Sunday, 7 August 2016

Riverside west of the Tower, south bank - Weybridge, Palace and Navigation

Riverside west of the Tower, south bank - Weybridge, Palace and Navigation

Post to the west Hamm Court
Post to the north Old Shepperton



Beales Lane
An Engineering works is marked at the junction with Thames Street pre 1900s
St  Catherine’s. Housing for the elderly by Elmbridge Housing Trust.


Church Walk
Leads to a public footpath which has its own bridge over the river. This leads to and ends at Thames Lock
Bridge. Built 1868 - 1898, it carries a footpath over the Wey to Whitter's Ait. It is made of cast and wrought iron with a g a segmental arch with twelve wrought iron latticed panels, each capped with iron balls. There are cast iron bollards at each end. This is the right of way to the lock.
Riverside Studios. This is the old Weybridge Generating Station. It was built in 1889 to supply 119 street lights. By 1890 some of it has been converted to housing and it later became a furniture depository


Desborough Channel,
The Desborough Channel (see square to the east) meets the Thames here, shortly to the west of the Walton Lane bridge.


Dorney Gardens
Weybridge Sailing Club, Walton Lane Clubhouse. In the 1960s employees of the construction company, J L Kier set up a Social Club and took over premises at Weybridge in 1960-61.  This was the Kier Sailing and Tennis Club. In 1962  land was were purchased by Walton Urban District Council – some of it went to the Keir Club – but Walton wanted the name changed and it became the Weybridge Lawn Tennis Club and Weybridge Sailing Club were created although Keir retained an interest – but withdrew when the firm moved from London to Bedfordshire. The Tennis club is now completely separate. The Sailing Club has had a succession of separate clubhouse buildings nut membership declined in the 1980s – and the club began to diversity.
Weybridge Lawn Tennis Club. This was part of the Keir social club but separated from the Sailing Club. They have 5 courts and a small clubhouse with balcony and no bar.
Elmbridge Canoe Club. 


D'Oyley Carte Island
Named after the light opera impresario who lived there in the late 19th - Before 1890 the island was known as Folly Eyot.
Bridge single span with a high arch.  1964 On the right wall of the bridge is a plaque commemorating the opening of the cut by Lord Desborough. It replaced a chain ferry.
Eyot House – built by Richard D’Oyly.  Carte built and lived in the main structure of the island, although he intended it as an annexe to the Savoy Hotel but was unable to get a licence. After his death is was later used as a hotel.
Marina providing mooring foe small boats


Elmgrove Lane
There were a group of small works at the south end of road on the east side.
Grand Works. In the 1960s this was D.M. Industrial Plastics (Extrusions) Ltd., Grand Works,
Grove Works.  Precision Engineered Parts for Precision Instruments. This company and its associates on this site made parts for gramophones in the 1960s.


Engine River
This stream (see post to the east) partly rises in the area to the east of St. George’s Primary School and follows the Thames running parallel to Walton


Foot Ferry
Ferry.  With the exception of a twenty year gap until 1986, there has been a ferry between Shepperton and Weybridge for around 500 years. There is a bell for would be passengers to ring if the ferry is not waiting. It is said to have run in the 14th and at that time to land in the area which is now Desborough Island. Later a ferry services was operated by the lock keepers of Shepperton Lock.


Greenside Road
Grotto Road
Named for the Grotto which stood in the grounds of Oatlands House until 1948 when it was demolished. It stood slightly to the east of this square north of Grotto Road.
The east side was built up in 1935 with no investigations on the possible site of Oatlands Palace
Entrance to underground passage

Hamhaugh Island
This island was once called Stadbury with the tapered end being called Hamhaugh Point and owned by Lord Portmore of Weybridge. It was created from a mainland peninsula in order to aid navigation and help deal with flooding.  Along with Shepperton Lock Island it was formed, when Shepperton Lock was built in 1813 across a narrow neck of land spanning a loop of the Thames. The river often breached and flooded though this neck, which was called ‘Stonor’s Gut’.  In 1898 the lock was rebuilt, and a new weir channel was created which split Hamhaugh Island off from the Lock Island. It was then owed by the Dunton family, and from 1900 they let plots for camping to be replaced by houses. The water supply came from the river and there was one communal lavatory on the central green for everyone. Electricity came in 1948, and mains water in 1959 It is accessed only by boat or by foot across the weir. It is covered in housing with a central green


Jessamy Road
Bridge to Whittier’s Ait


Monument Green
Ship Hotel. The hotel claims to be 400 years old. It is said to have been a pub on the last staging post between Portsmouth and London. From 1729 the Manorial Courts of Weybridge and Byfleet were held and in the early 18th it was an army Recruiting Office.  In the 1960s it was part of the Thistle Hotel Group and is now Best Western
Monument. This monument was originally erected in Seven Dials in central London but was demolished inn In 1773. In 1820 the Duchess of York who had lived in Weybridge for 30 years died, and local people wanted to erect a memorial to her. The ‘duchess lived at Oatlands house following an unhappy marriage and devoted herself to numerous pet dogs. The Monument was being stored in the gardens of a local architect, James Paine in Addlestone and a collection was organised by the landlord of the nearby Ship Inn to buy it to commemorate the duchess. The original Pillar was topped by six sundial faces, the seventh 'dyle' being the column itself but for Weybridge these were replaced by coronets.  A committee from Camden in the 1980s tried to get the column returned but Weybridge has refused to do this.


Oatlands Palace
The site of the Palace is in an area bounded by Grotto Road and Old Palace Road, Weybridge. After 1922 the whole area was developed for housing
Oatlands Palace. Thus replaced the old moated manor house using stone which came from Chertsey Abbey.  Henry VIII took the house over in 1538 and rebuilt it for Anne of Cleves and it was later extended with building over what had been the moat. It had a high Prospect Tower.  It is thought the original house partly remained there into the 17th. Various subsequent monarchs lived there. During the Commonwealth it was sold and demolished. Oatlands House – to the east – later became the principal residence

.
Old Palace Road
Girl Guide HQ –hall and open space
Brick vaulted culvert, with vaulted chambers at either end, which runs below the Girl Guides' Association property. This remains from the Palace.


Palace Gardens
Tudor gateway. The principal visible remains of the Tudor Palace are two brick carriage gateways, with heavily moulded brick four-centred arches, set in an ancient brick wall on the northern boundary of the Council property


Portmore Estate
Between the river and the main road the Duke of Norfolk bought land and built a large house. When he died in 1684 it passed to James II, who gave it to his mistress Catherine Sedley. In 1688 she married David Colyear, and he became the first Earl Portmore in 1703. In 1861 the land was sold and in 1887 roads were laid out for building plots.


Portmore Way
Christ the Prince of Peace.  Catholics in Weybridge had had churches on a number of sites and in converted buildings. In 1988, it was decided that a new Parish Centre should be built. The first mass in the new church was celebrated in 1989.
St Charles Borromeo Catholic Primary School
St Martin de Porres. Repository


Shepperton Lock
The first lock here was built in 1813   by the City Corporation and it was a pound lock on a cut along an existing watercourse, Stoner’s Gut, to create Lock Island. It had been suggested in 1805 but there was opposition. A wooden lock was however installed in 1813 and a stone lock was built in 1899
Stonors Gut - This channel not really used for navigation. It is believed that there was a little wooden church built on piles over the river which was washed away by constant floods. The gut was thus dammed.
Weir – this is between Lock Island and Hamhaugh Island.
Weir – this is the larger weir of the two and it is between Hamhaugh Island and the south bank.


Shepperton Lock Island
The island was created by the construction by the City Corporation of a lock in 1813. It is connected to Shepperton Lock and also to Hamhaugh Island via a walkway over the weir
Thames River Police station 
Weybridge Mariners' Boat Club. This is a club for motor boat enthusiasts and dates from 1960.  Their first club house was a barge called Greywell moored at Harmsworth’s Wharf. When this was condemned by the public health they took over the old Thames Conservancy building at Shepperton Lock doing all the work themselves. Then it was burnt down so they built another one themselves.


Thames Lock
Thames Lock. This is the lock between the Wey Navigation and the Thames. It is also sometimes called Ham Haw The lock was opened in 1653 and built of timber. It was rebuilt in 1863 with an early use of concrete on the Thames.
Lock cottage. This dated from 1765 lock cottage but was rebuilt in 1975 by the National Trust with the same appearance. Lock keeper had to collect and record transit fees paid by the barge owners
Housing. There is modern housing around the lock – and it is a gated estate.
The Pound. This was not an original feature of the Navigation. Towards the end of the 18th 'pound' locks began to be built but they required a dam and when Sunbury Lock Thames was rebuilt in the 19th the level of water in the Thames became lower.  At Thames Lock loaded barges could not then get over the cill. So the gap between the island and the lock was filled and a wooden dam with a single gate in it was installed as a pound lock between the Thames Lock and the Thames. This extended the island and created a channel which boats had to navigate. This is called the Pound. The level of water in the Thames Lock can be changed by opening or closing the gates in the other lock.
Ham Haw Mills stood on the island created by the overflow stream. It dates from at least 1693. It was also called Ham Mill, and was used for making paper but from 1720 was an iron mill. In 1817 was out of use but by 1840 it was an oil mill crushing seed and a second waterwheel was added. This was owned by Walter Flockton in 1841.  The Flocktons had tar works in Bermondsey and elsewhere in this period. The mill was demolished in 1963 following a fire. Housing here dates from 1989.
Weirs. There is a large weir by the site of the mill. It was built in the 1930s as part of the River Wey improvement scheme. It is controlled by National Trust Staff.
Harmsworth's Wharf. This was once the name of this wharf. Harmsworth’s were barge masters on the Basingstoke Canal which they eventually owned the canal which they bought in 1923. There was a rail line on the wharf with a crane
Butler’s Boat Yard, This was built in the 1880s just up from Bulldogs Weir. It is a long building close to the river edge where punts and skiffs could be hired.  It is still there but converted to housing
Weybridge Rowing Club. Established 1880. They operate on the extension to the island created by the building of the Gate Lock. The area is open only to rowing club members. The Weyfarers Club is their branch for leisure rowers.


Thames Street
104 The Minnow Pub. This was previously the Lincoln Arms from at least the 1830s and maybe in the 18th was the Anchor.  It was named for the Earl of Lincoln who is said to have had a Tudor hunting lodge here. It was renamed the Minnow in 2000
87 Weybridge Marine. Lincoln Arms Boathouse
83 Old Crown pub. The building dates from the 17th. Until 1832 this was called The Crown but later it was the The Old Crown. It was tied to Hodgson's Brewery in 19th but was later taken over by Courage after the Second World War. It is now a Free House owned by the same family since 1959
St George’s Junior School. This is part of St. George’s College – a large private Roman Catholic school based in Addlestone. St George's College was founded by the Josephites as a boys' boarding School. It absorbed St Maurs, a girls' school and the former St Maurs campus houses the junior school.
Dorney House . This was Crown property which was leased by Elizabeth I to John Woulde who died in 1598. It was sited slightly north of what is now the Minnow. It had a number of distinguished residents and appears to have been demolished in the mid-20th.
St. Maur’s Convent. The first St Maur’s school in England opened in Camberwell in 1897, and the sisters moved to Weybridge in 1898. The order was founded in Rouen in 1666 as the Charitable Mistresses of the Holy Infant Jesus to educate the daughters of the poor. They were based in the rue de Saint Maur, in Paris. In Weybridge, they relied on the Josephites to minister the sacraments. In the 1960s some of the Sixth form girls took A level courses with the St. George’s boys.  In 1999 St Maur’s became part of St. George’s and the premises in Weybridge became the Junior School.
Clinton House. This was once known as Colomb House and the named changed for Hon. George Clinton, the inventor of the naval semaphore. It was also the home of Mary Ann Clarke, mistress of the Duke of York. It is now part of the St. George’s School complex
Pillars .All that now remains of the 18th and 19th century Portmore Estate is at the end of Portmore Park Road – two . Thick gate piers with trophies which once marked the Thames Street entrance to the estate.
33 Kings Arms.  This pub was known as The Farnell Arms at time of closure in 1997. Now demolished. Site of Farnell Mews
41 Crest House. This was the head office of construction firm Crest Nicholson. It may relate to the Upholstery Works - this very large works is shown on maps from the 1960s at the rear of the Kings Arms. This is the site of Lincoln Grove.


The Bull Dogs
This is another island for which there are apparently plans for a nature reserve.


Walton Lane
Pumping station. Walton and Weybridge sewage works. A pump house remains on site.


The Wey and its Navigation
The Navigation is not a canal – it is the river made navigable
Town Lock – and the island between the navigation and the Thames. See above. Whittiets Ait– between the navigation and the Wey – see below.
The River Wey Navigation forms a continuous waterway between Weybridge via Guildford to Godalming. It is owned by the National Trust. The Wey was the second river in England to be turned to a navigable waterway. The Navigation opened in 1653. Through the efforts of Sir Richard Weston an enabling Act was passed in 1651 and, despite Weston’s death, work was completed in 1653. It was for transporting barge loads of heavy goods to London – timber, corn, flour, wood and gunpowder. The coming of the railways from the 1840s marked its decline mad the start of decline for many canals. Members of the Stevens took over the running of it 1930. In the 1960, the navigation was no longer viable and Stevens gave it to the National Trust in 1964.
Bulldogs Weir. This was built sac cross the natural river in order to divert water into Ham Haw Cut. It was rebuilt in the 1850s.
Coulson’s Bay Weir. This is at the upstream end of Ham Haw cut and is called Coulson’s Bay. Water overflows into a channel which winds back to the Thames.


Whittets Ait
Island between the river and the Navigation with a park and homes.

Sources
Closed Pubs. Web site
Elmbridge Canoe Club. Web site
Historic England. Web site
Looneyatomns. Web site
Nauticalia. Web site
Old Crown. Web site
Parker. North Surrey 
Penguin. Surrey, 
Pevsner. Surrey
Pub History. Web site
Surrey Archaeological Records. Web site
Weyriverco. Web site
St. George’s College. Web site
Village Matters. Web site
Wardle. The Wey Navigations
Weybridge Sailing Club. Web site
Weybridge Society. Web site
Weybridge Tennis Club. Web site
Wheatley and Meulenkamp. Follies
Wikipedia. As appropriate

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