Sunday, 30 April 2017

Greatness - Bat and Ball




Post to the north Greatness


Allotment Lane
Sevenoaks Allotment Holders Association. They manage a large site with 220 plots

Bat and Ball Road
This is a modern road built from the Bat and Ball junction to the station and continuing north in the gap which was once formed between the main line and the sidings to goods sheds.
Bat and Ball Station. The station dates from 1862 and now lies between Sevenoaks and Otford on South Eastern Trains. It was built by the London Chatham and Dover Railway and opened as ‘Sevenoaks Bat & Ball’. In 1950 it was renamed ‘Bat & Ball’. There is a station building, Station Master’s House and waiting room. It was originally the terminus of the Sevenoaks branch line from Swanley to Sevenoaks. The name derives from the Bat & Ball Inn, which no longer exists but which stood some distance away at the junction of Seal and Otford roads. A turntable stood south of the station on a site west of Chatham Hill Road.
Sevenoaks Junction. This stood north of the line which then ran forward to sidings.
Sidings. These stood east of what is now Bat and Ball road and ran to a goods shed, cattle pen and coal yard. The site of those sidings is now trading units on the east side of Bat and Ball Road. R.White, lemonade merchant, had a depot here.
Sand pit. This lay east of the railway sidings and was reached by a sidings itself a junction to the north of Sevenoaks Junction and in the square to the north.
Tramway. This ran from the gas works to the north west of the station (in the squares to the north and west) and joined a complex of sidings to the west and north of the station.

Camden Road
30 The Rifleman. Greene King House. Not clear if it is still open
St. Johns Medical Practice

Chatham Hill Road
This road provided the access to Bat and Ball Station until Bat and Ball Road was built and this road blocked. It is said to have been called Chatham Road because the rail line was once owned by the London Chatham and Dover Railway.
St John’s Ambulance, this is in old iron church bought here in 1884 by the local Roman Catholic Church from their Granville road site

Crampton’s Road
Sevenoaks Community Centre. This has three halls and a busy programme. There are plans to build a bigger complex with council facilities and a conference centre here.

Golding Road
Probably named for Goldings Brewery which was nearby in Cramptons Lane,
Sand pit. This was on the west side of the road and developed after 1870. The site was later used for a garage and workshop for Davis’s Blue Star Garage and when this closed it became housing.
Sewer vent pipe on the corner with St James Road

Greatness Lane
This led to Greatness House which was at the end of the lane (and would have been partly in the square to the north)
Greatness House. This was built by Peter Nouaille near the mill pond in 1763. It was described in 1829 as having  stabling for 10 horses, a green-house, and an ice-house,  as well as two gardens and fifty acres of land surrounding the house, with a ‘handsome piece of water well stocked with fish, Nouille sold it in 1828 to the Filmer family. It was later used as a boys school known as Lonsbury College for ‘sons of the gentry’. The house was destroyed by a film company in the early 20th who blew it up in a war propaganda film.
Silk mill. This was sited at the junction with Mill Lane. This was established here by Peter Nouaille a French Huguenot formerly based in Spitalfields. He was a crepe manufacturer from France who married Elizabeth Delamore of Greatness. By 1766 there was a factory here with over 100 workers, many of them French and where they mostly made crepe. Peter Nouille was the first recipient of a ‘Captain Swing’ letter in England in.1790. He died in 1809. The mill continued but demand fell by 1828 when it closed. The mill was powered by a mill race and pond which runs along the west side of Mill Lane to mill ponds on the south side of the Seal Road.
Abacus Furniture Project. Reconditioned second hand furniture.  This appears to be on the site of the silk mill.

Greatness Road
Congregational mission. This dated from the late 1880s and was used for the immediate local area.  It is now in office use.

Grove Road
Greatness Hall. Large building next to the pub, with which it clearly had an associated use. Now housing.

Hillingdon Avenue
This road follows the line of a previous path through the woodland. This was laid out for John Pratt, Earl of Camden as a path to his house at Wildernesse.
Hillingdon Avenue Open Space

Hospital Road
Sevenoaks Hospital. This is on both sides of the road. It opened as Holmesdale Cottage Hospital in 1873 on a site near the corner with St. John’s Hill. The hospital was built to the plans of J M Hooker in 1872 and remodelled in the 1920’s. With the inception of the National Health Service in 1948 the hospital expanded and in the 1960s a new maternity unit was built which is now the outpatients department. Other new units have also been added since.
St.John’s Lodge. This was the home of the Nouaille family after the sale of Greatness House. It was later incorporated into the hospital site.


Mill Lane
Greatness Mill.  A mill at Greatness is first noted in 1406 and by 1632 the local manor was being paid an annual rent for ‘Gritneys mill’. There are also records of a 17th fulling mill and house owned by Godhelp Cooper. Fulling mills were owned here by the Jeffrey brothers. There is no evidence where these mills were but they were likely to have been either on the site of the silk mill or where the extant mill buildings are.
Greatness Mill building. The extant mill buildings are those marked as a ‘corn mill’ on maps since the 1870s with a similar footprint to current remains. There is no evidence of an early mill on the current site but archaeological evidence in the foundations indicate an 18th date. The mill was owned and worked by George Harris for over 40 years and auctioned at his death in 1927. It was burnt down in 1928 but rebuilt and milling continued until 1935. It was then used as an upholdstery workshop.  It is now being redeveloped as housing.
Mill ponds. Mill ponds lay north and south of Seal Road then joined to a mill race which ran down the west side of Mill Lane down to the current mill site. The pond north of Seal Road exists at the top of Mill Lane. By 1936 this mill pond and race were used as a boating pond, swimming pool and lido. This use is said to date from the 1870s. The mill race was subsequently filled in and its line is now a path between houses.
Ponds and sluices serving the site of the northern mill used as the silk mill appear to have been on the east side of the lane, and are shown on 19th maps, but have since been filled in.
42-63 Cottages – Peter Nouaille built two rows of cottages in Kent ragstone for the workers in 1763. There was a pediment over the centre cottage. These appear to have been adjacent to the mill and were demolished in the 1950s.  There was also a school for the children, many of whom worked in the mill.
Scout Hut. This is headquarters for the 4th St, Johns scout Group. Their site is on what was part of the gardens of Greatness House, and the area they call “The dip” was the area of the fishpond serving the estate. There is an air rifle range on what was once the ice house.
Council houses – the earliest council houses in Sevenoaks were built here in 1914 on land purchased from the Filmers
Greatness Park.  Playing fields on land bought by the council from the Filmer family.  This is used for sporting facilities in particular Sevenoaks Town Football Club

Quakers Hall Lane
National School.  This was the original buildings of St. John’s Church of England Primary School. It was a mixed school later divided into three boys, girls and infants and opened in 1865. It was gradually enlarged and eventually moved to another site and then again to another one.  The buildings were demolished in 1978.. It is now Old School Court

Seal Hollow Road
This was originally called Locks Bottom Road and is an ancient track following a river valley

Seal Road
A25. This was the major route running to the south of London until the construction of the M25 which largely parallels it.
104 Elephants Head Pub. This pub probably dates from the 1870s but is now a vet.
Chapman’s Ford. Near the top of Mill Lane
Millpond Wood. Mixed woodland set on a hillside criss-crossed with wide pathways. Some large sweet chestnut, Scots pine and beech trees. It is owned and managed by Sevenoaks Council. The former mill pond which once lay across the road from Mill Lane had apparently gone by the early 20th and now appears to be the site of a close of houses.
Bowl barrow. This is in Mill Pond Wood and is an oval mound surrounded by a ditch which is no longer visible. It was partially excavated in the 1890’s when traces of a cremation burial were discovered.
Cemetery. This cemetery dates from 1906, and belongs to the local authority. In contains 16 War Graves, of which eleven are in two small special plots.  In the cemetery is the listed  Kraftmeier Mausoleum which is in Art Nouveau style incorporating a barrel vaulted roof.


St James Road
Sandpit. There was sandpit on the south side of the road, and indeed some houses east of Golding Road appear to be lower than the road surface.

St.John's Hill
St.John's Church. In the early part of the 1800s, a community began to develop in this area, the Rector of St. Nicholas saw that  a chapel of ease was needed and thus the church was built. It was dedicated in 1858 built of Kentish ragstone on land donated by the Marquis of Camden. In 1878, It is described, by Pevsner as ‘cheap’’. It became a parish in its own right. It was planned to build a bigger brick church in 1900 but this never happened except for an extension and a chapel. A parish room next door was built in 1910. It is a church in the Catholic tradition where Mass is celebrated every day..
75 New Inn. Demolished and replaced with flats
87 Castle Inn. This dates from the 1870s
123 Church building. This is marked as a Methodist church on old maps. No sign of life there now.
143 Railway Tavern. Demolished and now a supermarket
168 Bat and Ball Pub. The pub after which the area is named. It is now a studio and offices. It is said to have St.John’s well in the pub yard.
St |John’s Field. This was in the north west angle of the Bat and Ball crossroads and is thought to be the most likely site for a medieval hospital dedicated to St John the Baptist. This had probably begun in the Saxon period as a shrine alongside the road dedicated to St John the Baptist and near a spring at the foot of St John’s Hill. Sometime between 900-1050 a chapel was built at Greatness and a hospital was set up adjacent to this by 1289. It may have been a hospital or a hostel for travellers, and was still extant in 1534. It was suppressed at the dissolution and stones from its building were used by the Culpepper family to build themselves a house at Riverhead.
Our Lady of Greatness. There was a shrine, or a well, in this area associated with this cult.

Sources
Archaeological database. Web site
Bygone Kent 
Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Web site
Historic England. Web site
League of Friends of Sevenoaks Hospital. Web site
Megalithic Portal. Web site
Pevsner. West Kent 
Rayner. Sevenoaks Past
Sevenoaks District Council. Web site
St.John's Primary School. Web site
Sevenoaks History. Web site
Wessex Archaeology. Web site
Woodland Trust. Web site

Friday, 28 April 2017

Baron's Court - West Kensington


Post to the west Central Hammersmith


Addison Bridge Place
This was originally called Portland Place
1 Now a shoe shop this was the Olympia Motor Mart in 1911.
3 there is a fire insurance plaque on the side of the house facing the road. It says ‘1790/1810’
4 Blue Plaque to Harold Laski, 1893-1950 'teacher and political philosopher, lived here 1926-1950'. He was a leading light in the Labour Party becoming Chairman of the party in 1945. W S Gilbert also lived there for a while. There is also an old metal bollard on the pavement outside
6 Blue Plaque to Samuel Taylor Coleridge. This was erected in 1950 by the London County Council and says it is to the ‘poet and philosopher 1772-1834’ who stayed there with the Morgan family.
9 Cast iron bollard, with bead decoration to head. This is on the pavement outside
Rowley Cottages. These are behind 6-9 and are in brick dated to about 1870.
Exhibition House. This is a new office building constructed over three interconnecting buildings. It is built on a site to the south east of the main street and at a lower level. The site previously contained about 100 garages known as ‘Exhibition garages’.
Cast iron lamp standard at the entrance, this has its original frog and lantern cage, but the lantern is missing.


Aisgill Avenue
Local authority housing built in the early 1970s on the site of the West Kensington Coal and Goods Depot
This was part of an exhibition area which was the idea of John Robinson Whitley who became involved with the idea for an 'American Exhibition' in London. He opened negotiations with the District Railway for use of a site in their ownership, including that in Fulham beyond the West London Extension Railway. He developed three sites here, including what became the main Exhibition centre. One site was between the Midland's sidings and North End Road and here he built pleasure gardens. These included a switchback railway, a toboggan slide, and the largest bandstand in London. The switchback railway and the bandstand are still shown on maps of the 1920s but by the early 1950s the entertainment has gone and it has become the west London coal and goods depot of the Midland Railway.


Auriel Road
Buildings here were badly damaged by enemy action during the Second World War.  In the air raids of 1944, many houses were completely wrecked and since rebuilt,
Pillar box. This has 'VR' embossed and was made by Andrew Handyside & Co Britannia Iron Works Derby & London


Avonmore Place
Gordon Cottage. 19th house used as the school keeper’s house.
24 Kingsley House. This has a date plaque for ‘1888’. It is now flats but the ground floor was a warehouse with a loading bay.
York House. That was an industrial building and has its original shop surround. After the Second World War this was a publishing house for the Poplar Press and others.

Avonmore Road
2a Leigh Court, this was built originally as J. Lyons office with flats above the offices around 1900.  It has also been used as a publisher’s office.
16-18 Davidson Motor and Carriage Co., Ltd., This company was here in 1919 as part of the Davidson Aviation Co., Ltd.  The aviation company works where their gyrocopter was made was at 231 Hammersmith Road (west of this square),
18 Independent Age. The organisation gives advice and support to the elderly. They were set up in 1863 as United Kingdom Beneficent Association
22 was designed by James MacLaren in 1888 as a studio and house for the society portrait sculptor H. R. Pinker. There are big studio doors and a separate entrance and porch for the house.
Avonmore Primary School. The school is in a single storey 1950s prefabricated building. It includes a nursery. There has been a school on this site since the late 19th.
20 This was a Post Office Sorting Office built in 1887.  There are crown plaques by the entrance one says ‘VR’ the other ‘1887’.
51 GLC Blue Plaque for Edward Elgar, the composer, who lived here 1891-1893
Marcus Garvey Park. This is a small 20th park which has been carved out in crowded street from small gaps and disused areas. It is laid out in two adjacent areas. In one there is a circular lawn with shrubs around the edge and there is an area for under 5s play. The other is grass and shrubs along an old brick wall.


Baron’s Court Road
The Baron’s Court area was a development by the Palliser family in the late 19th. The name may relate to nearby Earl’s Court, or to the Court Baron held by the Lord of the Manor – or just be made up to attract wealthy residents.
20 Blue plaque to Mahatma Gandhi. This says  ‘Mahatma Gandhi 1869-1948 lived here as a law student’ – Gandhi of course being the leader of Indian nationalism
Barons Court Garden Triangle. This behind the houses at the west end of the road on the south side. It is seen as deriving from ideas which were part of the garden city movement. The gardens are shared and managed by the 34 linked semi-detached houses surrounding it,


Beaumont Avenue
Kensington Hall Gardens. Built between 1897 and 1899. Kensington Hall itself had been built in 1834 by a Kensington Butcher Tom Slater.  It became known as “Slater’s Folly” –and was occupied as a school and from 1875 leased by the Benevolent Society of St John of Jerusalem and later by a religious sisterhood as an orphanage and convalescent hospital. It was demolished in 1897 and Kensington Hall Gardens built. It was damaged by a V1 in 1944. In 1996 Kensington Hall Gardens Ltd. was formed by leaseholders to buy the freehold.
Lillie Bridge Depot. Permanent Way and traction maintenance depot for the District and Piccadilly Lines. The Metropolitan District Railway opened a depot here in 1872. It is scheduled to be de-commissioned by 2019 and parts are already demolished.


Beaumont Crescent
The road was badly damaged bombing in 1944.
2 Blue plaque. This says “This building was the headquarters of the Universal Negro Improvement Association from 1935-1940. The UNIA is an international Pan African movement founded by Marcus Mosiah Garvey in 1914”.


Bedford Close
This new road runs between the railway lines and Warwic Road through the site of the old coal depot. It is full of colossal blocks of flats with views over the railway.


Castletown Road
4a The Bhavan Centre. Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan. Thus was established in 1938 in Mumbai and operates in over a 100 centres in India. The UK Bhavan is the first and largest overseas branch. Its fundamental purpose is “to preserve for the posterity, the unsurpassed and indisputable beauty of Indian Culture, art and heritage”. The Congregational lecture hall fronting onto Challoner Street is also part of the Centre.
West Kensington Congregational church.  Built by Cubitt 1882. The Church was founded in 1885 and in 1972, when the Congregational and Presbyterian Churches merged it joined the newly formed United Reformed Church.


Comeragh Road.
28 Curtains Up Pub. His pub was built as the Admiral Palliser in 1878 and re-named the Barons Court Hotel. This is a Geronimo Pub – actually that’s a Youngs’ brand. It has the 60 seat Baron’s Court Theatre in the cellar.
Comeragh Mews. These are shown as Livery Stables on 19th maps. This is now housing. There is a large arch at each end of the mews.


Counters Creek
Counter's Creek. Some of this stream still exists as Chelsea Creek and it originally flowed from Kensal Green to the Thames. The course of it can be followed now as the West London rail line which itself replaced the Kensington Canal.  The original stream formed the boundary between the parishes of Kensington and Fulham and it became known as Counter's Creek, as 'Counter's Bridge' is the historic name for the crossing of the creek at Olympia. This name was first recorded in the 14th after the Countess of Oxford who held the manor of Kensington.


Cumberland Crescent
This curving road once went round to end in North End Road, but now provides an entrance to Marcus Garvey Park.
21 Cumberland Lodge. This was the caretaker’s lodge to Rugby Mansions built in 1898. It is a red brick cottage said to have a wooden dovecote on the wall.


Earsby Street
Mary Boon School. This building stands on the corner with Bishop King’s  Road. It is a three storey London School Board school. Built in 1875 by Robson and said to have on the Cumberland Crescent side plaques with ‘1899’, and ‘Boys’ and Girls’. In the 1950s this is shown as a “Secondary school and College of Commerce’ and described as a Secondary Technical School. At some point Mary Boon School moved to other premises in Shepherd’s Bush where it is said to have concentrated in dress making and domestic science. By the mid 1970s this Earsby Street building was in use for adult education classes. It would be interesting to know who Mary Boon herself was.
St James School. This is a private fee paying school set up in 1975. It consists of a girls and a junior school, with a boys' school in Ashford, Surrey. Based in an area with many embassies and departments of international agencies it has an international outlook. It is mainly in the site of the, London School Board built, Mary Boon School.


Edith Road
2 St. Mary’s Vicarage


Fenelon Road
The road dates from the 1850s and was originally Alma Road, before being renamed Fenelon Road in 1871. It originally was the site of ‘model cottages’ named after the philanthropic Earl of Shaftesbury. These were slum cleared in the 1950s and some of the road changed in road widening schemes. The road is now an alley way in a canyon between the Tesco car park and monolithic blocks of flats.

FitzGeorge Avenue
Laid out in 1897 on part of the grounds of North End House by o Henry Lovatt with blocks designed by Delissa Joseph.

Fizjames Avenue
North End Court. Flats here are on the site of North End House demolished in 1928 following a fire. It was designed by Joseph Architects. In the Second World War Gibraltar refugees were housed here.
North End House. This dated from 1791 and was in 7 acres of grounds including a lake. In 1840 it was remodelled into an informal park.
Gardens – on the site of the gardens of North End House. This modern garden was designed by Group Capt E T Haylock around two old trees. An old catalpa was cut down although it is regrowing from the stool and there is a path around it. A lawn, seats and a surrounding bed planted with roses and other shrubs.


Gibbs Green
Gibbs Green. The Green itself was on North End Road but it has given its name to the area. Gibbs Green Bridge crossed Counters Creek to join a road from Mascottes Bridge to Earl's Court to the west of North End Road. In the 16th it was ‘Gybbesgreen Lane’
Gibbs Green Estate. This was built in 1961
Gibbs Green Community Hall

Glidden Road
James Lee Nursery School
Ealing Hammersmith and West London College. This is a further and higher education college  with four campuses. The main campus is on the north side of the A4, between Hammersmith and Earls Court. Here the College offers full and part-time courses across a broad range of subjects but specialising in Health and Social Care.   The college was built here on some of the playing fields of what had been St Paul’s School.


G√ľnterstone Road
69 blue plaque to Rider Haggard 'novelist lived here 1885-1888'.  Plaque erected 1977.

Gwendwr Road
Gwendwr Gardens.  This opened in 1949 after being given to Fulham Council by the Gunter Estate as a memorial to the residents from West Kensington who died in Second World War bombing. There is a plaque about its opening and a statue of Meditation


Hammersmith Road
Crossing into Kensington near Olympia called Countess Bridge. The road is at least medieval and may be a Roman Road.  Hammersmith Road has been an important route to London since early times. It began at Counter Bridge, now Addison Bridge. When the first toll road west out of London was designated in 1717 the Hammersmith Turnpike was built here at the junction of Hammersmith Road and North End Road.
Addison Bridge. Boundary stone 1860 for Kensington Parish
Kensington West London Station.  A small station was planned in 1840 during the construction of the West London Railway. Originally it was to go by the Kensington Canal basin but it couldn't be seen from Hammersmith Road and so a station was opened on the north side of Hammersmith Road. It was not authorised by Robert Stephenson until 1843 and its sole platform opened in May 1844 and closed in December 1844. It was used again briefly in 1863 when the West London Railway opened fully but closed in 1864 when what is now Olympia Station opened.
1 the Hand and Flower Public House, was built in the 1880’s and is a Fullers House, and was previously Marstons. There is a sign on the east chimney stack inscribed ‘Hand and Flower’. It is said to have been started by a Mr. Hand who was friendly with flower girls. However it is also said that it was rebuilt in 1788 and was renamed then. It has also been called Harvey Wallbangers, Hammersmith Charivari and the Rose and Crown
38- 40 Bell and Anchor. This is said to have been on the site of turnpike gate. It was a Truman’s House but has now been demolished. The site is now part of the Olympia lorry park.
Royal Vineyard Nursery. In the mid 19th this covered a major part of the north side of Hammersmith Road. It covered at least the sites of Olympia and most of Cadby Hall. It was the nursery of Messrs. Lee, of Hammersmith and survived until the early part of the 20th. James Lee was a Scot who has been employed at Syon House and then at Whitton. He opened the Vineyard around 1760 – and grew grapes for wine As well as a Horticultural Nursery for which they collected plants world wide. In particular they specialised in fuchsias. Lee had a wide knowledge of plants and Along with Carl Von Linne, wrote An Introduction to Botany, in 1760. At his death the nursery was carried under James Lee, John and Charles Lee, then William Lee and ended in the early 20th,
Olympia. The bulk of the Olympia building lies in the square to the north but the entrance and a huge wall of buildings lie along Hammersmith road. The main buildings date from the late 19th but the frontage on Hammersmith Road dates from 1929.  It was originally called the Empire Hall and is now Olympia Central. It is in an art deco style faced with concrete and completed and introduced the German modernist style into London. Olympia' is written in relief at the top. The original decorative horizontal fixing bars for electric exhibition advertisements are still there.
Offices.  These faceless mirror glazed offices are by Scott, Brownrigg & Turner; and replace Lyons' vast offices and factories,
Cadby Hall.  This was Joe Lyons office and factory complex and the headquarters of this pioneering catering company for nearly 100 years. Lyons was the largest catering establishment in the world and the first business to ever use a computer system. Lyons took over Cadby Hall in 1889 and it grew to cover over 13 acres spreading along Hammersmith Road. They bought the St Mary’s College campus in 1922 (in the square to the north). The original piano factory became a bakery and many new blocks were added with 30,000 staff and had the first ever business computer, the LEO. By the late 1970s, Lyons & Co. began to decline and was taken over by Allied Breweries. The Cadby Hall complex was scaled down and demolished in 1983.
Cadby Piano Factory. Cadby Hall originated with Charles Cadby, piano manufacturer, who bought the land here in 1874.  It had previously been the Croften Estate. The building was designed by Lewis Isaacs with carved portraits of famous composers and reliefs of scenes of music and poetry. After Cadby's death in 1884 the factory was sold and taken over by Kensington Co-operative Stores and Schweppes Mineral Waters.
Omnibus depot. This was present in the 1890s on the north side of the road
122 The Albion.  Pub built in 1864 and current building dates from 1923
St Mary's church. Originated in 1814 as a chapel of ease funded by a Mr, Hunt who lived locally and it was the church for the growing village of North End.  Became the parish church in 1835.  It was still then a propriety chapel. Later a church school was established here. The church was extended in the 1880s as the local population grew.  The church was destroyed by a V1 in 1944. A new church was begun in 1960. The new church is smaller but some artefacts from the old church were saved and are still used,
Burial Ground. This was declared full in 1881. Some gravestones remain round the walls of the grounds.


Kensington Canal
This canal was opened in 1828 to run from the Thames in Chelsea  along the line of Counter's Creek, to a basin near Warwick Road. It was not commercially successful, and was bought up by a railway company, which then laid a line along its route on the Fulham side. A second railway line followed.

Kensington Village
Kensington Village. This is reached via Avonmore Road.  This is a gated housing estate built in structures of the 1880s. When the area was built up in the 1880s the developers Gibbs and Flew went bankrupt and sold surplus land to Whiteley’s. The complex includes warehouses, laundry blocks and stables built in 1895 by Kirk and Randall of Woolwich. The landmark building could e seen from West Cromwell Road and was by Alfred M Ridge. The Warwick Building was used as a depository for furnishings to go to colonial residents. On the railway side is The ‘New Pantechnicon’, was begun in 1892 by William Shepherd of Bermondsey. Avon House, which was the central section of the main building, has been rebuilt as a steel frame curtain walled unit with a dummy central clock tower.


Lanfrey Place
This was once called Little Ebenezer Place built in 1853

Lisgar Street
Samuel Lewis Housing Trust Estate. This large estate was built in 1928 by the Trust and is now part of the Southern Housing Group.
Community Hall.


Mornington Avenue
Whiteley's Cottages. This is a short terrace of workers cottages in brick with stables projecting on the ground floor. Access to the living areas is by a staircase from the road leading to a first floor walkway with metal railings. They were built in 1892 and face onto Cromwell Road.


Mund Street
This once led to the West London Railway Coal Depot, and before that to the westernmost exhibition area. The switchback railway lay immediately at the end of the road.
The Pavilion. Glasshouse which has been used as an estate office and also by the Citizens Advice organisation.
Wedgewood School. This was on the north side of the road in 1981 and listed as an ‘ESN school”
Gibbs Green School. Listed as a co-educational for children with special needs. It closed in 2009
Queensmill School. This school for autistic children used the Mund Street school buildings on a temporary basis and later moved to their permanent site.
Fulham Boys School. This is a ‘Free’ Secondary Boys School founded by local parents and teachers it opened in 2014.  It will be at its full capacity in 2020.  It was founded with a Christian ethic and a ‘business’ background. It is intended to move the school to another site in 2018 but in the meantime a lot of money has been spent to make it suitable for a boys' school of this type.
14-24 Platarg Engineering. This company had been established here in 1939 by a Czech and specialised in refining platinum and silver. They moved to Brentwood 1966
14 Bendix washing machines. This appears to have been a depot for the company from 1966

Munden Street
Rising Sun Pub. Closed before the Great War. There are now flats on the site.


North End Crescent
The crescent is a stretch of what was North End Road. The road itself was straightened marooning this stretch.
3 Nell's Jazz and Blues. This appears to be part of the Sainsbury premises and the front door is actually in North End Road. It was previously BV – and it appears there have been a series of clubs here when the supermarket was the Cedars Hotel.
7 Barons Court Library. This became the Citizens Advice Bureau. There is also an advice centre for London Irish Care


North End Road
North End, This was originally a hamlet in the parish of Fulham. By the mid-19th it was one of the largest local settlements with multi-storeyed houses with basement quarters for servants.
15 this was St. Mary’s Protestant Mission and is now offices. It dates from 1895 designed by T. Woodbridge Briggs. There is a marble plaque to Miss Ann Louisa Davis dated 1895 on the front
29 Cumberland Arms. 19th pub dating from at least the 1860s and standing on the corner of Cumberland Crescent. Now a ‘gastropub’.
North End House. The grounds of this house fronted onto the road and are now the site of the North End Estate.  It was once owned by James Wild who was a collector of curiosities and a nonconformist. He founded Ebenezer Chapel in 1842
Mornington Lodge. This was built about 1834 by Squire Jones.  It was the home of various people including the local developer William Gibbs in 1878. The council demolished Mornington Lodge and replaced it with flats.
Marcus Garvey Park. This was created from a car park and redundant roadways. It contains brick walkways, seating areas and planting and acts as an informal play and recreation area. It is laid out in two adjacent areas. In the larger area there is a circular lawn with shrubs around the edge of the space and there is an area for under 5s play. The spaces are marked out by low palisades of white logs. The smaller area is grass with shrubs along an old brick wall that separates blocks of flats from the park.
37   Live and Let Live. The Greene King Pub was at one time called The Pickled Newt. It pub closed in 2016.
39 scrolled metal gas lamp bracket attached to the first floor elevation,
41A this was an Ebenezer Chapel built in the 1840’s in brick. There is a foundation stone dated 1842 in the wall at the side.
43-5 this was built as West London County Court by H. N. Hanks in 1907-8. In the central bay is a crest with a lion and unicorn, and the rainwater hopper heads are inscribed ‘E VII R’.  It is now flats.
The Grange. This is on the site of the Lytton Estate. It was a semi detached mansion built in 1715. Samuel Richardson the novelist lived there 1739 - 1754, publishing Pamela. Edward Burne-Jones also lived at the Grange from 1867- 1898. He produced many important works in studios there. After his death the house became derelict and the gardens were used as allotments in the Second World War. It was demolished in 1958 and the Lytton Estate built.  A block of flats nearby is named after Burne Jones.
47 Otto House Asylum. This appears to have been used as a private mental hospital in the late 19th and early 20th.
60 Cedars Hotel (or 3 North End Crescent), this is now a supermarket. It closed in 2011 at which time it was known as the Crescent Champagne Bar. It was built on the site of an earlier pub, the Anchor in Hope when the Cedars Estate was developed in the 1880s.  It has been described as “the culmination of alternative High Victorian fashion of the 1880s”.  The frontage area onto North End Road was added when the road was straightened.  It had also been called the Fox, the Rat and Carrot and the Fox Rattle and Hum.  A wing added in the 1960s included a club called West One Four, the Orange or the Bird's Nest – and presumably it is this that is now Nell’s Jazz and Blues.
148 The Clarence Pub
160 North End Road Medical Centre. NHS facility.
171 The Famous Three Kings. This pub dates from the 17th but was rebuilt in 1908.  This is now a ‘sports pub’, but it was more famous in the late 1970s as the Nashville Rooms, a venue for punk rock and new wave bands. Inside it is a labyrinth of doors
Railway Bridge over the District Line. There is what appears to be the base of a lamp standard at a half way point.
West Kensington Station. This opened in 1874 it lies between Earls Court and Baron’s Court on the District Line and was originally called ‘North End (Fulham)’ Metropolitan District Railway.  The name was changed to West Kensington at the request of the developers of the area. In 1927 the entrance building was rebuilt by using similar materials and finishes to those used for the Morden line to a Holden design,
180 The Old Oak. 1870s pub rebuilt in the 1930s.
235-237 The Super Cinema opened in 1922. Initially an independent it was taken over by Denman/Gaumont British Theatres in 1928. It was bombed in 1942 and never re-opened. The building became a warehouse for several years and was demolished in the 1950’s. The site is now part of the flats on the Council’s West Kensington Housing Estate.
West Kensington Estate. Terraces and towers begun in 1970 by Gleeson Industrialised Building Ltd the borough's first Design and Build project, the towers brick clad in response to the Ronan Point disaster,


Pallister Road
Palliser – Sir William Pallister was the inventor of armour piercing projectiles called Palliser shot.
Barons Court station.  This opened in 1905 and lies between Earls Court and Hammersmith on the Piccadilly and District Lines. The tracks through Barons Court were first opened in 9 1874 when the District Railway opened an extension from Earl's Court to Hammersmith. As time went on the area was developed for housing and in 1905, the District Railway opened the station   and in preparation for the opening of what was then still called the Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway. This opened in 1906 and became the Piccadilly Line. The station building was designed by Harry Ford and retains many of original features, including a lot of terracotta and Art Nouveau lettering. There are wooden benches on the platform with the station name along the back on enamelled metal panels. The station has two island platforms to provide an interchange between the two lines - the inner tracks are used by the Piccadilly line and the outer tracks by the District line. There is no apparent reason why it is called Baron’s Court - is it an allusion to Earl's Court?
Queen's Club.  A private sports club dating from 1887 with facilities which originally included covered tennis courts, billiard rooms, and an ice rink. Many original buildings remain designed William Marshall. It is the national headquarters for real tennis and rackets. It was established in 1886 and was tithe first multipurpose sports complex ever to be built, anywhere in the world. It was named after Queen Victoria.  Many famous sporting events have originated here and as they outgrew the Club's facilities, they were transferred to new homes at Twickenham, Wembley and White City.


Pembroke Road
84 Kensington Arms. This pub was on the corner with Warwick Road. Now closed and turned into offices.
The road passes under a bridge which links the “gardens in the two halves of the Warwick Road Estate’.
Erards, the piano manufacturers., they were on the south side of the road.


Railway
Railway lines proliferate in this square
The District and Piccadilly lines run east/west with stations at West Kensington and Baron’s Court
The Overground, aka the West London Extension Railway, runs north/south on the line of what was Counters Creek and the Kensington Canal.  The Birmingham, Bristol & Thames Junction Railway was authorised in 1836 to buy the Kensington Canal and to build a railway northward across the proposed route of the Great Western to Bristol creating a through route for freight traffic from Bristol and Birmingham to the Thames, The engineer was Sir William Hosking and the company  was soon short of money. A 2.5 mile single line opened in  1844, with passenger services between Willesden and Kensington.  The first train had one passenger. And the line closed after less than six months. From the line was only used to carry coal and soon after the canal was filled in. In 1859 it was decided to build the West London Extension Joint Railway which was formed by Act of Parliament. A double track line between Willesden and Clapham Junction opened in 1863 and did very well. Connections were set up to nearby lines and depots and in the early 20th the line was electrified.  In the 20th passenger numbers bean to decline and services were closed during the Second World War. But it remained an important freight link. After the war only some services were laid on for events at Olympia, but were not a success. Freight continued to e busy and here were also specials and excursions using this north/south link.  In 1966 the Motorail terminal opened at Kensington and continued until 1988 .In 1986 a full passenger service was begun by the District Line and new services ipoend.  New stations were planned and opened. . Now Local trains run every half hour operated by London Overground. Hourly trains run between East Croydon and Milton Keynes.  There were twice daily services from Brighton to Birmingham New Street via Reading until 2008. There is considerable freight traffic and Eurostar trains used it between Waterloo International and the depot at North Pole

Star Road
Post war flats on some industrial sites.
George Goldby. Omnibus & Carriage Works. Goldby seems to have been a coach painter from Faringdon in Berkshire who came to London and opened this works.  He seems to have been bankrupt in 1891
8-10, Church Army Social Depot, This was the Fulham Church Army Hostel  for homeless men and was open in the 1890s and remained post Second World War.

Talgarth Road
This is part of the A4, Great West Road historically going from London to Bath. This section is a dual carriageway and was upgraded to become the main route to Heathrow in the 1960s. Some of this stretch was previously Colet Gardens.
135-141 St. Paul's Studios built in 1891 by Frederick Wheeler designed for 'bachelor artists', each with a large arched studio window on the first floor, and housekeeper's apartment in the basement.
151 Colet House. This was built in 1885 by Fairfax B Wade-Palmer for Sir Coutts Lindsay, founder of the Grosvenor Gallery. It was bought by Study Society in 1957. The Society is dedicated to continuing the work of P.D.Ouspensky teacher of the Fourth Way.  It was built on market gardens in what was then Red Cow Lane, later named Colet Gardens – which became Talgarth Road in the 1960s. Colet House has the largest single studio in London, long enough to hold a cricket pitch and two other substantial studios and has been a workplace of many artists. In the 1930s Colet ballet teacher Nicolai Legat, an emigre from St Petersburg established a school here, attracting dancers from all over the world. Before the Second World War Ouspensky lived here and during the war it was occupied by Naval Intelligence. Later it became home to the Royal Ballet School, with Ninette de Valois and with Margot Fonteyn.


Vernon Street
West London Police Court. This court was originally in Kensington from 1841. It moved to Brook Green Lane in 1843 and in 1859 moved to Vernon Street. From 1889 it was known as the West London Police Court. In 1996 it closed and was moved to Talgarth Road. There is now a modern house on the site.


Warwick Gardens
New Apostolic Church. The movement the church represents began in 1863 and the Hamburg schism and there have been other changes since. This was built as St. Barnabas's Church House in the 1880s and is shown as an infant school on some maps in the 1920s


Warwick Road
Name refers to the Earls of Warwick who owned Holland House dates from 1847 and extended to Old Brompton Road 1870. The road was developed with small working class houses in the 1870s. These were slum cleared in the 1950s by the London County Council.
Warwick Road Estate. Local authority flats on the east side of the road, in two halves divided by Pembroke Road. They were built on top of the Council’ rubbish depot in 1975 and designed by Arup Associates. There are plans to demolish them
Kensington Council Central depot. This was built in 1972–5 with a frontage of over 550 feet to Warwick Road divided by the roadway of Pembroke Road. The Kensington Vestry purchased the site in 1863 from Williams the local developers. In 1877 they added some of the piano factory opposite for stables.  They bought the freehold in 1904. The whole depot was renbuilt in 1917 to designs by Arup and built by Mowlem. It is in reinforced concrete with a vast transport workshop with a roof supported by a central column and sixteen radiating beams. It is on this roof that the garden square is resting.
Empress Telephone Exchange. The Post Office installed the world's first PCM (Pulse Code Modulation) exchange at the Empress telephone exchange. It was built to the designs of G. R. Yeats of the Ministry of Public Buildings and Works.  This was opened by Postmaster-General John Stonehouse in 1968. It was demolished in 2014. A decorative mosaic on the exterior of the building had already been removed. It has now been replaced with flats.
245 Warwick House - TA Centre. This was a three-storey block of flats built in 1952 as married soldiers' quarters for the territorial army centre .This site was sold to the Russian Government for never-built diplomatic housing. It has since been demolished for more flats
Kensington Primary ‘Academy’. New school set up by Squires developers as part of the new estates on the west side of the road.
Canal Basin. This was a rectangular structure, the southern end roughly parallel to Pembroke Road, on the other side of Warwick Road. It was filled in and its site and that to the north became a railway goods and coal depot. This stretched almost to Kensington High Street to the north and Warwick Road to the west.  By the 1860s there was a row of coal drops almost adjacent to Warwick Road. Within ten years there was a huge complex of sidings and the name ‘Earls Court Junction’ with its own signal box.  From the 1950s this was gradually cut back.
247 Radnor Arms. Pub built in 1862, probably to the designs of Josiah Houle,


West Cromwell road
Extension and bridge over the West London Railway built following great local opposition. The Bill was promoted by the London County Council & Middlesex County Council in 1936 and bridge finished by 1941 connecting Cromwell and Talgarth Roads. The resulting Viaduct was bombed in 1940

West Kensington Estate
This 19th estate was undertaken by two Dorset builders – William Henry Gibbs and John P Flew – following the opening of North End Station. They laid out what they called the West Kensington estate on land that had belonged to the confec¬tioner James Gunter.


Sources
AIM. Web site
Barons Court Garden Triangle. Web site
Bhavan Centre. Web site
Blue Plaque Guide
British History Online. Survey of London Vo. 42. Web site
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Clunn. The Face of London
Cumberland Arms. Web site
Day. London Underground
Disused Stations. Web site
Fulham & Hammersmith Historical Society, Buildings to see in Fulham and Hammersmith
GLIAS Newsletter
Goldby family history. Web site
Ealing Hammersmith and West London College. Web site/.
Hand and Flower. Web site
Historic England. Web site
History of the Grange. Web site
Kensington Hall Gardens. Web site
London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham. Web site
London Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. Web site.
London Encyclopedia
London Metropolitan Archive. Web site
London Pubology. Web site
Lost Pubs Project. Web site
Lyons. Web site
Number One London. Web site
Pevsner and Cherry. North West London
Pub History. Web site
SABRE. Web site
St. James School. Web site
Study Society.. Web site
Summerson. Georgian London
Symonds. Behind the Blue Plaques of London 
Thames Basin Archaeology of Industry Group. A Survey of Industrial Monuments of Greater London
University of Bath. Web site
Waymarking. Web site

Sunday, 23 April 2017

Barnes Common



Post to the west Barnes Common
Post to the north Barnes
Poist to the east Putney Boathouses



Barnes Common
Barnes Common. This is common land - one of the largest such areas in London , It has been owned by the Dean and Chapter of St Paul’s Cathedral since 925 and today they act through the Church Commissioners, while the Common is managed by the London Borough of Richmond. There is also a local Friends of Barnes Common organisation.  Sometimes called 'The Waste' it has been common land for over than a thousand years and was traditionally used for rough grazing and providing 'furze' which Commoners could cut for firewood. The boundary was fixed in the 1590’s following disputes with Putney residents over grazing rights. There have been enclosures of common land over the centuries – that at Mill Hill, and more for the workhouse in 1778, and later for the Barnes Old Cemetery. It is now bisected by the railway, as well as by several road
Nature Reserve. The Common is designated as Metropolitan Open Land and as a Conservation Area as well as a Local Nature Reserve and Site of Nature Conservation Importance. It is sandy with hawthorn scrub and lots of birds.  Its importance is due to the acid grassland close to Mill Hill which has survived draining and the planting of rows of standard trees.  Without management it would be invaded by bracken, bramble, gorse and tree saplings and revert to poor quality woodland. It is now managed by the Friends of Barnes Common who have got the funding for a reed bed and two new ponds as well as plans for a new wildflower meadow and another scheme to restore an old pond. Non-native trees are replaced by natives like oak and ash and creating glades for butterflies and birds. Standing dead wood is left as a refuge for beetles and other invertebrates. The cover provided by bramble and bracken are the basis of a mixed habitat away from the sports pitches. The Common is the only known site in Greater London for the burnet rose.
Thames Aqueducts.  The Thames Water Ring main passes under the Common,

Dover House Road
Dover House Estate. London County Council estate. This was built in the 1920s and inspired by the garden city movement and built under the 'Homes fit for heroes' policies. It was planned with houses in short terraces with vistas over green space. The first tenants were civil servants, teachers and bus drivers. And until the 1950w no changes were allowed to the outside of the property. Gradually change crept in and private ownership damaged the integrity of the design. In 1978 a management strategy put in place and Conservation area status inaugurated,

Dyers Lane
Dyers Lane forms the boundary between Barnes and Putney
Railway Bridge. A footbridge crosses the railway from the north end of the road to Beauchamp Terrace on the other side. Historically this was Dyers Lane on both sides of the railway and the bridge marks the line of the old right of way.
Until the 1970s the road ended at the railway, and at the end on the west side was a large furniture depository. In 1978 the road was extended onto this site and houses built here, and on the west side of the road, for Richmond Council
Garage. In 1901 this was the Eclectic Manufacturing Company which appears to have been bankrupt in the same year. They were probably involved in an electro plating process.  In succeeding years this garage, at the southern end of the road specialised in expensive sports cars.


Fairdale Gardens
On site of Putney Squash and Tennis Club. This was replaced by houses in the 1960s.

Halcyon Close
Blocks of posh flats with ‘Royal’ names gated off from the rest of the world. They appear to have been built on an old coal yard area connected to an extensive area of railway sidings.

Lower Richmond Road
Putney Lower Common Cemetery.  In 1855 land was bought by the local Burial Board from Earl Spencer, Lord of the Manor, for a cemetery. It has ornate railings and gates on Lower Richmond Road, and is bounded by brick wall, with some other railings. The ragstone chapels and lodge were designed by Barnett and Birch in 1855. The cemetery is closed for burials. There are a variety of trees including yew and has been designated as a site of ecological importance. The cemetery is wooded where the boundary wall meets Barnes Common.
Putney Cricket Club. This was founded in 1870. It was then called St John’s and had been set up by the church choir. Initially they had a site on the Lower Common, close their present site. As other clubs failed they changed their name to Putney Cricket Club. Their pavilion dates from 1959.

Mill Hill Road
Tollhouse at the Putney/Barnes Common boundary. It is a single-storey early 19th building. This was not actually a toll house but a house for the gatekeeper at a boundary gate used to control straying livestock.
Mediaeval ditch. This runs across Common between the Parish boundaries and kept grazing animals from straying. It is overgrown, but still marks the eastern boundary.

Newnes Path
This was development was built in the 1970s over the northern allotments of the Dover House Estate. It was the first major change to the estate layout and challenge to its integrity.

Putney Park Lane
This lane was laid out by the early 18th as a formal tree-lined drive and became the access to a number of grand houses built here. It also connects as a through route to Gypsy Lane to the north. It now runs south as far as Putney Heath and remains a footpath for most of its length

Queen's Ride
Tree where rock star Mark Bolan was killed in a car crash. the site is a place of pilgrimage to Bolan fans. In1997, the Performing Rights Society set up a bronze bust memorial facing Gipsy Lane.  In 1999 the T-Rex Action Group were granted an in perpetuity lease on the site and built steps up to the tree and the Memorial. In 2005, memorial plaques were fitted to the steps to other members of T-Rex who have since died.
Barnes Workhouse. This was built in 1778 on the triangle of land which now lies at the apex of the junction of Queen’s Ride and the Upper Richmond Road. It closed in 1836 and the site became a market garden and housing and later the Manor House Hotel., The site is now Roehampton Court flats on the footprint of the Manor House Hotel. The money raised by the sale of the site is still managed by the Barnes Workhouse Trust.
Cattle trough.  The inscription says “METROPOLITAN DRINKING FOUNTAIN & CATTLE TROUGH ASSOCIATION”  It is a trough in granolithic apparently given by the Misses Hughes of Leytonstone in 1934.

Railway Line
Barnes Junction. The original line through Barnes from Waterloo opened in 27 1846 as part of the line to Richmond. the first section of the Hounslow Loop Line  opened in 1849 with the division of line slightly to the west of Barnes Station. It thus became a junction station. On the London side of the station there are four tracks; one pair of which is for the Loop Line.

Rocks Lane
This was a cart track until the late 19th.

Roehampton Lane
This square covers the east side only where in the 19th and early 20th a number of grand houses stood. They are now replaced, mainly, by up market housing.
Roehampton Lodge
Ellenborough House
Subiaco Lodge

Station Road
Barnes Station.  This opened in 1846 and now lies between Putney and Mortlake on one line and Bridge on the other, - both on South Western Trains. It has very tall chimneys. It is surrounded by woodland and apparently little changed since it was built. It is believed to have been designed by Sir William Tite.
Goods yard. There was an extensive goods yard with a coal yard and several sidings to the east of the station and south of the line. Much of this remains and appears to be semi derlict, although the coal yard is now posh flats.
Cricket Ground. Barnes Common cricket ground is next to the station. It is the oldest cricket pitch in Barnes, dating from 1893.

The Pleasaunce
Open space in the Dover House Estate – with trees, grass and seats, It is on the site of a green area which had been part of mediaeval and later estates here and it retains its woodland appearance.  It is now an open green which supports trees and birdlife.  There is a small ‘natural’ play area is at one end.
St Margaret’s Court. Care home area in The Pleasaunce

Upper Richmond road
This is now the South Circular Road A205.  This stretch goes in a ‘reasonably straight line.’ It is tree lined and almost entirely lined with up market blocks of flats.
408 Northumberland Arms. This is now a small supermarket. It closed on Christmas Eve 2013. It had also been called the West Putney Tavern and also Jim Thompson's and Captain Cook.
Presbyterian Church. This stood on the corner with Briar Walk  and replaced an earlier church in Putney Park Lane in 1897. It was bombed and rebuilt in 1946. The last service to be held took place in February 1996 and it has now been replaced with flats.
Lodge. This is at the entrance to Putney Park Lane
Milestone. This is an 18th Portland stone milestone which previously stood in Rocks Lane, The inscription says that Hyde Park Corner is less than 6 miles distant,
Red Rover, This pub was originally called The Railway Arms or The Railway Tavern and also The Market Gardener,  the Corner Pin and Cafe More. It had closed by 2008 and is now flats.

Woodborough Road
Falcons School for Girls. This fee paying private ‘preparatory’ school moved here from Ealing in 2014. It is part of a commercial schools group.

Sources
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Clunn. The Face of London
Enable. Web site
Falcons School. Web site.
Friends of Barnes Common. Web site
London Borough of Richmond. Web site
London Borough of Wandsworth. Web site
London Parks and Gardens. Web site//
Municipal Dreams. Web site
MDFCTA, Web site
Parks and Gardens UK. Web site
Pevsner and Cherry. South London
Putney Cricket Club. Web site
SABRE.. Web site
Smyth. Citywildspace
Thames Basin Archaeology of Industry Group. Report
What Pub?? CAMRA. Web site

Saturday, 22 April 2017

Barnehurst

Barnehurst Road
The Red Barn. This red brick pub of 1936 is the home of British jazz. It provided the inspiration for the British postwar revival of New Orleans jazz.  This was largely due to the enthusiasm of pianist George Webb considered by many as the father of the traditional jazz movement in Britain. Aided by Owen Bryce, George Webb's Dixielanders, played regularly here from the early 1940s. Among the musicians who played with them were Humphrey Lyttelton and Wally Fawkes the clarinettist and cartoonist. This is commemorated by a plaque unveiled in 1985 which is on an outside balcony overlooking the garden.

Bexley Road
322 The Duke. This was once called the Duke of Northumberland.

Colyers Lane
Woodside School. This is a special needs school set up in 2012 on what had been the site of Colyers Primary School.
Colyers’ Lane Clay Pit. Small pit worked by Furner.

Hornbeam Lane
Car Park. This is on the old station goods area. The goods yard had been extended in 1932. siding. There was a single siding with an end loading dock which was on a gradient and closed in 1964.

Merewood Road
Denehole. This was found at the rear of a property in the road which had been used to take surface water from the road. It was a basic double trefoil denehole which had been extended and probably dated from the 18th.

Northall Road
Denehole. This was identified because the owner of the house had built a soak away and heavy rains had caused a dene hole to collapse. The chamber went under the next-door garden and there had been a collapse some 50 years earlier following which the whole house had been underpinned.

Old Manor Way
This road was once a path leading from May Place up into woods and fields.

Station Approach
When the station was built the road was called ‘Hills and Holes’.
Barnehurst Station. This opened in 1895 and lies between Dartford and Bexleyheath on South Eastern Trains. It was built on the Bexleyheath Railway Line between Dartford and London Bridge at the point at which line starts its descent to a marshy area, the Cray, the Darent and Dartford. The site of the station was a wood called Court Lees Bottom which was owned by Colonel Frederick Barne, Chairman of the Bexleyheath Railway and he had insisted it was built. He was a local landowner with family links over 150 years to the May Place Estate to the south.  When the station was built there were only 15 people lived within a half mile radius and it was thirty years before the numerous housing estates were built. It was ten years before a first class ticket was sold here. The station is in a cutting and at first there were wooden buildings at right angles to the tracks and some parts of these remain in ancilliary buildings. There is an original iron footbridge but the main booking office area and frontage have been rebuilt.
Signal box, This was east of the station and closed in 1970.
Railway Electricity Sub Station. This is east of the station on the south side of the line. It is a tall brick building with three arched windows on each side wall. It was built to house two rotary converters driven by 3,300V ac power from Deptford Power Station supplying 660V dc power to the conductor rail. It was built here by the Southern Railway when the line was electrified in 1926.

Three Corners
Close named after a a local wood. This was developed in 1933

Sources
Barr-Hamilton & Reilly. From Country to Suburb
Carr. The spot that is called Crayford
Chelsea Speleological Society. Newsletter
Dover Kent. Web site
Field. London Place Names,  
Spurgeon. Discover Erith and Crayford

Friday, 21 April 2017

Penge - Beckenham




Post to the west Anerley
Post to the south Birkbeck
Post to the east Beckenham


Arrol Road
Allotments. These are on the site of the Crystal Palace Brickworks, extant in the 1870s

Ash Grove
Houses on the south east side of the road were called Boundary Terrace in the 1870s when this was the Parliamentary Boundary for the Camberwell Constituency.

Avenue Road
3 Cator Masonic hall. Founded 1922
Pool River. The River crosses the road slightly to the north of the Ravenscroft Road junction. It is completely underground but one end of an old bridge exists between nose 68 and 66,
86-90 Aldous and Stamp, water treatment engineers. Plus Aldous Court, housing. In 1910 this was a Fire Station for this part of Beckenham
Avenue Baptist Church. The building was extant in the 1870s shown as a mission hall. The Baptist Church is still extant here.
127-129 Dixon Glass. Dealer in laboratory glass.
Avenue Road tram stop. This opened in 1998 between Beckenham Road and Birkbeck on Croydon Tramlink. The tram here connects central Croydon with Beckenham and the line is built alongside the main line Southern Railway between Beckenham and Crystal Palace.  The tram stop is therefore on a passing loop within the otherwise single track.  There are platforms on each side of the two tracks of the loop and the main line trains pass to the north.

Birkbeck Road
The Birkbeck Estate dates from 1870-1910. The Birkbeck Freehold land Society was so called to commemorate the work of Dr George Birkbeck, physician, philanthropist, and pioneer in adult education, who was co-founder of Birkbeck College, University of London, in 1823.

Carlys Close
On the site of Churchfields School

Churchfields
This was previously called Arthur Road.
Churchfields School. In 1889 the Churchfields Charity sold some of Bellrope Field to Beckenham School Board. The resulting school was called Arthur Road School – later changed to Churchfields. Eventually the children moved out and it became an adult art centre and later demolished and the site developed for housing.
Churchfields Primary School. This was built in 1989 by the allotments and the refuse tip.
St.Augustine’s Court. St.Augustine’s was built as a mission church in 1886 and a church and hall in 1910 and consecrated in 1946. The building has now been converted to housing.
Council Depot. This is now the Bromley Council recycling centre operated by Veolia
Churchfields Recreation Ground. The land belonged to the Churchfields Charity and the condition of sale was that it kept the name. It opened in 1907. In 1900 Beckenham Borough had opened a power station on this site fuelled by rubbish and cooled with water from the Chaffinch Brook.

Croydon Road
Holy Trinity Anglican Church stood on the corner with Anerley Roads and opened in 1872. It was destroyed by wartime bombing and replaced by flats. Services were transferred to nearby Christ Church and later a church hall was built on the site. The site is now housing.
Christ church. This was on the corner with Franklin Road and had been built in the 1880s. When Holy Trinity Church was bombed the church became Christ Church with Holy Trinity. Later it was demolished and replaced by housing for old people. There is a new church in Anerley Road on the corner with Maple Road.
59 Conservative Club. Drinking club with some sports facilities – bowling green, etc.
59-61 Nissan dealer in a multi-story garage and office block that includes a Travelodge.  This was built about 1970 at and opened in 1971.
59-61 Dashwood Engineering Ltd, Empire WorKS.. Agricultural machinery factory. This was extant in the 1950s and made lawnmowers among other items for agriculturalists
101 Robin Hood. Pub which closed in 2002 and now demolished. It dated from the 1860s


Elmers End Road
Dexter Works. Roller Skate factory.  This was here in the 1950s

Franklin Road
Site of Penge UDC Depot before the Great War and their fire engine station
Miracle Mills.  This company made heavy milling and pulverising machinery and moved to Penge in 1972 from Chelsea. In 1986 it was taken over by Christy Turner and moved to Ipswich.
Royston School. This primary school was based here but in the 1980s moved to the Kentmere School site in the High Street/Kent House Road
Royston Field.  Recreation Ground. This is now to the rear of Sainsburys supermarket and is a site for community events including Penge Day.

Garden Road
Penge Green Gym - Winsford Gardens. These were once the gardens of Winsford House and include a rose garden and other features from that time. It has more recently become Penge Green Gym, originally set up by the Friends of Winsford Gardens.  They have installed a children’s playground as well as a wildflower meadows, a ring of seating, a sensory garden, insect and stag beetle hotels and turned a derelict pond into a Bog Garden.

Genoa Road
St Anthony of Padua Roman Catholic Church. This is a church of 1925-27 by F. A. Walters, whose son was the parish priest at the time. It predecessor was built in 1898 is still standing beside it, and had the school and chapel. Originally, after fundraising by Canon Bethell, a small iron church was built on a site near the Maple Road corner in 1878. In the 1890s Fr Miller bought another site and built a two storey school with a chapel on the upper floor. In 1925 work began by James Smith & Sons on another building and this is now the present church.

Hartfield Grove
Although this small close has modern housing, it can be found on maps from the mid 19th.

Hawthorne Grove
The Anchor. This pub dated from before 1866 and was on the corner of Hartfield Grove. It was probably part of the Anerley estate development of 1851. For many years it was an off licence and eventually converted to flats. It does not appear to be there any longer, but a rectangle of grass is railed off on the requisite corner.

High Street
162 Odeon Cinema.  This was built for Odeon Theatres Ltd. and opened in 1937. It was designed by architect Andrew Mather with a glass fronted facade and illuminated glass towers either side of the entrance. It closed in 1976 and became a bingo club which closed in 1990 and the building was demolished in 1994.
164 - 166 The Moon and Stars. This is a purpose built Wetherspoon's pub which opened in 1994.
Penge Congregational Church. This was built in 1912 to designs by P. Morley Harder under its minister, Barson of Penge, and is a landmark on Penge High Street. Barson, from Hackney was “theological liberalism’s South London Congregational standard bearer”.
The Kings Hall Electric Theatre. This opened as a cinema by 1910, in what had been a public hall. It was taken over by the Hyams Brother’s circuit in 1920 and rebuilt by Cecil Masey for them. It had a 1Manual Hill, Norman & Beard pipe organ from 1925. It was taken over by Denman/Gaumont British Theatres in 1929 and re-named Kings Hall.  It was eventually named the Gaumont in 1955, and closed in 1958. It was demolished and the site is now flats and shops.
Pool River. The road crosses Pool River although there is not much sign of it.  It appears to flow under Tesco’s car park and then down a widened side alley to houses. It is the boundary between Penge High Street and Beckenham Road.

Howard Road
Although the road had been laid out by the 1870s a large site on the north side was a brick field. Later laid out with houses it remained residential until after the Second World War.
Londex Electrical Engineering works. The main Londex site was in Anerley, and this Howard Road site was eventually moved to a site in Oakfield Road. Londex of 207 Anerley Road, London. Dating from the early 1960s they made c specialized electrical control equipment; and were taken over by Elliott Automation and then GEX.  In 1974 they designed, and installed a continuous counting machine to monitor printing presses for the Daily Mirror

Kent House Road
Harris Primary Academy. This opened in 2013. The site was that of Beckenham and Penge Grammar School. This had evolved from Beckenham Technical Institute of 1901 and had moved to new buildings here in 1931. In 1969 it moved away and became Langley Park School. Meanwhile what had been Oakfield Road Boys' School moved into the former Grammar School buildings and was renamed Kentwood School. This closed in 1987.  It then became Royston Primary School which had previously been in Croydon Road and this has now become the commercial ‘Harris Academy’. It had also previously been an Adult Education College.

Maple Road
54 Maple Tree.  Has previously been called the William IV and the Crown. It is a privately-owned free house, but normally only serves Wells & Young’s beers.
Button Factory. This was started in 1931 by Italian Mr Belometti and Mr Speroni using buildings which had been a van delivery business.  They brought ten Italians to teach workers here. In the Second World War the founders were interned and later died. There was a fire in the derelict buildings in 1969. There is now housing on the site.
61 Golden Lion.  The Golden Lion was the badge of the Lion of Flanders. The pub dates from the 1870
101 Pizza restaurant with picture of pizza man over the door. This was previously the Lord Palmerston pub

Melvin Road
Melvin Hall. This was a hall for to Holy Trinity C hurch. When the church was destroyed the hall was bought by Penge Council. It became a centre which provided a hot meal and a meals on wheels service as well as social contacts for elderly people and others. In 2016 Bromley Council said it was surplus to requirements so and residents applied for it to be an Asset of Community Value. It re-opened as a Community Hall later that year.
Melvin Road National School. Dated from 1870. It later became Penge Secondary School for Girls.

Oak Grove Road
Depot for the South Metropolitan Electric Tramways behind the houses in the area now called Tramway Close. Built in 1906 and closed 1936.  It could house 15 vehicles. Tram tracks still in road surface and buildings were still extant in the 1980s

Pool River
The Stream, also known as the River Wilmore or the Shire Ditch, marked the boundary not only between Beckenham and Penge, but also between Kent and Surrey or London, whichever county Penge was in at the time. Its source is believed to be in South Norwood Lake. The stream winds across this area, largely underground and crossing roads unseen

Ravenscroft Road
St.Michael & All Angels. Neo-Byzantine ‘of all things’. 1955-6. by W. H. Hobday & F. J. Maynard. St.Michael and All Angels begun in 1899, but it was not opened until 1906. After being destroyed by a Second World War fire a new church was built facing Ravenscroft Road, and was consecrated in 1956.

Royston Road
85 The Royston Halls. Penge and District Trade Union and Social Club – club with Ballroom and other facilities.
Frank and Peggy Spencer. This was the home of the ballroom dancing school of Frank and Peggy Spencer. They ran this for many years and Peggy was also a regular TV dance commentator as well as a leading coach for competitive Latin dancers, and was influential in both Ballroom and Latin American work. For 40 years, her teams appeared in the Come Dancing TV programme,

Snowdown Close
The Hub. This building was a Citizens Advice Bureau and later used as a community hall operated by Christ Church.


Sources
Beckenham Anthology
Binfield. East Midlands Call
Cator Masonic Lodge. Facebook Page
Closed Pubs. Web site
Bygone Kent 
Field. London Place Names 
Ideal Homes. Web site
Inman and Tonkin. Beckenham.
Kent County Council. History of Kent County Council
London Borough of Bromley. Web site
Melvin Hall. Web site
National Archives. Web site
Penge Green Gym. Web site
Penge SE20. Web site
Pevsner and Cherry. South London
Pevsner. West Kent 
Pub History. Web site
South East London Industrial Archaeology
St.Anthony of Padua. Web site
Thorne. Old and New South London
Virtual Norwood. Web site
Wikipedia as appropriate

Monday, 17 April 2017

Ashtead



Post to the north Ashtead
Post to the west Lower Ashtead


Barnett Wood Lane
Ashtead Recreation Ground. This is the only public recreation ground in Ashtead and is surrounded by houses. It is an area of open amenity grassland with two full size football pitches, skate park, Multi Use Games Area, tennis courts, pavilions and a play area. There is a wind-up shelter with Bluetooth that allows users to play music from their phones through speakers in the roof.
Ashstead Football Club.  This dates from 1898 when they played on the cricket club ground. They now play on a variety of pitches including Ashtead Recreation Ground.
Village Pond

Cradddocks Avenue
The parade of shops on the south corner of the road are on the site of Woodfield Farm with the farmhouse on the site of the garage.  The farmer was John Craddock.  This was the last working farm in Ashtead surviving into the 1920s.

Dene Road
St.Giles Church of England Infants School. This church school dates from 1852  when it was called Ashtead Schools and presumably took pupils of all ages.
Sydney Simmons Homes. They provide homes for elderly people in need.

Epsom Road
A24 This is the main road through the village and was the turnpike road between Leatherhead and Epsom.
Memorial fountain. This dates from 1880 and commemorates the Mary Greville Howard. It is in the form of a medieval cross. The inscription says:  “This cross & fountain are erected in memory of the Honourable  Mrs Mary Greville Howard by the Parishioners of  Ashtead and many of her relations and friends. She was beloved and honoured during a long life spent in doing good and mourned by all when taken to rest on Oct. 19 1877 at Ashtead Park aged 92. Her works do follow her.”
Pound and stocks. These stood immediately behind the current site of the memorial and were still there in the late 19th.

Greville Park Road
Peto and Radford. In the 1890s this company developed their accumulator business here. They were responsible for many of the advances in accumulators from the earliest days and exhibited at every show of the Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders.   One accumulator was named ‘Ashstead’. By 1919 they had amalgamated with Pritchett and Gold Electric Power Storage Co

Grove Road
Ashtead Centreless Grinding. These worked for the aircraft industry in the 1970s.  The site is now a motor repair business.

Purcell Close
Built in 1926-7 as workers’ housing for Sir Lawrence Weaver and his wife Lady Kathleen Purcell who founded Ashtead Potters to employ disabled war veterans. Some bomb damage here destroyed records and mementos of the company.
Commemorative lamp standard on the green

Stonnycroft
Greville Primary School. This opened in 1958 and was extended in 1996, 2004 and 2005. There are twenty-two classrooms, and a large hall. There are also extensive grounds including a Woodland Walk.

The Street
Lime Tree Court.  Sheltered housing block. This was previously the Victoria Works.
Victoria Works. This is on the site of the works of W. Galloway who was a Tyneside based screw manufacturer. He had a licence to build American Stanley Steam cars here and set this up as his overhaul workshop. The business closed in 1916 as wartime conditions and the demise of steam road vehicles coincided. Later this was Ashstead Potters
Crawshay Williams,Ltd. The Ashtead Motor works, which was either here or further along the Street. In 1907 they exhibited at the motor show the chassis of a Valveless motor car and are said to have made two models.
Ashstead Potters. Founded by Lady Kathleen Purcell to employ disabled war veterans. Sir Lawrence Purcell was president of the Design and Industries Association in the 1920s and he inspired Ashtead designers to produce progressive pieces. It had support from Clough Williams-Ellis and Stafford Cripps. The company began with four untrained workers with no moulds or designs. It closed following the death of Sir Laurence. The pottery produced art deco items and figures such as Winnie the Pooh milk jugs. They also specialised in advertising wares for Genozo toothpaste and Guinness,
9 Ashcroft House. This building has also been known as Herriot House. It appears to date from the 1970s – and a previous building on site is described as ‘Research Laboratories’.  The present building was used soon after by Sunbeam Electric which is assumed to be a subsidiary of the US Sunbeam company producing both pharmaceuticals and small electrical items.  It later became Rowenta UK described as a ‘the newly formed division of Sunbeam Electric Ltd’ – although Rowenta were originally a German small electrical manufacturer – now French. Rowenta remained in the building but by the 1990s it was used solely by a construction company, bankrupted in 2008. It has now been converted into flats.
13 Royal Mail Sorting and delivery office. This is now a osteopathy clinic.
Telephone Exchange. This remains to the rear of the old sorting office
15 Brewery Inn. In 1839 there was a beer shop on the site of what is now The Brewery which started brewing its own beer in 1871.
Ashtead Brewery. This was owned by George Sayer and is said to have been at the bottom of Woodfield Lane. It is not really clear if this was separate from the pub of the same name.
Leg of Mutton and Cauliflower. The earliest reference to this pub is apparently 1769.
104 Ashstead Village Club. This is a members club affiliated to the Clubs and Institutes Union.
Almshouses. Feilding House, These were founded by a legacy from Lady Diana Feilding in 1733 for six needy widows.  More almshouses were added to the rear in 1975


Woodfield Lane
Ashtead Peace Memorial Hall. This is a local community hall and centre. It was set up after a committee was formed in 1919 at the end of the Great War to build a village hall as a permanent memorial to the Armistice. The land was donated and funds raised, the new facility was finally opened in 1924.
Ashstead Cricket Club. In 1875 Ashtead had no cricket club, but games were played on the Common. A club became established, with the Dene field as its headquarters. In 1886 Mr Lucas leand east of Woodfield Lane  and in 1887 the club was set up.
Library . This dates from 1967 and shares its building with the clinic
St.Michael’s Roman Catholic Church. Up until the Second World War there was no Catholic Church here and people had to go to Leatherhead.  St Michael's Church started in a large garage of a private house, Mawmead Shaw which had been bought by them in 1944. It was pulled down and the current building opened in 1967. A house, called Rushmere to the rear was demolished to make the church hall
Ashtead Station.  This dates from 1859 and lies between Epsom and Leatherhead on Southern Rail and South Western Rail. It was originally a joint station between the London and South Western Railway and the London Brighton and Chatham Railway. The current buildings date from 1967/8 and there is a ticket office, and a shelter and waiting room. There is a level crossing whch was once controlled from a signal box which was closed in 1978 and demolished in 1979. There were goods sidings were on the down side which are now the car park.

Sources
Ashtead and Leatherhead Local. Web site
Ashstead Cricket Club. Web site
Ashtead Football Club. Web site
Ashtead Potters. Web site
Ashtead Village Club. Web site
Fields in Trust. Web site
Grace’s Guide. Web site
Greville Primary School. Web site
Historic England. Web site
Knowles. Surrey and the Motor
Pevsner. Surrey.
St.Giles School Ashtead. Web site
St.Michael’s Church. Web site