The Cholmeley Brook tributary flows north
Here the A1 road climbs on one of its several bypasses up and out of the City on its way to Scotland. The legendry version of Dick Whittington was here and a vast hospital complex and other institutions were named for him. Housing lies on either side of the road - council estates in Islington, posher housing towards Highgate.
Post to the north Crouch End
Post to the west Highgate
Post to the east Crouch Hill
could be claimed as the first great by-pass road. It branched off the Great
North Road at the Archway Tavern to avoid the the steep climb of 400 ft up to Highgate Village. In 1813, plans were
made to tunnel through difficult clay below the summit of the hill. A new road
was to go by tunnel through the hill for about three hundred yards and then
rejoining the Great North Road but it collapsed. It had been built in 1809 and
was a tunnel arched with brick but in 1812 the brickwork gave way, the ground
above the tunnel cracked and the arch fell in. They heard the crash at Kentish Town.
open road was built and opened in 1813 – it was on the line of the tunnel, with
a reduced gradient, and an archway built in heavy brickwork to carry Hornsey
Lane over it. This was a commercial toll
road and in 1829 it was taken over by the Commissioners of the Holyhead Road.
Tolls were abolished in 1876. Eventually the archway became too narrow for the
traffic, and it was demolished in the 1890s and replaced by another a hundred
yards further north. Even so the climb is still severe for pedestrians and
Archway Bridge. Constructed by the London
County Council with Alexander Binnie as engineer and contractor Charles
Wall. Binnie’s bridge has decorative cast iron and dolphin lamp copies like
those on the Embankment.
Almshouses. Sir Richard Whittington founded almshouses next to St Michael Paternoster
Royal in the City. These almshouses moved to Highgate in 1808 and to East Grinstead
in 1966. They were administered by the Mercers Company.
St Augustine of Canterbury. Designed by J. D. Sedding, 1884-7 although the nave
completed by H. Wilson and Repaired by J.H. Gibbons after a fire in 1924. Sedding’s interior
has been described as unconventional. In 1881 the vicar of All Saints bought a
part of the old Winchester Hall estate and the church schoolroom moved there in
1882 became the church of St. Augustine. a permanent church was began and the chancel was consecrated in 1888 and more
opened as the years went by, Eventually it has a bell-tower higher than
originally planned a life-size stone Calvary, on the front. The level of ceremonial, led to a Protestant
demonstration in 1914.
Toll Gate was on the corner of Lidyard Road. It closed in 1871
Whitehall Mansions. Built 1895 and done up
in 1981. Massive mansions block with dated pinnacle
London Underground electricity substation.
This is above the Northern Line and looks a bit Holden.
Charlotte Despard pub, this was previously
called The Settle Inn. Now named after the 19/20th campaigner and
Parish Hall - Brick building
Ashmount Primary School. Built in 1957 by H. T Cadbury Brown, with the
Hills steel frame glazing system then in vogue. Dramatic wall of glass on the
Hornsey Lane frontage
The Cholmeley Brook runs along the back of
the north side of the road along the playing fields.
Community Care Centre,
Hornsey Rise Estate. Built 1979
Named for 19th poet Charles
Hathorne Terrace – self build homes.
Hillside Estate built 1975
Building started here from the 1880s
Names for sculptor Benjamin Cheverton
solid turn-of-the-century housing in quiet side streets
21a the line of the Cholmeley Brook runs via
the archway next to this house.
Town House on the corner with Stanhope road
marks the line of the Cholmeley Brook
Houses by David West of Mcmillan West
Architects, 1976, tucked behind 19th houses
This was a length of Elthorne Road, renamed
Euro American Cars. Test centre in old Steam
joinery works- industrial buildings from pre-1930s
Flats on site of Islington St.Mary’s Vestry depot
Built up by 1892
Built up by 1892
6 Centre for Persistent Truants set up in
RIBA Energy Efficiency Award 1988 by ECD
New Orleans Griffins – football club
Crouch End Hill
Crouch End Station Opened 1867 when it had been
built by the Edgware Highgate and
London Railway. The entrance was on the east side of Crouch End Hill south of
Haslemere Road. It was a typical
suburban station of the 1860s consisting of a single storey building in brick. It
Closed in 1954. At first it was converted into a café but has since been
demolished and replaced. There are some
remains below on the Parkland Walk which is on the track bed. There was a brick retaining
wall on the north side, and the track then went under a pedestrian bridge, and
to the two platforms at the station. Stairways
went down to the wooden platforms from the street level buildings. One of the concrete supports for the name board remained complete
with rusting metalwork. A few courses of bricks survive from part of the
Siding behind the down platform, entered from the country end
box. This stood opposite the
junction with the passenger line, west of the Crouch End Hill bridge.
Bridge. Under the bridge emerging from
the brickwork is the scary figure of a spriggan - said to steal children and
leave baby spriggans in their place. The bridge was remodelled in 1970 when the
station was demolished and a parapet of inverted arches added so you could look
down the Parkland Walk.
83 Unison Housing Associations branch. It is claimed that the building can be seen
in a 19th photograph next to the station building and possibly part
Crescent Cafe. These are not the actual station
buildings but appear to be something to do with the railway.
Suspect it is named for Edward Despard,
soldier, hero executed for alleged plot
Built in the 1870-80s
The road is named for Thomas Duncombe MP for
Finsbury 1834-61 who was instrumental in setting up Finsbury Park.
Duncombe Hall. In 1885 this was Duncombe
Road Chapel, and became in 1902 a Seventh Day Adventist College. Now site of
the housing on the Duncombe Estate.
Mount Carmel School. The building was originally
Archway Secondary Boys School. Began as Duncombe Road Board School. It became a
primary school in 1945 and renamed in 1951 as a boys secondary school. In 1981 it
was an annexe to George Orwell School. Now Mount Carmel Roman Catholic Technology
College for Girls
At one time this was Redcap Lane
Built up in 1904 and said to be named for
Sir Richard Whittington’s wife
Hornsey Rise Baptist Church. Founded 1871 in
Duncombe Road and on this site in 1881. Bombed and rebuilt 1948
Islington Boxing Club. This is on what was
Bovis’s site –a boys club opened by singer Frankie Vaughan
Hornsey Rise Estate on site of Alexandra
Alexandra Orphanage. Opened in 1864 for the infant orphans of respectable
mechanics. After moving in the 1920s it became the Royal Alexandra and Albert
2 Aged Pilgrim's Friend Society. Opened in
1871 and closed 1973, this was a home for 120 pensioners at the northern corner
with St. John's Road. It was a two-storeyed building designed by F. Boreham
around a courtyard with chapel, hall, and committee rooms.
Arthur Henderson House. Local authority
housing of 1939. Named for Arthur Henderson, first Leader of the Labour Party,
and a Cabinet Minister.
Bruce Glasier House. This is local authority
housing of 1939. Named for Glasier who was the second leader of the Independent
Caroline Martyn House. This is local
authority housing of 1939. She was an Independent Labour Party member who
founded the Socialist Sunday Schools.
Enid Stacey House local authority housing of
1945. She was an Independent Labour Party member, suffragist and member of the
John Wheatley House local authority housing
of 1945. Wheatley was a member of the Independent Labour Party and an activist
in the Red Clydeside movement.
Kier Hardie House, local authority housing
of 1945 rebuilt 1963. Leader of the Independent Labour Party and early Labour
Member of Parliament.
Louise White House local authority housing
Margaret McMillan House local authority
housing of 1945. She was a Nursery education pioneer
Mary McArthur House. This is local authority
housing of 1939. She founded the National Federation of Women Workers.
Elthorne Park. Local park, with laurel-lined walkways and woodland.
The Noel Baker Peace Garden - named after the 1959 winner of the Nobel Peace
Prize - is an example of late-20th garden design. Centred around a
water feature and bronze sculpture, it uses brick and York stone paving
with planting, in green, grey and white and some brighter colour. It was designed by Steve Adams and laid under the
supervision of Islington Council in 1983 when five cherry
trees were planted in the central lawn around a circular stone plaque.
Community Garden. This garden at the end of St. Johns Way includes a wildlife area with
ecology and horticultural therapy centre, woodland and nature pond.
Flats around large communal gardens, with
Hill forms a part of the ancient road from Islington to Highgate, which is said
to have been constructed by one of the hermits who was extracting gravel from the ponds (so that’s what hermits
did) In 1884 the first cable
tramway in Europe was opened but closed following an accident in 1894.
and Cat. Irish pub in a mid 19th building.
Calvert Court. Site of Unitarian Church which closed in 1961 and was demolished, and also Spears
Memorial Hall named for Robert Spears who founded Channing School later became
the first minister of Highgate Unitarian Church
The Academy. Flats in the buildings of Whittington School. The date of 1880 is outlined in
brickwork on one of the gables. The school was opened by S.B.L. for boys and
girls. It was subsequently reorganised in 1932 for and used senior girls and
then in 1947 when it became a primary, It was Closed 1957 and used as part of Archway
George Orwell Schools.
skirts the cutting of the old Finsbury Park – Highgate line and then follows it
downhill. The tunnel mouths can be seen below at the end of the tree-lined
cutting. The road was built up with varied housing in the 1880s and 1890s.
This was once called Duval's Lane – and he
was a handsome highwayman. It is the continuation of a medieval road which
linked Watling Street at Kilburn with Ermine Street at Tottenham – an old road
on the Islington/Haringey borders. It was cut in two by the Highgate cutting.
Highgate Archway - bridge across the cutting of Archway Road with spectacular
views. The present bridge is 1897-1900 by Alexander Binnie with elaborate
decoration and railings. The dolphin lamps are copies of the Embankment
design by Vulliamy. There is a telephone
for potential suicides and other facilities under consideration.
Ashmount Primary School – the wall to this school, in Ashmount road, is of
frosted green glass and on the boundary wall a scary bronze cockerel by John Willaas
St Aloysius’ College.
Founded in 1879 by the Brothers of Mercy as a Roman Catholic Independent
part boarding and day school it then became a Grammar School and College was
passed to the De La Salle Brothers in 1960. It became a Comprehensive school in
1971. It is the oldest surviving foundation of its kind in the Roman Catholic
Archdiocese of Westminster.
Memorial outside St. Aloysius’ School. In the form of a wayside Calvary, with marble relief and wrought
iron screen. It includes the inscription TO THE SACRED AND LOVING MEMORY OF THE
ALOYSIANS WHO GAVE THEIR COUNTRY IN THE GREAT WAR. 1914-1918. AT SEA, ON LAND,
AND IN THE AIR. DUTY WELL DONE: REST WELL WON. REMEMBER THEM IN YOUR THOUGHTS.
REMEMBER THEM IN YOUR PRAYERS.
12 Highgate Nursing Home. This was the
Bethanie Convent Nursing Home and designed for them – there are rooms with
balconies overlooking the view. Gardens landscaped with
decking and a sensory garden
Fitzwarren House, within the same grounds,
as the Highgate Nursing Home and also BUPA.
Oldfield Mews. Earlsmead House. In the Great
War this was the Earlsmead Home of Recovery. In 1918 Mr. E.G. Harrop loaned the use of his
home, Earlsmead, to the Great Northern Central Hospital for use as a
Reservoir. New River Company built
covered reservoir storing water for local consumption pumped from Fortis Green. New River
Company Engine House, which pumped to the higher parts of Highgate and
Hampstead with two pumping engines, 1859, stock brick with stucco pediment. Base of large chimney
Garton House. Nine storey tower block designed for single people in
1980 by Colquhoun & Miller for Haringey.
Ridgeway Gardens. Gated house project with six storey towers built in 1988
by Douglas Paskin Associates.
Hall. Vast complex of 194 art deco flats. Built in 1935 by Richard Costain
Limited to designs by George Edward Bright.
Street on the steep rise on the way up to
Highgate. Once many speculative villas now largely local authority housing
Hornsey Rise Gardens
Previously called Crouch End Crescent.
Langdon Park Road
St Augustine Vicarage and Church Hall by J.S. Alder, 1901 and 1905.
Manholes on the corner with Milton Park and
by the steps to the Parkland Walk. These mark the line of Cholmeley Brook which
has come under the walk from the corner of Northwood road
Up to the 1880s the road was Albert Place and
The Royal Oak Pub
31 The Fisherman. In the 1930s this was Evans Concisnum,
Limited. Cigarette making machines
is crossed by a narrow single file railway arch under the trackbed of the old
Finsbury Park to Highgate line. The brickwork of this bridge must represent
some of the most original infrastructure on the whole line. A LNER trespass
board stood above it alongside the line.
Pauntley is the village where Dick
Whittington was born.
Blue plaque to the site of the toll gate on Archway
Collins and Hayes furniture factory 1940s.
Whitehall Park Garden – small community maintained
garden on the slip road
Housing dating from 1976
St John's Way
129 Caxton House Community Centre. Opened 1976.
This was a development of the Caxton House Settlement set up in the 1940s in a
church hall to improve the area pre-redevelopment.
Islington Workhouse. The main building, stretching right along half of the road, and served then
whole area. The institution had its own infirmary and chapel in its grounds. It
was built in 1869-70 to designs by RH Burden in brick and was T-plan layout
typical of its time. It had a central section with administrative offices and
Master quarters, with male inmates accommodated in the west wing and females in
the east. There was a dining-hall with the chapel behind, and beyond that the infirmary
with four blocks .The central section had a large cupola and tower with a clock.
It was taken over by the London County
council and renamed Hillside. It closed in 1972, and has been demolished apart
from the board-room and office
Flats in what was the Eastgate
wing of the workhouse latterly the Roger Casement Irish Centre
Singing Kettle – the workhouse
was used for Hungarian Refugees in 1956 who opened their own café there,
Hillside Park – opened on a steep slope on the
site of some of the workhouse grounds.
The Cholmeley Brook crosses the road at its
2-6 blocks of flats for Ideal Homesteads 1975 three blocks of busy
Neo-Regency flats, 1959-61 by Walter Grant
The Highgate to Finsbury Park railway line – as the Parkland Walk lies
in a cutting, climbing up towards an embankment. It passes above the road on a bridge
box was on the south side of the line here but closed by the mid-1930s.
Steeply sloping road with a wide variety of
blocks of flats of many styles from the 1920s onwards
Tile Kiln Lane
Studio flats by Beavan, 1978, with white concrete-block walls,
14 Scene of one of the Brides in the Bath
This covers the area of a big house called
Whitehall sold in 1910. The road was the area of an estate designed by R. W.
Hill and begun in 1889. The road being completed in 1891.
St.Andrew's Church. Built on a sloping site in 1894-5 by Frederick
Hammond in red brick, Two 16th figures of St James and St Simon from Ram's
Chapel, Homerton. An associated hall has been demolished
Modernist houses built 1975 by Duncan
Ashmount school web site
Camden History Newsletter
Caxton House web site
Friends of Elthorne Park web site
Charlotte Despard web site
Clunn. Face of London
Dodds. London Then,
Field. Place names of London
Francis. Cement Industry
Graces Guide web site
Highgate Nursing home web site
London Borough of Islington web site
London Railway Record
London’s Water Supply. MWB
Lost Hospitals of London web site
Northwood Hall Residents Association
Pevsner and Cherry. London North
Pinching and Bell. Haringey’s Hidden
Records of the Chelsea Speleological
Smyth. City Wildspace
St.Aloysious college website
Walford. Highgate to the Lea
Webster Great North Road
Willatts. Streets of Islington
Workhouses web site