Sunday, 21 May 2017

Beddington :Lane

Beddington Lane
Beddington Nursery. In the mid 19th this very large nursery site stood to the north of the railway line and east of the Beddington Lane – and perhaps at the same time a Jolly Gardeners pub should be noted in Croydon Road
Beddington Lane Industrial Estate. Industrial area on site north of the railway line. This is light industry and warehousing locations.
Tarfroid Ltd later Thames Tar Products and Construction Ltd. They made “bituminous emulsions” but also undertook sheet metal work and welding. They originally intended to produce tar for road surfacing.  They had a siding from the Croydon bound rail line and are noted as opening in 1930 (although not shown on maps until the 1950s)
Beddington Lane Station.  Opened originally as ‘Beddington Corner’ in 1855 on the li built by George Parker Bidder between Wimbledon and Croydon following the route of the Surrey Iron Railway.  It is nearly two miles from Beddington itself and in 1887 it was renamed ‘Beddington Lane’. It was demoted in status with the introduction of push-pull services and was renamed ‘Beddington Lane Halt’. The word ‘halt’ was dropped in 1969. Until the 1990s the premises still had its old wooden building, which was painted red but kept its rural appearance.  It was then demolished and replaced by a single shelter. In 1997 the station was closed and opened as a Tramlink stop.
Beddington Lane signal box. This stood at the east end of the platform, adjoining the level crossing and dated from 1877, possibly relocated from elsewhere. In 1930 it was replaced. The box was where passengers purchased tickets. It closed in 1982, and was later demolished.
Goods Line. Immediately beyond the crossing was a sand drag which marked the western end of' a goods line, which paralleled the passenger route between Beddington Lane and West Croydon. This was used in connection with electrification, and created by joining up various sidings which lay on the north side of the line. This closed in 1976,
Beddington Lane Tram Stop. This lies at what was the west end of the old Beddington station and was opened in 2000. It is between Mitcham Junction and Therapia Lane tram stops.
Station Master’s house. This dated from 1896 and may have replaced an earlier building.
Level crossing. As a tram line crossing this is now traffic light controlled. As a railway line it was controlled by the signal box.
Townson and Mercer. Scientific instrument works. This works was on the west side of the lane on the site now covered largely by the Brookmead Industrial Estate where they had an electronic-controlled annealing gas furnace. Established in 1798 they made laboratory, scientific and medical (including lampblown) glassware and apparatus; for laboratory use, as well as for aviation and for hospitals. They invented the ‘sortationer’ which could distinguish different aluminium alloys.
58 Pullen Pumps. This firm has now closed. They were originally founded in Vauxhall London by Fredrick Pullen before the 1930s and moved here in 1968. Since 2000 they have been HoldenBrookePullen Ltd and moved to Manchester in 2003.
Townmead Foundry. Extant in the 1950s. This was an iron foundry owned by H.Hendra and Sons. They were ironfounders and patternmakers who made grey iron and castings of all descriptions.
Ebdon’s Joinery. Ebdons produced high quality joinery and woodwork for churches and other prestige locations. Their address is given as Oak Lodge, 56 Beddington Lane., Oak Lodge appears to have been at what is now 156 Beddington Lane. At 154 Beddington Lane is a very nice art deco factory, now Advance Fuels – was this also Ebdon’s?  It is known their works was rebuilt following bombing.
Energy Recovery Facility. This was commissioned by the South London Waste Partnership made up of Croydon, Kingston, Sutton and Merton Councils. Previously residual waste sent to the landfill site here but this new facility will allow it be disposed of as safely and cleanly as possible and at the same time generate electricity to be fed into the grid. It is being built and will be run by Viridor.

Brookmead Road
This road and those closely adjacent to it are now called ‘The Meads’ – hence a large sign at the entrance to this road at its Beddington Lane end.

Coomber Way
This square covers a small part of this industrial estate, which is apparently built on reclaimed land and includes sites dealing with waste of various sorts.
Tramlink Depot. This is on a site which once held a network of railway sidings, some accessing various works and other used for maintenance and storage of stock.

Croydon Road
Road which crosses Mitcham Common

Jessops Way
Brookmead Industrial Estate – this is largely a depot for a delivery and courier firm. Much of this is on the site of what was the Townson and Mercer factory.
Traq. Surrey Minimoto club. Outdoor karting, minimoto and off-road quad bike racing circuits.
Croydon Rifle & Pistol Club. This was formed in 1944 by members of the Croydon Home Guard and was known then as Croydon Rifle Club. In 1952 a pistol section was started and in 1958 a site at Beddington on Jessops Way was taken on. They moved there a hall from their previous site near Fairfield Hall – this had been an A.R.P. training centre and & a band rehearsal hall. In 1964 the Rifle Section moved into Jessops Way and it was officially opened in 1966


Mitcham Common
Described as "that dreary long-drawn expanse.  In 1801 and  1812-19 there were attempts, strongly resisted, to enclose it. Since 1891 the Common has been administered by its Conservators. It was once part of a continuous tract of pasture between Croydon to Mitcham. The original oak woodland was cleared in Neolithic times and then used for grazing – the soil is not fertile – and thus low shrubs and acid grassland as well as  heathland were predominant. In the early 19th there was some gravel extraction leaving some ponds and grazing of sheep and cattle by commoners ceased. In the Second World War some ponds were filled in between the wars, and some land was used for agriculture. Other areas were used for refuse landfill.

Mitcham Road
Jolly Gardeners. Late 19th pub which was demolished in 2003. It was commonly called The Red House.

Railway Line
Sidings north of the line near Beddington Lane Station. This was the permanent way depot for the railway. It now partly houses the Tramlinc Depot.

Red House Road
Industrial and trading area – at the present it is apparently motor industry related, with an emphasis on tyres. There were many engineering and metal industries here in the post-war years. Some are shown below:
Mitcham Driving Test Centre. This was previously the Ministry of Transport Goods Vehicle Testing Station
Royal Mail vehicle maintenance depot. This was present in the 1950s.
Red House Sheet Metal, present in the 1950s
Rometal Smelting. Present in the 1950s
Mitcham Smelters. Present in the 1950s.
Coachcraft. Van and coach body builders. Present in the 1950s

Surrey Iron  Railway Route
This early 19th horse drawn tramway ran in a straight line through this area. It was replaced by the rail line, and now by the trams.

Windmill Road
The Mill House. This is one of the few houses ever to be built on Mitcham Common. In 1806 John Blake Barker was  given permission to build a windmill on half an acre of newly enclosed land. This was in constant use until 1862 when, during a storm, it was struck by lightning and was eventually closed. It was dismantled down to its base in 1905. What remains is a single storey brick round house with a conical thatched roof. It was a hollow post mill which looked like ordinary post mill but inside the drive from the sails was taken through ae hollow main post.
House. This was built in 1860 and was called Mill Cottage or Windmill Cottage and later Mill House. It was sold in 1936 sold and used as a home for girls as well as a creamery and for packing biscuits. In 1950 it was bought by the local authority for a Youth Centre but was then divided into flats and used by the Parks Department. In 1994 it was hbought by Whitbreads and the developed into a Brewers Fayre Pub,
Ecology Centre.  This was built by Whitbread to house the Micham Common Conservators. It runs facilities for schools and environmental educaitn generally.

Sources
Closed Pubs. Web site
Croydon Rifle and Pistol Club. Web site
Disused Stations. Web site
Grace’s Guide. Web site
London Railway Record
Mitcham Common. Web site
Retracing the First Public Railway 
Thames Basin Archaeology of Industry Group. A Survey of Industrial Monuments of Greater London

Friday, 19 May 2017

Becontree


Post to the west Mayesbrook park
Post to the east Goresbrook  Park



Amesbury Avenue
Fanshawe Tavern, This was built in 1934 as part of the facilties for the Becontree Estate. It was later renamed The Pipers, It closed in 2000 and was subsequently demolished. There are now flats on the site.

Arden Crescent
75-77 Pupil Referral Unit

Becontree Estate Railway.
This was a temporary line which ran between Chadwell Heath and the river during the construction of the Becontree Estate. It operated between 1921 and 1934. It was established by building contractors Wills & Sons connecting with existing goods sidings at Goodmayes and running south through the future estate, to a jetty on the Thames. In this square a branch of the line ran from Porters Avenue to the lake in Parsloes Park

Cannington Road
Roding Primary School. The main part of this school is in Hewitt Road (in the square to the north) and the school has expanded onto this site since 2000.

Ellerton Road
Dawson School, was established by Barking Education Committee in 1931. The school closed in 1966, amd pupils were transferred to Dorothy Barley School or Cambell School. The site became known as Bifrons Annexe and was used by Mayesbrook Secondary School from 1970 until 1989.

Gale Street
This old lane forms much of the Dagenham boundary.
Great Porters farm. The farm was on the east side of the road in the area of Wykham Avenue. The farmhouse had a castellated parapet to the roof and a pointed doorway and it is thought to have been a 19th façade on an earlier building. It was demolished during the bulding of the Becontree Estate.
Becontree Station.  Opened in 1926 it now lies between Dagenham Heathway and Upney on the District Line. It was originally opened by the London, Midland and Scottish Railway as ‘Gale Street Halt’. It was rebuilt on its present site in 1932 and opened as a District Line Station with the name changed to ‘Becontree’
Gale Street Farm. This was sited south east of the railway line..  It was named after the family of Richard de Gal recorded in Dagenham in 1284. The farm was demolished during construction of the Becontree Estate but was used originally as the home of the LCC Agent – one of whom was father of the clothes designer Hardy Amies.
523 Worshipville Christian Centre.

Langley Crescent
James Cambell Primary School. This built as Cambell School by Barking Education Committee in 1930 and it was a secondary modern school as well as an infants and juniors.

Parsloes Park
Only about a quarter of the park is in this square. The rest is in squares to the north and east.
Parsloes Park. This is owned by the local authority. The park derives its name from the Passelewe family, who owned the land in the 13th. The land was acquired by the London County Council in 1923 and opened as a park in 1935, marking the official completion of the Becontree estate.
Pond. This was a gravel pit used by the contractors for the estate. It had stone crushing plant and coating machinery for making tarmacadam for road surfacing. In the pits were found numerous Palaeolithic flint tools including 26 hand-axes. This indicates that this may have been the site of a camp used by Neanderthal hunters for butchering animals

Stamford Road
2a Mountain of Fire and Miracles. Evangelical Church. This was Greig Hall built as a mission by Shaftesbury Society  in 1933-34

Woodward Road
St Anne’s Roman Catholic church. This now appears to be St Joseph Malankara Catholic  London
Church of God Mission International Dagenham. This is in what was Woodward Hall
Woodward Clinic
Woodward Road Library. This is  is now a re-use centre for disability charity DABD,

Sources
Barking and District Historical Society. Web site
Evans. Bygone Dagenham and Rainham.
Field. London Place Names,
GLC. Home Sweet Home
London Borough of Barking and Dagenham. Web site
Nature Conservation in Barking and Dagenham 
Pevsner and Cherry. Essex
Pub History. Web site
Victoria County History of Essex. Dagenham
Walford. Village London
Wikipedia. Web site. As appropriate

Thursday, 18 May 2017

Royal Albert



Post to the south North Woolwich


Albert Road
199 Kennard Street Community Centre and Health Centre. The health centre was added in 1990 and both redeveloped in 1996
74 Royal Albert. This pub closed in 2002 and became a private house. It dated from 1867 and was a Watney’s house.
76 North Woolwich Health Centre. Built in 1981 and designed by Aldington Craig & Collinge
Silvertown Methodist Chapel. 1871-1960
78 North Woolwich Learning Zone.   Adult education centre which is a branch of Newham College of Education.
60 Sweetingham’s Cinema opened in 1912. It was later known as the Silvertown Picture Palace, and finally the Albert Cinema. It closed in 1938 and was later demolished.
39 Silvertown Constitutional Club. This was founded in 1892 and used by the local Conservative Party,
Bridge across the railway to Factory Road. This was a cast and wrought iron bridge made by Handyside and Co. There was a trellis and wooden stairs. It has now been replaced by a concrete structure.
Tram wire posts. These were still in use in the 1970s, adapted as lamp posts. They have now gone.

Beckton Railway, Gallions Branch
Beckton Railway, When the Royal Albert Dock was built, the London & St. Katharine Dock company built this railway in 1880 for passengers and parcels from the North Woolwich line to Gallions Reach, passing along the northern side of the Albert Dock. At first it was a single line between Albert Dock Junction to Central but this was later doubled and also there was them a double track to Gallions. They had second hand trains running every half hour. Central Station was converted into a halt from the 1st November 1933. In 1940 the line was bombed and was repaired for the storage of wagons but the passenger service was never reinstated. It was abandoned under the Port of London Act 1950 but was used for wagon storage at least until the mid 1960's. The Docklands Light Railway Beckton Extension closely follows the route.
Central (Royal Albert Dock) Station or Royal Albert Dock Central. This dated from 1880 and was built by the London and St.Katharine’s Dock Company. It could only be reached by a footpath from Savage Gardens along the west side of Beckton Park as it was midway along the dock with no road access. There was a mock Tudor upside building on the up side of the line was built in a mock Tudor and a wooden footbridge spanned the platforms to the east of the station building.  It was closed in 1940 by which time it was owned by the Port of London Authority. The site today is immediately south of the DLR's Beckton Park Station beneath a roundabout on Royal Albert Way. There was a signal box east of the down platform

Camel Road
ASTA Community Hub. They have groups for children, young people, adults and the elderly ranging from sports to computer training.

Connaught Road
Tate Institute. This was built as a social centre for Tate workers with amenities such as a reading room and hot baths in 1887. It was sold to West Ham Council in 1933. Silvertown Library was on the top floor from 1938 to 1961 and then leased back by Tate and Lyle for a social centre.  It is currently being converted into workshops and an art gallery.
Silvertown station.  This opened in 1863 having been built by the Eastern Counties and Thames Junction Railway becoming part of the North London Line in 1979. In 1885 the station was rebuilt with a new, gas lit, booking office and a foot bridge. The station was entered through a tunnel under the signal box. The station was again rebuilt in the late 1970s and in 1985 the line was electrified – all gas lit until the 1970s. In 1987 the name changed to ‘Silverton and London City Airport’.  In 2006 the station closed with the line. It had previously been closed for a year in the 1990s while the Jubilee Line was built.

Crossrail
This current project has been renamed Elizabeth Line and is planned to open in 2018. This section is being built on the line of the old North Woolwich Railway which here ran eastwards from Silvertown Station between Factory and Royal Albert Roads. This is a major scheme which will bring main line trains from the Midlands through central London and on into Kent and Essex.  There are no stations on this stretch.

Dockside Road
Royal Albert Station. This is on the Docklands Light Railway’s elevated section of the Beckton branch- although the line dips slightly before reaching the station. It lies between Prince Regent and Beckton Park stations and was opened in 1994. It has two side platforms.
Polo Group Sculpture by Huang Jian which was unveiled in 2012an shows two modern British polo players playing against Emperor Ming Huang and Lady Yang. A plaque reads: China is the birthplace of ancient polo which was popular among royal families during the Tang Dynasty. The U.K. gave birth to modern polo, which became an Olympic sport in 1908 and popular all over the world.  In 2008, famous Chinese sculptress Huang Jian created for the Beijing Olympic Games “Emperor Ming of Tang and His Concubine Yang Yuhuan Playing Polo”, the only permanent large sculpture in the Beijing Olympic Park.  Four years later, Huang created the sculpture of “2012 London Polo”, in which Chinese lovers of ancient polo and British lovers of modern polo travel through time and space to gather in the London Olympic Park for a friendly polo match. 2012 marks the 40th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and the U.K. and is also the year for the London Olympic Games. The sculpture symbolises the friendship and cultural exchange between the two countries.
1016 Travelodge
London Regatta Centre. This is a rowing and dragon boat racing centre. It is owned by the Royal Albert Dock Trust, and is home to London Youth Rowing, London Otters Rowing Club, University of East London Boat Club, Raging Dragons Dragon Boat Club, Thames Dragons, Wave Walkers Windy Pandas DBC and Typhoon Dragon Boat Club. It was opened in 2000 and was designed by Ian Ritchie Architects. It has a 2,000 metre course, with seven lanes plus a return lane. There is also a rowing tank and a boathouse.
Windy Pandas. This Dragon Boat Club was formed in 2008 as a charity crew,
Wave Walkers. London's first cancer survivors dragon boat team
Raging Dragons. This was formed in 2002 as a charity crew called Chinese Professionals, and later Dragonflies. In 2006 it was associated with Thames Dragons and their name changed to Thames Raging Dragons but in 2009 this arrangement ended when they were sponsored by Sun Lik beer. In 2010 they were the highest placed team in London.
Thames Dragon Boat Club, This was established in 1993 and has competitive, mixed, ladies and open crews
Building 1000. Dockside offices built 2004 and includes London Borough of Newham Social Services
1000 Cold Store Compressor House. This was built in 1914 as a refrigeration plant to service surrounding warehouses storing beef shipments from Argentina. Following restoration work it has been used as offices and more recently as exhibition space.  As a compressor house it had a large water tank on the roof.

Docklands Light Railway
There are two Docklands Light Railway Lines in this square
Beckton Extension, This section of the line follows very closely the route of the old Gallions branch, but is carried on a new trackbed, and nothing of the earlier alignment can be seen. It opened in 1994 and is the longest of the railway's extensions. It runs for a little over five miles from Poplar through the Royal Docks area to a terminus at Beckton.
London City Airport Extension. This extension to the Docklands Light Railway opened in 2005. It leaves the existing DLR south of Canning Town station and runs on the south side of Silvertown Way and North Woolwich Road with a station for the airport in Hartmann Road. It was later extended to Woolwich in 2009.

Factory Road
S.W. Silver & Company were 18th Colonial and Army agents and outfitters based in the City, He is said to have set up a factory to make waterproof clothing, on a site which has never been identified in Greenwich. Later this was expanded to include insulated wires and cables. In 1852 a factory was set up in the area subsequently named Silvertown. In 1860 they acquired the patents of Charles Hancock, formerly of the West Ham Gutta Percha Co. As the result of this Silver set up the India Rubber, Gutta Percha and Telegraph Works Company.
The India Rubber, Gutta Percha and Telegraph Works Company was set up in 1864 and made a cable for the Submarine Telegraph Co, for Dover to Cap Gris Nez in the following year. Subsequently they made many more international cables and were partners in companies set up to manage them and promote them. They also owned specialist cable ships to lay them.  They also continued to make rubber goods and item related to telegraphy and eventually withdrew from submarine cable work during the Great War. The company also supplied electric generating plant to towns and cities in the United Kingdom and on the Continent. In the 1890s they began producing bicycle tyres and later car tyres. They also had a factory in France and one in Burton on Trent. In 1933 they were taken over by the B.F. Goodrich Company of Ohio and in the 1950s this became BTR Industries Ltd. The Silvertown Works site was sold in the 1960s and was redeveloped as the Thameside Industrial Estate.
Albert Works. An iron works on a site adjacent to the Silvertown Works in the 1860s and 1870s and owned by Campbell Johnstone & Co.  engineers and shipbuilders.. The company closed in 1876

Fernhill Street
22 Eastern Electric Laundry. This was an industrial laundry which closed in 1985.
Fernhill Street Baths and washhouse. There was also a clinic here run by the London County Council in the 1940s and 1950s.  These baths may be the slipper baths built by the Metropolitan Borough of Woolwich in 1926, although the site appears to be in East Ham – then a County Borough in Essex and not eligible for London County Council services.  The site does not appear to be large enough for a swimming pool.  There is now housing on the site built in 1962 by the London County Council, which, presumably, replaced this washhouse.
242 Newham Catering and Cleaning Services. London Borough of Newham

George V Dock.
This square covers the west end of the dock only.
George V dock was begun in 1912 by the Port of London Authority, the King George V and is the last of the upstream enclosed docks to be built. Construction was completed in 1921. It could handle liners as large as RMS Mauretania. A unique feature was a line of dolphins – wooden posts – which lay along the south side and which were connected to the south quay by wooden bridges.  These allowed lighters to pass on the quayside of moored vessels. It had three miles of quays with concrete-frame sheds, electric cranes and platform trucks and there were 5 railway lines available to the 14 warehouses. George V closed as a commercial dock in the 1980s but it was not decommissioned and is available for use with facilities for cranes, electrical power and water, quayside working areas, storage, security, and refuelling.
George V Dry Dock. This was the largest dry dock in London and opened in 1921. This is now the site of London City Airport
Pump House for the dry dock – this was north east of the dry dock itself and had two sets of electric motors driving pumps. It was flooded in 1979
Watersports Centre. King George V dock is reserved for power water sports.

Hartman Road
Hartman Road appears to have originally been an internal dock road running along the south side of the George V dock. It was accessed via a gate off the, since demolished, Silvertown viaduct. It now serves various airport facilities buildings and a vast car parking area.
London City Airport Station. This is on the Docklands Light Railway and opened in 2005.  It lies between Pontoon Dock and George V stations and was originally built on what was called the King George V branch but is now the Woolwich Extension – since it now crosses the river to Woolwich. The station is elevated and fully enclosed and it has a direct covered connection with the adjacent airport terminal building. There is also, unusually for the DLR, a fully enclosed waiting room on the platform and a manned ticket office.

Kennard Street
Royal Arsenal Co-operative Society shop. This was their only shop north of the river and opened in 1905. It closed in the late 1970s.
St. Mary and St. Edward Roman Catholic junior mixed and infants school. This was originally in a site off Newland Street but this site was acquired by the Port of London authority in 1915 for King George V Dock. The school moved to Kennard Street and a new building was completed in 1917. The school is not there now and there is housing on the site
St Mary and St Edward Church.  This Catholic Church is now sited on the corner of Grenadier Street and Albert Road (in the square to the south

London City Airport
London City Airport is an international airport in London which was developed by Mowlem in 1986–87 and is currently owned by a consortium of overseas investors.  It is sited in the south west corner of the King George V dock with the terminal building, constructed by Seifert, above the two large dry docks – which apparently remain beneath and used for parking.  It has a single runway sited on what was known as the Peninsular Road which ran between the George V and Royal Albert Docks and then housing transit sheds. The airport is the fifth-busiest airport in passengers and aircraft movements serving the London area. The airport was proposed in 1981 with planning permission granted following a planning enquiry it was opened in 1986 and there have been several extensions since. The first transatlantic flight was in 2009.

Manwood Street
Dunedin House. Built in 1963 by the London County Council on the site of the Fernhill Street baths. It has 20 floors.

Newland Street
St. Mary and St. Edward Roman Catholic junior mixed and infants’ school. This school was originally on the corner with Bailey Street but in 1915 was moved to Kennard Street.

North Woolwich Railway
North Woolwich Railway. This was opened by the Eastern Counties and Thames Junction Railway under George Parker Bidder. It opened as a single freight line from Thames Wharf near Bow Creek to what is now North Woolwich and was intended to transport coal. In 1847 a passenger service began from North Woolwich.  There was later a connection to Stratford and the line was taken over by the Eastern Counties Railway (later the Great Eastern). After the Second World War passenger numbers began to drop and it was used for freight only after 1969. In 1979 it reopened as part of the North London Lines with through trains to Richmond. It was closed again in 2006 and the line through this square is now being rebuilt for Crossrail.

Parker Road
Drew Road Primary School. Originally this was a West Ham Board School opened in 1895. It is now housed in a new purpose-built two-storey building since 2003 when the original building was demolished for the Docklands Light Railway

Railways
The railways which run through the area are listed separately. They are:
The old Gallions Branch railway with a station at Central. In this square this is covered by the Docklands Light Railway
The Docklands Light Railway Beckton Extension with stations at Royal Albert and Beckton Park. This was the Gallions Railway line
The North Woolwich Railway with a station at Silvertown. This is being rebuilt as Crossrail
Crossrail, now called Elizabeth Line. Under construction on the route of the old North Woolwich Line
Docklands Light Railway. Woolwich extension. With a station at London City Airport
Silvertown Tramway. Remains of original line of North Woolwich railway used for freight.
Dock railways on both Royal Albert and George V doc all. Now defunct.

Royal Albert Dock
Royal Albert Dock. This square covers a central slice of this large dock. The entrance area is in the square to the east; the passage to the Victoria Dock is in the square to the west.
The Royal Albert Dock was built in 1875-80 and covers 85 acres of water. It was built for the London and St Katharine Company with Alexander Rendel as engineer, and it opened in 1880.  It was intended as a ship canal running to the older Victoria Dock, with a quay along it where ships could berth. There was electric light using arc lamps, from the start. To the west of the north quay, is an uninterrupted straight line of quay walls for over a mile. There were no warehouses but instead there were transit sheds and designed so that one shed would serve one berth. Cold stores were later added for the frozen meat trade. Most buildings were cleared in the 1980s.
Quay Walls.  These were 40 ft high with a technically efficient stepped face and projecting toe at the base. They were built of Portland cement concrete.
Sheds. These were built in 1882 as twin-span structures made by Westwood, Baillie & Co. with wrought-iron trusses on cast-iron columns and corrugated-iron sheet cladding. They were linked by covered areas into six groups. They represent a change in dock warehousing from long-term storage to transit areas.
Dry docks at the western end of the dock, which, with the King George V dry dock, made up the largest area of ship repair in the port. These are now under the London City Airport buildings. They were thought to have been built in the 1880s. By the 1980-s the smaller was not used except for a floating dock built in 1942.
Sheds 25 and 27. These were converted for use as fully mechanized berths serving the New Zealand export trade.
Sheds 29, 31, and 33 three transit sheds. In 1920 they were replaced with ' two brick-built sheds 29 and 33, sheds, with a continuous upper floor for a cold sorting floor for meat; but later used as a cold store at 16°F  for 198,000 carcasses. Sorting of meat was later done on the quay to cut down the number of times it was handled.

Royal Albert and Victoria cut
This is a historic drainage infrastructure running along the north boundary of the Royal Albert Dock. It eventually discharged into the Thames. It was a surface feature with timber clad sloping walls.

Royal Albert Way
This is the A1020 running parallel with the north quay of the Albert Dock. It was built under the London Docklands Development Corporation with two roundabouts which have DLR stations in the middle which were designed to provide access to future development. However they have not been used as thought and they act as chicanes.
Docklands Light Railway. This runs parallel to and beneath the road. After Royal Albert Station the tracks descend to run in the middle of Royal Albert Dock Spine Road, and then take a further dip as they approach the station at Beckton Park.
Beckton Park Station. This opened in 1994 and lies between Cyprus and Royal Albert Stations on the Docklands Light Railway. It is sited beneath a roundabout.  The road rises slightly whilst the railway dips slightly as they approach the station. It is thus situated in a cutting, under the centre of the elevated roundabout. There is pedestrian access at surface level under the elevated roadways and arched over the railway

Silvertown Tramway
When the Victoria Dock was built the North Woolwich line was diverted to the north.  The old line was left in place and used for freight, being called The Woolwich Abandoned Line, or the Silvertown Tramway.  This lies largely in squares to the west but a small portion of it lay adjacent south west of Silvertown Station joining the main line to the east of the station.


Sources
Bird. Geography of the Port of London
Bloch. Newham Dockland
Bygone Kent 
Carr. Dockland
Cinema Theatres Association. Newsletter
Cinema Treasures.  Web site
Clunn. The Face of London
Connor. Branch Lines around North Woolwich
Crouch. Silvertown
Curwen. Old Plaistow
Disused Stations. Web site
East London Old and New
Field. Place names of London
Friends of the Earth. Gas Works Sites in London
GLC Docklands History Survey
GLIAS. Newsletter
Ianvisits. Web site
Loadman & James. The Hancocks of Marlborough
London Borough of Newham, Web site
London Encyclopaedia
London Railway Record
London Regatta Centre. Web site
London’s Royal Docs. Web site
Lost Pubs. Web site
McCarthy. London North of the Thames
Millichip. Gas Works Railways in London
Nature Conservation in Newham,  
Pevsner and Cherry, Essex
Phillips. London Docklands Guide.
Port of London Magazine
Portcities. Web site
SABRE. Web site
Skyscraper News. Web site.
Spurgeon. Discover Woolwich, 
Stewart. Gas Works in the North Thames Area
Tate and Lyle. Tate and Lyle
Wikipedia. As appropriate.

Saturday, 13 May 2017

Beckton



Post to the north East Ham
Post to the east Beckton




Aaron Hill Road
New housing built under the London Docklands Development Corporation post -1980
This is on the site of part of the Beckton Gas Works Tar and Liquor works – but mainly on a tangle of rail lines for the internal railway which served these departments. This was superseded by later gas works departments.

Alison Close
These properties were originally post war local authority housing, built on what was then unused land.

Alpine Way
Trading estates on a road ironically named for the adjacent spoil heaps then known as the Beckton Alps and which were at one time used as a ski centre. The road itself dates only from the 1980s when it was built through part of what was the Beckton Gasworks Products Works. It may have been built on the trackbed of one of the internal railway lines. It is now part of London Industrial Park
Solar House. This appears to be the Ladkarn Workshops which were designed by Nicholas Grimshaw and Partners in 1984-5 and originally in the West India Docks. That building was moved here when Canary wharf was built in 1986. It is a silver steel-clad shed, with a mezzanine supported by six red masts and was seen as a revolutionary structure.  There appears to be no contemporary reference to its past and it may be the wrong building.
Alpine Bar, Pub at Mountain Alps Ski Centre. This has now been demolished
Ski Centre. Mountain Top were bankrupt by 1995 and there is now no sign of the skii centre or its operations. It was said to offer
recreational skiing and snowboarding on a floodlit main slope, complete with fully integrated lubrication mist system and Doppelmayr overhead ski lift.
London Industrial Park. This was begun in 1979 by Fewster & Partners.

Beckton
This area was previously largely covered by the Beckton works of the Gas Light and Coke Company (the ‘Chartered’), subsequently North Thames Gas. It was named after Simon Adams Beck Governor of the Company at the time the works was built in the 1870s. It closed in 1976 and subsequently Newham Council began to install infrastructure and some early housing schemes – with a view to a large housing and mixed use development.  The area was then handed to the London Docklands Development Corporation by the Thatcher government, and the work done by Newham was continued by them. They were eventually instrumental in getting the third phase of the Docklands Light Railway into the area.  Their focus was more on low end private housing than the community and social housing envisaged by Newham, and to this end many thousand homes were provided.  To this were added some trading estates, major areas of chain superstores and the like, and some fanciful leisure projects like the ski slope.

Beckton Gas Works
This huge gas works covered not only this square but that to the east. In this square were the products works and some of the vast railway infrastructure. This was the ‘out of town’ works of the first ever gas company  - the Gas Light and Coke Company – ‘The Chartered’ – set up in 1811 and which by the 1870s had subsumed many of the smaller later gas companies in the north London area. Beckton Works dated from the 1870s when governments had encouraged the gas industry to built larger more efficient works on out of town sites, thus enabling closure of the smaller inner city ones. At nationalisation in 1947 it remained much the same, except it was then called North Thames Gas.
Products works. This was essentially a series of factories which dealt with and processed the byproducts of coal gas manufacture – coke, tars and a range of chemicals. Following the invention of coal gas processes were developed for what became a major branch of the British chemical industry. Coal tar was used to manufacture ingredients for disinfectants, insecticides and dyes. Sulphur was a raw material for manufacturers of fertilisers. Beckton Products Works, was built in 1879 and was the largest such works in the UK, except for East Greenwich Works.     Besides millions of gallons of road tar, products included phenol, the cresols and xylenols, naphthalene, pyridine bases, creosote, benzene, toluene, xylene, solvent naphtha, ammonium sulphate and ammonia solution, etc.

Coal Hole Lane
On 19th maps Coal Hole Lane ran east from East Ham Manor Way from a point slightly north of Winsor Terrace. It ran to cattle pens but seems to have petered out short of the river bank

Cyprus
Originally this was an estate built in 1881 estate and named after island which was taken in 1878. It was the only pocket of housing on the marshes.  It was never more than a few streets and very little remains of it. After the Second World War many prefabs were located here for people made homeless by bombing.

East Ham Manorway
This section of road is confusing and has had a variety of different uses and names. A manor way is generally a pathway going from a settlement to the Thames – hence this is a route from East Ham going through marshes to the river. Currently the section of road called East Ham Manor Way runs from a junction with Woolwich Manor Way at Winsor Terrace and runs into the square to the south where it intersects with Cyprus Place. It is no longer a through route. On 19th maps it can be seen to come into the area from East Ham and to run as East Ham, or East Ham Hall, Manorway to one of the marsh ‘walls’ – flood barriers – and then to run to the river as Woolwich Manorway. This continued even when, in the early 20th it had become a tram route – and post Second World War it was part of the North Circular Road and on the same route. By the early 1980s this had changed and from the junction with Savage Gardens a new road, Cyprus Bypass, took the North Circular down to a new junction with Woolwich Manor Way to the south. This is now completely different and Cyprus Bypass has vanished. The main road is now all called Woolwich Manor Way and what is left of East Ham Manor Way is now a side road.
Winsor School. The first school here was opened by the Gas Light and Coke Company and taken over by what was then the Borough of East Ham in 1883. A new school opened ion the site of what is now Winsor School in 1887 it was then called New Beckton Board School. In 1924 it was renamed Winsor School, after the founder of the gas company, and reorganized into separate senior and junior departments. This building was destroyed by bombing in 1940 and the school reopened in huts in 1944. In 1947 a single-storey temporary school was built. The current school buildings were built in two phases; first in 1987 and the second in 1991. The school also has a large nursery unit and a large ICT Suite.

Ferndale Street
This is an extended version of what was an old street on the Cyprus Estate.
St.Mark's Mission. This was a mission church from St. Michael and All Angels founded in 1890. It closed when St.Michael’s withdrew from the area in 1952.

Pennyroyal Avenue
London Borough of Newham housing from the 1970s. These replaced old cottages. Some later housing appears to cover the site of the football ground.

Railways
The railway history of this area is complex – the modern line of the Docklands Light Railway is straightforward but it was preceded by industrial lines and lines which were public or semi public.
Beckton Gasworks and the Railway  A single track branch railway was laid for and financed by the Gas Light & Coke Company coming from the North Woolwich line east of Custom House 33. The then terminus was outside the gasworks. The line then accessed the works where an internal railway network ran on 41 miles of standard gauge track.  In 1873 a freight service began and also a non-timetabled passenger service ran to what was then called Beckton Station in Winsor Terrace. From 1874 the station and line were operated by the Great Eastern Railway. There was another station called Beckon Gas Works inside the worksand this was  operated 1895 -1904. The goods service ended in 1930
By products works railway. This was a separate system and much simpler and smaller with only 15 engines.
Docklands Light Railway.  This was planned from 1988 as an extension to the early DLR line on the Isle of Dogs.  A depot was also planned (in the square to the east).  Passenger trains began to work between Poplar and Beckton in 1994.

Roding Road
Industrial and trading area – much of it devoted to the haulage industry,

Royal Docks Road
This is a new road built from the junction of the North Circular with the A13 and running to a junction with Woolwich Manor Way. It is designated as a part of the North Circular.

Warwall
Gallions School. Primary school opened  by the Borough of Newham in 1999.
Warwall Recreation Ground. This includes a multi-sports Olympic facility for featuring a 15 station outdoor Gym a double-sided climbing wall, basketball court, tennis wall, football goal and freestyle area for aerobics, dance, martial arts, yoga, etc.
18 Winsor Park Community Centre
20 Children’s Resource Centre

Winsor Terrace
The road is named for Frederick Albert Winsor, a wildly eccentric German who promoted the manufacture of gas from coal for lighting when no one else knew what it was. He was one of the founders of the Gas Light and Coke Company in 1811 which in the 1870s  opened Beckton Gas Works.  He had little to do with the new gas company but his son, with the same name, remained a director for most of the rest of his life. The road was opened by the Gas Light and Coke Co as the approach road to their new gasworks and it ended at the main gates. It was lined with workers housing.
Entrance to the  Beckton Gas Works, with plain pillars and ironwork. Behind it is a small park-like area with some concrete circles, an electricity pylon and the backs of supermarket car parks.
Gas Company Housing.Terraces of two-storey red brick houses of the 1870s, with larger units at the ends of terraces for senior staff
Winsor School. The first school here was opened by the Gas Light and Coke Company and taken over by what was then the Borough of East Ham in 1883. It closed in 1904 .This may have been in the building later used as a Methodist church.
Beckton Station, This was on the south side of Winsor Terrace built in an area which is now apparently under a roundabout on Royal Docks Road. It opened in 1870 and was initially owned by the Gas Light and Coke Co.  It had a single platform, a hut and a shelter and was all gas lit. There was also a signal box. Trains ran to meet shifts.  There were not really any staff.
Sidings. These are behind the station with five tracks for marshalling outgoing coke trains. Coke wagons would be pushed n here from the works and then collected by main line trains to go to their destination.
Signal box. This stood at the junction between the public line and the internal gas works railway. It also operated the crossing gates.
Methodist Church.  This began about 1875, in people’s houses. Missioners from the Canning Town circuit later opened a Sunday school and it later moved into the Gas Light and Coke Co’s School

Woolwich Manor Way
This road now runs from the A13 towards the river. In the past stretches of it have been called both East Ham Manor Way and Cyprus Bypass.
Winsor House. Brewers Fayre.Pub and restaurant
Beckton Station  This is the terminus of the Docklands Light Railway Beckton Extension which roughly follows the line of the old Dock Railway. Like all open-air DLR stations, Beckton is unstaffed and tickets are bought at machines. .
Beckton Bus Station.  This is directly opposite the DLR station and opened in 2008, It is owned and maintained by Transport for London.
Beckton Railway. The Beckton tramway crossed the road in thee area of the current DLR station. It was controlled by a signal box which later also controlled the local authority trams
East Ham United Football Club. The club played at a ground sited between Pennyroyal Avenue and what is now Woolwich Manor Way. The club was established in 1933. In 2001 they became Barking & East Ham United. This merged club closed in 2006 and East Ham became defunct. The site now appears to be part of the housing estate although it also appears to have still been in intermittent use in 2000.
St Michael and All Angels Church. This began as a mission from St Mary Magdalene Church in East Ham in 1883. A church was built in 1906, funded by the Gas Light and Coke Company but was not rebuilt after bombing in 1941 and the district was merged back into St Mary's parish. It stood on the south east corner of the junction with Winsor Terrace. St Michaels Vicarage still stood in the 1950s. The site is now a Premier Inn.
Manor Way Farm.  This was on the west side of the road north of Savage Gardens and appears to have survived into at least the 1970s. The site was owned by the Port of London Authority,
Horses. This is a sculpture sited opposite Beckton DLR station. It is a stainless steel group in a circle of trees.

Sources
British History On line. East Ham. Web site
Disused Stations. Web site
Docklands Forum. Archive papers.
Everard. History of the Gas Light & Coke Co.
London Borough of Newham. Web site
London Railway Record
Wikipedia. As appropriate

Monday, 8 May 2017

Bayford

Ashedene Road
Baker Arms Pub. The pub is named for Sir William Baker who purchased the local manor in 1757. The pub was once a row of cottages and has been a Macmullan house since 1946.
Telephone Exchange - with phone box outside
Smithy – this is shown on older maps as standing next to the pub on the corner with Bayford Green.

Bayford Brook
Bayford Brook is a minor tributary of the River Lea. It forms in the hills north of Bayford and in this square runs southwards alongside the belt of woodland and roughly parallel to the railway on its eastern side.  It is joined by a winterbourne stream from Great Groves

Bayford Green
Bayford Place farm
Warren House. 18th house with stables, where they have an annual musical gardens day,
Manor House. Late medieval house attached to a royal manor granted in 1547 to John Knighton.It has been enlarged and altered ever since. Later became a farmhouse until the early 20th. The middle area is the later medieval house.

Brickendon Lane
When the station was built in 1924 the road was a footpath.
Bayford School. The current school is now to the south in Ashendene but an earlier school stood on the corner with Bayford Green on the site of what is now Fourways.
Homestead Moat. This is partly filled in but the remainder of the ditch is wide and still wet
Bayford Station. This opened in 1924 and lies between Hertford North and Cuffley stations on the Great Northern Railway. Originally it could only be reached via a bridle path. There was a small waiting hut on the platforms and a booking office on the upside
Goods yard, This was very small and hardly used.
Brook Farm. Agricultural contractors.

Great Groves
Great Groves is ancient semi-natural woodland which is part Broxbourne Woods. The main tree species are oak and ash with hornbeam understorey.  There are also wild service. It is a hilly wood which is surrounded on three out of four sides by a sinuous bank and ditch system. Some of the banks are topped by huge hornbeam stubbs which were branches laid to make a stock-proof barrier against horses or cattle in the surrounding fields. Many old woods were embaned in this way and the size of these hornbeam stools would indicate a considerable age. The wood is now managed by a dedicated group with a very good website.

Stocking Lane
“an old road running north-west and south-east through the parish”

Well Row
Pond 
Willow Row. This is a row of  houses behind the pond

Sources
Baker’s Arms. Web site
Bayford Musical Gardens. Web site
British History Online. Hertfordshire. Web site
British Listed Buildings, Web site
Great Groves. Web site
Wikipedia. As appropriate

Saturday, 6 May 2017

Battersea Longhedge



Post to the north Battersea power, dogs



Alexandra Avenue
Facade of the Spiers and Pond laundry rebuilt here as part of the new block of flats

Alfreda Street
This was Alfred Street before the Second World War. Post war small houses were placed by local authority housing.
Connor Court. This has 120  flats on 11 floors. It was built as part of the Doddington Estate constructed by Laing 1970

Austin Road
This street was once a farm track but was Austins Road by 1851 after which it was developed with small houses. It was heavily bombed in the Second World War. It became part of Battersea Council’s Battersea Park Estate from the 1950s.  Austin Street was a late part of the scheme with blocks Atkinson and Telscombe Houses added by M.J.Gleeson in 1959
Shaftesbury Christian Centre.  The Shaftesbury Society is now called Liveability but the organisation has been working in Battersea since the mid 19th. The building dates from 1964 when it was the Welcome Mission Centre.  Wandsworth Food Bank runs from here and they also have a Spanish speaking church section. Some of the building is used for social events.
York Court Care Home. This private facility replaces the local authority owned Longhedge Close Care Home
Park House. This is the tower block on the corner which was built in 1963 as Jay House, named after local Labour MP Douglas Jay and in a lightweight concrete construction. It was sold off and renamed by Wandsworth Council in 1984.
59 Running Horse. This was a beer house replaced by housing in the 1960s
Granatt Chemical and Engineering Co, This company was in the street until the late 1950s. They were barrel finishers.

Battersea Park Road
147 Nine Elms Police Station. This was built in 1925 and is now in other use.
149 Newton ‘Prep’ School. This is a co-educational fee paying private ‘prep’ school. It is in the buildings of Raywood Street School built by the London County Council in 1926. This was a replacement for a London School Board School – free for all London children, built in 1881–2 and rebuilt because of noise issues. It was later used as an annexe to Battersea Secondary School and later was part of Clapham College
151-153 The Three Bridges built in 1868. This is now closed. It was previously The Rock House and later the Havelock Arms,
169 Masons Arms. Built in 1863 with a small statue of a mason  right up near the roof.
Battersea Park Station. This station lies between Victoria and Clapham Junction on Southern Rail Brighton Lane  and from Wandsworth Road on London Overground South London Line (only one train a day).   It is actually at the junction of the South London Line and the Brighton Main Line.  It was opened in 1867 and called York Road. .There is a complex history of stations in the area all with very similar names. These include an 1860 station at the end of Grosvenor Bridge and a station slightly to the east of the current station opened in 1867 by The London Brighton and South Coast Railway.  The station has a grand polychrome brick Venetian Gothic facade but Access to the platforms is via steep wooden staircases, Platform 1 is made entirely of wood and is not use.  A timber passageway runs the whole length of the station carried on timber support and truss girders. The façade and the booking hall were restored in 1986. The 1867 platform staircases and the ironwork survive.
Railway bridges. The road passes under a series of overbridges which carry lines in and out of Victoria and some running to depots and goods areas,
32 Life Tabernacle United Pentecostal church. This was originally the lecture hall of Battersea Park Tabernacle, designed and built in 1869-70 by builder William Higgs of Lambeth.  Originally a church was built in front of it in 1883-84.  This was demolished in the 1970s and it is now the car park.
181 Paya and Horse.  Pub with Serbian food. This was previously called The Chelsea Reach. It was built as an estate pub.
231 The Magic Garden. This was previously The Eagle and dates from at least the 1870s.
Kingsway Square. Flats on the site of what was Battersea Polytechnic converted in 2006 by the St, James Group.
Battersea Polytechnic., This was the first purpose built London polytechnic designed by E. W. Mountford in 1892–4 following a competition. Expanding the polytechnic movement was an objective of the Charity Commission, and South London was then weak in facilities for training artisans, was a focus. It opened in 1894 sited on part of the gardens of Albert Palace. Inside separate activities were grouped and linked by long corridors, and there was a gymnasium, swimming bath and hall as well as a smaller women’s gymnasium. There were ten statues of worthy subjects along the front and lots of putti in the entrance hall. The polytechnic was managed by the London County Council and soon expanded in technical subjects while losing some of its recreational facilities. There were other later extensions. In 1956 it was designated a ‘college of advanced technology’ and in 1962 it transferred to Ministry of Education from the London County Council. In 1962it was decided to abandon Battersea for Guildford which led to the college becoming the University of Surrey in 1966.
Library. This was an addition to the Polytechnic in 1909–10. It was a donation by Edwin Tate, Sir Henry’s son. It was designed by F. Dare Clapham and was opened by the Archbishop of Canterbury with John Burns, then a cabinet minister. Stained glass windows by Shrigley & Hunt featured Literature. It is now an art gallery
Westminster Technical College. The Polytechnic buildings were taken over and reconfigured by the Greater London Council architects in 1973–7.It was sold in 2005 to St James Homes, part of the Berkeley Group
278 Tonicos. This was The Grove Pub which was built as an estate pub
309 Battersea Park Library. Local Council library
Park Court., This has 109 flats on 13 floors. It was built as part of the Doddington Estate constrrcted by Laing 1970
317 The Cricketers. This pub was later called the Halo Bar. It  has since been demolished.
339 Lost & Co. this was The Lost Angel. Before 2009 this was the Prince of Wales Pub which dated from the 1870s.
140 this was the site of an early steam laundry from 1879 for the caterers and hoteliers Spiers & Pond. It catered primarily for their own establishments, but also took in linen from the local area. It was ckosed after the Second World War and became laborarory. It was demolished in 2006 and redeveloped for housing called. ‘The Quadrangle’.
142 This was Propert’s blacking factory. They moved here from South Audley Street in the 1870s. The building was designed by George Ashby Lean and it has a two-storey Gothic stock-brick façade. Propert’s continued here until the Second World War.
Mandeville Close. This is a conversion of the Proberts blacking factory into offices.
154 Old Imperial Laundry. This was the London & Provincial Steam Laundry Company Ltd said to be the largest laundry of its type in the world when built in 1880  by Scrivener & Co. to the designs of Ernest Turne. A 400ft-deep well in the drying and bleaching yard provided a 15,000 gallons a day. It was taken over in 1966 by the Marie Blanche Laundry Company. The wors closed in 1983, and the buildings converted to offices for arts and design businesses.
St Saviour’s. The church was built in 1870-and designed by C. Robins and G. R. Roper.  The parish was created from part of the old Christ Church Parish. The vicarage house was built in 1880. In the 1980's the church was converted to provide meeting rooms and a smaller church.

Bewick Street
Victorian Heights. Flats in the buildings of what was Tennyson Street School. The original three-storey school was built in 1875–7, facing Bewick Street with a date plaque on the facade. It was designed by E. R. Robson but in the 1890s it was partly rebuilt and new blocs added including a two-storey special school. the school closed in 1968, when the main building became the the Battersea Studios, Inner London Education Authority’s television centre. This continued until 1999 when the buildings were to housing.

Birley Street
This is a street on the Shaftesbury Estate built by the Artisans, Labourers and General Dwellings Company, a housing co-operative founded in 1867 by William Austin. This was their first estate completed between 1873 and 1877.  Most properties on the estate are now managed by the Peabody Trust.

Broughton Street
Part of Park Town Estate Plain grey brick terraces of the 1860s remain in the main kite-shaped area of the estate around the ornament, of a lushly gross kind
Ridley Hall, Evangelical Christian Church. Homily on the building, originally built in 1884 and rebuilt in 1977 with minister’s house attached.
1a-1e King’s Bread and Biscuit Company’s works of 1882–3. It later became the Army and Navy Co-operative Bread Company, renamed the A1 Bread Company and added to in 1888. This site is now a series of trading units although one very large unit remains.
29 London Stone Business Estate. Trading units in the space between railway lines, but with a postal address in Broughton Street. An gap between houses leads under a rail line and into the estate. Subsequent development was by the British Rail Property Board in the 1980s.
Cayless Brothers Tower Works. Cayless’s wooden stairs, ladders and related items are now collectors’ pieces. A ladder factory is shown in the 1950s on a site to the north of the street which may have been Cayless.

Charlotte Despard Avenue
Youngs Court. Built as part of the Doddington Estate with 12 foors and 110 flats. Built 1970 by Laing
St Georges House. This has 54 flats on 10 floors. It was built as part of the Doddington Estate constructed by Laing 1970
Cromwell House. This has 54 flats on 10 floors. It was built as part of the Doddington Estate constructed by Laing 1970
Arthur Court. This has 110 flats on 12 floors. It was built as part of the Doddington Estate constructed by Laing 1970

Culvert Place
Long road between rail lines, trading and industrial units. Some of them modern.
Parkside Industrial Estate

Culvert Road
The road is on the line of an old lane through fields.
Wilditch Estate. Built under the London Borough of Wansdworth but designed by its predecessor Battersea Council.
Parkfields Industrial Estate. Developed after 1977 on the site of the Battersea Council depot.
Battersea Vestry Depot. This was between the railway lines and had originally been leased under Wandsworth Board of Works in 1861. Here was sited from the 1880s a 12 cell rubbish destructor supplied by Manlove, Alliott & Co. of Nottingham, which was still burning 20,000 tons of Battersea’s domestic and trade refuse 25 years later. The resulting clinker was used for road making with a hydraulic paving flag-making machine by Musker of Liverpool, which could turn out 600 yards weekly of flags faced with granite chips. At first the site had consisted of stables and workshops in huts and railway arches as well as a large chimney for the destructor.  It was also a base for the Council’s Direct Works section. It closed in 1977
103 The Flag Pub. This was originally called The British Flag. It was built in the late 1930s by Culpin & Son. It has also been called Careys.
105 Culvert Court. Workshops and storage units.
Tunnel. This very narrow and restricted tunnel takes the road under the railway to the Parkfields Industrial Estate.

Dagnell Street
Chesterton Primary School. The school was originally a Board School in Forfar Road.

Doddington Road
Doddington Estate. This was built as local authority housing in the 1960s, 1967-71 by Emberton, Frank & Tardrew using the Jespersen system.  It was designed by the Metropolitan Borough of Battersea but built by the London Borough of Wandsworth.  Generally it has been seen as a disaster. The district heating scheme was terrible and didn’t work.  There was a lot of crime and vandalism.  Later, under the Tories, a lot of the flats were sold off, and later there were changes and renovation of the flats and the common areas.

Dunston Road
66a this is the old school keeper’s house for John  Burns School with a preserved ‘girls’ entrance beside it.

Forfar Road
Chesterton School. This London School Board building became the Brixton School of Building when Chesterton School moved out. The Brixton School of Building was founded in 1904 and known as the London County Council School of Building until 1943. In 1970 it became part of South Bank University.  The buildings are now flats.

Francis Chichester Way
Named for the yachtsman who became the first man to sail round the world alone.
Landseer House. This has 54 flats on 10 floors. It was built as part of the Doddington Estate constructed by Laing 1970
Kennard House. This has 62 flats on 10 floors. It was built as part of the Doddington Estate constructed by Laing 1970

Gladstone Terrace
Elm Farm. This was a City Farm Built by local people in 1979 on half an acre of land here, It had sheep, goats, pigs, ducks and chickens and Mary the cow.  Disabled children could ride William the donkey. Volunteers built stables and a wildlife pond. Wandsworth Council evicted the farm so that the site could be used for a car parj for the adjacent private ‘prep’ school. Debts from the resulting court case were attached to one person who has had to clear them personally.
Foundry. By 1916 there was a foundry at the end of the street, later shown as the Globe Motor Factory
.
Heath Road
117-119 Heathbrook Community Hall. This site was originally a parish hall, and before that, in the late 19th, it was a school.
Kingdom Hall, Jehovah’s Witnesses

Holden Street
Holden Street School. This was built by the School Board 1875–7. It later became known as Shaftesbury Park School. It was built as the main primary school on the Shaftesbury Park estate. It was built to Robson’s three-storey designs and could take 1,104 children. It was reconfigured in 1901 by T. J. Bailey. At first Infants were on the ground floor, Junior Girls in the middle and Junior Boys on the top floor and there were three Headteachers. Eventually the two junior schools merged but there were separate infant and junior schools until l985 when the school became an Infant and Junior Mixed Primary school under one Headteacher.
35a schoolkeeper’s house from 1888.

Ingate Place
Industrial area once called Milford Estate. Although the area has been dominated by Hamptons and their depository  there have been, and are, numerous other industries located here.
Milford Estate – belonged to the builders J. M. Macey & Son and developed from 1878. Macey undertook major construction projects here and other parts of London and had offices in central London.
Hampton’s Depository. The Hampton family had a furniture shop in the west end from the early 19th. They expanded in the 20th and had a range of high end customers. They had a depository in Ingate Pace and in 1926 opened a factory nearby, as Milford Works. The warehouse is curved to follow the railway track and was built in 1900–3 to designs by Robert L. Hesketh and Walter Stokes. In red brick and terracotta. Inside  ferro-concrete columns and floors by L. G. Mouchel & Partners, licensee of the Hennebique patents. Hamptons was closed in 1956.
Decca They moved into  the Hamptons site and stayed until 1980. Special Products Division Decca Radio and Television 1964 -1978
Safestore. Hampton’s depository is now a secure storage unit.
Workshops. Built for Hamptons between 1924 and 1955. These are now largely individual units for various businesses.
South London Tramways Company depot. This opened in 1881 and was taken over by the London County Council in 1902. It was a depot for horse trams and consisted of timber sheds and stables.
38 Setpoint.  Rolling mill instrumentation. This company was present in the early 1970s but moved to larger premises in Wales in 1977
Streamline Filters Ltd. In the 1940s this was the Hele Shaw works.
British Coated Sheets. Methods of electrogalvanising of steel sheet and strip was developed here by T.Tapp. The firm’s later works was at Ellesmere Port.
Janus Works. This was the works of Archibald Smith who also had a site in Leicester Square in 1868. They were hydraulic and general engineers The Battersea factory was built in 1880 as their manufactures expanded.  In the 1880s they made Hydraulic Passenger Lifts which included a Duplex Pump. One of their lifts was used in the Tower of London.  In 1909 the works were moved to Northampton.
4 this is an entrance to a yard where a number of units are still in place.- this includes Specturm Radio. In the 1950s the path led to an engineering works, a plating works and a car battery factory.

Lockington Road
St Marys Roman Catholic Primary School. A low-rise conventional primary school built to designs by Tomei & Mackley in 1971–2, and since extended. The school is now in federation with another local catholic school and is currently being rebuilt,

Montefiore Street
Montefiore Gardens, This was laid out at the east side of the Parktown Estate on a bombsite which was cleared of prefabs and laid out as gardens. A social services day nursery was built in one quarter which has since been sold and houses built.

Park Town
This was built from 1865 onwards, its street layout planned by Philip Flower and James Thomas Knowles. The land had belonged to Longhedge Farm – a name derived from its northern boundary hedge along what is now Battersea Park Road. Success was limited by the number of railway lines.

Peardon Street
Tun Yard. Trading and office units in what was the rear yard of the Plough Brewery which was based in Wandsworth Road (in the square to the south)

Prairie Street
Queen’s Theatre. Said to be “short-lived local attraction between 1886 and 1896” it does however still appear on maps of the 1920s.

Prince of Wales Drive
Albert Palace. In May 1885 the Albert Palace was built here e main building fronted Prince of Wales Road and overlooking the lake was of glass with an iron frame. The south side, along what is now Lurline Gardens, was built of brick, faced with Bath stone and Portland stone which had come from the old Law Courts at Westminster, demolished in 1883.  It was built for the Dublin Exhibition of 1872, and re-erected here. Albert Palace was a venue for music, and there was also a picture gallery. It was not a success and in 1886 it changed hands and was demolished in 1894.

Queenstown Road
This road leads to Chelsea Bridge after first crossing Prince of Wales Drive at Queen's Circus and Battersea Par Road.. The name refers to Queen Victoria. Developers were members of a committee of Clapham residents who successfully lobbied for this new road link from Clapham to Battersea Park, and across the river via Chelsea Bridge, built in 1858. The road was financed by the development of the land for housing.  Most of the area had previously been the fields of Longhedge Farm.
174-176 Mineral Water Factory. This was between the railway lines and was built around 1870 as a mineral-water factory for the Pure Water Company Ltd. Until the early 21st the tiled entrance to this company was still extant in Queenstown Road with tiled lettering advertising the Pure Water Co.
220–220  Two red brick structures built in 1889–90 as factories and warehousing by designed by Thomas Massa for builders Holloway Brothers as Queens Road Works for R. Z. Bloomfield & Company, army contractors and outfitters. Penthouse offices, roof gardens, and a connecting high-level bridge, were added in 1988
233–235 this is the remains of the Victoria Works of the Holloway Brothers who were 19th building contractors
Railway bridge – the first bridge south from Battersea Par Road carries Southern trains from Victoria heading through Clapham Junction towards South London, Surrey and the Sussex coast.
Queenstown Road Station.  This opened in 1877 and lies between Clapham Junction and Vauxhall stations on South Western Rail. It was originally opened by the London and South Western Railway and was called as Queen's Road (Battersea). This name still appears over the entrance. A number of other stations in the London area have been called ‘Queens Road’ and it was later renamed Queenstown Road (Battersea) by British Rail.  It was built when approach lines to Waterloo were widened and originally handled trains of both the L.S.W.R's Windsor line services and the L.N.W.R's Willesden service. A third platform and new Booking Hall were added in 1909. This building is in stock brick with a red glazed street front and the Booking Office with ticket windows dates from 1909 and is now painted in the colours of the Southern Railway. The island platform dates from 1877 and is a timber framed structure, with decorative cast iron brackets. When built this was the 'Up Windsor' platform. A third platform remains but is disused.
Railway bridge – the second bridge going south from Battersea Park road carries the main line out of Waterloo, used by South West Trains
255-259 furniture shop in what may have been an old railway building
Long Hedge House. In 1861 the London Chatham and Dover Railway bought land from Long Hedge Farm which include the farmhouse.. This became staff housing for the railway and survived until the 1960s. This was near the junction with Silverthorne Road.
166 The Victoria. This was the Victoria Hotel.
St.Philip. Built in 1870 designed and by Knowles Jun. In the centre of the Estate.  Ragstone, with a short tower with belfry windows and pinnacles. It is now an Ethiopian Orthodox Church – Saint Mary of Debre Tsion

Railway
The square includes a tangle of rail lines and what was a major railway depot. There are two sets of lines – most straightforwardly the east/west lines coming in and out of Waterloo. More complicated are a set of lines coming out of Victoria and passing through several stations – only two of which are still extant in this square -and passing through a number of junctions, some lines heading south and others turning to head west. The vast majority of this layout dates from the mid-19th built by individual railway companies.  These lines also effectively divide the area covered in this square into two halves.
Longhenge Depot. This locomotive and carriage works built by the London, Chatham and Dover Railway  to serve their London terminus at Victoria. In 1860 the company bought land which had been part of the Long Hedge farm and alongside the London and South Western Railway main line. By 1862 there was an erecting shop for twelve locomotives, and a running shed for 26 locomotives. This was a a semi-roundhouse running shed and by 1875/6 it had with 40 tracks around the central turntable, although only half were under cover. Soon after a carriage works was added and other extensions followed. The works was initially mainly used for repair works but from 1869 locomotives were built there. But this work was later moved to Ashford and by 1911 only light repairs were undertaken here. Most of the buildings of Longhedge works were demolished in 1957 to make way for a new depot for servicing electric trains. The site is now partly occupied by the Stewarts Lane Traction Maintenance Depot.
Stewarts Lane Traction Maintenance Depot. This large site is mainly in the square to the east although it includes the eastern areas of the Longhedge works. Following the end of steam traction in the early 1960s it was converted into a Traction Maintenance Depot which is currently operated by DB Schenker. By the 1880s it was generally referred to as Battersea or Longhedge Works although it was officially called Stewarts Lane. Today the depot is used for the Gatwick Express, the Venice Simplon Orient Express and one steam locomotive which operates the from London Victoria.

Rowditch Lane
This appears to have been called Sheepcote Lane until the 1970s.

Silverthorne Road
This road follows the long wall of the Longhedge/Stewarts Lane railway depot on its east side. At its southern end it follows the long wall of the Plough Brewery, based in Wandsworth Road (in the square to the south), on its west side.

St. Philip Square
Part of Park Town Estate.  Plain terraces of the 1860s are a little grander here than in the surrounding streets. However it failed to attract middle class residents. The houses have been converted to flats since the 1890s.
1 was the original vicarage
18 this was set up as a tenant’s club in 1879

St. Philip Street
Part of Park Town Estate

Stanley Grove
Part of Park Town Estate

Strasburg Avenue
Turpin House. Built as part of the Doddington Estate with 86 flats on 13 floors.  Constructed by Laing 1970.
Russell Court. This has 21 flats on 6 floors. It was built as part of the Doddington Estate constructed by Laing 1970
Palmerston House. This has 54 flats on 10 floors. It was built as part of the Doddington Estate constructed by Laing 1970
Lucas Court. This has 110 flats on 13 floors. It was built as part of the Doddington Estate constructed by Laing 1970

Warriner Gardens
Rear wall of the Spiers amd Pond laundry rebuilt here as part of the new block of flats
Proberts factory buildings here is now used by a private school.

Wickersley Road
Battersea Scout Centre. This was built in 1974 and is the headquarters of scouting in Battersea. It is also hired to a number of other community organisations.

Wycliffe Road,
St Bartholomew’s Church. This is now St Nektarios’s Greek Orthodox Church. It was built in 1900 by G. H. Fellowes Prynne in stock brick. It originally lay between two schools -  Basnett Road and Wycliffe Special Schools.
John Burns Primary School. This School is named for the great John Burns,the local MP who became the first Labour and first working class Cabinet Minister. It was originally is on the site of Basnett Road School which was a three-decker school London School Board School and which was named for John Burns. The original building were demolished  in the early 1970s by the Inner London Education Authoirty and replaced  by a MACE system school.   This  proved to have construction problems and once major repairs were needed to the roof it was demolished  in 1995. The school itself had by then taken over the buildings of Wycliffe Special School, where they remain.
Wycliiffe Special School.  This opened in 1905 and was for boys and run in connection with Basnett Road School which was nearby. In the early 1960s the London County Council replaced the original buildings with a mixed school, undertaken by the Greater London Council’s Architect’s Department . It is a flat-roofed two storey building in which primary and secondary children were in separate areas. In 1993 Wycliffe Special School was closed and the premises used by John Burns School.

Sources
Bartlett School. Survey of London. Battersea. Website
Field. Place Names of London 
Grace’s Guide. Web site
Historic England. Web site
Jackson. London’s Termini
London Borough of Lambeth. Web site
London Borough of Wandsworth. Web site
London Parks and Gardens. Online. Web site
London Railway Record
London Reconnections. Web site
Masons Arms. Web site
National Archive. Web site
Newton Prep School. Web site
Pub History. Web site
Shaftesbury Park School. Web site
Skyscraper News. Web site
Wikipedia. As appropriate