Monday, 30 January 2017

M25 Barrow Green


Post to the north Oxted Downs
Post to the west Godstone Rooks Nest


Barrow Green Road
Barrow Green Farm. The farmhouse is a mid 16th Wealden farmhouse. It is timber framed with  rendered cladding below, and tile. There is known to have been a lime kiln here.
Oasthouse. This is a late 18th rubblestone and clunch bulding. It has a pyramidal roof over a square pavilion at the south end. There are also some associated buildings.
Mount. This is a large bowl-shaped mound perhaps 30 ft high. The top has a flat area about 20 ft. in diameter. It may be natural or a natural feature converted to a barrow – which has been the view in the past. It was excavated in 1869 and was then thought to be natural. Later observers thought it had a ditch round it and found flint flakes. They said loose sand was piled up in a circular heap on sand-stone. It is thought that it could possibly have been a motte to hold some sort of fortification and is shown in 1408 as a castle mound. It is also thought that it could have been landscaped as a feature for Barrow Green Court.
Tandridge Priory.  This developed from a hospital founded 1189-99 which became an Augustinian Priory in 1218.  It was dedicated to St. James  and it held the rectory of Tandridge and some other lands, It was suppressed in 1538. Three fishponds from the Priory remain in the grounds of the present house.
Riding School. This dates from the 1980s and provides livery and riding lessons. The associated house is called Tandridge Priory. The present Tandridge Priory and this is a substantial, 17th  country house. The site includes gardens and paddocks, with stabling for seven horses
Coney Hill Sandpit. This has been filled in and ‘restored’. It was last used in 1988 and was later now owned by London Borough of Bromley.    Conoco began drilling here for oil and gas and there are two ‘nodding donkey’ pumps on site. It is now part of the Palmers Hill Oil Field.
Oxted Sand pit. This was used for the extraction of soft sand and later to dump aggregates. It has been investigated for landfill and ‘restoration’.
School Plantation. Area of woodland


M25

Tandridge Hill Lane
The Abbeys. Large area of woodland.
Priory Shaw. This is an area within the wood, whose name must reflect the priory adjacent to the south.
Greenacres. Care home.
Duckpit Wood Landfill Site. This is a disused sand pit used for landfill,
Borehole. The water supply bore hole here was found to be contaminated and a new bore hole dug.

Sources
British History online. Tandridge. Web site
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Domesday reloaded. Web site
Gatehouse Gazeteer. Web site
Historic England. Web site
Parker. Highways and Byways of Surrey
Pastscape. Web site
Surrey County Council. Web site
Sutton and East Surrey Water Co. Web site
Tandridge District Council. Web site
Tandridge Priory, Web site

M25 Oxted Downs



Post to the east Oxted Chalkpit Wood
Post to the south Barrow Green



Barrow Green Road
Barrow Green Court. Red brick house originating in the 17th. It has had many alterations and extensions. In the mid 19th it was the  home of George Grote the historian of Greece, before him it was Jeremy Bentham.. It is now the home of Mohamed al Fayed. There is apparently oil being pumped from below it..
St Thomas Well. This lay close to the Pilgrim's Way. It now flows out of a pipe in the bank and fills agricultural troughs. It is on the bridleway north from Barrow Green Lane crosses the M25, then a stile and its right at the top of the field in the far corner.

Gangers Hill
South Hawke. Beech wood

Hogtrough Lane
Steep bridle way on the hillside

Lodge Wood

M25

Railway
Oxted Tunnel The Oxted line, from Croydon to Oxted, was built in two phases. the first company, the Surrey and Sussex Junction Railway abandoned the line following a financial crisis and the two tunnels were left for 11 years. It is not clear if the Oxted railway tunnel was completed by Warings for them in 1865-67? or if it was only started by them and was actually the work of the Croydon, Oxted, & East Grinstead Railway contractor, Joseph Firbank, between 1878 and 1888. It is unusual in that there are reverse curves inside it and mess rooms built into the walls. It is 1 mile 501 yards long.

Robins Grove Wood.
Has ancient woodland and ancient re-planted woodland. It is adjacent to an oil well.

Rye Wood
Nature Conservation importance.

Sources
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Croydan Natural History Bulletin. Web site
Tandridge District Council. Web site

M25 Oxted Chalkpit Wood


Post to the north Chalkpit Lane
Post to the east Oxted
Post to the west Oxted Downs


Armitage Wood
Mixed ancient woodland with oak, ash and hazel understorey

Barnetts Way
Oxted Therapies Unit. This is part of the replacement for the closed Oxted Hospital


Barrow Green Road
Ridgeway Manor. This is now a residential care home. This was built as Blunt House around 1886 by J.M. Oldrid Scott for himself in red brick. Inside were features brought from Blunt House in Croydon which had been built around 1760 by Abraham Swan and Richard Peers. This original house was the model for Scott’s design here.
Railway Bridge. Built in 1883 for the London, Brighton and South Coast Railway/South Eastern Railway


Chalkpit Lane
Railway Bridge – this bridge must date from the 1880s when the line was built. It is a ‘dogleg’ tunnel with a mound on the west adjacent to it. Not clear why and what this is. The site of the limeworks siding was to the west of this.
Stafford Scout Hut. This is for the 1st Oxted Scouts.


Eastlands Way
Oxted and Limpsfield War Memorial Hospital, this oipened in 1923 in Gresham Road to the south.  It was founded for "the Men and Women of Oxted and Limpsfield who in the Great War 1914 to 1918 gave faithful service to God, their King and their Country".  Over the succeeding years it was enlarged. In the 1930s it was decided to rebuild on a different site and moved to Eastlands Way in 1939. In the Second World War it joined the Emergency Medical Service. It joined the NHS in 1948 and by 1983 was a G.P. hospital with 40 beds. It was considered for closure in 1993 because of the poor state of repair but because of public concern remained open. The buildings got worse and worse and began to subside.  It closed very suddenly in 2001. The site is now private housing.

Five Acre Wood.

Hamfield Shaw
Hazel woodland with some hardwood, oak and ash.

Lankester Square
Site of the Oxted and Limpsfield Hospital

Lodge Wood

Memorial Close
The private Tandridge Heights Memorial Care Home was built nearby so the word 'Memorial' originally used for the now closed hospital survives.

M25

Railway
Oxted Limeworks Siding. The siding to the quarry was opened in 1886 with an exchange siding beside the main line and two wagon roads. A cutting curved round the western edges of Hamfield Shaw and Armitage Wood. It then ran up to the works where there were sidings served by the two-foot gauge railway which went into the pit. The branch closed about 1939 and the rails were lifted in 1969.

Sources
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Godstone Area Industrial Archaeology.
Lost Hospoitals of London. Web site
Tandridge District Council. Web site
Woodland Trust. Web site

Sunday, 29 January 2017

M25 Chalkpit Lane



Post to the east Titsey Plantation
Post to the south Chalkpit Wood



Chalkpit Lane
This was once the main road north from Oxted.
Southern Gravel Ltd on the site which was Oxted Greystone Lime Co.  Opened in the 19th century the chalk pit at Oxted is extensive. The original company dated from 1885 but by 1932 it was being run by the Oxted Greystone Lime Co. Ltd who was associated with the Dorking Greystone Lime Co. Ltd. In 1993 it was owned by Tilcon working on the west side of Chalk Pit Lane digging on a daily basis. Previously hydrated burnt lime was brought here from Skipton.  This was used by the building industry. In 1993 chalk dug here was used for agricultural purposes. Nine lime kilns remain from work in the 1970s and there were the remains of six 'Oxted Kilns' some of which can be seen n the skyline. Originally chalk was moved on site by skips on rails later replaced by lorries and a chalk crushing plant was installed. Traces of the rails remained in the 1990s. Adjacent to the kilns was a derelict bricklayers' hut.  There was also an unusual steel kiln on site. The works once served by a railway siding from the Oxted line and here are some remains south of the M25.  The Quarry closed in 2011 but the site is still in use.  It is likely to become a housing site.
Whistlers’ Steep. This is a posh house just off the road. It is also the name of the slope which includes pedestrian access to the Vanguard Way long distance footpath.
Oxted Downs East. An area of downland below Whistlers Steep
Quarry Cottages. 19th housing for quarry workers.
Williams Cottages
Beech Plantation 

M25

The Ridge
Whistlers Wood was once an estate which encompassed the houses and Flint House. The site is surrounded by a substantial, decorative brick wall. The area around Flint House Farm appears to have been acquired in the late 19th by a member of the Cunard family or the company and to have been called locally the Cunard Estate. They built the wall and gardens around the house and built some other buildings to the north.  These became after the Second World War the Rolls Royce and Bentley Owners Club.  They seem now to be all private housing.
Whistlers Court – this is a collection of dwellings within Whistlers wood. Old maps show a collection of rectangular buildings to the rear of the current house which no longer exist.
Flint House. This is a late 17th farmhouse which  became a gardeners cottage within part of Whistlers Wood Estate nib the 19th. It is in the north east corner of the site. There are plans to replace it with a modern house.
Gazebo. A brick building  in the landscaped garden all designed in the style of the 17th. This may have been built in the early 20th

Sources
Oxted and Limpsfield Residents. Web site
Pevsner. Surrey
Subterranea Journal.
Surrey History. Industrial Archaeology of Godstone
Tandridge District Council. Web site

M25 Titsey Plantation



Post to the south Oxted
Post to the east Titsey Park
Post to the west Chalk Pit Lane

M25

Pitchfont Lane
Unmade road running steeply downhill through woodland

The Ridge
Bronze Age enclosure north of the road
Hell Shaw. Woodland to the north of the road and of Nature Conservation Importance

Titsey Plantation
This a large swathe of woodland ranged on the hillside slopes. As a “plantation” 500,000  trees were planted in the early 19th by William Granville  and before that was open downland. It is a predominately beech wood. In the Second World War trees were removed for aircraft manufacture, but these have since been replaced.
Greenwich Meridian runs through the woodland

Sources
Historic England. Titsey Place. Web site
Surrey Nature Partnership. Web site
Sutton and East Surrey Water. Web site
Titsey Place. Web site

Saturday, 28 January 2017

M25 Oxted



Post to the east Limpsfield
Post to the north Titsey Plantation
Post to the west Chalkpit Wood


Barrrow Green Road
15 The Forge.  Coach depot for Skinners travel company in operation since 1967. The site previously was a smithy and forge
Telephone Exchange

Bluehouse Lane,
Barn Theatre, In 1923 group was formed to try and raise money for a local theatre. The site in Blue House Lane was purchased and then the old Limpsfield saw mill - these structural timbers date from 1362 -1433.  The theatre was designed by Matthews Ridley and was opened by Harley Granville Barker of the British Drama League. All sorts of events were held in the building. In the Second World War it was used as an evacuee dispersal station and then a billet for a Canadian regiment, the Seaforth Highlanders and later Habadasher Aske School. There was a very difficult post-war period but gradually improvements were made and by the 1990s was very popular. The theatre has now been extended with Barn 2000 providing new facilities and this was followed by BarnCool.
Little Barn. This is part of the theatre having been built In 1931 as rehearsal space. In the Second World War it was used by the Red Cross and from 1976 by the Little Barn Nursery.
Oxted School. This was Oxted County School, renamed in 1999. It was built in 1929 for 250 pupils. It now has over 2000,  Ir was originally a segregated mixed grammar school and in 2015 it became an 'academy' sponsored by the private Howard Partnership. It has a strong performing arts tradition and its own theatre group.
19 Laverock School. This was a private 'preparatory' school which merged with Haselwood School in 2009. The school had opened in 1953 by a Miss Bowser. The site here is apparently now their nursery department known as 'Larks'.
21 United Reform Church of the Peace of God. This was built as a Congregational Church.
Scout Hut. The 1st Oxted Scouts were given permission to build a hut on the land at the back of the theatre post Second World War. In lieu of rent they were to keep tidy the theatre surrounds. It later became derelict and was set alight in 1981, It was demolished in 1999 for a car park.
3 Bluehouse Lane Community Social Centre. This is part of a sheltered housing block.

Chichele Road
All Saints Roman Catholic Church. All Saints Church and the parish in Oxted resulted from Father Algernon Lang. He was rich and in 1914, he discovered Chichele Road, and bought the land immediately behind the sole house. A foundation stone for a new church here was laid in the same year The sacristy in the crypt, now used as a parish room, was soon finished and sanctuary soon after. It was finished after the Great War and completed by 1920. It was consecrated in 1927. Defining the parish proved a problem and it was initially a mission church. In 1941 an incendiary bomb landed on the church roof. A people-facing altar was installed in 1974 and the church reordered in 1998.
12 The Priests House, In 1913 this was the only house in the road installed by a builder who had moved it here from Godstone, It became the house of the Roman Catholic priest.

Church Lane
53  Oxted Community Hall. A modern hall in what was the entrance to the churchyard.

Downs Way
Downs Way School. Surrey County Council Infant School.

Greenwich Meridian, This passes from Station Road and goes through Oxted School.

M25

Silkham Road
St Marys Church of England School, Ths was founded by tge oical churcb in 1872 in Old Oxted. It moved to its present site in 1963 ad had been extened sunce,

Sources
All Saints Church. Web site
Barn Theatre. Web site
Greenwich Meridian Web site
Hazelwood School. Web site
Laverock School. Web site
Skinners. Web site
St. Mary's School. Web site

Sunday, 22 January 2017

M25 Limpsfield



Post to the north Titsey Park
Post to the west Oxted


Bluehouse Lane
Limpsfield Grange School. This is a state boarding school for girls with autism opened in the early 1950s.  It is in the buildings of what is said to be a 19th manor house. The school has a swimming pool adjacent.
Bridge over the River Eden
Skinners Farm  This is said to have stood at the corner with Water Lane. It is said to be where George Eliot stayed when she wrote Mill on the Floss’ and Adam Bede. The farm was unoccupied, the building was unsafe and the site developed. The low brick wall in front of the current houses on the site are the remains of the farm walls left as a planning condition but reduced to the height of one foot.  There was also a barn on steddle stones,

Detellens Lane
48-50 this was once two cottages, now  one. The building is 18th to early 19th with a ground floor of sandstone and ironstone rubble and the fiurst floor tile-hung. These houses would originally have had gardens which extended across what is now the road. An earth closet from one of them is said to remain in the tennis club.
Limpsfield Club. This sports club began in the late 19th leasing grounds for tennis and croquet plus a thatched pavilion. In 1910 some of the grass courts were given a hard sueface and a badminton hall was built. In the Great War Army officers were honorary members and in 1921 a motor entrance was added. In the Second World War from 1942  until 1955 Limpsfield School used the badminton hall as a canteen. Later squash courts and  another sports hall were added  and the grass tennis courts removed. The club continues to expand.

High Street
School Cottage. This was previously called Grangebrook. It was built as a school in 1832 for girls and infants and then extended for boys.  There was a National School in Limpsfield and this was probably it.
Church Cottage. House built around  1700 wiith some later  alterations. It is timber framed with rendered brick. It has a lead lined box gutter.
St.Peter’s Church.  The tower dates from 1180  but most of the rest is the result of a  'restoration' in 1872. The porch is 16th. There is a wooden shingled spire carrying a wooden cross. There are recesses including an oven to bake sacred bread. There are monuments: including on to the Teulon family..and to members of the Stanhope family,
Churchyard: The entry is by a 15th lych gate.  Frederick Delius, the composer,  is buried near an old yew tree along with his wife. Nearby are the graves of Eileen Joyce, pianist, Sir Thomas Beecham conductor, and Norman Del Mar, conductor..Jack Brymer clarinettist is also here. A granite boulder came from the Matalpo Hills in Zimbabwe. There is a war memorial just outside the church door.
Poors Allotments. These lay behind the church where some allotments are still to be found.
Rectory.  This was struck by lightening in 1711. It is a red brick building with later additions.
The Barn, This was the tithe barn for storage of crops by the Rector.I  t had an ancient timber frame but was clad in 1841.It was burnt down in 2000.
St. Peter's Halls. This Church Hall was built in 1969 as a temporary structure. It  is a utilitarian timber building typical of the sixties and was originally owned by the local Church but was transferred to the Diocese in 1985.
The Glebe, This is the open area behind the halls which appears to be shown as a playing fields,The Diocese want to build on it.
Old Sawmills, The actual sawmills stood behind this modern house. The gateposts of it are said to remain, It was demolish ed in 1924 and the timbers used for the Barn Theatre in Oxted. It has since been established that the main structtural timbers of the barn date from 1363-1433 and it is thought the barn was built in 1434.
Manor House. This was not actually the manor. It was built around 1775 and was then called Stanhopes. It later became a girls school from 1896 to 1968 and is now flats.
Detellens. Cottage. This includes 58 Detillens Lane. It is 16th with some additions. It is timber framed on a rubblestone plinth, with a whitewashed brick infill above and tile haninbg on the first floor.
Detellens  House. This is a 15th house with a front of 1736. Oriiginally a timber framed hall house with now a red brick front  Inside are Tudor style fireplaces with stone surrounds and an octagonal crown post.  It was called Millcroft in 1718 and appears to have been the millers house and barn from 1480. Grain is still found in the joints of the structure. It was the home of Eugenia Stanhope.  15th hall  house with impressive king post roof. 18th front.
The Bull Inn, This is a 17th building which was once called Anchor and Chequer. It was owned in 1892 by Bushell & Co of Westerham There are rubble walls around what us now the car park.
Miles Butchers shop. This was described as a 'slaying house' in 1424. At the south end is a moulded 'dragon post'.
Redfern. This was the home of Richard Church from 1918.  It is a 19th building
Jarretts Shop. This is part of a hall house of of 1500.
Old Lodge - this was built as the lodge to Hookwood Park, and later used as an extension by Manor House School

M25

Pitchfont  Lane
Thought that this might be a part of a prehistoric route
Footbridge and ford over the River Eden


Sandy Lane
Hookwood. 19th stock brick house
Ice-House, a buried ice-house appeared under the lawn of the house after heavy rain in 1969. The chamber was of mortared sandstone and ironstone with a tunnel entrance of brick. It was thought to date from the late 17th;

Titsey Road
Limpsfield to Croydon via Titsey Road. One route across the North Downs was the Limpsfield to Titsey road which was turnpiked in 1813,
Boys School. This was built by the Rector in 1880 plus with a house for the master.Boys home near the bottom
Boys Home. This belonged to Oxford House Settlement in Bethnal Green. They set it up In 1886, as a place where boys between 7- and 13-years old could go for three weeks to experience fresh air and playing outside.  It could take twelve or thirteen boys at one time, and had a large garden and a playing field.
Old Court Cottage. This is now a row of 16th and 17th houses. They are timber framed exposed  with brick and ironstone rubble infill with tile hanging above.Said to be  said to date from around 1200 as the aisled hall of Abbott of Battle, and assizes were held here. There are two unique carved capitals dating from 1190. It may be the oldest timber house in the south of England.

Water Lane
This runs from the village to the lodge at the gates of Titsey Park

Sources
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Chelsea Speleological Society. Newsletter
Limpsfield Club. Web site.
Oxted and Lmpsfield History Group. Web site
Oxford House. Web site
Penguin. Surrey,
Pevsner. Surrey
Tandridge District Council. Web site

Saturday, 21 January 2017

M25 Titsey Park



Post to the east Titsey Eden Source
Post to the south Limpsfield
Post to the west Titsey Plantation


M25

Pilgrims Lane
St James Church. The original church here was in the grounds of Titsey House. It was replaced by a new church here in 1776.   The present church is a rebuild of 1860-61 for Granville Leveson Gower to the design of J.L. Pearson. This was the parish church, but in 1956 it was united with Limpsfield and declared redundant in 1973. It is now part of the Titsey Trust as a private chapel and contains some items from the previous churches. It is in dressed stone with a traditional shingled spire with a clock face.
Lych gate, and churchyard.
Titsey Court. 17th house with 18th front.  It is timber framed clad in red and blue brick with flint brick and rubblestone wings at the back. This was a farmhouse and said to be the home for the bailiff of the Titsey Estate.
Church Cottage. 16th cottage with 17th and 19th extensions. Timber framed with brick infill and knapped flint.  Plaque says “E/L/ 1673".
Titsey Estate Office.  This was once the Pineapple pub standing next to Church Cottage. It was closed down because estate workers went in there instead of going to church,
Forge Cottage. 16th cottage

Pitchfont Lane
A footpath/bridle way which runs from Titsey Road northwards around the western edge of the park
Pitchfont Farm. This was farmed by Titsey Company Farms until 1976 with herds of dairy cattle and the ‘Tyttsey’ pedigree herd of British Friesians. In the 1900s it was decided to disperse this and build up the Titsey Sussex herd.

Titsey Park
Titsey Place – the house and its history is in the square to the north
Titsey Place belonged to the  Gresham and then the Leveson Gower families and is a charitable trust. The wider estate of 3,000 acres along the edge of the North Downs is open to visitors. To the north it is sheltered by the steep wooded scarp of the North Downs and the park falls gently away to the south.
The main west drive. This enters the park south-west of the house and runs north and then north-east across the parkland
The east drive  This enters the park opposite St James' church and is tree-lined
The south drive. This  runs north and crosses the stone bridge between the lakes where it meets the south drive,
The Park This is now meadowland with lime, beech, and horse-chestnut dating from the early 19th.. In the mid 18th the earlier field system was removed and the road which crossed the park was diverted,
Lakes. The two small lakes south of the house were developed in the 18th from a series of ponds, probably fishponds;  A Pulhamite stone bridge spans the dam, between the two with a rockwork cascade. The northern lake is small and linear while the southern is larger and serpentine, with a small island. To the south of them springs and streams run southwards to meet the river Eden.
Roman Villa. This small villa on a rise was .excavated by Granville Leveson Gower in the 1860s; the site is now surrounded by trees. It has a good survival of archaeological remains relating to its construction and use. It  may be associated with the Romano-Celtic temple, and Roman Road nearby. Investigations uncovered patches of tessellated paving and sections of  along with pottery; glass, iron and bronze objects.  It appears to have been burnt down. There is also evidence of pre-Roman occupation

Titsey Road
The road crosses the baby river Eden by an invisible bridge alongside the pumping station. It then follows the course of the Eden downhill with the river on the west.
Howard's Lodge. This is the lodge on the east side of the park
Eden Water Pumping Station. This stands on the Eden, heavily fenced with no signage.
South Green. Grazing meadow, once called Sow Green
South Lodge  This was built in 1868 and designed by George Devey,  It stands on the west of the south drive

Vanguard Way
This is a long distance walk from East Croydon to Newhaven. The walk was developed in celebration of the 15th anniversary in 1980 of the Vanguards Rambling Club, who named themselves after returning from a walk in the guard's van of a crowded train. The walk runs diagonally across the park, and the square

Water Lane
Park Farm. Dairy Farm
Pitchfont Lodge. At the junction with Pitchfont Lane. This is at the main entrance to the park.
Limpsfield Lodge Farm.  17th timber framed and tile hung house. Use of local freestone.
Pitchfont Farm Cottages. 18th pair of red brick houses.

Sources
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Historic England, Web site
Parks and Gardens UK,. Web site
Pulham. Web site
Southwark Diocese. Web site
Tandridge District Council. Web site
Tatsfield, Titsey and Chelsham Pubs. Web site
Titsey herd. Web site
Titsey Place. Web site

Friday, 20 January 2017

M25 Titsey Eden source



Post to the east Clacket Lane
Post to the west Titsey Park


Broomlands Lane
This is a footpath and bridle way running from the Westerham Road to Titsey Village.  In this stretch it runs through woods and fields, crossing the motorway on a footbridge.

M25

River Eden
The River Eden  is a tributary of the  Medway, It rises from a source in Titsey north of Clacket Lane motorway services

Roughfield Shaw
Woodland


Sources
Wikipedia. River Eden. Web site

M25 Clacket Lane



Post to the east Westerham Croydon Road
Post to the west Titsey Eden Source




Clacket Lane
Westwood Pumping Station. This was built by the Limpsfield and Oxted Water Co. and is now run by the Sutton and East Surrey Water Co. It was taken over by the Chelsam and Waldingham Waterworks Company Ltd, becoming the East Surrey, in 1930. It has a greensand water source and on site is treatment works. There were three bore holes here.
Waterworks Cottages. Housing originally associated with the waterworks
Playing field. This was immediately south of the waterworks
Westerham Road Industrial Estate. Industrial and trading area. This may be on the site of the playing fields.
Moorhouse Tile Works.  Originally the Moorhouse Brick, Tile and Concrete Products Company Ltd with a concrete roofing tile work, it was taken over by Redland in 1948. The company later became Lafarge and then Braas Monier Building Group. This was a large works which included internal tram systems, settling ponds and overhead conveyors’. There are now plans for a distribution depot here. Neolithic implements have been found on site
Westwood Farmhouse, Late 18th building in brown brick
Westwood Farm cottages. 
Tip. In the 1980s this was opposite the cottages on the other side of the road
Clacket Green. This is road side waste land.
Cupid’s Coppice. Woodland designated as of conservation importance
Clacket Wood. Woodland designated as of conservation importance
Church Wood. Woodland, to which is attached a legend of a church which was begun but each days building was demolished overnight
Church Field. In the field are a Romano-Celtic temple and an adjacent 65m stretch of the main Roman London to Lewes road. They are both buried and only visible as parch marks in dry weather. . Investigations of 1879 and 1935 show the temple as a small square building, of which the flint footings survive. The road runs to the east and had a flint and gravel metalled surface.
Square Wood, Woodland
Wet Wood. Woodland
Titsey Wood.  Site of Special Scientific Interest and apparently famous in the fox hunting classes


M25
Clacket Lane service stations. There are two motorway services one on each side of the M25 which  are operated by Roadchef. The site was chosen from around five possibles on this section of the M25 although Chevening was originally preferred. The site was chosen in 1976, but it took almost 20 years to be finally confirmed. Roman artefacts were found during construction. At one time the westbound was thought to be the largest services in the country – and the most expensive. The filling stations were originally run by Elf then Total, to Shell and now BP.

Sources
Bourne Society.  Web site
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Historic England. Web site
Motorway Services On line. Web site
Sutton and East Surrey Water Co Web site
Tandridge Local Council. Web site

Thursday, 19 January 2017

M25 Westerham Croydon Road

Post to the south Moorhouse Bank
Post to the east Westerham
Post to the west Clackets Lane

Croydon Road
Southern Gas Networks. Pressure reducing site.  Old gas works site. The   Westerham Gas and Coke Co., Ltd. Dated from 1857 and supplied gas to the town until nationalisation in 1949. There were two holders.  The site is surrounded by a wall which may be built of gasworks or other rubble and waste

Devil of Kent
This wood is on the Kent side of the border which runs down the west side of it.

Farley Common
Partly wooded stretch of common land,

Kent/ Surrey Border

M25

Squerries Sand Pit
Squerries Sand Pit. This is a soft sand extraction site consisting of a large deep pit and a number of small pits and some ponds.  More excavation is planned between the present workings and the motorway; the pit, while large and very deep, is not easily seen. There are some paint ball and similar activities on part of the site

Westerham Wood
Woodland designated as a Site of Special Scientific Interest


Sources
Brian Sturt, with thanks
Sevenoaks Council. Web site
Visit Westerham. Web site

Monday, 16 January 2017

M25 Westerham London Road


Post to the east Beggars Lane
Post to the north Westerham Hill
Post to the south Westerham

Beggars Lane
Farm road now blocked. This was a road which went to Brasted before the railway and the later motorway were built.

Force Green Lane
Wall mounted post box in the hedge
Force Green Waste. This is common land
Force Green Farm. Dairy farm
Force Green Farmhouse. This has an 18th front on an earlier timber framed house, which was probably late 16th.  Inside are heavy, close-set beams plank floors and inglenook fireplaces
Force Green Farm Cottage. This is late 18th
Hartley Wood
Ancient mixed broadleaf woodland formally managed as coppice .It is to the east of and joined to Westerham Wood.

London Road
London Road Brickworks. This stood slightly south of the motorway, probably on the site of the current garage. It was active in the late 19th into the early 20th.

M25
Pilgrims Way
Pilgrims’ Way may/may not be a route for Pilgrims to go to Canterbury (from where exactly??) or may/may not be a prehistoric track way.  On this stretch it is however a made up road for vehicle traffic
Betsomhill Farm. The farm lies at the foot of Betsoms Hill alongside the Pilgrims’ Way. The Old Barn is a snooker club.
Westerham Wood
Only a small part of the wood is in this square.  It is a Site of Special Scientific Interest for its ground flora and breeding bird community. A   Pheasantry is noted here in the 19th as are many reports of poaching.
Sources
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Common Land in Kent. Web site
Historic England. Web site
Sevenoaks Council. Web site.

Sunday, 15 January 2017

M25 Beggars Lane

Post to the north Brasted
Post to the south Valence House
Post to the east Brasted
Post to the west Westerham London Road

Beggars Lane
There appear to be two Beggar’s Lanes, one either side of the M25. The northern one is a farm track which runs the London Road at Force Green eastwards, turns south and runs under the motorway to end at Charman’s Farm and a junction with its namesake.

Beggars Lane
This is an A road which runs south of the motorway from London Road, running eastwards, turning at Charman’s Farm, to the south and the Brasted Road. It acts as a bypass to eastern Westerham an alternative route to the difficult entrance in the town to London Road. It appears to date from the same time as the motorway was built.
Charmans Farm. The farm is noted in 1540 as having been in the possession of Sir John Gresham. The Farmhouse appears as an 18th building which masks a 16th or earlier timber framed structure. There are two round kiln oast house. One brick built and one ragstone built kiln. Converted to offices.
Westerham Brewery. This is set up in a former sawmill on the farm site. It produces sparkling wine and craft beer. A barn on the site is a craft shop managed by the Squerryes Estate to sell wine, beer and farm products. Brewers spent grant feed the fairy herd at Squerries and Squerries grows grapes for the winery on their estate land.
Pond – there is a pond to the south of the motorway at the point at which the lane turns south, and this is understood to be a balancing pond for the motorway. Another pond to the east and north of the farm is marked as ‘weir’ and ‘sluice’ on maps and as ‘spring’ on older maps.


Force Green Lane
Force Green Farm Cottages

Holywell Shaw. Woodland from which a track leads to the Pilgrims Way

M25
The motorway finally deviates from the line of the railway west of Charman’s farm.

Railway
The railway continued westwards to access Westerham Station.  The motorway covers its route until at a spot part way along what is now Beggars Lane, the railway line deviated south westwards on its way to access Westerham Station

Sources
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Disused Stations. Web site
SABRE. Web site
Westerham Brewery, Web site

M25 Combe Bank Wood


Post to the west Chevening Ovenden
Post to the south Brasted


Combe Bank Wood
Large area of woodland

Combe Wood
Semi-natural ancient woodland bisected by the M25.  It is an area of nature conservation.

M25
This runs on the line of the previous railway to Westerham

Ovendon Road
Combe Bank Farm. The farm site includes several buildings now converted to housing. It includes a twin oast house claimed to date from the late 18th and turned into a house. The farm was at one time owned by The Infants Hospital in Westminster and used by them to supply milk. It should be noted that a major funder of Westminster Children’s Hospital was Robert Mond, who lived at Coombe Bank itself (to the south)
Oveny Green Farm. Buildings here have been converted to housing. There are records of the farm from the late 16th.
Oveny Green Farmhouse.  There is a plaque on the building saying: "This farmhouse was built by Thomas Lord Dacre, Earl of Sussex, in the year 1701."  It is in red brick, with blue headers in a diaper. There is also a weatherboarded 17th threshing barn as well as a granary and other associated buildings

Sources
A history of the Parish of Chevening
Cohen. Life of Ludwig Mond
Lost Hospitals of London. Web site
Oppitz. Kent Railways Remembered
Royal Society of Health. Journal
Sevenoaks Council. Web site

M25 Chevening Ovenden

Post to the east Chipstead
Post to the south Sundridge
Post to the west Combe Bank Wood



Chevening Park.
This square covers only the southernmost third of Chevening Park. This is part of a wooded park where features of an earlier design combine with those of this century. The landscape is of high quality and an ambitious restoration programme is now underway.

Chevening Road
The road crossed the South Eastern Railway line on a bridge, as it now also crosses the motorway

Combe Bank Drive
This path runs south from North Lodge.  It crosses the motorway by a bridge, as it did the railway.

M25
The motorway was built on the line of the South Eastern Railway line to Westerham.
Ovenden Road
Lodges at entrances to the Chevening Estate
Ovenden Lodge. The drive from the lodge accessed Ovenden House.  This was built by Robert Tothill in the 18th and bought by the Second Earl Stanhope in 1780 and added to the estate as the Dower House.  It was bombed in the Second World War and later demolished.
Sundridge Lodge
North Lodge

Railway Line
The motorway now covers this

Sources
A history of the Parish of Chevening
Historic England. Web site
Parks and Gardens of the UK. Web site

Friday, 13 January 2017

M25 Sundridge Road Chevening

Post to the north Star Hill
Post to the south Chipstead



Chevening Road
This runs alongside the wall of Chevening House on its west side

M25
Chevening Interchange. The majority of Junction 5 is in the square to the south. In this square the M25 runs south with the A21 alongside it.  One slip leaves in a loop and takes traffic onto the, finally westbound, M25. Meanwhile other slips come into the system from the westbound M26.  This complex junction is apparently the result of half built ringway plans which were then abandoned and the resulting road abandoned.
Edward Shaw – small wood alongside the motorway
Bridge. A bridge over the M25/A21 takes a farm road from Morants Court to Morants Court Farm.


M26
This road, which gets to the interchange from the east, is a link between M25 and the M20. It was originally supposed to be part of M25 Ringway 4. However it goes forward with various slips coming and going off it and then becomes the M25 going westward (in the square to the south)


Sundridge Road
Turvin’s Farm. A track from here to Chevening Church is probably an ancient route called The Greenway
Chevening Cross – crossroads with Chevening Road.


Sources
A History of the Parish of Chevening
SABRE. Web site

M25 Star Hill



Post to the east Dunton Green
Post to the south Chevening Sundridge Road


M25

Pilgrims Way
Trackway across the area, maybe used by pilgrims or maybe just another tracl.
The Spinney. Woodland alongside


Star Hill
Previously called Morants Court Hill, and before that Madame Scott Hill. This was a turnpike road set up with a trust in 1749.  The houses around Star Hill House are marked on maps up to the early 20th as 'The Beacon' and an old quarry shown behind them.
Keeper’s Cottage. In the 19th occupied by a gamekeeper.
Star Hill House. Once a pub on what was the main road. It opened before 1792 but had close before 1851.
Star Hill Wood
Entrance to Fort Halstead


Sundridge Road
Road built by the Earl of Stanhope who lived in Chevening House
Morants Court (in the square to the south). Originally  the main approach ran south from Sundridge Road.
Morants Court Farm. The Farm was attached to Morants Court (in the square to the south) and laid out in the mid-1860s and let to tenants. The farm is now in use by a landscape, animal food and transport contractor.


Sources
History of the Parish of Chevening
Kent Gardens Trust. Web sote
Smithers.  A History of Knockholt

M25 Dunton Green


Post to the north Polhill
Post to the west Star Hill

Anisbirches Wood

Ivy House Lane
Little Dunton. This was a farm with an important well.  It appears to be gone.


Lime Pit Lane
This short road seems to have once been called the Pilgrims Way and led to Polhill Road and then carried onto the Pilgrims Way now west of the M25.
North Downs Business Park. Trading estate built up during the 1980s.th site includes building supplies, cement, exhibition fitters and very posh car servicing.
Dunton Green Lime Works. The works dated from at least the 18th the site is on the crest of the North Downs scarp face working the Middle Chalk. Lime kilns were of the 'shaft' or 'bottle' type producing quicklime. There was an associated quarry


London Road
Rose and Crown.  The pub name symbolises the union of York and Lancaster. This was a coaching stop on what was then the main London to Hastings Road. It dates from at least the 1830s in this form but was the Chequers in the 17th and stood on what was probably the original village green.
Post Box – wall mounted on the east side
Milestone. 21st milestone from London Bridge and third from Sevenoaks
Donnington Manor Hotel. This is a mock Tudor building built just after the Second World War by Bill Newman who used genuine   materials from all over the country.
Emma Hotel. This house is now the hotel restaurant at Donnington Manor. It is a timber framed house from the 15th with an entry wing from the late 16th. It was later converted to cottages; and then in 1936 remodelled and extended as one building and many additions made. The whole building has been changed a great deal but is still substantially an old structure. There are large additions at the back.
Marble elephants stand in front of the hotel.
Mount Pleasant. Late 18th house, at the end of the terrace and hidden from the road. It appears at one time to have been a smithy
Balancing Pond – to soak up excess moisture from the motorway
Reservoir. Built by Sevenoaks Rural District Council


Morants Court Road
This is the final section of London Road from the roundabout at Morants Court. Before the M25 was built this was the main A21. The road name refers to a farm in the square to the south.
Morants Court Cross. The roundabout at the junction of the old A21 with local roads.  It stands above the M25 but there is no junction with it. We're now at the bottom of Polhill. After a junction for Otford, This was also where the old  Sevenoaks By-pass used to start – now its route is the M25.
In the mid 1980s, the A21 was upgraded from D2 to D3M to become the M25 and the A2028 became the A224 when that road was extended south of Badgers Mount. The junction for Otford, which was formerly a GSJ, is one of the leftovers from those days.


M25
The M25 running southwards has also been the current A21 from junction 4 to the north. In this stretch the roads begin to divide as they approach junction 5, to the south.  The old A21 runs parallel to it as the Polhill Road.

Pilgrims Way West
Pilgrims Way Link Bridge. This goes across the M25 to link the Polhill Road with Pilgrims Way West.
Anglo Saxon cemetery. This was found near current link bridge during the building of the M25. During previous road building in this area Saxon remains had been found. In 1967  an excavation of some of the site was done and continued in 1984 in response to the expansion of the M25. It is on the lower slopes of Polhill on a false crest of a steep hillside, with a view across the valley and to the north and south-west.  From the centre of Otford, the cemetery is visible and thus the ancestors could see and be seen.
Dane Bottom. Supposed site of a battle between Edmund Ironside and the Danish King in 1016. It is thought the battlefield was actually nearer the river Darent

Polhill Road
This is the old turnpike road to Sevenoaks and lattery the A21. Now downgraded to the A224. Until the 1960s this carried on into Dunton Green becoming London Road.  A road, shown on maps as ‘New Cut’ then took it onto its present route to continue into Sundridge Road – this became then the Sevenoaks Bypass, and, now, very much rebuilt and altered, the M25.


Star Hill Road
Road going from the A21/M25 to Knockholt. This would have once been the main road superseded because of its steep slope. Double decker buses however still use it.

Sundridge Road
This is now the B2211 numbered in the late 1930s. It continues to Westerham


Sources
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Domesday Reloaded. Web site
Dunton Green Brick and Tile Works. Web site
Kent Archaeology. Web site
North Downs Business Park. Web site
Rose and Crown. Web site
SABRE. Web site
Pub History. Web site
Whitaker. The Water Supply of Kent

Thursday, 12 January 2017

M25 Polhill

Post to the north Polhill
Post to the west Otford
Post to the south Dunton Green


Crow Drive
Great Stockholme Wood


Filston Lane
Covered reservoir

M25

Old Polhill
This is an abandoned road and not available for traffic. It is however partly still laid out with white lines, etc. On older maps it is marked as Halstead Lane and is on this route at least by the 1860s.  It appears to have been a tributary road from Otford to the pre-turnpike Bromley-Sevenoaks Road and meeting it at Pratt’s Bottom.
Mast. T mobile site by the railway
Tunnel under the motorway which the path goes through – wide enough for a roadway
Dane Trench.This is an earthwork running east west at the foot of Polhill. Nearby is Dane Bottom
The area along the eastern flank of the hill is historically known as No Mans Lane


Polhill
This was the turnpike road built in 1834 which replaced the older route from Bromley to Sevenoaks which ran to the west via Knockholt.
Hangman Down Shaw. Roadside woodands. A 'shaw' is acoppice or thicket.
Old Grove

Sources
Kent Archaeological Society. Web site
Mast data. Web site

Wednesday, 11 January 2017

M25 Polhill

Post to the north Andrews Wood Badgers Mount
Post to the east Filston
Post to the south :Polhill




Crow Drive
Knockavilla. Rooney’s Gym. Boxing training
Highfield Farm

Filston Lane
Sepham Farm or Sepham Court. This is a late mediaeval hall house. It has a tile hung first floor with brick below. There is a large offset chimney with tumbled brickwork. And a jettied first floor with visible beam ends, to left  part. Inside is a lot of exposed large timbers. The site is thought to be named for John de Cepham who owned the manor under Edward III. The farm was painted by Samuel Palmer in 1828. In the grounds is a crinkle crankle wall and 18th stables. The site was used for cider production until recently.
Sepham Farm Oast. There are two oast houses associated with the farm, now converted to housing.
Sepham Farm Cottages
Polhill Bank Nature Reserve. This is chalk grassland with views of the Darenth Valley. Many common chalk grassland flowers grow here and there is a good place to see a wide variety of insects, including many species of butterfly. The rufous grasshopper is also found here. The scrub provides habitat for birds, including blackcap and willow warbler. Dodder, is an unusual plant which grows as parasite on rock-rose


London Road
This was the A21 London to Hastings Road. This stretch was superseded by a stretch of the M25 which runs parallel to it.
Sepham Heath. Area of farmland to the west of London Road.
Oaktree Farm
Calcutta Club.  Indian restaurant
Polhill Business Centre. Refurbished used car showroom
7 Diner. This cafe/motel has had many changes. It was in the 1970s The Aero CafĂ©   and then later called St Michaels and offered motel type accommodation.  Since then it has been greatly increased in size, painted bright pink and renamed again.
Polhill Arms. This pub is now closed.  It dated from at least the mid-19th and was a Fox Brewery house.
Air Shaft. Brick circular shaft to vent the Polhill railway tunnel below
Chalk pit. Small pit on the east side of the slope

M25

Old Polhill
This is now a slip used as a layby and sometimes for fruit sales


Otford Lane
Polhill Place. Equestrian centre


Pilots Wood.
This wood was previously a Forestry Commission conifer wood but is now mixed with mature Beech, Birch and Sweet Chestnut trees amongst several other species. The area has wildflowers, orchids, butterflies and insects. Many paths are wide rides allowing light in and other species to flourish.

Polhill Tunnel
The tunnel was built to carry the South Eastern Railway under the summit of the North Downs, between Orpington and Sevenoaks. It is now part of Southeastern Railway’s main line to London.
The South Eastern Railway's main line from Charing Cross to Tonbridge opened in 1868. Peter Ashcroft, their engineer designed the 2.4km long Polhill Tunnel. It slopes down towards Sevenoaks at a gradient of 1:143 beginning north of Badger’s Mount and ends at Old Polhill. The twin-track tunnel is cut through chalk throughout; tts side walls are of exposed chalk although the roof is lined with a semicircular brick arch. The entrance portals are horseshoe-shaped and built of brick. During construction five shafts were sunk and the excavated material was used to construct the railway embankment between Dunton Green and Riverhead.


SourcesBritish Listed Buildings. Web site
Cycle club Bexley.  Web site
Engineering Timelines. Web site
Kent Wildlife Trust. Web site
Rooney’s Gym. Web site
Pub History. Web site
Taking a botanical walk. Web site

M25 Andrew's Wood Badgers Mount


Post to the north Badgers Mount
Post to the east Shoreham
Post to the south Polhill


A21
Polhill Nurseries. The entrance to this site is in te square to the west. The garden cenrre was opened in a rundown nursery by father and son Jim and David Novell, when David was still at school. At first the grew on cut flowers for Covent Garden Flower Market and then expanded into tomatoes, bedding plants, shrubs and conifers. In 1968 the old wooden greenhouses were replaced to grove chrysanthemums and bedding plants but oil shortages led them to develop the site as a garden centre. In 1975 some of their land was uses a construction access road and this remains as their entrance. After the 1987 storm a third of the centre had to be rebuilt with parts shipped from Holland
Air shaft to the railway which runs below in the Polhill Tunnel. This is a small round  brick structure standing alone in a field.

M25

Robsack Wood

Shacklands Road
Shacklands Cottages
Andrews Wood. Picnic area and access to the woodland and woodland walks, The wood is now cut in two by the motorway. A dry valley runs down the hillside between this and Meenfield Wood
Jenkins Neck Wood, This lies between Badgers Mount & the M25 and was acquired in 1991 by Sevenoaks District Council,from the Forestry Commission, It is ancient woodland.


Sources
Polhill Nurseries. Web site
Badgers Mount net. Web site

M25 Badgers Mount

Post to the north Shoreham Great Cockerhurst
Post to the south Badger's Mount, Andrews Wood


Badgers Road
This stretch of Badgers Road is an unmade byway

Barnetts Wood, deer, footpaths, dumped tyres

Longspring Wood. Illicit paint ball activities.  The wood name may refer to coppicing rather than to a water source

M25

Shacklands Road
Timberden Farm
Whitegate Farm, sells produce and makes sausages


Sources
Badgers Mount Residents Association. Web site
Sevenoaks Council. Web site

M25 Shoreham Great Cockerhurst



Post to the north Lullingstone Parkgate
Post to the west Well Hill and Maypole
Post to the south Badger's Mount


Cockerhurst Road
Brent Farm


Firmingers Road
Fountain Farm. This was a nursery, which is now closed.

M25
Junction 4. This junction only connects to a motorway spur which connects to Hewitts Roundabout on the A21 to the west.


Redmans Lane
The area around Great Cockerhurst has been of great interest to geologists, and Palaeolithic remains have been found in the area
Great Cockerhurst, House and Farm
Flint Barn – this is alongside the road and is now used as a residence
Cockerhurst Oasts. Twin round oasts and some of the stowage remains  dating from the 1850s now used as housing. A Georgian barn was demolished. These have been on TV,


Rock Hill
Woodyholme Nursery

Sources
Archaeologia Cantiana
Sabre. Web site
Sevenoaks Council. Web site
Well Hill Residents Association Newsletter. Web site

Tuesday, 10 January 2017

M25 Lullingstone Parkgate


Post to the north Daltons Road
Post to the west Well Hill
Post to the south Shoreham Great Cockerhurst


M25

Park Gate Road
Park Gate was outside Lullingstone Park, providing access to it and to a drive running directly to Lullingtone House
Old Park Gate Farm, Oasthouses in 2 parallel ranges. They are early 19th with weatherboarded gables and two square oasts with tiled roofs retaining cowls and fantails. Now converted to housing. These are now separate from the house.
Park Gate House. This was the farm house at Old Park Gate Farm. It is an 18th house in red brick. It  was the home of Constance Spry, educationalist and flower arranger, from 1934 to 1947 and during the Second World War the gardens were a resource as providers of flowers and vegetables for use in collaborative London floristry and culinary enterprises. Students at Swanley Horticultural College were taught by her and came to help with the landscaping and nursery work. The gardens were then a showplace but there have, obviously, been changes in successive subsequent ownerships.
Lullingstone Park Golf Club. This is now run by a management chain. It was set up in the mid-1960s, when Kent County Council leased the park to Dartford Rural District Council, who created an 18-hole golf course here.. Later a 9-hole course was also added.

Sources
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Curnow & Laming.  Eynsford.  
Historic England. Web site
Parkgate House. Kent Gardens Trust. Web site
Pevsner. West Kent
Sensio. Web site

M25 Eynsford and Crockenhill


Post to the north Wested Crockenhill
Post to the west Daltons Road


M25

Woodland and footpaths follow old parish and estate boundaries running east/west in this square.   Many large trees – oak, ash and field maple – can be found on these lines. There are also hedges which can be shown to date from the middle ages.

Sources
Bygone Kent

M25 Wested Crockenhill



Post to the east Crockenhill Lane
Post to the west Crockenhill
Post to the south Eynsford and Crockenhill


Cackethills Wood.
The wood is mentioned in a document of 1503. Today it has 19 species of tree, including beech and hornbeam. There is said to be a chalk pit in the wood –possibly on the southern boundary -  with white chalk and flints found at a depth of fifteen feet.


Eynsford Road
Football Ground. Crockenhill Football Club.In the 1920s there were two football clubs in Crockenhill and Crockenhill United played here, at Wested Meadows.   The present club followed a Boxing Day 1946 match between Mudhole Dynamo and Crockenhill Youth. Wested Meadows had no facilities but in the Second World War was used for barrage balloons and there was a Nissen Hut which became a clubhouse to which was added a loudspeaker and a grandstand. They also acquired an antique 19th turnstile from Thameside Amateurs.. In the 1987 storm the roof blew off the grandstand but it has been replaced in corrugated iron and some seating installed using oil drums.
Wested Farm. In 1908 the farm was leased by George Miller who had a lavender distillery in Mitcham. The farm then was mainly used for soft fruit growing and vegetables which were sold at Covent Garden. Miller also grew peppermint here commercially which was taken by steam lorry to Mitcham for distilling. . By the 1930s over 100 people were employed here. Many Miller family had died and the they left the farm in 1958.  In the 1990s the farm was again used for market gardening with a variety of businesses in farm outbuildings.
Wested Farmhouse. Early 18th red brick house.
Barn and Chaff House. The barn is late 17th and the  chaff house 18th  It is an aisled timber barn, clad in 20th bricks. There are two  waggon entrances.  There was also once an oast house which was bombed in the Second World War. .


Horncross Shaw
Woodland with 16 species of trees. Archaeologists discovered a minor medieval settlement here during trial trenching prior to construction of the M25 in 1984


M25

Sources
British and Irish Archaeology Bibliography. Web site
Bygone Kent
Crockenhill Football Club. Web site
Historic England. Web site

M25 Crockenhill Lane



Post to the north Swanley Interchange
Post to the west Wested Crockenhill

Crockenhill Lane
Mast. mobile phone cellular transmitter station. It enables drivers on the M25 to make calls.
Capricorn Farm. Wholesale nurseries and dressage training and sales. There is a telecommununications mast at the farm


M25

Wested Lane
Little Wested House
Wested Leather Co.  This was opened by Peter Botwright in the early 1980s originally calling it  “Leather Concessionaires” , In addition to this shop and works they have a London factory. They specialise in costumes for film companies and subsequent copies.


Sources
Capricorn Farm. Web site
Mast data. Web site
Wested Leather Co. Web site

M25 Swanley Interchange



Post to the north Swanley
Post to the south Crockenhill Lane


This square is dominated by the notorious Swanley interchange. A series of roads running from London to the coast pass through it – these are
1. London Road. This is now the B2173 coming from Swanley centre but had originated as an old main road from London (diverging from the A2 at New Cross)  to the coast passing through towns as it went – Lewisham, Eltham, Sidcup, Foots Cray and so on.
2. London Road continues beyond the interchange to Wrotham and Maidstone, but west of the junction it is numbered as the A20.
3. The Sidcup bypass. This road is numbered as the A20 east of the junction and it has originated at a junction with the older London Road in Kidbrook. It is a motorway standard road which runs forward to meet the junction where it becomes the M20
4. M20. This originates at the junction and runs eastwards to the coast.
5. M25 – the M25 London orbital motorway passes through the junction running north/south. It has slips to all the other roads.
Hope that’s all clear

A20
The A20 running east, as the Swanley by pass,  goes under the interchange where it becomes the M20 on the other side.  The A20 however continues eastwards as a separate and parallel road. The road was first classified in 1922 diverging from the A2 at New Cross.  In Swanley, coming from Footscray Road it followed the route of the current London Road, B3173. From the interchange it followed the current A20, as it still does
Swanley By pass. This was built in in 1964 to Motorway standards and is now the A20

London Road
London Road B2173 is the old main road A20 which  runs east from Swanley up onto the flyover and back down to continue east parallel to the M20 as the A20.
Broomfield Hall.  This stood on the south side of the road
Southern Cross Trading Estate
Teardrop Recycling Centre. This is run by Kent County Council. The address is Farningham Hill – both road names are given on maps.

Slip off London Road.. Leaving Swanley to the east a small slip remains of the old A20 going straight ahead rather than curving up to the junction. This is lined with factories and warehouses. It may be called Horton Way.
Gateway Trading Estate
Moreton Industrial Estate
Kimber Allen. Broomfield Works. They make wind organ components. They were established in 1928 as an electrical engineering company and then in the 1930's moved into coil winding and thus began to work with organ builders Henry Willis & Sons. They have developed a range of electro-mechanical organ products.
Farningham Road County Primary School. This was built when Swanley was part of Farningham in 1873. It was a Church of England School.

Mark Way
Factory and trading units

M20
Swanley Interchange. This Junction 1 on the M20.  This is junction 3 on the M25. It is the London Folkestone Motorway which begins here.  West of the junction it becomes the A20

M25
The London Orbital motorway
Swanley Interchange.  This is Junction 3 on the M25. The junction currently handles the A20 (Swanley bypass) becoming the M20, the M25 and the London Road. It was built in 1980 to replace a 1968 built junction. In 1986 the M25 to Sevenoaks opened through here. It is Junction 1 on the M20
Balancing pond – this is south of the west side of the junction. Another balancing pond is in the square to the north


Railway line
Railway Bridge over M20

Wested Road
Cottages – these are apparently in London Road but have an address in Wested Road
Warehousing, haulage and scrap dealers
Railway Bridge – very narrow brick

Sources
Farningham Local History Society. Web site
Kent County Council. Web site
Kimber Allen. Web site
SABRE. Web site


Monday, 9 January 2017

M25 Swanley



Post to the east Button Street
Post to the south Swanley Interchange


Beech Avenue
Downsview Community Primary School. The school was built in the mid-1960s.

Beechenlea Lane
Olympic Driving Range. The Olympic has facilities for golf, snooker and bowls as well as a bar and related facilities. It is owned by the local Council.
Parkwood Convalescent Home. This was the second convalescent home to be built in Swanley. Following a large donation a trust was set ip and the trustees bought the Parkwood Estate.. The Convalescent Home opened in 1893 and used for patients from the London Hospital, St Thomas' Hospital, Guy's Hospital and the Middlesex Hospital, and the Westminster Hospital and St Mary's Hospital. The head gardener had his own cottage to look after the vegetable and flower beds.  There was a The Gothic chapel behind the main building. Patients were met at the station and not allowed to leave the grounds. during the summer, there were sports like cricket, quoits and athletic events took place. At the outbreak of the Great War it closed but took people made homeless by the Silvertown explosion in 1917. It then became a military hospital, for soldiers with facial injuries from the Queen's Hospital in Sidcup.  After the war it re-opened for convalescent patients. In the Second World War it became the Parkwood Auxiliary Hospital and Convalescent Home, run by the Red Cross. In 1948 the Home became part of the NHS and was renamed the Westminster Hospital (Parkwood) Convalescent Home, It continued to function until the early 1960s, when it closed. It was then the London Fire Brigade Training Centre for young recruits 1968-1970. In 1971 it became the Parkwood Hall School, hidden in private grounds.
Parkwood Co-operative Academy. Parkwood Hall School was opened by the Inner London Education Authority in 1970 using the old hospital set in 75 acres of woodland. After the abolition of ILEA, the school was taken over by the Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, who maintained it until 2015 when it became a co-operative academy. It is a special school, which takes some day students and students between 7 and 19, whose cognitive ability is low average to severe or complex.
Beechenlea Nursery, The nursery dated from before the Second World War. It grew bedding plants, chrysanthemums, and tomatoes in 15 greenhouses. The nursery was behind the last houses on the east side of the road and is no longer in operation.


Broom Hill
Stretch of open land at the east of Beechwood Lane. Now with planning consent for housing given by the Inspectorate


London Road
Swanley Bus Garage. Ir was was the last of the garages opened under an agreement between East Surrey Bus Company and the London General Omnibus Company. It opened in 1925 for 16 vehicles.
Kingdom Hall, Jehovah’s Witnesess

M25
Balancing pond. This lies to the east of the motorway within the junction with the north bound slip from the M20.

Sources
Domesday Reloaded. Web site
Lost Hospitals of London. Web site
News Shopper. Web site
North West Kent Family History Society. Web site
Olympic Swanley. Web site
Parkwood School. Web site
Pevsner. West Kent

M25 Button Street



Post to the north Swanley Village
Post to the west Swanley

Button Street
Canada Heights. Motorcycle Trials Circuit. This is owned by Sidcup Motor Cycle Club. It got the name of Canada Heights, during the Great War when Canadian troops were camped here. It has  been in regular use for off-road motorcycle sports for many years, and by the Sidcup Club since 1938. It has hosted many events, from Club level to International status. Including national TV coverage with the BBC "Grandstand Trophy" events during the 1960s. In 1985 the Club bought the site with the help of a Sports Council grant and sponsorship. After that access roads were laid, undergrowth was cleared a and a new track was created.
The Hop Pole.  This appears to have been a pub with a landlord said to have had a a tenure from 1816 to 1842. The Hop Pole.  In the mid 19th there was horse racing here. It was still open in 1900.
Broomhill. This is a business, probably used cars.

Farningham Woods
Ancient woodland with outstanding views over the Kent countryside.  This is a nature reserve opened by Sir David Attenborough in 1986, Farningham Woods Nature  It is also a  Site of Special Scientific Interest, and home to the Small-Leaved Lime, a rare tree which is only found on one other site in Kent, and several other unusual plants, including the largest British colony of the nationally rare Deptford Pink.

M25

Sources.
Dover Kent. Web site
Explore Kent. Web site
Farningham and Eysford Local History Society. Web site
Kent County Council. Where to see Wildlife in Kent.
Sidcup and District Motor Cycle Club. Web site

M25 Swanley Village


Post to the east Farningham Road. Homefield
Post to the south Button Street


Button Street
Button Street Business Centre. This is in what was Sevenoaks District Council Yard
Railway bridge over Button Street, which stands very slightly skew. It is assumed that it dates from 1860


Gildenhill Road
Gildenhill Farm


M25


Rams Wood
This was also known as Hop Kiln Wood and Hop Kiln Cottages were in Button Street roughly under the site of the M25 Bridge.
Dene Hole


Ship Lane
A terrace of houses remains in a duplicate stretch of Ship Lane – the original line of the road before the M25 was built and Ship Lane had to lowered to run under it.


Swanley Village Road
Swanley Village Nursery. Wholesale nursery
Denehole. A circular shaft is said to have appeared on the  edge of a field here. It was thought to be a denehole.
Old College. This is 18th or earlier. It is thought that the building once belonged to Cobham College, near Gravesend,
Wesleyan Cottage. This was a Methodist chapel
The Lamb. Shepherd Neame Pub created from what were once two cottages.
The Priory. Built around 1820 probably by Edward Adams and originally called Upper Dalton. There is a coach house, now a separate house.

Sources
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Chelsea Speleological Society. Newsletter
Kent Rail. Web site
KURG. News letter
News Shopper. Web site
Sevenoaks Council. Web site
Swanley Village. Web site
The Lamb. Web site

Sunday, 8 January 2017

M25 Farningham Road Homefield

Post to the north Clement Street
Post to the east Farningham Road
Post to the west Swanley Village


Homefield Road
Homefield House. This was originally a two storey timber framed house probably dating from the late 15th. In thr 16th there were additions using second-hand Tudor bricks and beams from a grander building.  There were more later additions with a brick ground floor, six more upstrairs rooms , a first floor loading bay and a brick oven
Homefield Cottages
Homefield Farm
The OId Bungalow
The New Bungalow


Railway


Ship Lane

Sources
Rediscovering Dartford. Web site

M25 Clement Street


Post to the north Burnthouse
Post to the east Sutton at Hone
Post to the south Farningham Road Homefield


Church Road
The Big Shoot. Pigeon Shooting facility.


Clement Street
Country lane with scattered nurseries and cottages

M25


Sources
The Big Shoot;. website

M25 Burnthouse


Post to the north Hawley
Post to the east Hawley
Post to the south Clement Street


Roads on this square consist entirely of a network of roads between Burnthouse and Shirehall Roads. This presents an unresolved (by Edith at least) problem. On the 1868 OS map (the oldest we have) the western end of the area is laid out with what appears to be a building plan.  This is for something extremely large to be built here with a frontage on Burnthouse Lane. There seems to be a very very large rectangular building together with a parallel range of smaller, but still very large blocks.  Was some sort of institution planned?
After that the area seems to be let or sold in small plots, initially mainly as nurseries but latterly housing.  Today the area is almost entirely housing with every sign of a plotland development – random housing design, no facilities and unmade roads.


Burnthouse Lane
This lane once continued down to Hawley Road but is now cut off by the motorway and has become a footpath
Burnt House – this house, or houses, was at the corner with Shirehall Road and was still present in the 1930s


Mill Road
Hilltop Nursery 1930s

M25

Shirehall Road
Yew Tree Farm and the Chalcroft Nursery
120 Hawley Gospel Trust.  This appears to be a Gospel Hall used by the Brethren at Hawley.


Sources
Chalcroft Nursery.  Web site