Wednesday, 30 April 2014

Colne Brook Horton

Colne Brook
The Colne Brook flows southwards

Post to the east Horton
Post to the south Wraysbury Station

Bells Lane
Little Court. Cottage from the 17th or earlier. It is Timber framed and brick clad


Champney Close
This housing was built on the site of a post war industrial site known as ‘The Paper Works’. This does not appear to be connected with the earlier paper mill in the area, and seems unlikely to be a paper making site.


Foundry Lane
Berkin Manor. The house was built in the mid 19th century on the site of previous house, supposed to have been that rented by Milton's father in 1632, and pulled down in the18th with the exception of a dovecote. Milton wrote early poems while living here for six years.  The house belonged to the Tyrell family and in 1945 was bought by the Rayner family. The house is now said to be derelict.
Dairy.  Built in 1860 for Edward Tyrell. It is square, in red brick. There is a veranda and a cold store. Inside is a geometric-patterned coloured tile floor; white hexagonal glazed tiles on the walls and a marble shelf
Berkin Manor Farm. This part of the Rayner family estate.
Moat – there is a fragment of homestead moat near the farm.
plaque  - there is a blue plaque on the gates to the estate 'John Milton lived here 1632-1638' at Berkyn Manor Farm, Horton, Berkshire, England
Ashgood Farm. 17th building re-faced with modern brick, but with some original timber-framing and old brickwork. There is a central chimneystack of 17th brick, and some ceilings with original beams.
Granary of timber, weather-boarded, which had a thatched roof.


Horton Road
Horton Road Church School. Now used as offices


Village Green
War Memorial. This is a granite Celtic cross standing on the green with commemorative inscriptions to the dead in both World Wars.
The Crown. Pub


Mill Lane
Works. In 1956 James Byrnes, a motor racing enthusiast and designer Bernie Roger conceived a racing car based on a Standard Triumph model. First called the Warwick it was renamed the 'Peerless 2 Litre GT' . Following a number of difficulties and attempts at production, they moved to Mill Lane as Bernard Rodgers Developments Ltd. Work began on the prototype and there were many design changes. By 1961, serious financial difficulties arose and the firm closed that year.


Park Lane
This appears to lead to remaining buildings of Horton Manor and Horton Manor Farm, marooned between post Second World War flooded gravel workings. Horton Manor was described in 1902 as a mansion standing in a timbered park, with an associated farm and two cottages,


Stanwell Road
St.Michaels Church. The Church dated from c.1160, and built of flints, white clunch, limestone and red bricks. Inside is a mediaeval roof with tie-beams supporting octagonal crown-posts. The font is 12th and is a large tub. There is a Royal Achievement of William IV showing the Hanoverian arms with an elector's crown. The North Chapel with an 18th brass chandelier is a memorial to the village dead of the Great War.   The chapel was the responsibility of the Lords of the manor with a big private pew. There is a marble slab, to Sarah Milton, 1637 mother of the poet John Milton. There are six bells oldest bell, cast during the civil war, is inscribed "Feare God 1647". Electricity was installed in 1927 at by the Datchet and Slough Electricity Supply Company.
Churchyard. Gate in the wall to Place House demolished in 1785. Both the lych gate and flint c wall date from 1886. The Tree of Heaven was planted in 1973 to replace a giant yew which was destroyed in a storm in 1970.
Place House. This was a Tudor house demolished in 1785 which stood alongside the church
Gardeners Country Home. Opened by the Gardeners' Royal Benevolent Institution in 1952. Called Perennial this is a charity of 1839 to help people concerned with gardening and commercial nurseries.  A particular problem related to tied cottages, with many gardeners losing their homes when they became too old to work.  After the Second World War Money was raised to buy a home in Horton, many of the people living there were fit and active. In 1969 the decision was taken to move the home to Henfield in West Sussex. It was previously the Margaret Champney home 1930s set up in 1929 as a bequest for people worried or tired by overwork. Buildings on the site appear to be New Horton Manor.
Five Bells. Pub
Champney Hall. The Village Hall which is now run as a local charity. This was the parish hall which was renamed as part of a bequest of 1926 by a member of the Champney family.
Horton Church Lake. This is a commercial carp fishery in a relatively recent gravel working.  The fish have names –poor creatures fished up and chucked back.
Kingsmead 1 Lake, another fishery in a recent gravel working.
The Horton Boat Pool, another fishery in a recent gravel working. This was is a specialist catfish venue
Island Lake.  Another fishery in a recent gravel working. This one has an island and a place to put your boat.
Horton Crayfish Pool. Another fishery in a recent gravel working.

Sources
British History online Buckinghamshire
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Horton Waters. Web site
Peerless GT. Web site.
Perennial. Web site
St.Michael's Church. Web site
War Memorials online. Web site

Monday, 28 April 2014

Colne Brook - Horton

The Colne Brook flows south westwards

Post to the north Poyle Corner
Post to the east Poyle
Post to the west Horton
Post to the south Wraysbury Reservoir

Mill Lane
Colne Bank Mills. New housing here and in Cherry Way on the site of Colne Bank Mills.  This is an ancient mill site and was noted in 1086 and in the 13th when it was a corn mill. In the 14th, William Blakemore, diverted a water-course and built a fulling mill.  In the 17th it was a paper mill and rags collected there brought plaque into the area and many died. In the 19th a shawl-printing business g to Messrs. Tippet & Co.


Stanwell Road
Moat south-west of the mills
Arthur Jacob Nature Reserve. Opened in 1996, and named after a former borough mayor this reserve was formed on a series of derelict sewage sludge lagoons. These are now wetland habitats
Poyle Poplars. This was taken over by the local authority in 2009 from Thames Water. Hybrid poplar trees were planted here for matchwood in the 1970's. Following storm damage in 1987, native trees, shrubs and black poplar, were planted.
Coal Post. A coal post is said to be sited on the parish and county boundary here. It was moved during the construction of Wraysbury Reservoir.


Wraysbury Reservoir
The Wraysbury Reservoir is a water supply reservoir completed in 1970/


Sources
British History online. Horton
Natural England. Web site
Royal Borough of Winsor and Maidenhead. Web site
Wraysbury Reservoir. Wikipedia. Web site

Colne Brook - Poyle Corner

The Colne Brook flows southwards

Post to the north Colnbrook
Post to the east Poyle
Post to the south Horton


Drift Way
This becomes a footpath running south to Horton
Eric Mortimer Rayner Memorial Lakes.
Rayner was a local farmer and a member of the family which has been prominent in the area for many centuries. The lakes are old gravel workings
Fishing Lake

Park Street
Star and Garter.Pub built in the 17th or 18th. Outside is painted brick.
King John’s Palace. Built 1600 with later alterations. It is a range of buildings round a  courtyard. There are a number of storys about King John staying locally when signing Magna Charta – but the building is considerably more modern than King John.  It is thought it was once a pub – but there are a number of buildings with this name around, most of them unexplained.
Barn at the back of King John’s Palace. This is an 18th  weatherboarded, barn linked by a carriageway to no.6.  It was used by the Rayner, local farming family
Old Smithy. 18th buildings
Freestone Yard. Yard accessed through an arch in a row of 18th houses –Badminton House, the Post Office with a modern shop window, Hampton House.  There are light industrial and office uses in the yard – including precision engineering, and a building firm,
The White Hart House.  This is an old pub built in the 17th or 18th

Poyle Channel
A man made watercourse between the Colne Brook and the Wraysbury River.
Coal post - there is said to be a City of London coal and wine dues marker at the point at which the Poyle Channel meets the Colne Brook.

Poyle Corner
Poyle Lodge. This is on the site of Poyle Manor House. This was the manor for the area but appears to have been the site of a medieval hospital. The Manor House was rebuilt in the 18th but is said to be derelict
Riverside Bungalows


Sources
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Lost Pubs. Web site
Pastscape. Web site.
Rayner family. Web site
Slough Borough Council. Web site.

Sunday, 27 April 2014

Colne Brook - Colnbrook

The Colne Brook flows south westwards
TQ 02480 77125

Very interesting stretch of the old Bath Road, now bypassed as the main road west. Busy local area with much linked to the airport

Post to the east Colnbrook Bypass
Post to the south Poyle Corner

Bridge Street
Colnbrook Bridge. With plain brick parapets and apparently old coping reused
Boundary Marker on the bridge. This is dated 1777. There are panels on each side of the bridge with the date and county line. Other adjacent stones are inscribed "Bucks" and "Middx". There is also a cast iron plaque with the City of London shield and "24 and 25 VictCap 42".
City of London coal post as a boundary marker at the south-east end of the bridge. This is a 19th cast iron bollard, with the City of London arms in a frieze and "24 and 25 Vict. Cap 42"
Bridge House
Old Village Hall. Known as the ‘Public Rooms’ until 1967. 19th painted brick crenulated building. A new village hall was built elsewhere by a developer in the 1990s.
Black Boys Cottage  - this name relates to a former pub, which presumably was in this building or adjacent.
Tarrant Cottage
White Cottage
Aberdeen House. 17th and 18th with a stucco ground floor including a modern shop and weather-boarded gable end.
Barn at the back of Aberdeen House. 18th red brick in an L-plan

Colnbrook by Pass
Opened in 1926 to bypass narrow main street of Colnbrook.  There is some mention of new facilities on the road in the 1920s – a greyhound stadium is marked on the map and alongside it a boat house by a lake. This area is now part of the landfill site.
Riverside café. Traditional transport café run by the same family since 1980.

High Street
Important change town for stagecoaches and some highway robbery and murders were noted. The town grew up around the function. Was incorporated in 1543, but the corporation and market no longer exist having been abolished in the 1832 Reform Act.
Festival Cottages. Presumably built in 1951
The Red Lion Pub. 17th timber framed building refronted in 18th. It has colour-washed brick. Now converted to housing
Royal Standard House. This was once a pub but the building is on the plan of a 3-bay medieval house with a central open hall. It was built in the early 16th and altered in the 17th and 19th. It has a plastered timber frame with pargetting on the front.  On the gable is ‘The Royal Standard’ and ‘William Wooburn Ales'. The medieval roof is intact with the hall bay heavily smoke-blackened.
Excelsior House.  18th red brick house with on the ground floor an 18th shop front.
Colnbrook and Poyle Methodist Church. Primitive Methodism here began as an outreach of the Reading Circuit, in 1839. The Colnbrook Primitive Methodist Society was established, with a Sunday School before 1856. A piece of land on the High Street was purchased in 1859 and a gothic chapel was opened the same year. After the Methodist Union was formed in 1932, the word “Primitive” was deleted from the tablet over the door.  In 1984, members of Poyle United Reform Church started to share worship here. It was decided to sell the Poyle, demolish the Methodist church with two adjacent houses and build a new church. Work began in 1989 and the church is now in use.
Milestone outside of Milestone Cottages, It is 18th but adjusted and turned in the 19th.  It has a face to the road saying. "London 17, Hounslow 7, Maidenhead 9", and a bench mark.
The Ostrich. Is said to be the 3rd oldest pub in England and that it was founded by Templars in 1106, for the salvation of travellers in this world and the next.  It is said that the first mention of Colnbrook is in relation to the Ostrich and speculated that ‘Ostrich’ is a corruption of ‘hospice’.  King John is said to have stopped while on his way to sign Magna Charta and Dick Turpin is said to have leapt from the window onto Black Bess' back. One of the innkeepers tipped guests out of bed into a boiling cauldron and was later caught in Winsor Park. And of course there are some ghosties. O  Is the Ostrich the Aquarian phoenix? It is a 16th building, timber-framed with plaster infilling.
Gas works. This stood at the back of the Ostrich and on part of the school site to the south of the High Street. It had no rail or canal links. This was a small non-statutory works set up in 1865 and owned by a Mr. R. H. Dyer. It was bought by an asset stripper, Mr. Darby, for £500 and sold to a new a company, the West Suburban Gas Light & Coke Co., for £11,000 which then began to sell shares. The Company became statutory in 1905 but the owners were later exposed at a Parliamentary Committee enquiry into the Uxbridge and Hillingdon Gas Company. As a result the works was sold by compulsion to the Uxbridge Company for £1,800 to huge losses by shareholders. Darby continued this tactic elsewhere and by 1909 was in jail. The Uxbridge Company ran the works until 1909 and it remained as a gasholder station until 1955 then under North Thames Gas ownership.
Colnbrook Church of England Primary School. The current school replaced the Church of England School near the church. There appears to have been an earlier, National, School at the west end of the High Street dating from 1833.
146 Park House and Ye Olde George Public House. This is a large 17th block refronted in 1800 and with a wide central coach entrance. It has colour-washed brick and there is a brick and timber rear part to Park House.  Elizabeth as a princess and a prisoner is said to have stayed the night here when visiting Mary 1558, at Hampton Court
Lodge - the lodge, attached to the side of the pub, was originally the lodge at the start of the drive to Richings Park.
Chapel of Ease. This was from here from Horton Parish and stood opposite The George from 1794, replacing a previous village chapel. Demolished by 1862
Telephone Exchange. This is on the corner of the High Street opposite the George. It is coded THCK
Baptist Chapel. In 1708 thirteen people were baptised in the Colne Brook and formed into a Particular Baptist Church practising Strict Communion. They used room over a shop in Bridge Street and in 1754 built chapel at the Swan Inn Orchard. The present chapel was built on the same site in 1871.  There are monuments in and outside of the chapel and two stones are laid each side of the front door, one listing the Trustees in 1871 and the other the foundation stone.

Horton Road
Horton Road here follows the line of Horton Brook coming southwest from Richings Park. The junction with London Road is known as The Splash and there was once a ford here.

London Road
This stretch is also referred to as Bath Road, and – on Google – as Horton Road
Playground and Recreation Ground
Golden Cross- the name is that of a garage not built adjacent to the site of a pub
Queens Arms.  This was previously called the Crown
Crown Meadow. Until the 1970s this was the site of a large hutted ’hostel’. It is assumed that this was Colnbrook National Service Hostel, set up to house war workers – many in this area were Irish.  It was still housing a large number of single working men when closure was announced in 1972.

MacArdle Way
This leads to the site of a group of companies working in construction and contracting. The company founder Jim McArdle bought the site from the owner of Tanhouse Farm and Slough Borough Council allowed him to extend his site over Green Belt land and to build this new road over farmland from the by-pass. The site was allowed a maximum of 6 lorry parking spaces, but 66 HGVs were stored here. The company filed for bankruptcy in 2012.

Mill Street
The street follows the line of the Colne Brook – and has now been extended to meet McCardle Way.
A flour-mill stood at the end of Mill Street in 1862, but was burnt down. A mill is first noted here in 1274 and in. The 16th and 17th there were two water-mills
Tan House Farm. Whitewashed brick timber framed house by the millstream. A tan-yard was recorded in 1791 and a tannery remained here until the late 19th
Barn at south-east of the farmhouse 16th, L-shaped and timber-framed with brick walls

Vicarage Way
The road is roughly on the line of the drive to Richings Park. The church and school were originally built near the then entrance to Richings Park and linked to the village by a lime avenue. 
Church of St Thomas. This was built 1849-52, by Benjamin Ferrey. It is in flint with stone dressings and has a small stone bellcote. There is s timber-framed open porch. Lychgate
Former Church of England School (now Colnbrook Youth Centre) built 1858 by G E Street. In brick with red brick dressings
Old School House – this was the old Master's House. Built in 1858 by G E Street in brick.
St Thomas's Vicarage.  Built 1853-4 by G E Street in brick
Stable Block to the vicarage
Village Hall. Built by a developer as part of a scheme involving planning consent elsewhere.


Sources
British History Online. Web site
British Listed Buildings.Web site
Caine. Kingston Zodiac
Clunn. The Face of the Home Counties
Colnbrook with Poyle Parish Council. Web site
Middlesex County Council. History of Middlesex
Pevsner and Cherry Surrey
Slough Borough Council. Web site
Stewart. Gas Works in the North Thames area
Stevenson. Middlesex
Walford. Village London

Saturday, 26 April 2014

Colne Brook - Colnbrook Bypass


The Colne Brook flows south westwards
 TQ 02480 77125

Industrial area along the Bypass

Post to the east Harmondsworth
Post to the south Poyle
Post to the west Colnbrook


Colnbrook By pass
Constructed as a single carriageway in 1929. The central reservations have been tarmacked and replaced with hatching and islands to prevent overtaking. It is thought that it originally had a parallel track which was used by the Road Research Laboratory for experimental road surfacing. In addition it is said that the carriage was duplicated for a distance to allow a straight section for speed trials. The road available to the general traffic formeds a loop on the north side of the private roadway, but was too narrow for its purpose. It seems likely that this loop was that formed by Lakeside Road.
Colne Brook Bridge.
Cavenham House.  In 1965 Cavenham Foods Ltd was set up by entrepreneur James Goldsmith and this was their head office. Cavenham Confectionery Ltd was created out of the merger of seven confectionery firms. In the 1970s it is described as a factory for Procea Bread Flour – also taken over by Goldsmith. Cavenham House was a 60s style block and is now the site of the Lakeside Industrial Estate
Lakeside Estate. Heavy haulage and logistics companies. Hellman’s Logistics on the site of Cavenham House.
Colnbrook Estate Halt. Opened 1961 and closed 1965.This was to serve the adjacent industrial estate and consisted of a concrete platform, a shelter and a hand painted sign. No trains were scheduled to stop there and potential passengers had to book a train to stop or wave to the driver. This was on the Staines West branch which closed in 1981 although some freight still runs on this part of the line.
Tantric blue. Gentleman’s club. Lap dancing pole dancing etc club. This was the Greyhound Inn previously The Chequers
Grundon Waste Management. Incinerator and related operations. This energy from waste plant was opened 2005-6. It has a capacity to burn 400,000 tonnes of waste a year made up; of municipal waste and Household Waste. It also deals with clinical waste. It is said to generate 30 megawatts of electricity sold to the National Grid. There is also a Materials Recycling Facility designed to handle 40,000 tonnes of pre-sorted recyclable waste from doorstep recycling. The building is on a brick base below an upper part with silver aluminium cladding. There is a distinctive curved roof clad in silver aluminium. A chimney stack protrudes through the roof and encased in metal hoops parallel to the curved roof.

Colnbrook West
Fishery. Old gravel workings run as a carp fishery

Lakeside Road
Building originally used as a steel stock mill, before being refitted to act as a cold store which closed in 2006.  It was built in 1975 and is described as ‘late Brutalist’.  The building had problems with its heat recovery system and its exterior needs constant cleaning.

Landfill Area
This is to the north of the bypass and east of the Colne Brook.  It was a gravel extraction site in the 1950s and 1960s and then used as landfill site in the 1970s and 1980s. The fields on the site are currently used for informal horse grazing.

Orlitts Lake
Fishery. Old gravel workings which is now a carp fishery.  The water comprises two waters; Big Orlitts and Little Orlitts
Lakeside Energy from Waste Education Centre. Dramatic circular lakeside building

Sources
Boyer Fisheries. Web site
Bucks County Council. Web site
Chocolate Memories. Web site
Grundon. Web site
Disused stations. Web site 
SABRE Old bypasses. Web site
Sir James Goldsmith. Wikipedia Web site
Slough Borough Council. Web site
Tantric Blue. Web site

Friday, 25 April 2014

Colne Brook - Thorney

The Colne Brook flows south and south west

Post to the north Little Britain
Post to the east West Drayton
Post to the south Thorney

M25
Thorney Lane South
Tower Arms Hotel. The Tower Arms is said be named after former owners members of the Tower family. In the mid 19th it was the 1850 the Hare and Hounds Beer House and later the Fox and Hounds. It was the Tower Arms by 1874.

Thorney Mill Road
North Star. Pub
Thorney Farm – stables in red brick
Gravel extraction site between the Tower Arms Hotel and Thorney Farm. Important finds of iron age pottery
Thorney Park Golf Course. Part of the site was an area of land restoration and the rest a market garden site. The original farm buildings are on the site and have been converted to luxury housing
Hillside
Mercers Farm
Thorney Mill. Modern housing on the site of buildings marked as a factory as late as 1989. This is to the north of the road and appears to be the site of a 19th paper mill which was built over the Colne Brook here.  A mill leat runs on the east side of the site under the road and returns to the brook. In 1831 the Grand Junction Water Company had a plan for water extraction from here.
Kingfisher Gardens - Community Garden. This is on what is effectively an island between the Colne Brook and a parallel millstream. The original mill was on the north side of the road between the two streams and on the south side was the mill barn.  The land passed into local authority ownership and later owned by a family of travellers who built without planning consent and following legal action was compulsorily purchased by South Bucks District. Richings Park Resident’s Association and Ground Work Thames Valley established this community garden with funding from the local authority and local industries.
Thorney Country Park. This is on a site previously used for gravel extraction for construction of the M25


Sources
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Buckinghamshire County Council. Web site
Richings Park Residents Association. Web site
The Neighbourhood Page. Web site
Thorney Golf Club. Web site
Tower Hotel. Web site

North London Railway - Willesden Junction

The North London Railway turns south westwards

Post to the east Willesden Junction

This square only covers the north east corner of the square

Channel Gate Road
A new street driven through the railway cottages estate, demolishing the School in Old Oak Lane, and 8 houses in Goodhall and Stephenson Streets. It provides access to a Channel Tunnel Freight Depot

Crewe Place
Housing for London North West Railway employees built in 1889 in a remote corner of North Acton. Originally, the whole estate was the private property of the railway company and thus called Railway Cottages. The former Borough of Acton may have named the streets when they were adopted; choosing names Stoke for their railway associations.
Notice saying ‘Any person leaving the gate open will be liable to pay 40 shillings’

Enterprise Way
Trading and industrial area on the site of old allotments

Goodhall Street
Housing for London North West Railway employees
76-78 clubhouse. This was a private club and institute for railway workers. It is now flats.

Grand Union Canal
Old Oak Lane Bridge. There is a bench mark on the south west side.
Railway Bridge (Willesden to Acton)

Hythe Road
Industrial and trading units

Old Oak Lane
50 Fishermans Arms. Built Between 1915 and 1935, and replaced three houses. There appears to have been an earlier pub adjacent to the north which was later used as a British Railways hostel – ie somewhere for railway staff to stay when they finished a shift far from home.
St Luke mission church, Founded 1894- 1898, Gone

Station Approach
Willesden Junction Station. The station is made up of a number of parts – in effect three sites. It currently services a complex array of services with London Underground trains on the Bakerloo line running between Elephant and Castle and Harrow and Wealdstone, with some going to Stonebridge Park. Overground trains run to Watford Junction, Euston, Richmond, Stratford and Clapham Junction, in addition to non-stopping trains between Euston and the Midlands. Historically there have been other routes and a more complex pattern of services.
The West Coast Main Line station opened by the London and North West Railway in 1866. This closed to passengers in 1962 when platforms were removed to aid electrification and straighten the tracks. There are no platforms on this station serving this line now.
The High-Level station on the North London Line opened in 1869 above the West Coast Main line station at right angles. This now has an island platform rebuilt in 1956, which serve the North London and the West London Line.  An additional siding from in the late 1990s was built to allow Royal Mail trains to reach their Stonebridge Park depot.
The Low-Level station on the Watford Direct Current Line opened in 1910 north of the Main Line station. This had bay platforms which could take Bakerloo trains but in the 1960s were curtailed by a new toilet block. This also now has an island platform, used by Bakerloo line trains, since 1915 and also London Overground services from Euston to Watford Junction.  There were no London Underground staff beyond here to service Bakerloo line passengers but since 2007 London Underground staff f stations on the line the North London
The original station built in of 1841 was half a mile to the northwest and swerved the London and Birmingham Railway.  This was replaced in 1866 by a station sited where the West London Railway and the North and West Junction Railway diverged and to this was added a junction with the Hampstead Junction Railway.  This was a low level station soon known as 'Bewildering Junction' and had no direction boards. It was rebuilt in 1894.
Edward VII letterbox, by the bus station. 


Sources
Barton. Lost Rivers of London
Caine. The Kingston Zodiac
Connor. Forgotten Stations of London
Day. London Underground,
Fulham and Hammersmith History Society.  Buildings to see in Fulham and Hammersmith
GLIAS Newsletter
London Borough of Ealing. Web site
Middlesex Churches,
Pevsner and Cherry.  London North West
Stevenson. Middlesex
Trench and Hillman. London Under London
Walford. Village London

Willesden Junction. Disused Railways. Web site

Monday, 21 April 2014

North London Railway - Willesden Junction

North London Railway. The railway coming from Kensal Rise Station turns south westwards


Post to the north Willesden Junction
Post to the west Willesden Junction

This posting covers only the north west corner of the square

Brunel Court
Flats built on the site of a large block of stables facing onto the Harrow Road

Enterprise Way
Industrial and Trading Units built on the site of the Borough Transport Dept

Fortune Way
Industrial and Trading Units built on the site of the Borough Transport Dept

Harrow Road
College Park Hotel. Closed in the 1990s, it is now housing – but still has ‘Saloon and Luncheon Bar’ signage.
Railway bridges –between Harrow Road and Harlesden High Street the road passes over a series of railway lines on the North London Railway in its Hampstead Junction Extension. Leaving Kensal Green Junction, west of the site of the defunct Kensal Green and Harlesden Station up and down City Goods lines were built to bypass low level platforms at Willesden  Junction and other connecting lines, once known as City Line Loop.


Hythe Road
Junction Works (north of the Mitre Bridge Loop and east of the tunnel from Hythe Road .The works has had a number of occupants. This includes the New Engine Co. who made cars and aeroplane engines designed by G.F.Mort who had designed a light weight two stroke engine. 1913- c. 1922
Bostwick Gate and Shutter Co. (to the west of the tunnel). Founded here in 1880 and here since 1907. They made collapsible gates and a range of other items invented and patented by an American, Jabez Bostwick.  The company operated on this site until at least the 1970s but now appears to be dissolved.  There appear to be buildings on the site which may have been erected by them.


Letchford Gardens
This is part of College Park a 19th estate built on land which originally belonged to All Souls College.

Railway
Rail lines run into Willesden Junction Station to the west of this square
North London Line. As Hampstead Junction railway, coming from Kensal Rise Station to the north. This connection dates from 1869.
West Coast Main Line – which had originally opened as the London and Birmingham Railway in 1841 and by passes the station. The London Overground service to Watford from Euston, from 1910. 
Bakerloo Line coming from the Kensal Green Station to the west. The Bakerloo had been extended to Queens Park in 1915 and thence ran on the London North West Railway lines to Watford, via Willesden
Willesden Traction Maintenance Depot. The original servicing facility was on the south side of the main line, west of the station and closed, in 1965. The current depot was designed in the 1960s, to service electric locomotives and has 6 parallel roads each holding 4 locomotives and several associated external sidings. A line runs north of the shed to fuel supplies and some diversions of service stock. There are two lines connecting to the West Coast main line. There are also offices, a workshop and stores.
The West London Railway from the south east, with some sidings into industrial estates and the Mitre Bridge Loop.
The North London line to Richmond opened to the Hounslow Loop line by the North and South Western Junction Railway in 1853


Ridgley Road
College Park Community Centre. On the site of a Library. Closed


Scrubs Lane
2 Pentecostal City Mission. Church group running a Nursery and Community Project., food banks, supplementary school, etc etc.
Ellisland – building on the site of 1-2 in the late 19th
2 Homocea Ointment Works. Homocea was a cure all ointment. They came here from Birkenhead in 1900
8 Chandelier building. Headquarters of Impex Glassware. In 1870, in Bohemia, Adolph Schonbek started his own glassworks and made chandeliers. After the Second World War the company moved to America. One grandson came to London and established Impex in 1946.
2-12 Elliott Machine Equipment Ltd. Leading makers and distributors of lathes, and other machine tools
24 CMS Peripherals. Founded here in 1988, supplies data storage and related products.
30 Cumberland Park – this was a pub, long since closed.  The name can be seen on the first floor above the shop windows.
Willesden Laundry. On the CMS Peripherals site. The laundry was part of British Transport Hotels and closed in the early 1980s having lost British Rail contracts. It employed over 100 workers
69-71 Portobello Press. Then firm opened in the Portobello Road in 1983 and moved here in 1991 where they have a large colour printing concern
Cumberland Park Factory, J.G.Matthews making beds and bedding. By the 1950s Matthews has moved to Honeypot Lane in Kingsbury as Restulux Beds.  The company went out of business soon after.
Simplex Rubber. This company was making tyres here before the Great War.
United Dairies. Western Bottling Works. Where milk was distributed by rail around London. In 1939 they were handling 3,000,000 bottles a week,
80 Cumberland House. Seven storey system built office block
75-93 early 20th industrial buildings, now in light industrial and office use. Previously used by light engineering and motor accessory firms – many of them innovative in their field.
109 Delaney Gallay. This was originally founded in Switzerland by Jean Gallay who manufactured radiators for bi-planes. Delaney Gallay was founded in 1911 in the UK by Delaneys who made the Delaney-Belleville car. They built under license, the Gallay radiator the forerunner of modern radiators here in Scrubs Lane, eventually one of five sites. They were taken over by The Linen Thread Company Ltd, in 1959 and made innovative air conditioning for cars and moved to Wellingborough.   They are now part of the G&M Group in Glasgow.
Symbol Biscuits Ltd. Sunya House. This had been Lesme a couverture and biscuit firm from Blackpool. They became part of Lyons, for a while were called Bee Bee Biscuits, and then Lyons Bakery Ltd.   They made forty different sorts of biscuits sold under a variety of labels and introduced both Maryland Cookies in 1956 and Viennese Whirl in 1976.
77 APT Controls. Founded in 1961 by E.K. Bloom they were here in the 1980ss. They imported technology from the USA for car park ticket dispensers, vehicle detectors and rising arm barriers. This major company is now in Headstone Lane, Harrow.
Rail Bridge  crossing the West Coast Main Line and the Bakerloo

Sources
Bird. The First Food Empire
Clunn. Face of London
CMS Peripherals. Web site
College Park. Wikipedia Web site
Connor. Forgotten stations of London
Field. London place names,
Friends of the Earth. London Gasworks sites
Fulham and Hammersmith History Society. Buildings to see in Fulham and Hammersmith
Gallay Web site
GLIAS Newsletter
Hammersmith and Fulham Historic Buildings Group. Web suite
Mitchell and Smith. North London Line
Pentecostal Mission. Web site
Pevsner and Cherry. North West London
Portobello Press. Web site
Willesden Junction. Wikipedia. Web site

Saturday, 19 April 2014

North London Railway - Willesden Junction

North London Railway
The North London Railway running from Kensal Rise Station proceeds westwards

Post to the east Kensal Green
Post to the south Willesden Junction

This post covers only the south west corner of the square


Furness Road
Furness Primary School. Opened in 1908 as a council school and reorganised in 1925. It was partly destroyed in Second World War bombing and later rebuilt.


High street Harlesden
Church of God Prophecy. This was built in 1888 as a church for the United Free Methodists


Leghorn Road
33 Rebirth Tabernacle. This was originally opened by Harlesden Evangelical in 1905. It became a Baptist chapel in 1933.


Rucklidge Avenue
154 In the 1890s this was the Hygienic Hospital, set up by Dr. Thomas Allinson (developer of the wholemeal bread). It was “Established for Treating the Working Classes on Hygienic Principles. As we have no funds, a charge of 10s. is made a-week to patients to help to make up a deficiency in our income. We treat our patients without poisonous drugs, disease-producing intoxicants, fish, flesh, fowl, or animal broths, which are poor foods, and not worth a tenth of the money paid for them. We also do not allow tea or coffee, as experience has shown us that they are the cause of many complaints”.


Sources
British History OnLine. Willesden. Web site
Clunn. The Face of London
Field. London Place Names
Furness Road Primary School. Web site
Malthusian Herald 1891
Middlesex Churches
Mitchell and Smith. North London Line
Pevsner and Cherry.  North West London
Rebirth Tabernacle. Web site

North London Railway. Kensal Green

The North London Line from Kensal Rise station runs westwards

Post to the east Kensal Rise
Post to the west Willesden Junction

This posting covers only the south west corner of the square

All Souls Avenue
Relates to local land ownership by All Souls College, Oxford
St Mark's Church. The church was founded in 1914


Holland Road
Elmwood Green – the area bounded by All Souls Avenue, Holland Road and Buchanan Gardens and known locally as this since the 19th was once farmland with an avenue of elms. It has been the site of a tennis club since the late 19th.
Elmwood Tennis Club. The club has 6 courts, a clubhouse and a large green

Wrottesley Road
Harlesden Green stretched from here to All Souls Church and the road was called Green Lane
Kensal Green and Harlesden Station. This station opened in 1861and closed in 1873.  It was on the north side west of the Wrottesley Road rail bridge

Sources
Clunn. The Face of London
Connor. Forgotten Stations
Elmwood Tennis Club. Web site.
Field. London Place Names,
Middlesex Churches
Mitchell and Smith. North London Line
Pevsner and Cherry.  North West London
St.Mark’s Church. Web site

North London Railway - Kensal Rise

The North London line running from Kensal Rise Station continues south westwards

Post to the east Kensal Rise
Post to the west Kensal Green

This posting covers only the south east corner of the square

Bathurst Gardens
Library - originally a reading room opened by Mark Twain on 27th September 1900. At the ceremony, Mark Twain gave the Library Committee Chairman five of his books and a signed photograph.[4]  By 1904 money from the Andrew Carnegie Trust allowed a proper library to be opened on a site donated by All Souls College. In 1994, the interior was refurbished in a Neo-Edwardian style but the library has now closed.

Clifford Gardens
The housing was built in 1896 by Langler and Pinkham.

College Road
Relates to local land ownership by All Souls College, Oxford
161 College Green Children’s Centre.
161 Doyle Nursery
161 College Road School. This was a special needs school which had moved here from Leinster Road where it had opened in 1912.  It closed after 1954 and became an education, training and youth centre for Brent in 1961. It is now the site of the Children’s Centre.
123 The Island. Pub built in the 1970s which was previously called The Buccaneer, said to look vaguely like a pirate ship.
101 site of St.Martin’s Vicarage. This was bombed and destroyed in the Second World War – the vicar dying of his injuries.
Princess Frederica School. Opened as a National School by the Church Extension Association, working through the Anglican community of the Sisters of the Church in 1889 for boys, girls and infants. It was financed by a parliamentary grant, vol. contributions, and school pence – and opened by Princess Frederica who was a patron of the Association and a cousin of Queen Victoria. It was reorganised by 1948 and in 1965 was passed to the London Diocesan Board of Education.  It was extended and modernized in 1975 and reorganised again in 1978.


Leighton Gardens
Stember Hall. 28th Willesden Scout Hut


Purves Road
Purves was the solicitor of the United Land Company who were developers in this area.  The land was sold to them by All Souls College and the builders were Vigers.


Sources
British History Online. Willesden. Web site
Clunn. Face of London
GLIAS Newsletter
London Borough of Brent. Web site
Middlesex Churches
National Archives. Web site
Pevsner and Cherry. North West London
Snow. Queen’s Park
St.Martin, Kensal Rise. Web site.
Willesden History society newsletter
Willesden Scouts. Web site

Friday, 18 April 2014

North London Railway - Kensal Rise

The North London Railway running from Brondesbury Park goes south westwards

Post to the north Brondesbury Park
Post to the west Kensal Rise

This posting covers only the south east corner of this square


Chamberlayne Road
Chamberlayne was a separate manor named after Richard de Camera, prebendary and rector of St.Mary, Willesden, who was given it in 1215. Later leased to the Roberts family. This area built up by developers Charles Langler and Sir Charles Pinkham, of Middlesex County Council. This road was built by All Souls College on the line of an existing footpath.
Church of the Transfiguration. This was an old Methodist chapel to which the Catholics moved in 1977. It is a red-brick building
Methodist Church. The Wesleyan Methodists had met until 1886 in a Kensal Rise house and later opened a tin chapel. In 1900 the opened a brick chapel in Gothic style with tower and spire here. It was sold to the Roman Catholics in 1977 and the Methodists met in the adjacent hall
Kensal Rise Station. This was opened in 1873 and now lies between Brondesbury Park and Willesden Junction on the North London Line. It was first called ‘Harlesden’ and replaced a station a distance to the west. In 1890 the name was changed to ‘Kensal Rise’ and in 1911 was rebuilt. It served the Royal Agricultural Show Ground.
The Chamberlayne. Pub and steakhouse
Minkies Deli – cafe in converted public toilets.


Chevening Road
Built as an approach road to the Royal Agricultural Show in 1879 by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners. 

Clifford Gardens
The housing was built in 1896 by Langler and Pinkham.

Harvist Road
Harvist named after Edward Harvist, a 16th brewer who left money to keep local roads in good repair.  The name was changed from Mortimer Road
ARK Franklin Primary Academy. This is what was Kensal Rise Primary School and originally Harvist Road Elementary School. It opened in 1898 as a Board School for boys and girls. It was reorganised in. 1930 and again in 1977 as a junior mixed school plus a nursery. Some problems in the early 21st led to its current privatisation. It is a large three decker London School Board building by G.E.Laurence, with battlemented turrets.

Kempe Road
Names for Kempe who was a 19th prebendary of St. Pauls Cathedral. The houses built here by Chares Langler and Charles Pinkham.
A tributary of the Kilburn stream rose here and went down to join other streams feeding into the Kilburn to the south.

Peploe Road
Named for Peploe who was a prebendary of St. Pauls

Wrentham Avenue
Originally called Ladysmith Road, thus dating it to the Boer War period.  After the nasty Crossman trunk murder the name was changed.

Sources
Clunn. Face of London
GLIAS Newsletter
London Borough of Brent. Web site
Middlesex Churches
National Archives. Web site
Pevsner and Cherry. North West London
Willesden History society newsletter

Thursday, 17 April 2014

North London Railway - Brondesbury Park

The North London railway continues from Brondesbury Park Station to run south westwards

Post to the east Brondesbury Park
Post to the south Kensal Rise
TQ 23835 83586

Residential area around Queens Park

This posting covers only the north east corner of this square


Ayleston Avenue
Queens Park Community School. This opened in 1989 as an amalgamation of three schools – South Kilburn High School (Percy Road School), Aylestone Community School and Brondesbury and Kilburn High School (Kilburn Grammar School). The school has a new block opened by Ken Livingstone and there is a commemorative plaque. The school is a specialist business and enterprise school with a City Learning Centre and is an academy

St Laurence Close
St.Lawrence Church. Built by the Cutts Brothers and later amalgamated with St.Anne in Salusbury Road. Replaced by flats.
Church Hall adjacent. Also now site of flats

Tiverton Road
Tiverton Green. Tiverton Green is a six acre public open space owned and managed by Brent Council under covenant from the Church of England. It was originally a school sports ground and site of a rugby pitch. The tennis courts fell into disrepair in the 1980s. In 2008 paths were laid, trees and flower borders were planted and new benches installed by Brent Council. In 2010 the playground was upgraded. New facilities will provide sports like basketball, football, table tennis and horizontal climbing, and a beginners’ cycle circuit


Wrentham Avenue
Originally this was called Ladysmith Road, thus dating it to the Boer War period.  After the nasty Crossman trunk murder the name was changed.
Brondesbury Park Congregational Church. This began as the Craven Hill church, Lancaster Gate who in 1910 decided to dispose of their church and school buildings and to erect a new church – and began with a temporary church here. The church closed in 1971. It was taken over by the local authority and used as a youth club and the Tiverton Centre.


Sources
Clunn. Face of London
GLIAS Newsletter
London Borough of Brent. Web site
Middlesex Churches
National Archives. Web site
Pevsner and Cherry. North West London
Queens Park Community School. Web site
Willesden History society newsletter

North London Railway - Brondesbury Park

North London Line
The North London Line from Brondesbury Station runs south westwards
TQ 24231 84000

Residential area around and including Queens Park.  The area also includes some interesting industrial sites. Churches and buildings used for religious purposes demonstrate how faiths change as populations change.

Post to the north Brondesbury
Post to the west Brondesbury Park

This posting covers only the north west corner of this square

Brondesbury Park Road
This is still marked as parkland on the Ordnance Survey map of 1904. The road is said to have been built as a spine road through the area but on some older maps it is called ‘Brand’s Causeway’
Brondesbury Park Station. Opened in 1908 as the ‘youngest’ station on the line it now lies between Brondesbury and Kensal Rise stations on the North London Railway.  The platforms were rebuilt in 1996.

Chevening Road
The road was built by the Church Commissioners in the mid 1880s as one of the approach roads to Queens Park
Imam Al-Khoei Islamic Centre.  This was previously Brondesbury Synagogue. It is now the Iman Al-Khoei Foundation, the premier Shia mosque in London. The centre serves a sizable community of Iranian, Iraqi and Afghani Shias, with the emphasis on Ahl al-Bayt (Ahlul Bayt) doctrine, which holds Muhammad’s immediate household members to be ‘infallible Imams’. They also use old school buildings to the north.
Brondesbury Synagogue.  This building dates from 1904-5 the land having been sold cheaply to the congregation by Solomon Barnett who became its first warden. It was destroyed by arson in 1965 and rebuilt. It was sold in 1974 with most of its members joining either the Willesden or the Cricklewood Synagogue.  It was Ashkenazi Orthodox Ritual and a constituent synagogue of the United Synagogue from 1905 until its closure.
Winkworth Hall. This was built as a hall of residence for students at the Maria Grey Teacher Training College. There is a plaque on the building – Emma Winkworth was the first woman to climb the Jungfrau and was also known as a women’s suffrage supporter. The building is now owned by London Borough of Brent and occupied by the Islamia School and by Hopscotch nursery. It was also used by Brondesbury and Kilburn School

Kimberley Road
Welbeck Works – this may originally have been a cutlery works but it was taken on by early motor enthusiast and inventor Frederick Sims who moved his Simms Manufacturing Co from Bermondsey to here in 1902. Here they made Simms-Welbeck cars, lorries and marine engines, fire engines, agricultural vehicles, military vehicles and guns, and aeronautical devices. The works was burnt down in 1920. In 1908 he works was taken over by Grosvenor, Rolls Royce and Daimler agents.  Hooper’s moved their Rolls and Daimler servicing unit to what was then called the Claborn Works in 1959.  Hoopers were long established coachbuilders working at the extreme top end of the market and based in Westminster and Park Royal.  In 1991 Hooper bought Metrocab out of receivership and repaired taxis on the site, but by 2002, when Metrocab moved out, were no longer involved.  The site is now flats named after Hoopers.
Magneto Works – shown on a map as a different site to Welbeck Works, the magneto was another of Simms’ enterprises
Albion Works. Various companies making specialist art papers.
Legion Works. Marwick and Pauling paper board

Kingswood Avenue
One of the roads around the park which was built up with houses as part of the deal when Queen’s Park was opened.

Queens Park
This square includes only the extreme north east corner of the park and the area adjacent to Chevening Road.  The park opened in 1887. It was initially called Kilburn Recreation Ground, and has been known as Queen’s Park since the Jubilee year of 1887. It comprises 30 acres of the site of the Royal Agricultural Show held in 1879 and was acquired in 1886 by the Corporation of London from the Ecclesiastical Commissioners. In 1940 a bomb fell in the middle of the north field and another by temporary wooden fencing along Chevening Road.
Bandstand, The Bandstand was erected in 1889. It is in cast iron by Macfarlane and Co. of Glasgow. It remains in the park despite some wartime alterations.
A line of trees running north west from the bandstand are likely to be remnants from a field boundary
Woodland walk
Petanique rink
Trim trail


Salusbury Road
Built as an extension to Brondesbury Park as a spine road.
St Anne. The church began as a mission church established by the London Diocesan Home Mission in 1899. A parish was formed in 1905 and Bishop of London was patron. The church building, by the Cutts Brothers was in brick with stone dressings, was completed in 1905.  It was rebuilt in 1998 and is linked with St. Andrew’s United Reform Church
Queens Studios
Brondesbury and Kilburn High School for Girls opened in 1892 and was a private school until the county council took it over in 1938. It merged with Kilburn Grammar in 1972 and closed in 1987. The school was damaged in 1944 by a flying bomb. It also served as a Synagogue for a time, during the construction of the Synagogue in Chevening Road. It was later sold to the Islamia Trust.
Islamia Primary School was founded by Yusuf Islam, singer/songwriter, 'Cat Stevens'. The School opened in 1983 in Brondesbury Park bur has since moved to what was the Kilburn & Brondesbury Secondary School. In 1998, the government granted it state funding.
Maria Grey Training College for Women Teachers.  Came here in 1892 and shared premises with the girls grammar school but later moved to Twickenham
Kilburn Grammar School founded by Dr.Bonavia Hunt in 1898 as a choir school. At first it was on Willesden Lane but moved in 1900 to Salusbury Road, opposite the Brondesbury and Kilburn High School for Girls as a became a grammar school for boys. It was taken over by Middlesex County Council in 1908 and enlarged in 1927. It was damaged in the Second World War and rebuilt in 1951-1952. It amalgamated with Brondesbury and Kilburn High School for Girls in 1967 as Brondesbury and Kilburn High. It is now used by the Islamia School.
131 Willesden Borough Electricity Offices. The council had their own generating station in Taylors Lane and this was the payment office. The showroom was next door on the two storey single gabled building and there was a depot beyond that in the building now used by the Yoga Centre.


Sources
Brondesbury Synagogue. Web site
City Corporation. London City and People
Clunn. The Face of London
Field. London Place Names
Frederick Simms. Wikipedia. Web site
GLIAS Newsletter
Grace’s Guide
London Encyclopaedia
Middlesex Churches
Mitchell and Smith. North London Line
Pevsner and Cherry. North West London
Snow. Queens Park
Stevenson.  Middlesex
Walford. Village London
Willesden History Society. Newsletter

Wednesday, 16 April 2014

North London Line - Brondesbury

The North London line from Brondesbury Station runs south westwards
TQ 23611 84580

Residential area where some posh houses are used by institutions

Post to the east Brondesbury
Post to the south Brondesbury Park

This posting covers only the south west corner of this square

Brondesbury Park
Brondesbury College. This is an Independent (private fee paying) Secondary School for boys. It has a traditional English curriculum with selected Islamic subjects. The main building was originally a house and was used to set up Islamia Primary School as a kindergarden in 1983. This then relocated and the College opened here in 1996.
Mission House. The house was originally called Restormel. In the early 1900s this was the home of Solomon Barnett, a Polish born lead and glass merchant, who became a local developer and political activist. It was later renamed The Mission House and belonged to Revd Dr Herbert Vaughan and was the Headquarters of the Catholic Missionary Society. It had a large entrance hall and an oak staircase plus a large conservatory at the back. It was lent it to the War Office in the Great War and became the Brondesbury Park Military Hospital 1915 – 1919. The garden was over 2 acres with tennis, croquet and a kitchen garden.  A Recreation Hut was built with sofas, billiards and bagatelle. It has a stage for performances.  There was a Hospital's magazine ‘With the Wounded’. In 1917 took over neighbouring - Beversbrook to make a total of 120 beds. The hospital closed in 1919 and the house has since been demolished long ago, but gate posts and boundary wall remain. The site is part of what was Avenue Primary School grounds

Christchurch Avenue
Malorees School.  Malorees Primary – Junior School and Infant School. , Opened in 1953 as a council school to cope with ‘the bulge’. 
Lady Adelaide  Home. This was one of several institutions belonging to the Community of the Sisters of the Church which began as the Church Extension Association, a missionary society begun in 1863 by Miss Emily Ayckbowm.  Much of their work had been in the parish of  St. Augustine, Kilburn.  The Lady Adelaide Home for Boys was built and presented to the Community by the Rev. Henry Law, in memory of his wife as a home for destitute boys.
Beversbrook. This was a big house on the corner with Brondesbury Park. In the Great War it was lent to the War Office by its owner, Mr Stanley Gibbs, and became an annexe to hospital in The Mission House across the road. It has 4 acres of grounds, could provide 50 beds and opened in July 1917.  The site is now Moatfield, block of flats

The Avenue
Primary School.. The site was a demonstration kindergarten for the Maria Grey College – the teacher training institution which had a main site slightly to the south of here until the 1940s although the school remained here. From 1970 it housed the Manor Primary school for educationally sub-moved to this site in 1970 from Kingsbury. It subsequently became The Avenue Primary School. This closed in 2007 and it has since housed a relocated school from Swiss Cottage.

Willesden Lane
Christ Church. This was a first daughter church of St.Mary, Willesden. It was consecrated in 1866. It was combined with the Parish of St Laurence in the early 1970s and in the 1980s, most of the of the church was converted into flats. The church now meets in what were the transept, choir and sanctuary.
163 Trojan Court Flats.  The site was that of Vernon House.  IN 1960s this was Willesden Education Department and then a special school.
180 North West London Jewish Primary School. This originally opened in 1945 in Hampstead and moved here in 1958.


Sources
British History Online, Middlesex. Web site
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Brondesbury College. Web site
Christ Church. Web site
Clunn. The Face of London
Field. London Place Names
GLIAS Newsletter
London Borough of Brent. Web site
London Encyclopaedia
London Railway Record
Lost Hospitals of London. Web site
Maria Grey. Web site
Mitchell and Smith. The North London Line
Pevsner and Cherry...  North West London
Stevenson, Middlesex
Walford. Village London
Willesden History Society. Newsletter

Tuesday, 15 April 2014

North London Line - Brondesbury

North London Line.
The North London Line, coming from West Hampstead Station runs south westwards
TQ 24625 84278

Residential area, which is nevertheless lively with theatres and pubs down Kilburn High Road

Post to the north Kilburn
Post to the west Brondesbury

This posting only covers the south east corner of this square

Dyne Road
Willesden Town Hall. The offices of the Willesden local board were established here in 1891 and later were enlarged as Willesden Town Hall. When the area became part of the London Borough of Brent, all administration was transferred to Wimble, and the town hall was demolished in 1972. There are now flats on the site.  There were also a number of works departments and yards associated with the local authority – opposite and adjacent to the town hall. All these are now the site of flats and offices.
1a Foundation House. Institute of Contemporary Musical Performance. Founded in the mid 1980s and provides courses relevant to modern music
Kingdom Hall. Jehovah’s Witnesses rear of 1a
1b Hamilton House. Offices of Brent Mind, Mencap, etc.

Kilburn High Road
Brondesbury Station.  Opened in 1860 it now lies between West Hampstead and Brondesbury Park on the North London Line. It was built on the Hampstead Junction Railway line from old Oak Common to Camden Road and originally called Edgeware Road (Kilburn). It was rebuilt by the London North West Railway and the booking office remains. It has been renamed several times: Edgware Road in 1865, Edgware Road and Brondesbury in 1872 Brondesbury (Edgware Road) in 1873 Brondesbury in 1883. The station was still gas lit in the 1960s.  The station was refurbished and new platform buildings erected in 1996, as part of the ungrading for Eurostar.
234 Kilburn Grange Cinema. This on the site of The Grange with public park behind. It opened in 1914 and was cited as ‘the largest purpose built cinema in Great Britain owned by the North Metropolitan Circuit. It takes up a whole block and the cinema’s name and date are on the facade. It has a corner entrance with a copper dome. Inside a galleried oval area leads to what were the tea room and the circle. It had a Nicholson & Lord 3Manual/38 speaking stops straight organ, replaced by a Wurlitzer 2Manual/8Ranks model ‘F’ theatre organ in 1927. In 1929 it was taken over by Gaumont British Theatres who became part of the Rank Organisation. It closed in 1975 and was converted into Butty’s Nightclub which later became the National Ballroom, and then the National Club for the local Irish community. The Club closed in 1999 and the building was left empty. It is now used by the Brazilian based ‘United Church of the Kingdom of God’.
The Grange. The cinema was on the site of The Grange a large house built in 1831, and the home of a successful coach builder, Peters.
236 Speedy Noodles. This was the Biograph Theatre converted from shops which opened in 1910 for Biograph Theatres Ltd. chain. It closed in 1917, and went back to being a shop.
244-266 Sir Colin Campbell Pub. Pub with Irish music and Guinness
269 The Tricycle Theatre. Converted from a converted Forester's Hall, the Tricycle opened in 1980 as the home of the Wakefield Tricycle Company – a touring theatre company which never played Wakefield.  The theatre used the hall while the Foresters themselves maintain a decorative street frontage and shop. The Theatre was almost burnt down in 1987 from a fire started in an adjacent timber yard. It was rebuilt and expanded. In 1998 the Cinema was added and there is now also a Visual Arts Studio called the Paintbox, the James Baldwin Studio Theatre, an Art Gallery, Cafe, and rehearsal rooms.
The Tricycle Cinema shares an entrance with the Theatre. It also has an entrance in Buckley Road. It is designed by Tim Foster with an auditorium basement level. There is also a street level private box next to the projection box. The design on the screen curtain is in the form of a tricycle which is made up of names of sponsors, and patrons. It opened in 1998
274 Black Lion. Guest house and pub. Built 1898 By RA Lewcock with interior carved panels by F.T .Callcott. It is in red brick with a Pink & grey granite frontage.  Etched glass in the windows and doors. There is a projecting cornice with an arcaded balustrade with decoration, cupola and weathervane finial and a lion mask and plaque inscribed "The Black Lion rebuilt 1898".  Inside plasterwork, and gilded plaques by Callcott.
289 The Good Ship. Music pub which opened in 2005.
289-291 Mitchell and Phillips, Kilburn Brewery. This was run in the mid 19th by William Verey, a Hampstead resident.  It was taken over by Truemans in 1920.
307-311 The Kings Head.  This was previously called McGovern's and as the Kings Head had Elvis's head as their sign. Upstairs was the Luminaire, a music venue, and downstairs a 'dive bar' with a mirrored bar back from its days as an Irish pub., both venues closed at the end of 2010. The building may have been offices for the local gas company in the 1930s – and Drakes Courtyard behind was the gas works depot.
308 Nandos. Was the Lord Palmerston Pub and later called Roman Way.
332 Powers Bar Pub. May be closed

Palmerston Road
The road now intersects the Web Heath Estate

Railway
A signal box was in use at Brondesbury Station until 1962.

Sources
British History Online, Middlesex. Web site
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Cinema Theatres Association. Newsletter
Cinema Treasures. Web site
Clunn. The Face of London
Field. London Place Names
GLIAS Newsletter
London Borough of Brent web site
London Encyclopaedia
London Railway Record
Lost Pubs Project. Web site
Mitchell and Smith. The North London Line
Pevsner and Cherry...  North West London
Stevenson, Middlesex
Tricycle Theatre. Web site
Walford. Village London
Willesden History Society. Newsletter

Monday, 14 April 2014

North London Line Kilburn

The North London Line
The North London Line from West Hampstead Station turns south westwards

Post to the east West Hampstead
Post to the south Brondesbury


This post covers only the north east corner of this square

Barlow Road
Built on the site of the Midland Railway’s West End Sidings – a marshalling yard and goods distribution centre. William Barlow was the Midland Railway’s engineer who built much of St.Pancras Station.
Lauriston Lodge, sheltered housing

Brassey Road
Built on the site of the Midland Railway’s West End Sidings – a marshalling yard and goods distribution centre. Thomas Brassey was the civil engineer and contractor for the Midland Railway London extension into St Pancras in 1860 and was responsible for 1 in 3 miles of all railway track that was laid during his lifetime.
Sidings Community Centre. Opened in 1983 and named for the Wrest End Sidings and it stands on a small part of the siding site.

Christchurch Avenue
Railway Bridge carrying the Chiltern Line from St, Marylebone
Metropolitan Railway bridge. This was built in 1914 – the date is shown on the bridge - and carries the Metropolitan and Jubilee line tracks over the A5.   It still carries Metropolitan Railway insignia and signage.
Murals – under the railway bridge and relates to the building of the railway.
The Bijou Cinema in the film the Smallest Show on Earth was constructed as a set between the two railways bridges


Fordwych Road
St. Cuthbert. The parish was formed in 1888 and met in an iron church originally founded by Holy Trinity, Finchley Road which had been replaced in 1882 by a brick mission church designed by W. C. Street. A church was later built at right angles to the mission church in red brick style by Street in 1886. The mission church became the church hall but was demolished in 1902 by the Midland Railway who rebuilt it nearer to the church in 1903. In 1979 it was to sell the site of the church for housing. A new church was built in 1987-8 by Jeremy A. Allen. As a low, polygonal brick building set back. In front of the church is a bell of 1906 from Street's church whose site is occupied by a block of flats

Garlinge Road
Chevington Estate. Housing project built by the London Borough of Camden when Sydney Cook was borough architect 1965-73.

Iverson Road
9-11 Brondesbury Christian Centre. This was built in 1989 to replace the Baptist church on the corner with Shoot Up Hill and on the site of the church Sunday School and hall.  Brondesbury hall dated from 1884 and used as a mission chord and Sunday School.
Railway Bridge

Kilburn High Road
This is the A5, a Roman Road and still a major road out of London north. It is a section of the ancient Watling Street and the western boundary of the London borough of Camden.
Brondesbury Baptist Church,., was built on site given by Jas. Harvey and opened in 1878 on the Corner with Iverson Road. It was an ornate building by W. A. Dixon with a church hall. It closed in 1980, demolished and was replaced by flats.
375 North London Tavern Pub
The Envoy Cinema opened in 1937 as a news and cartoon cinema decorated in an Art Deco style.  The Entrance was via a long corridor along the side of the auditorium and patrons entered from the rear with the screen behind the front facade. Seating was on one level only.  It was taken over by the Classic Repertory Cinemas chain and re-named Classic Cinema from 1955. It closed in 1984. The building lay empty and derelict but the site is now housing. The premier of the first West Indian made film was shown here.
Kilburn Station.  Opened in 1879 by the Metropolitan Railway it now lies between Willesden Green and West Hampstead on the Jubilee Line.  It was first called as ‘Kilburn and Brondesbury’ as part of the Metropolitan and St. John's Wood Railway. In 1939 it became part of the Bakerloo Line and at which time the station was extensively rebuilt and in 1950 name was changed to ‘Kilburn’.  In 1979 it became art of the Jubilee Line and in 2005, underwent major refurbishing which involved the station being repainted, receiving a new CCTV system, better lighting, new toilets, and new train indicator boards


Kingscroft Street
In 1911 work began on this road on the site of Shoot Up Hill Farm and the Elms; 7 houses were built there before 1914


Loveridge Road
Built by British Land Company 1879


Maygrove Road
The Kilburn stream is said to have run between this and Iverson Road. The road was built up mainly by the British Land Company from 1879.  
Maygrove Peace Park is situated on the site of part of je former West End railway sidings. In 1983, Camden Council agreed to designate Maygrove a peace park as a reminder of the council’s commitment to peace.  The opening of the park was on the 39th Nagasaki Day and a telegram from the Mayor of Nagasaki, Hitoshi Motoshima, said "We hope your Peace Park will be remembered long as a symbol of Peace”’. There are various works of art relevant to peace in the park -The Peace Crane by Hamish Black represents the Japanese origami peace crane made by children all over the world. On the plinth a plaque tells the story of the little girl called Sadako and the origin of the crane as the Japanese symbol of peace. along Peace Walk are 7 stones inscribed with messages of peace, one of which is from the Mayor of Hiroshima, Takeshi Araki  “We the citizens of Hiroshima ever mindful of the cruel experience clearly foresee the extinction of mankind and an end to civilisation should the world drift into nuclear war. Therefore we have vowed to set aside our griefs and grudges and continuously pleaded before the peoples of the world to abolish weapons and renounce war so that we may never again repeat the tragedy of Hiroshima” - Antony Gormley’s “untitled (listening)” statue, with a granite block symbolising “part of the old deep history of the planet… sculpted by time – a cherry tree marking the cherry tree which continued to bloom throughout the holocaust of Hiroshima.
128 Done Our Bit Club. A private club for veterans, working men and ex-army men. There is a lounge and a bar.
67 Maygrove House offices and other uses in refurbished building
65 conversion to flats of site used by Dexion, metal shelving and construction specialists as their west London headquarters
59 Garage Maygrove Motors
Mission Hall
Railway Bridge

Netherwood Street
Netherwood Day Centre. This was set up for dementia sufferers and was opened in 1988 by Jonathan Miller whose mother, the writer Betty Miller, suffered early onset Alzheimer’s. 


Railway
The Midland Railway which connects West Hampstead Thames link station to St Pancras and Europe through the Eurostar International line. The first train to use this line left St Pancras en route to Manchester at in 1868.


Sources
British History on Line, Middlesex. Web site
Camden History Review
Cinema Theatres Association. Newsletter
Cinema Treasures. Web site
Clunn. The Face of London
Dexion. Wikipedia. Web site
Field. London Place Names
GLIAS Newsletter
London Borough of Camden web site
London Encyclopaedia
Pevsner and Cherry...  North West London
Stevenson, Middlesex
Walford. Village London
Willesden History Society. Newsletter

Saturday, 12 April 2014

North London Railway - West Hampstead


The North London Railway (Hampstead Junction Railway) leaves West Hampstead Station and runs south westwards.

Post to the east West Hampstead
Post to the west Kilburn

This posting covers only the north west corner of this square


Iverson Road
The part of the road from West End Lane to Maygrove Road was built by Midland Railway. The rest was built by the British Land Company
202-220 These are probably Heysham Cottages built in the site of West End House for railway workers.
West End House. The big house around which the hamlet of West End grew. In the 1ate 18th it was owned by the Beckford family - although it is not thought that either Alderman Beckford or his scandalous son William lived there.  The house was bought by the Midland Railway in 1866 and let to the railway contractors, it was later used as accommodation for railway workers. Some of it - called the Old Mansion - became the station master's house for what was then West End Station. The rest was bought by the British Land Company and demolished.
West Hampstead power signal box.  1977. An early example of a new type by. S. Wyatt, British Rail Regional Architect.  Very large; red brick and steel cladding.
190 Innisfree Housing Association
Garden Centre alongside the railway, now closed
128 Mural – abstract on the wall facing the park


Liddell Road
Trading and light industrial units on the site of part of the West End railway sidings. This was a large area – mainly to the west of Liddell Road used by the Midland Railway for marshalling goods traffic and distribution – mainly dealing in coal.

Linstead Street
Harben School. This was opened in 1881 by the School Board for London as Netherwood Street Board School. A Cookery centre was added by 1895. In the 1920s it was reorganised as The Harben School and in 1951 became Harben Secondary Modern and Harben Primary Junior and Infants – which closed in 1955. The Secondary school closed in 1961, and it became the lower school of St. George’s Roman Catholic Secondary school.  It is now flats.
Kilburn Grange Children’s Centre.  tange of children’s spaces - Outdoor play areas, etc. Designed by Meadowcroft Griffin 2006.

Pandora Road
21 plaque to Alfred Harmsworth, Viscount Northcliffe 1865-1922. 'Journalist and newspaper proprietor, lived here'. Harmsworth lived here, from 1888, for three years, published "Comic Cuts" and "Answers to Correspondents" and planned his future newspaper empire. The plaque was erected in 1979.


Railways
The three railway noted in the previous square continue across this area.
The Midland, Thameslink line continues westwards turning towards the north. It had a large marshalling yard and distribution centre to the south of the line, noted above.
The North London Line, Hampstead Junction Railway, continues in a south westerly direction
The Metropolitan Line, now London Underground and including the Jubilee Line continues westward, crossing the North London Line

Sherriff Road
Alexander Sherriff was a director of the Metropolitan Railway and of the London Permanent Building Society.
St.James. Built in 1885-8 by A. W. Blomfield. In red brick inside and out.
West Hampstead Studios. Artists’ accommodation built in 1884 by Messrs Pincham and Owers with an imposing frontage.

West End Lane.
It was a pleasant country drive for Queen Victoria. . In 1879 was still a semi-rural place
West Hampstead Station. This opened in 1888 and now lies between Finchley Road and Frognal and Brondesbury on the North London Line. It was originally West End Lane Station on the line from Hampstead to Willesden. The name was changed in 1975. The station received a major refurbishment towards the end of 2007 as part of the London Overground takeover.
West Hampstead Thameslink Station. Built in 1871 it now lies between Kentish Town and Cricklewood on the Thameslink Line. Initially in 1871 this was just a halt in the area at the end of what was a stretch of cobbles running from Iverson Road. For a short period from 1878 the station formed part of the Super Outer Circle in which Midland trains ran from St.Pancras to Earls Court via Acton and Turnham Green. The Midland Railway originally opened it as ‘West End’ with long platforms to allow main line trains to stop and some trains ran to Kings Cross rather than St. Pancras.
In 1904 it was renamed ‘West End and Brondesbury’. In 1905 it became just ‘West Hampstead’.  By 1945 it was on the London Midland and Scottish Railway and built as a prototype with wall panels clipped to prefabricated sections and designed by L. Martin and R. Llewellyn-Davies under W.H. Hamlyn. Rebuilt 2012 by Landolt and Brown with special measures over a line of lime trees

Sources
Day. London Underground
Field, London Place Names,
Hillman. London Under London
London Borough of Camden. Web site
London Encyclopaedia
London Railway Record
National Archives Web site
Pevsner and Cherry.  London North
Robins.  North London Railway
St. James. Web site
Willesden History Society, Newsletter

Tuesday, 8 April 2014

North London Railway - West Hampstead

The North London Line continues in a south westerly direction from Finchley Road and Frognal Station

Post to the west West Hampstead

This posting  covers only the north east corner of this square


Billy Fury Way
In 2010 Camden Council, London, named a small formerly nameless road Billy Fury Way in honour of the 1950s rock and roller. He had recorded at the nearby Decca Studios. The alleyway was decorated with a large mural of his face, which was unveiled and blessed in, 2011.

Blackburn Road.
1869. Named after Mr. Blackburn, the builder and planned by 1885.
3 F. R. Napier, had opened a plating shop behind West Hampstead fire station in 1919, took the site for his Hampstead Plating Works, which was founded in 1940 and survived with four employees in 1986.
Cadbury Bros depot from 1933
14 Builder Depot
Canadian Building- this building, has included a number of Canadian business organisations since the 1930s led by the Canadian government's exhibition commission
Tower Royal Works, engineering company owned by L.Sloper present in the 1950s. This was to the north of Blackburn Lane – which was their address – on what is now Billy Fury Way. They made perforating machinery and some other applications. They were there in from 1871 to 1991, when the works was sold and closed down.
Independent Student Living is purpose built 2012, student accommodation with 39 cluster flats and shared facilities

Broadhurst Gardens
165 English National Opera. Lillian Bayliss house -building has crest of open book at the gable. This building, originally erected as the an engineering company’s ‘Falcon Works’, was converted in 1886 to house the West Hampstead Town Hall by HG Randall.  For most of 20th century the building was used as a recording studio - Decca Studios. From 1929, British Decca's earliest recordings were in Chelsea and later Lower Thames Street and by opening these studios they could compete with HMV. Many famous albums were recorded here,
Broadwell Parade

Dresden Mews
Local authority housing in roads called after famous types of china. On the site of Hampstead Council Yard.


Lithos Road
Lithos Road Estate run by the estate's  consortium of housing associations. It was built 1991 with and high and low rise blocks bordered on each side by railway tracks. Designed by Pollard Thomas and Edwards with curved brick elevations to cut down on railway noise
Lithos Road orchard with 11 fruit trees, including apples, pears, quince and medlar.
Stone Yard power station. Hampstead borough power station for electricity supply. The supply of electricity had been managed initially by the Council's predecessor the Hampstead Vestry through its Electric Lighting Committee.   Hampstead Metropolitan Borough Council Electricity Undertaking was authorised under the Hampstead (London) Electric Lighting Order 1892.  The foundation stone of which was laid in 1892 and a Central Supply Station and Head Offices were built in 1893 at the Vestry's Stoneyard, Supply began in 1894 of single-phase high-tension alternating current. From 1921 the bulk supply of electricity was taken from Saint Marylebone Borough Council, and Lithos Road ceased to generate in 1922.
Transformer Station. The bays on this building date back to the 40s or 50s. A new facade has been added to harmonise with the recent housing development
Hampstead Cleansing Station. Before 1920s this was in the Electricity Department Yard here.
Borough Council Bathing Station closed in 1960

Lymington Road
Low-rise housing for Camden by Sheppard Robson & Partners, 1980, tightly packed pantiled-roofed terraces Apart from the taller pair on a deck above garages, a decided departure from the style of Camden's own grand schemes
Corporation yard 1950s 

Potteries Path
This name dates from 2010 and is the result of a popular poll to find suitable names for a number of unnamed footpaths in the area

Railway
North London Line. Leaving Finchley and Frognal Station at Finchley Road the line runs generally south west. It ran north of the Hampstead Electricity Station and there were sidings into it.  It then crosses the old Midland Main Line on a bridge rebuilt when the line below was electrified. It then runs into West End Lane Station.
The Midland Railway line from St.Pancras is now largely used by Thameslink trains and from here runs westwards. It has sidings to the south on land which now houses superstores and their car parks. It passes under the North London (Hampstead Junction Railway) heading for West Hampstead Thameslink Station
The Metropolitan Line. This is part of London Underground but was initially built as a potentially main line railway and now runs a fast non-stopping service through this section.  It runs generally westward from Finchley Road station going to its west Hampstead station.  There were once interchange lines between it and the Midland lines.  The Jubilee line runs alongside using lines built for stopping trains by the Metropolitan Railway in 1913 and stopping at what were originally Metropolitan Railway stations.  The Jubilee Line took over this service from the Bakerloo Line in 1979; Bakerloo had run it since 1939.

West End Lane.
In 1879 this was still a semi-rural road. This square covers the east side only
86 Acol Bridge Club. Acol is local road named for a village in Kent. The club was founded in the early 1930’s at No.15 Acol Road and involved players who had developed a new bidding system that brought which they called Acol. In the early 1950s the club moved to this address.
The Railway. 19th pub.
West Hampstead Station. Built by the Metropolitan Railway in 1879. It now lies between Kilburn and Finchley Road on the Jubilee Line. Metropolitan District Railway’s St John’s Wood line was opened to here from Swiss Cottage here in 1879 by Watkin as part of his vision for extending the Met.  Great Central trains ran through the station were not allowed to stop here and there was no platform although the two existing platforms became an island so that the down platform could be demolished. The fast lines still go straight through. The station was rebuilt by the London Transport Passenger Board in 1938 and in 1939 it became a station on the Bakerloo Line and in 1979 it became part of the Jubilee Line.


West Hampstead mews
Built in 1886 –includes a building with a shield and the date on the gable.


Sources
Acol Bridge Club. Web site
Day. London Underground
Field, London Place Names,
Hillman. London Under London
London Borough of Camden. Web site
London Encyclopaedia
London Railway Record
National Archives Web site
Pevsner and Cherry.  London North
Robins.  North London Railway
Willesden History Society, Newsletter