was the home of Ralph Heal in 1910 and the Sanderson family in the 1920s.


Dean Way
Divine Child of Prague Roman Catholic Church.  This is part of St.Joseph’s parish of Displaced Carmelites.
Milton’s Head pub and restaurant
Cobblers Cottage, Candy Cottage, Sandalwood. Row of what was originally four 18th red brick houses
Old Rectory Garages. 18th outbuildings which were probably originally stables and this includes a boundary wall which is brick and mostly 18th.
Methodist Church. There was a Methodist presence here from 1835. The present church was begun in 1866, to replace a smaller building of 1847. It had been Primitive Methodist but in 1932, joined the Wesleyan Methodists. It united with the United Reformed Church in 1977.  
Hampden Cottage. 17th house later extended
Milton's Cottage. 17th timber framed house later extended. John Milton, the poet lived here having been lent it by his friend Thomas Ellwood during the plague of 1665.  He finished Paradise Lost here and probably began Paradise Regained. It is now a museum to Milton with many first edition’s of his work. The house was bought in the late 19th with Queen Victoria as the first subscriber in 1887. The site includes a 17th style registered as historic garden.
Rectory Cottage. This is dated 1799 on bricks which are also inscribed 'WB1799' and 'RB1799'.
Saddler's Cottage, St Giles' Cottage. 17th timber-framed buildings, later altered and refronted.
The Manse. Thomas Valentine House built in the 1820. It is named after a Rector 1624-1661 sacked for his nonconformist views after the Civil War
Chapel. A nonconformist chapel was built in 1721 next to the Old Manse. This was Presbyterian until 1812 when it became Congregational.  In 1972 it became part of the United Reformed Church.
Graveyard attached to the original chapel site. Still extant
Stonewells Farm. This is said to be the oldest building in the village and is a 15th timber-framed hall house with jettied cross wings. It was always used as a farm house until the 20th.


Dodds Lane,
North Down. House with a showplace garden with mature trees but on difficult stony soil.


Parsonage Road
Chalfont St. Giles Junior School


Rectory Gardens
Well Cottage and Outbuilding. This is a 16th building which may be an earlier rectory and was later a laundry. Well Cottage is part of it.


School Lane
Old Rectory. This is a 17th house in grey brick.
Chalfont St. Giles Infant School
War Memorial Hall. The Hall was built in 1923, to commemorate servicemen from the village killed in the Great War. A new Millennium Entrance, was added in 1999
The Gardens Association Hall
Guide Hut


Silver Hill
Freshfields. 18th red brick cottage
Fox and Hounds Pub. 17th timber framed building.

Stratton Chase Drive
Sandford 18th red brick house with an 18th outbuilding

Three Households
White Hart Pub
Three Households Gallery
. This is a 17th timber-framed old farmhouse given a modern jetty to the street and a shop front.
Ye Old Beams and Cottage. 16th timber framed house.


Sources
British Listed Buildings
Chalfont Methodist Web site
Chalfont St. Giles Infant and Junior Schools. Web site
Chalfont St. Giles Village. Web site
Milton’s Cottage Museum. Web site
Milton’s Head. Web site
St.Joseph Parish. Web site

Monday, 18 November 2013

River Misbourne - Mill Lane

River Misbourne
The Misbourne flows southwards

Post to the north Harewood Downs
Post to the south Chalfont St.Giles


Amersham Road
Misbourne Farm
Burnt Mounds.  Worked flint and burnt mounds were found in fields near Misbourne Farm. Such mounds are usually Bronze Age and are heaps of heated stones timber-lined troughs
Roman Villa – there are indications of a Roman villa near Misbourne Farm
Bycroft Plantation. Planted broad leaved trees.
Misbourne House. This big house was said to have once had exceptional gardens. It is now let into individual units.
Milestone. Dated 1750 on one side but turned and recut in the 19th.  It is also Inscribed, "XX1V Miles from London, 1750" and "London 23, Chalfont Parish".

Mill Lane
Mill Farm
Chalfont Mill. This is probably a Domesday mill belonging to the Manor of Chalfont St. Giles. There is mention of a mill in 1247, which was in ruins by 1349. In 1814 when it was owned by George Palliser as lord of the Manor and it was a corn watermill in 1825. A 16th cottage adjoined the brick mill plus a 17th barn and the mill house from the 16th in the centre.  All machinery had gone by 1980 but there was a turbine housing and some internal fixtures remaining earlier. By 1887 both steam and water power were being used when it ceased work.
Ford
Field north of the mill building was flooded by James Gurney by diverting water from the Misbourne to make a lake. In 1893 he was sued by a number of people downstream for loss of water and had to reinstate the land. There are still banks around this meadow and the remains of a pumping station.

Stratton Chase Drive
The name for this comes from estate developer James Gurney’s wife’s maiden name. The estate was developed in the 1890s but Gurney was bankrupt before it was finished.


Sources
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Buckinghamshire County Council. Web site
Chalfont History. Web site
English Heritage Web site.

River Misbourne - Harewood Downs


River Misbourne
The Misbourne flows south eastwards

Post to the west Day's Wood
Post to the south Mill Lane

Amersham Road
This does not appear as a road until the post-medieval period, but it location and route makes it likely to have been a prehistoric path. It was a turnpike road
The Ivy House. Public House. The Ivy is a two-storey building of early 19th century date. This is shown on a map of 1794 and there may have been an earlier building here.  It was a coaching inn and until reasonably recently was called The Rose and Crown. There is said to be the ghost of a malefactor who escaped while being taken to London but was later hung after murdering someone in an attempt to escape.  There is also the ghost of a stable hand. The building is in flint rubble with painted flint dressings. There is a veranda on the front and a coach house in flint.
Milestone
Harewood Downs House. Harewood Downs had been a farm since 1696 and was sold in 1900 to property developer James Gurney. He sold it on to a Herbert Humby.


Bottom House Farm Lane
Lower Bottom House Farm. The house and farm buildings are 18th. Granary which is 18th timber stud granary on stone steddles. There are medieval field layouts to the south of the farm
Roman remains found south of the farm

Harewood Downs Golf Course.
This was part of the land of Harewood Downs Farm sold in 1900 to property developer James Gurney. Gurney was an agent in the setting up of the golf club.  The club’s origins were financed by Busick Pemberton a London Solicitor who with Archie Grove saw the golf course project as a business opportunity, following the extension of the Metropolitan line to Rickmansworth. Grove lived at Pollard’s Park and his family had owned Harewood Downs farm 1835 -1892 and repurchased in parcels for the course.  A company to launch it was set up in 1907 and the list of early members include two prime ministers and a huge selection of lords and like persons. It opened in 1908.

Pollards Wood
The name could indicate medieval wood pasture. The majority of the wood lies to the east of this square.

South Bucks Footpath
This runs parallel to the river on the opposite side of the valley to the main road and may be an earlier prehistoric route

Sources
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Buckinghamshire County Council. Web site
Chalfont History. Web site
English Heritage. Web site
Harewood Downs Golf Course. Web site
The Ivy House. Web site

River Misbourne - Day's Wood


River Misbourne
The Misbourne flows south eastwards
SU 98042 95163

Upmarket countryside area

Post to the north London Road, Amersham
Post to the east Harewood Downs

Bottom House Farm Lane

Day’s Wood

High Wood
 
South Bucks Footpath
This runs parallel to the river on the opposite side of the valley to the ain road and may be an earlier prehistoric route

Sources
Buckinghamshire County Council. Web site

River Misbourne - London Road Amersham

River Misbourne
The Misbourne flows south eastwards

Post to the south Day's Wood

Finch Lane
Finches Farm

London Road East
The road is not documented until post-medieval times. It is however thought that the route probably existed as a footpath
Council depot – waste and a tip. Former sewage works which was opened in 1912 and fed treated water into the river. At some stage the river itself was diverted around the works. By the 1950s abstraction of water upstream caused dilution problems with effluent and the works closed.  It continued to be used as a waste treatment site thereafter.
Milestone
Quarrendon Mill. This is on the Misbourne and may be a Domesday Mill. In 1788 it was a corn mill but has been disused sine 1936 and the machinery removed in 1940. It is now a private house but some mill stones survive. Upsteam there is a brick edged leat

South Bucks Footpath
This runs parallel to the river on the opposite side of the valley to the ain road and may be an earlier prehistoric route

Willow Lane
Hovel Wood. Site of a 19th pit


Sources
Amersham Council. Web site
Buckinghamshire County Council. Web site

Sunday, 17 November 2013

River Colne - West Hyde

River Colne
The Colne flows southwards

Post to the north Maple Cross
Post to the east Harefield
Post to the south Troy


Coppermill Lane
The Coy Carp pub. The pub was previously called The Fisheries or the Fisherman’s Inn and is said to predate the canal.
Colne Bridge
Transformer Station.
Clare House. Headquarters building of road and rail engineers, Clancy Docwra. The firm began in Wembley in 1958 and moved their headquarters to Clare House in 1983.
Pumping Station
SAE. Coppermill Court. Distribution Depot.
The Oaks previously called the Royal Oak and then The Fisherman’s Tackle.

Denham Way
A412 built as part of the North Orbital Road

Old Uxbridge Lane
Lynsters Farm. Catholic Worker Farm. The Catholic Worker movement dates from 1933. The farm runs as a caring community, housing destitute women and doing good and green works plus peace vigils. The farm house is 15th later altered and extended with a timber frame.
Lynsters New and Old Lakes and Weller Pool. Used for fishing, these are old gravel workings.
West Hyde and Maple Cross Youth Centre. Dates from the 1970s.
West Hyde Residential Centre. In the old school buildings of West Hyde Primary School which opened in 1914 and closed in 1965
St.Thomas of Canterbury. Church of England. 1844. This church along with St. Peter's, Mill End and St John's, Heronsgate, form a joint ministry. It dates from 1844 by Thomas Smith
Goodlake Memorial Hall was build opposite the church in 1889. This had gone by the 1950s and the site is now a modern private house.
School opposite 1890s, 1960s the old school West Hyde National School was established in 1862, enlarged in 1874 and 1901, and replaced by a county school across the road in 1914
Royal Exchange. The now demolished Royal Exchange was said to be stables for the King's horses on the royal route to Windsor. In 1817, 29 families there but they were demolished and 7 houses were built on the site in the mid 1960s.
Pynesfield Manor. House from the 15th extended and altered but with a timber frame. It is one of the earliest recorded sites in the village and dates from 796 AD. It is said to have a fine small Tudor fireplace
May Cottage, 17th house with a timber frame.
Jolly Gardeners. Closed and now housing but the emblem above the door remains.
Pleasant Place. Methodist chapel and Pleasant Place Cottages, The cottages were built about 1783. A Methodist chapel was built in here 1875 by Billy Saunders, the baker, in his front garden, Services were held there until 1912 when it became a fish and chip shop.
Pynesfield Lake. Another flooded gravel pit used for angling

Sources
Catholic Workers Farm. Website
Clancy Docwra Web site.
Coy Carp. Web site
GLIAS Newsletter.
St.Thomas. Web site
The Oaks. Web site
Visitor UK. Web site

Saturday, 16 November 2013

River Colne Rickmansworth

River Colne
The Colne flows north west and south west

Post to the north Royal Masonic School
Post to the east Rickmansworth
Post to the south Stockers


Batchworth Lake
Aquadrome. This old gravel working was set up as a leisure facility in the 1930s and came into local authority ownership after the Second World War

Belfry Lane
This follows a field boundary which connects to Meadow and Winchfield Way, as the Mill End/Rickmansworth and Rickmansworth/Chorleywood parish boundaries. The boundary continues along the ends of gardens between Shepherd's and Pheasants Way.

Bury Lane
The lane was built in 1740 by the then owner of the Bury to connect it with Rickmansworth Park House which he also owned.
The Bury. The manor of Rickmansworth was given to the Abbey of St Albans by Offa, in the 8th. They built a farm near the church, and drained the ground drained. In the 19th a stone was found inscribed ‘1327’ carved in it which may be from this farm. After the Dissolution it passed to the Bishops of London and then to a succession of families. The house was improved probably by John Hewitt in the 1620s. In the late 18th Henry Fotherly Whitfeld added an orangery and refurbished other parts of the house. In 1843 it was bought by John Taylor a local a coal and coke merchant who built a canal from the river to the front of the house with a wharf used parts of house as a warehouse. Repairs were carried out by successive later owners but the property was eventually auctioned and by the 1930s was owned by Rickmansworth Urban District Council. In the Second World War it became the local Civil Defence headquarters, and afterwards was taken over by Hertfordshire County Health Authority and used as a health centre until the 1980s. It was boarded up and in 1991 was damaged in a fire. It has since been converted into housing.
Beresford Almshouses. These are made up of four homes built in 1894; John Beresford was Sheriff of Hertfordshire in 1657.  He died in 1663 and left property in Rickmansworth High Street to allow old people to live here rent free.  In 1807 the properties were replaced and later some land sold and these houses built with the proceeds.
The Gables. Red brick house
WRVS Centre. With lunch club, toy library, etc.
Beesoms Yard. In the 19th this was a builders yard
Ebury Rooms. Opened 1901 donated by Lord Ebury and now used for events and hospitality
Conservative Club
Bridge – this was at one time a ford/water splash

Cedars Estate
This was built on land acquired from Cedars House estate and developed by Metropolitan Railway Country Estates Limited – ‘detached residences of the Country House type and Bungalows of artistic design. Each property having and acre of land’.

Chorleywood Close
Westerley Care Home

Chorleywood Road
Dual carriageway constructed between 1967-1971 by William Old Ltd
Footbridge
Cemetery. This is closed for new internments. It was built on land bought from Parsonage Farm in 1856. Now closed the chapel is now housing. There is a war memorial and graves from both world wars

Ebury Roundabout
Constructed between 1967-1971 by William Old Ltd

Ebury Road
1st Rickmansworth Scouts Hut
British Legion
. Opened 1923
Swimming pool. This was at the back of the houses on the edge of the Town Ditch and built in 1909.  The site appears to be that of the garages on the north side of Town Ditch connected to Goral Mead

Goral Mead
On the site of industrial buildings.  In the 18th the site was called Gorrals and the site of a brewhouse used by local brewer, Skidmore. Operated 1692 - 820

High Street
18 red-brick, semi-detached building which has been extended and altered and used as both an office and a home
24 this has been a betting office, a builder’s yard and is now an office.
72, 72a, 72b this is an 18th house now shops and offices. Altered but with a timber frame
78 Boots. Site of Methodist Chapel from which a bricked-up ornamental doorway is still present in the side wall. 
93-95 W.H.Smith shop with offices and newspaper distribution room. Built in 1927 by A.H.Lister and F.C.Bayliss in brick. In the centre front are glazed double recessed doors and on either side pier cases and the illustrator R.P.Glossop's egg logo in brass showing ‘WHS’  and panels of decorative tiles with words and pictures sports/books, maps &/guides, children's/toy books and travel/books.
94-102 High on gable is a plaque to commemorate the 1682 Fotherley Alms-houses. The Fotherly or Manor Almshouses were built and endowed in 1682 by John Fotherly, Lord of Rickmansworth manor. Demolished 1936 and building was erected and was at one time a Woolworths
The Queen’s Arms. This was next to the almshouses
Station Road junction – this was where the turnpike from Pinner to Uxbridge met the road to Chorleywood
106-110 Late 19th gothic buildings.
115-117 The Pennsylvanian. Wetherspoon's Pub. Opened in 1993
116 site of the Foresters Arms
133, 133a & 133 – 16th house, now shop and surgery.
135 site of a pub called the Cart and Horses. Closed in 1964
142 -144 Rickmansworth Flooring. House and shop built in the 17th and later altered. Probably timber framed. This was the master’s house for Parsonage Road Infants School.
153 Urban Vine this was the Hogshead previously and originally built as a bank, London and County Bank built a bank there which became Westminster Bank. As NatWest they later moved next door
159 Nat West Bank. Next door to it was the Sugar Loaves pub which closed in 1887.
163 Three storey commercial properties from early 19th
177-179 Police Station built in 1897 and closed in 1952. It was also the site of the cage.
181 Ocean Blue Kebab and Fish House. On the wall is a plaque to the Rickmansworth Volunteer Fire Brigade set up here in 1869 by Dr. Henderson. There were two engines here with a room above where the firemen met, and on the top floor a flat for the caretaker. 
183 Fox and Hounds. Public house. Probably 17th but enlarged and extended. Probable timber frame.  Until 1960 it was the meeting place of the Foresters Friendly Society
195 Marks and Spencer. Site of silk mill built in the 1830s by Thomas Shute. This remained until 1881. The building then became a jam factory and from 1891 was used for soft drinks manufacture by the Franklin Brothers. The business closed in 1987 and became a drinks warehouse but was demolished in 1991.
205 Druids. This is a rugby themed pub which used to be The Western. The pubs name comes from its owner, Alan "Druid" Walters who is a former Welsh Colts and U21 Rugby International. 

Meadow Way
This follows a field boundary which connects to Belfry Lane and Winchfield Way, as the Mill End/Rickmansworth and Rickmansworth/Chorleywood parish boundaries. The boundary continues along the ends of gardens between Shepherd's and Pheasants Way.
Rickmansworth Lawn Tennis Club

Money Hill
Name of the district

Park Way
A field boundary runs along the backs of gardens

Parsonage Road
Langdale Lodge. Site of Parsonage Road Infants’ School which opened in 1854 on part of Town Field which belonged to Parsonage Farm.  In 1874 an enlarged school for girls and infants was built here.

Rectory Lane
Royal Mail sorting office
Rickmansworth Telephone Exchange.
Collective Dance College
. The building has been used for dance since the 1920s.

Rectory Road
Dual carriage way constructed between 1967-1971 by William Old Ltd
Station roundabout constructed between 1967-1971 by William Old Ltd
Police Station. The police station opened in 1952 and closed in 2011 and is replaced by a supermarket.
Ambulance Station
Fire Station
Long Island Exchange. Previously the Victoria Hotel which opened in 1888 opposite the station. The building was said to have been built in 1887 as two semi-detached houses called Douglas Villas

Rickmansworth by Pass
Built in the 1930s

Riverside Drive
Constructed between 1967-1971 by William Old Ltd
Ebury Play Area

Shepherds Way
This continues a field boundary which connects to Meadow Way, Winchfield Way and Belfry Lane, as the Mill End/Rickmansworth and Rickmansworth/Chorleywood parish boundaries.

Solomon Hill
Meeting house in what had been the White Hart Inn. Used as an early Methodist meeting house, probably with the Baptists and Quakers

Station Approach
Rickmansworth Station. Opened in 1887 it lies between Chorleywood and Harrow on the Hill on Chiltern Railways Line and between Chorleywood and Moor Park on the Metropolitan Line. It was built when the Metropolitan Railway Line extended to Chesham and was opened by Watkin as part of his vision for extending the Metropolitan Line.  Special buses run by the Metropolitan Railway went to the Chesham Crown Hotel before the line was opened.  There are bright red metal girders supporting the roof of the platform - a big contrast to the rest of this 19th building. Until 1961, it station was the changeover point from steam to electric traction for Metropolitan Line trains to London.  It is still the changeover point for drivers on the Metropolitan Line and London Underground trains en route to Amersham stop here for five minutes to change train staff. It is also the headquarters of the northern section of the Metropolitan and signals on the line from Northwood in the south to Watford/Chorleywood in the north are controlled from here.
New rolling stock sidings in 1960s where Metropolitan Line trains are housed.

Station Road
This was part of the turnpike from Pinner and called Chorleywood Lane

Townfield Road
This road appears to have been built to encircle the site of the farm.
Parsonage Farm House. This is now divided into five. It is a 17th building later altered. It has a timber frame and a brick extension with an 18th front which is whitewashed. There is a brick dairy extension at the back and also a weather boarded block. Granary – this is 17th with a timber frame and cement steddle stones

Uxbridge Road
The Cedars, this was on the corner of Park Way, It was built in 1720 for Christopher Cock, auctioneer of Covent Garden. In the 1860's it became a private school for boys and later a training college for Congregational Ministers. In 1884 it was bought by the Inebriates Society and was demolished in the 1930s.
91 Halfway House, 17th half timbered building now a Pub

West Way
A field boundary runs along the backs of gardens

Winchfield Way
This follows a field boundary which connects to Meadow Way and Belfry Lane, as the Mill End/Rickmansworth and Rickmansworth/Chorleywood parish boundaries. The boundary continues along the ends of gardens between Shepherd's and Pheasants Way.


Sources
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Commonwealth War Graves. Web site.
Day. London Underground
Hertfordshire Churches
London Transport. Country Walks
Mee. Hertfordshire
Rickmansworth Historical Society. Web site
Rickmansworth in Hertfordshire. Web site
Rickmansworth Station. Wikipedia Web site.
Rickmansworth Tennis Club Web site
The Bottle Dump. Web site.
Three Rivers Council. Web site
Wessex Archaeology. Web site
Whitelaw. Hidden Hertfordshire